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See detailExtrême droite et démocratie: entre opposition et récupération
Debras, François ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Après une période de dédiabolisation et grâce à une base électorale croissante, de plus en plus de partis d'extrême droite européens se revendiquent aujourd'hui comme démocratiques. En écartant de la ... [more ▼]

Après une période de dédiabolisation et grâce à une base électorale croissante, de plus en plus de partis d'extrême droite européens se revendiquent aujourd'hui comme démocratiques. En écartant de la scène politique et médiatique leurs membres les plus violents, en respectant les procédures électorales et en proposant des programmes alternatifs vis-à-vis des partis traditionnels, les organisations d'extrême droite s'intégreraient durablement au sein de nos systèmes politiques jusqu'à se présenter, dans certains pays, comme les véritables représentants du peuple, les défenseurs des libertés individuelles et les promoteurs d'une véritable démocratie loin des bureaucrates et technocrates de Bruxelles, loin des élites politiques et économiques qui ont confisqué le pouvoir au citoyens. Liberté d'expression, laïcité, référendum, souveraineté populaire... Autant de valeurs, autant de principes qui jettent la confusion dans un débat censé opposer la démocratie à l'extrême droite. Entre opposition et récupération, quels sont donc les liens qu'entretiennent les partis d'extrême droite avec la démocratie? [less ▲]

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See detailExtrême droite et fédéralisme
Matagne, Geoffroy ULiege

in Fédéralisme - Régionalisme (2003), 2001-2002

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See detailExtrême droite et immigration en Belgique francophone
Jamin, Jérôme ULiege

in Martiniello, Marco; Rea, Andrea; Dassetto, Felice (Eds.) Immigration et intégration en Belgique francophone. Etat des savoirs (2006)

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See detailL'extrême droite et la démocratie: entre opposition et récupération
Debras, François ULiege

in Jamin, Jérôme (Ed.) L'extrême droite en Europe (2016)

Après une période de « dédiabolisation » et grâce à une base électorale croissante, de plus en plus de partis d'extrême droite européens se revendiquent aujourd’hui comme démocratiques. En écartant de la ... [more ▼]

Après une période de « dédiabolisation » et grâce à une base électorale croissante, de plus en plus de partis d'extrême droite européens se revendiquent aujourd’hui comme démocratiques. En écartant de la scène politique et médiatique leurs membres les plus violents, en respectant les procédures électorales et en proposant des programme alternatifs vis-à-vis des partis traditionnels, les organisations d’extrême droite s’intégreraient durablement au sein de nos systèmes politiques jusqu’à se présenter, dans certains pays, comme les véritables représentants du peuple, les défenseurs des libertés individuelles et les promoteurs d’une « véritable démocratie » loin des bureaucrates et technocrates de Bruxelles, loin des élites politiques et économiques qui ont confisqué le pouvoir aux citoyens. Liberté d’expression, laïcité, référendum, souveraineté populaire,… Autant de valeurs, autant de principes qui jettent la confusion dans un débat censé opposer la démocratie à l’extrême droite. Entre opposition et récupération, quels sont donc les liens qu’entretiennent les partis d’extrême droite avec la démocratie ? [less ▲]

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See detailL'extrême droite et le populisme en Europe
Debras, François ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, March 21)

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See detailL'extrême droite nouvelle est arrivée
Jacquemain, Marc ULiege

Article for general public (2011)

L'article esquisse le nouveau visage de l'extrême droite en Europe : elle est diverse (par exemple elle peut être régionaliste ou nationaliste, plutôt libérale ou anti-libérale) même si elle conserve sa ... [more ▼]

L'article esquisse le nouveau visage de l'extrême droite en Europe : elle est diverse (par exemple elle peut être régionaliste ou nationaliste, plutôt libérale ou anti-libérale) même si elle conserve sa logique centrale du bouc émissaire, essentiellement l'immigré et plus encore l'immigré musulman. Elle ne pourra plus être combattue essentiellement à travers la dénonciation des horreurs du nazisme, vu qu'une partie croissante de l'extrême droite ne se réfère plus au fascisme historique et même, de plus en plus souvent, le condamne. [less ▲]

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See detailExtreme increase of CO2 in belgian caves
Ek, Camille ULiege; Godissart, Jean

in ICS 2009 Proceedings (2009, July)

We began making CO2 measurements in Belgian caves in 1966. Analyses were conducted in cave halls, galleries, fissures and shafts, in various seasons and at different levels above the floors of the ... [more ▼]

We began making CO2 measurements in Belgian caves in 1966. Analyses were conducted in cave halls, galleries, fissures and shafts, in various seasons and at different levels above the floors of the conduits, and in the absence or presence of other human beings. Our first results were published in 1968. From that time on, we have carried out studies in Poland, Quebec, China and other countries but we have focused most of our work in Belgium. We have discovered over these forty years of study, a strong increase in the observed values of CO2 in Belgian caves. For example, a few of our observations follow. “Trou Joney” (Comblain-au-Pont, province of Liege) is a small and shallow cave. We measured at the central point of the main gallery, 1870 ppm CO2 in July 1966, and 13800 ppm at the same location in July 2007. At the bottom of the shaft of the “Comblain-au Pont” cave, we measured 600 ppm in July 1966 and found 1500 ppm in July 2008. In “La Merveilleuse” cave (Dinant, province of Namur), we measured 800 ppm at the central point of the Big Hall in August 1990, rising to 1700 ppm in August 2008. In the main gallery of the “Fontaine de Rivire” cave (Hamoir, province of Liege), we found 5000 ppm in August 1972, increasing to 9400 ppm in 2008. We conclude that the CO2 content of the atmospheres of many caves in Belgium at least, is very sharply getting higher. The increase is very variable, but omnipresent. Are our measurements significant? We believe that we have validated our instruments and our methods. The increase is probably not a result of local industrial activities. The CO2 curves of Mauna Loa Observatory (Hawaii) and “Mace Head” (Ireland) both show an increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide during the last half century. However, the upsurge of CO2 observed in the caves is much greater than the increase in those well-known surface measurements. There is a very complex interrelationship between temperature, vegetation and biomass activity, and CO2 in the soil and underground. The increase of any one of these three parameters can induce changes in the two others, and hence in the partial pressure of CO2 in cave air. [less ▲]

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See detailExtreme intra-clutch egg size dimorphism is not coupled with corresponding differences in antioxidant capacity and stable isotopes between eggs
Poisbleau, Maud; Beaulieu, Michaël; Dehnhard, Nina et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology (2017), 205

Oviparous females need to allocate resources optimally to their eggs in order to maximize their fitness. Among these resources, dietary antioxidants, acquired by females and transferred to the eggs during ... [more ▼]

Oviparous females need to allocate resources optimally to their eggs in order to maximize their fitness. Among these resources, dietary antioxidants, acquired by females and transferred to the eggs during egg formation, can greatly affect the development and survival of the embryo and chick. In crested penguins, incubation starts after the second and last egg is laid and, as opposed to many other bird species, this egg hatches first, thereby enhancing the survival of the chick. Here, we assessed whether antioxidant and isotopic composition could underlie these differences between eggs within clutches of southern rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome chrysocome). The second-laid egg had higher total antioxidant capacity than the first-laid egg, although this was not due to higher antioxidant concentration but to its higher mass. This suggests that resources are allocated by females at a constant rate in both eggs within clutches. Accordingly, we found a strong correlation for isotopic compositions between eggs suggesting that resources were allocated similarly to each egg within the clutch. Overall, we found little evidence for a significant role of antioxidant and isotopic compositions to explain differences in terms of embryo/chick development between eggs in crested penguins. However, since our results suggest a constant rate of antioxidant transfer from females to eggs, limiting the mass of the first-laid egg might represent a strategy for females to spare antioxidant defences and preserve self-maintenance. [less ▲]

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See detailExtreme life on Earth - past, present and possibly beyond
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULiege

in Research in Microbiology (2006), 157(1), 37-48

Life may have been present on Earth since about 3.8 billion years ago or earlier. Multidisciplinary research, especially on the paleobiology and evolution of early microorganisms on Earth and the ... [more ▼]

Life may have been present on Earth since about 3.8 billion years ago or earlier. Multidisciplinary research, especially on the paleobiology and evolution of early microorganisms on Earth and the microbiology of extremophiles in the Earth's environments and under space conditions, enables the defining of strategies for the detection of potential extraterrestrial life by determining biosignatures and the environmental envelope of life. (C) 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailExtreme phase sensitivity in systems with fractal isochrons
Mauroy, Alexandre ULiege; Mezic, Igor

in Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena (2015), 308

Sensitivity to initial conditions is usually associated with chaotic dynamics and strange attractors. However, even systems with (quasi)periodic dynamics can exhibit it. In this context we report on the ... [more ▼]

Sensitivity to initial conditions is usually associated with chaotic dynamics and strange attractors. However, even systems with (quasi)periodic dynamics can exhibit it. In this context we report on the fractal properties of the isochrons of some continuous-time asymptotically periodic systems. We define a global measure of phase sensitivity that we call the phase sensitivity coefficient and show that it is an invariant of the system related to the capacity dimension of the isochrons. Similar results are also obtained with discrete-time systems. As an illustration of the framework, we compute the phase sensitivity coefficient for popular models of bursting neurons, suggesting that some elliptic bursting neurons are characterized by isochrons of high fractal dimensions and exhibit a very sensitive (unreliable) phase response. [less ▲]

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See detailL'extrême possible. Lecture musicale de textes d'Elfriede Jelinek
Neelsen, Sarah ULiege

Speech/Talk (2017)

Une sélection de textes parmi les centaines d’essais écrits par le Prix Nobel de Littérature sera présentée par Sarah Neelsen à l’occasion de la parution de son livre Les essais d’Elfriede Jelinek. Genre ... [more ▼]

Une sélection de textes parmi les centaines d’essais écrits par le Prix Nobel de Littérature sera présentée par Sarah Neelsen à l’occasion de la parution de son livre Les essais d’Elfriede Jelinek. Genre, relation, singularité (Honoré Champion 2016). Au gré d’un parcours thématique à travers une œuvre foisonnante et mal connue, ces textes parlent de la voix et des femmes, des objets du quotidien et de la peur du vide, d’enfermement et de télévision. La lecture des textes par des étudiants, comédiens et musiciens arpentera les contours du possible, tantôt dehors tantôt dedans. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Extreme Right in Europe : Fascist or Mainstream
Jamin, Jérôme ULiege

in The Public Eye (2005), 19/1

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See detailExtreme snowmelt in Northern Greenland during summer 2008
Tedesco, Marco; Fettweis, Xavier ULiege; van den Broeke, Michiel et al

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2008), 89(41), 391

Extreme snowmelt occurred during summer 2008 over the northern part of the Greenland ice sheet, according to the analysis of microwave data recorded by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) on board ... [more ▼]

Extreme snowmelt occurred during summer 2008 over the northern part of the Greenland ice sheet, according to the analysis of microwave data recorded by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) on board the F13 satellite of the U.S. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). New records of the number of melting days were also observed over large portions of the same areas (letters A and B in Figure 1). [less ▲]

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See detailExtreme thrombocytosis in a child with cow's milk protein allergy
THIRION, S.; FERNANDEZ, J.; HARDY, P. et al

Conference (2014, June)

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See detailThe Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) onboard the SOLAR ORBITER mission
Rochus, Pierre ULiege; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULiege; Renotte, Etienne ULiege et al

in A3. 4. Space-based Astronomy (2009)

Solar Orbiter will for the first time study the Sun with a full suite of in-situ and remote sensing instruments from inside 0.25 AU and will provide imaging and spectral observations of the Sun’s polar ... [more ▼]

Solar Orbiter will for the first time study the Sun with a full suite of in-situ and remote sensing instruments from inside 0.25 AU and will provide imaging and spectral observations of the Sun’s polar regions, from out of the ecliptic. This proximity to the Sun will also have the significant advantage that the spacecraft will fly in near synchronization with the Sun’s rotation, allowing observations of the solar surface and heliosphere to be studied from a near co-rotating vantage point for almost a complete solar rotation. The mission’s ambitious characteristics draw severe constraints on the design of these instruments. The scientific objectives of Solar Orbiter rely ubiquitously on the Extreme EUV Imager suite (EUI). The EUI instrument suite on board of Solar Orbiter is composed of two high resolution imagers (HRI), one at Lyman α and one dual band at the two 174 and 335 EUV passbands in the extreme UV, and one dual band full-sun imager (FSI) working alternatively at the two 174 and 304 EUV passbands. In all the units, the image is produced by a mirror-telescope, working in nearly normal incidence. The EUV reflectivity of the optical surfaces is obtained with specific EUV multilayered coatings, providing the spectral selection of the EUV units (1HRI and 1 FSI). The spectral selection is complemented with very thin filters rejecting the visible and IR radiation. Due to its orbit, EUI / Solar Orbiter will see 20 solar constants and an entrance baffle to limit the solar heat input into EUI is needed. The paper presents the scientific objectives of EUI and also covers the EUI instrument development plan which will require some trade-off between existing and promising technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe extreme ultraviolet imager of solar orbiter: optical design and alignment scheme
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULiege; Mazzoli, Alexandra ULiege; Meining, S. et al

in SPIE Optical Engineering+ Applications (2015)

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See detailThe Extreme UV Imager of Solar Orbiter – From detailed design to Flight Model
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULiege; Rochus, Pierre ULiege; Renotte, Etienne ULiege et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014), 9144

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide full-sun and high-resolution image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme ... [more ▼]

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide full-sun and high-resolution image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme and vacuum ultraviolet. After the breadboarding and prototyping activities that focused on key technologies, the EUI project has completed the design phase and has started the final manufacturing of the instrument and its validation. The EUI instrument has successfully passed its Critical Design Review (CDR). The process validated the detailed design of the Optical Bench unit and of its sub-units (entrance baffles, doors, mirrors, camera, and filter wheel mechanisms), and of the Electronic Box unit. In the same timeframe, the Structural and Thermal Model (STM) test campaign of the two units have been achieved, and allowed to correlate the associated mathematical models. The lessons learned from STM and the detailed design served as input to release the manufacturing of the Qualification Model (QM) and of the Flight Model (FM). The QM will serve to qualify the instrument units and sub-units, in advance of the FM acceptance tests and final on-ground calibration. [less ▲]

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See detailThe extreme UV imager telescope on-board the Solar Orbiter mission: overview of phase C and D
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULiege; Rochus, Pierre ULiege; Renotte, Etienne ULiege et al

in SPIE Optical Engineering+ Applications (2015)

The Solar Orbiter mission is composed of ten scientific instruments dedicated to the observation of the Sun’s atmosphere and its heliosphere, taking advantage of an out-of ecliptic orbit and at perihelion ... [more ▼]

The Solar Orbiter mission is composed of ten scientific instruments dedicated to the observation of the Sun’s atmosphere and its heliosphere, taking advantage of an out-of ecliptic orbit and at perihelion reaching a proximity close to 0.28 A.U. On board Solar Orbiter, the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) will provide full-Sun image sequences of the solar corona in the extreme ultraviolet (17.1 nm and 30.4 nm), and high-resolution image sequences of the solar disk in the extreme ultraviolet (17.1 nm) and in the vacuum ultraviolet (121.6 nm). The EUI concept uses heritage from previous similar extreme ultraviolet instrument. Additional constraints from the specific orbit (thermal and radiation environment, limited telemetry download) however required dedicated technologies to achieve the scientific objectives of the mission. The development phase C of the instrument and its sub-systems has been successfully completed, including thermo-mechanical and electrical design validations with the Structural Thermal Model (STM) and the Engineering Model (EM). The instrument STM and EM units have been integrated on the respective spacecraft models and will undergo the system level tests. In parallel, the Phase D has been started with the sub-system qualifications and the flight parts manufacturing. The next steps of the EUI development will be the instrument Qualification Model (QM) integration and qualification tests. The Flight Model (FM) instrument activities will then follow with the acceptance tests and calibration campaigns. [less ▲]

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See detailExtreme-right discourse in Belgium: a comparative regional approach
Jamin, Jérôme ULiege

in Mammone, Andrea; Godin, Emmanuel; Jenkins, Brian (Eds.) Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe: From Local to Transnational (2012)

In recent years the revival of the far right and anti-Semitic, racist and fascist organizations has posed a significant threat throughout Europe. Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe provides ... [more ▼]

In recent years the revival of the far right and anti-Semitic, racist and fascist organizations has posed a significant threat throughout Europe. Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe provides a broad geographical overview of the dominant strands within the contemporary radical right in both Western and Eastern Europe. After providing some local and regional perspectives, the book has a series of national case studies of particular countries and regions including: Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Eastern Europe, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Scandinavia, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and the United Kingdom. A series of thematic chapters examine transnational phenomena such as the use of the Internet, the racist music scene, cultural transfers and interaction between different groups. Drawing together a wide range of contributors, this is essential reading for all those with an interest in contemporary extremism, fascism and comparative party politics. [less ▲]

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