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See detailGouvernementalité,indicateurs et normes
Petteni, Oriane ULg

Scientific conference (2013, October)

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See detailGouverner avec les dieux : Autorité, auspices et pouvoir, sous la République romaine et sous Auguste.
Berthelet, Yann ULg

Book published by Les Belles Lettres (2015)

La République romaine n'est pas sortie tout armée du crâne de Montesquieu. Loin d'être garanti par une division tripartite du pouvoir, l’équilibre des institutions reposait avant tout sur l’encadrement de ... [more ▼]

La République romaine n'est pas sortie tout armée du crâne de Montesquieu. Loin d'être garanti par une division tripartite du pouvoir, l’équilibre des institutions reposait avant tout sur l’encadrement de la potestas des magistrats par l’auctoritas des prêtres et du Sénat. Le droit d’auspices des magistrats du peuple, hérité du prestigieux monopole auspicial de la vieille noblesse patricienne, formait le noeud gordien de l’articulation de la potestas à l’auctoritas. Leur potestas étant conçue comme « imparfaite », les magistrats étaient en effet contraints de solliciter, au moyen des auspices, une légitimation atomisée et précaire de leurs actes publics par l’auctoritas de Jupiter. Encadrée par les détenteurs institutionnels d’auctoritas, augures et sénateurs, la prise d’auspices se trouvait ainsi au coeur des mécanismes d’autocontrôle de l’aristocratie romaine. Si Auguste respecta formellement ce socle idéologique patricien et conservateur (optimas), il en modifia radicalement la portée par ses innovations en matière de potestas et d’auspices, et par l’importance qu’il conféra à l’auctoritas du prince. [less ▲]

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See detailGouverner la maternité au Bénin. Les difficiles conditions d'application des politiques sanitaires dans le territoire de la Pendjari
Sambiéni, N'Koué Emmanuel ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

The Tanguieta health district, an important component of the Benin health care system, has been experiencing since the decentralization of the system autonomous management of modern health care at all ... [more ▼]

The Tanguieta health district, an important component of the Benin health care system, has been experiencing since the decentralization of the system autonomous management of modern health care at all levels. It is particularly ingenious in generating health care initiatives in favor of mothers engaged in childbirth, with the support of the State and its partners from the health sector. This commitment is officially justified by the critical situation of maternal health indicators, which are high mortality and morbidity rates. The Tanguieta health district is first a socio-cultural entity of remarkable uniqueness compared to other parts of the country, due to its geographical location, its pandjarian cultural identity and its sociopolitical history. On the basis of this very cultural and sociopolitical identity, the district claims its technical and administrative autonomy in the provision of health care. The intellectual curiosity of this socio-anthropological research was to understand how demand and health care for women who want “to give life” are structured and governed in this socio-cultural and medical area. “Maternal habitus” and “gouvernementality” have been at the same time concepts and methodological and epistemological aspects for decoding and analyzing “order” and “progress” in these logical and obstetrical practices. Essentially qualitative, the research was four years long during which I was mostly in the field observing in maternity hospitals and families, and interviewing various stakeholders involved in care. In this area, traditional institutions have been managing childbirth leaving a narrow space for parents to actively participate in the process of birth giving. Modern maternity hospitals are still struggling for the control of health care during and after childbirth. Unfortunately, traditional institutions are weakened by many social influences and therefore are unable to protect adequately childbirth. Consequently, traditional and modern maternity hospitals are still fatal and morbid. Having little knowledge of socio-cultural realities, the state and its maternal health care supervision institutions, are constantly depending on United States agencies and other private partners, providers of ideological and militant strategies. The National Strategy for the Reduction of Maternal and Neonatal Mortality and the Initiative Woman for Woman developed by the Health Ministry and the zonal management team of the Tanguieta health district underscore a missed rendezvous in the scheduled meeting between the users of maternity hospitals and treatment delivery in the planning of health care. All both elaborate plan. The maternity hospital, with its numerous actors in permanent negotiation without consensus, is conflict bound and often turned away from its mission. It is regularly inserting strategies while at the same time evicting its first beneficiaries and putting the health stakes in the background. For Safe Motherhood in traditional and modern spaces, we have to understand how women always engaged in such a morbid and fatal undertaking can strengthen their legitimate situation in the negotiation for obtaining essential and immediate obstetric health care among the cloud of institutions that control them. We have also to study how can traditional obstetric actors convince themselves of obstetric risks. [less ▲]

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See detailGouverner pour quantifier: le chiffre comme représentation et comme performance
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Fallon, Catherine ULg; Piron, Damien

Scientific conference (2015, November 20)

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See detailLe gouverneur de province. Un point de vue juridique
Pâques, Michel ULg; Vrancken, Martin ULg

in Raxhon, Philippe (Ed.) Les gouverneurs de la province de Liège - Histoire d'une fonction, mémoire d'une action (2015)

Cet ouvrage richement illustré entend mettre l'accent sur un personnel particulier de l'histoire de Belgique : les gouverneurs de la province de Liège de 1830 à nos jours, soit dix-sept hommes ancrés dans ... [more ▼]

Cet ouvrage richement illustré entend mettre l'accent sur un personnel particulier de l'histoire de Belgique : les gouverneurs de la province de Liège de 1830 à nos jours, soit dix-sept hommes ancrés dans leur époque et dans une fonction qui a évolué au fil du temps. Il ne s'agit nullement d'une simple suite de récits de mandats de gouverneurs, sans lien entre eux, mais bien d'une approche biographique couvrant leur existence tout entière et s'insérant dans un contexte historique en perpétuelle mutation. L'approche est à la fois historique et mémorielle : ce qu'ils ont fait, les marques qu'ils ont laissées, les traces de leur mémoire dans l'environnement liégeois. L'ouvrage est une oeuvre collective qui, en associant des historiens chevronnés et de jeunes chercheurs, montre la qualité de l'école historique liégeoise d'aujourd'hui, en particulier dans le domaine de l'histoire contemporaine. [less ▲]

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See detailGouverneur royal ou chevalier croisé ? Boucicaut à Gênes, une administration intéressée
Masson, Christophe ULg

in Chave, Isabelle (Ed.) Faire la guerre, faire la Paix. 136e congrès des sociétés historiques et scientifiques. Actes du Congrès de Perpignan, 2-7 mai 2011 (2012)

En 1403, Jean II le Meingre dit Boucicaut, gouverneur royal de Gênes désigné par Charles VI, prend la mer pour l’Orient. Après avoir pacifié la république, il entre en guerre contre l’ennemi qui ne ... [more ▼]

En 1403, Jean II le Meingre dit Boucicaut, gouverneur royal de Gênes désigné par Charles VI, prend la mer pour l’Orient. Après avoir pacifié la république, il entre en guerre contre l’ennemi qui ne quittait jamais ses pensées : l’Infidèle. Pourtant, il sait que Venise, principale rivale de Gênes, n’entretient avec cette dernière qu’une paix de façade et se tient prête à reprendre les armes au moindre casus belli. Alors même qu’il n’ignore pas la puissance de la Sérénissime (l’une des sources indispensables à la connaissance de son gouvernement génois, Le Livre des fais le signale à l’envi), il va entrer en guerre, négligeant délibérément le fait qu’il tenait son pouvoir d’un roi dont il devait suivre la politique. Gênes est donc mise en danger par un gouverneur qui abandonne sa mission en faveur d’une guerre sainte pour laquelle l’union des princes chrétiens, qui avait déjà fait long feu à l’époque de Nicopolis, n’était plus indispensable. [less ▲]

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See detailGouvy Jazz & Blues Festival Août 2015
Sacré, Robert ULg

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Compte rendu du festival BLUES avec photos

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See detailGouvy/Bovigny : empierrement à Courtil "Obourcy"
Drailly, Christelle; Thiebaux, Aurélie ULg; Goemaere, Eric

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2014), 21

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See detailGovernance in Japan and Belgium: Building on Experiments with Technology Assessment and TA-like Activities
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Yoshizawa, Go

Poster (2013, July 15)

This poster presents a bilateral Belgian-Japanese research study that probes the direction and quality of science and technology governance within the context of new knowledge production and responsible ... [more ▼]

This poster presents a bilateral Belgian-Japanese research study that probes the direction and quality of science and technology governance within the context of new knowledge production and responsible innovation. Drawing on recent experiences with technology assessment (TA) and TA-like activities in the regions of Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium) and the country of Japan, it asks how future-oriented science and technology governance processes are locally enacted and how they compare. Four research objectives are discerned: 1. To describe how TA concepts and practices, as well as related TA activities, have emerged in Japan, Wallonia, and Flanders since the 1960s-70s, and in what particular forms. 2. To describe how TA has evolved with, sustained, and/or countered, science, technology, and innovation policies on the regional, national, and international level. 3. To compare and contrast how TA is, or is not, institutionalized in the countries and regions, notably by taking into account initiatives to initiate or abolish parliamentary TA forms. 4. To situate the processes that are discerned through empirical analysis within a broader theory of, and movement towards anticipatory governance, and to assess the potential of TA of enhancing novel governance forms. The poster situates science, technology, and innovation policies in Japan and Belgium within the global shift towards a knowledge-based economy and the emergence of new science policy regimes, such as “strategic science” (Rip, 2002). Building on several TA case examples, it explains how the need for TA in science and technology emerges and is developed within distinctly different innovation contexts. The poster describes the project’s methodologies, working plan, and expected results, and provides suggestions for rendering comparative TA analysis useful to science policymakers and innovation actors, as well as to science and technology studies scholars. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Governance of Fair Trade Organizations. A Focus on Stakeholders' Representation
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in HEC Working Paper (2007), 200706/02

This article analyzes the governance structures of Fair Trade Organizations (FTOs), i.e. the organizations (nonprofit, co-operative or for-profit firms) exclusively dedicated to the import, distribution ... [more ▼]

This article analyzes the governance structures of Fair Trade Organizations (FTOs), i.e. the organizations (nonprofit, co-operative or for-profit firms) exclusively dedicated to the import, distribution and/or labeling of Fair Trade products. Among the possible governance issues, I have chosen to investigate a recent topic in the study of social enterprises: the involvement of different stakeholder groups on the Board of Directors. The goals of this article are (1) to analyze to what extent FTOs involve different stakeholders on their boards and (2) to propose some possible factors that could determine the extent of such involvement. In order to investigate these questions, I study the organizations of the Fair Trade sector in Belgium, a country that seems representative of the European Fair Trade sector. Despite a number of methodological limitations, the results show that the legal status and the goal and resource mixes have an influence on stakeholders’ representation on the board. This influence is rather observable in terms of dominance (which types of stakeholders dominate the board?) than in terms of dispersion (how many different types of stakeholders are represented?). The article ends with a proposition of typology of FTOs according to their positioning in terms of both stakeholders’ representation and goal and resource mixes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe governance of fair trade social enterprises in Belgium
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Social Enterprise Journal (2010), 6(2), 110-124

Purpose – This article addresses the governance of “Fair Trade Social Enterprises” (FTSEs), i.e., the organisations exclusively dedicated to the import, distribution and/or labelling of fairly traded ... [more ▼]

Purpose – This article addresses the governance of “Fair Trade Social Enterprises” (FTSEs), i.e., the organisations exclusively dedicated to the import, distribution and/or labelling of fairly traded products. The aims are (1) to describe and categorise the types of persons and stakeholder groups represented in FTSEs’ governance structures and (2) to look at the link between stakeholder involvement and other organisational features such as resources, goals and activities. Design/methodology/approach – These questions are investigated through a qualitative field study based on face-to-face interviews with the managers of 15 Belgian FTSEs. Findings – I distinguish three governance models each entailing different governance paradigms: the managerial model, the volunteer-based model and the multi-stakeholder model. In the three governance models, it is possible to link, to a certain extent, the composition of the governance structures, the access to resources and the goal priorities regarding the different dimensions of the FT activity. In brief, governance appears as an organisational entry revealing much information about the vision and the strategy of the FTSEs. Research limitations/implications – This study is limited to Belgian FTSEs and must be considered as one of the first attempts in characterising the specific features and challenges of organisational governance in the FT context. International comparative studies exploring FTSE’s governance in a more longitudinal perspective, combining the standpoints of diverse organisational actors, would be most welcome in the future. Originality/value – As this article shows, the multidimensional nature of FT and the coexistence of different types of FTSEs in the same country make this a very interesting field to investigate the challenges of governance in social enterprises. Social enterprises and those researching them should pay more attention to the importance of adopting and conceiving governance schemes that are adapted to their multiple missions and enable the access to multiple resources. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Governance of Mixed Companies: Policy Implications for Local Governments
Marra, A; Cruz, N.F.; Marques, R.C. et al

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics (2014), 85(1), 1-164

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See detailGoverning anticipation through flexibility. The use of models for the regulation of chemicals
Thoreau, François ULg; Laurent, Brice

Conference (2015, November 18)

As the use of models is increasing within regulatory bodies, it is important to grasp both the empirical practices of producing and using them, and their political meaning. At stake here is the ... [more ▼]

As the use of models is increasing within regulatory bodies, it is important to grasp both the empirical practices of producing and using them, and their political meaning. At stake here is the possibility of identifying the characteristics of a way of governing anticipations that would be based on models. In this paper, we engage in such an exploration by focusing on models developed to predict the potential risks of chemicals. These models, called “Quantitative Structure-Activities Relationship” (QSAR), are based on statistical correlations between a set of descriptors (e.g. chemical composition, crystalline structures…) and a set of physicochemical properties, including potential toxicity. They are developed using a limited number of substances that serve as reference points, so that the properties of other chemicals could later be predicted by the model, according to their proximities to the reference points. QSAR models have been promoted by regulatory agencies for over twenty years, but have been recently gaining momentum in Europe, in the wake of the REACH regulation. As the regulation on chemicals is becoming more constraining on private companies, usual experimental approaches raise many concerns (which are lengthy, costly and often requires animal testing). Based on the analysis of the relevant documentation, interviews with scientists and regulators, as well as the ethnographic observation of a recent research project attempting to developed QSAR models for nanomaterials, this paper provides the preliminary elements for describing the mode of governing anticipation that emerges from the use of such models. We contend that QSAR approaches offer empirical examples to identify a mode of governing anticipation based on flexibility, understood at the epistemic and political levels. [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning biodiversity
Mougenot, Catherine ULg; Mormont, Marc ULg

in International Journal of Environment and Pollution (1999), 12(4), 78-99

he hypothesis of this paper is that the value conferred on nature designates both the ''objects of nature'' that are the subject of consideration, and the human beings for whom they are intended or who ... [more ▼]

he hypothesis of this paper is that the value conferred on nature designates both the ''objects of nature'' that are the subject of consideration, and the human beings for whom they are intended or who are responsible for them. These designation processes are dynamic and linked, but also interdependent. In order to examine these processes more closely, we make use of the concept of network, which integrates the action of different players in their specific world, as well as ''objects'' that can be as different as scientific nomenclatures, available sites, management plans, funds, etc. In other words, protection practices link up different universes, scientific models and practices, institutional practices, nature conservation practices and, finally, the evolution of species and natural sites that are not passive entities. The fact that we speak of ''socio-natural'' networks indicates that nature conservation is ''based'' on chains of equivalences that integrate these different players and universes. The processes are dynamic ones. The paper therefore examines how they can be stabilised or expanded, and also how they can be transformed in a much more radical manner. The study is applied to the Walloon Region (in Belgium). The paper first looks at what could be considered as the ''classical nature conservation network'', and then examines how it is called to evolve. The fact is that contemporary situations lead us to take account of different types of networks for conserving and maintaining nature. These are compared, and the paper examines how each of them attempts to take account of the increasingly complex and also increasingly open concept of biodiversity. This perspective of networking also leads us to conclude that none of these networks (scientific, economic, legislative, institutional, etc.) that go to make up nature conservation is capable on its own of giving value to nature. This is acquired - or not - only by building a hybrid chain that cuts across or integrates these different worlds. [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning by numbers or democratizing measurement : The policy and practices of quality management in universities
Fallon, Catherine ULg

Conference (2014, July 04)

Quality management frequently appeals to performance indicators (PI) without questioning their constructed and contextual dimension and the reduction of the social complexity they induce. Practices and ... [more ▼]

Quality management frequently appeals to performance indicators (PI) without questioning their constructed and contextual dimension and the reduction of the social complexity they induce. Practices and discourses in this field tend to swing between two antinomic registers: strenghtening of a managerial approach by the authorities and new participatory expectations by stakeholders. Quality-oriented approaches and performance measurement advocates a quantitative practice based on a top-down, standardised approach focused on statistical knowledge and advocating a desire of transparency and increasing efficiency. The indicator-based measurement also endorses a legitimacy and accountability function (Zittoun 2009). Quantification of social phenomenon leads to a double reductionism : PI reduce social complexity to a single figure, and contribute at the same time to a normative twist of public action when pushing forward the search for performance and efficiency as main objective of policies while downplaying other less measurable social or environmental dimensions (Salais, 2010). In the last decade, public governance focused so much on numbers and benchmarking that the digits and indicators seem to structure the whole decision making process instead of being a simple adjuvant to it (Dahler-Larsen 2012, Ogien 2009). Simutaneously, local actors have to translate in local practices the policy indicators that where defined by experts far away from local concerns. This top down approach puts the autonomy of local professionals under pressure (Chauvière 2007). These tensions could be resolved by defining new modes of coordination between experts and the knowledge of stakeholders. Beyond the criticism of “governing by numbers” the hypothesis is to test the emergence of new families of context rich operational indicators, supporting local participation (Didier et al 2013). This paper proposes to analyze these tensions in the case of the development of quality management processes in universities in Belgium and show how the development of quantification mechanisms resisted participatory processes in the definition of indicators and statistical models (Fallon & Leclercq 2013). It will question how can stakeholders be involved in the definitions of measures, contribution to the framing of the convention of what is locally important and what is not. [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning food security globally - stakeholders` opinions
Paveliuc Olariu, Codrin ULg

Scientific conference (2013, April 27)

While more than 850 million people are starving (FAO, 2012) around the world, agricultural production grew at about 2.3% per year in the past 50 years and access to food increased with an even higher rate ... [more ▼]

While more than 850 million people are starving (FAO, 2012) around the world, agricultural production grew at about 2.3% per year in the past 50 years and access to food increased with an even higher rate. By 2012, almost 65% of all implemented agricultural policies (focused at national, regional and global level) that have a reference on food security only aim on solving present day crisis, without integrating policies for preventing future ones. While the League of Arab States (LAS) called for an integrated Arab approach to agricultural policy to the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD), the League of African Nations did not yet agree on common objectives in matters regarding agriculture and rural development despite AGRA Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, a network of US based iNGOs` who`s board is chaired by Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations, took on the challenge of reforming this continent`s agriculture. Although the European Union has the Common Agricultural Policy that works on a 7 years framework with a wide budgetary support from the European Commission and all 27 Member States and China has an agricultural policy working under the ridged 5-years system, food security and food quality are becoming the main concerns in the world leaders minds with the population reaching 7 billion on October 31st 2011 and resources becoming scarce. This paper analyses the stakeholders` opinions on the possibility of changing the policy instruments status quo that would enable a coherent exchange of good practices and information throughout the world to a global approach to food security and food quality that is necessary for overcoming problems like famine in Africa, obesity in North America and high risk and vulnerability for human health and the environment. The key questions that are answered in this paper are: What are the common elements of agricultural policies with regional reach that can constitute objectives for a Global Agricultural Policy (GAP)? Which organization could manage a GAP and what would be its main driving mechanisms? What kind of impact would have a global mechanism in agriculture and rural development acting at different levels? What are the determinants for the successful creation and implementation of a GAP? [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning Parameters of Long-Range Intramolecular S‑to‑N Acyl Transfers within (S)‑Acyl Isopeptides
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg; Dive, Georges ULg; Stevens, Christian et al

in Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2013), 9(2), 927934

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See detailGovernment Debt Denomination Policies Before and After the EMU Advent
Hübner, Georges ULg; Joliet, Robert

in Open Economies Review (2013), 24

Through a cost-minimizing approach, this paper derives joint indicators to assess the efficiency of the mix of sovereign debt currencies between the countries belonging to the European Monetary Union (EMU ... [more ▼]

Through a cost-minimizing approach, this paper derives joint indicators to assess the efficiency of the mix of sovereign debt currencies between the countries belonging to the European Monetary Union (EMU). This theoretical insight enables us to explain why and how the introduction of the euro and the adoption of a common monetary policy may have led to significant changes in debt structure among EMU members, notably in favor of further euro-denominated debt. The interplay of intrinsic and strategic variables yields stylized facts that are consistent with country-specific empirical evidence. Following the sovereign debt crisis, we further emphasize the value-added of a coordinated debt issuance policy among EMU countries. [less ▲]

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See detailGovernor General of the Catholic Netherlands' confessor and Madrid's politics.
Pirlet, Pierre-François ULg

Conference (2015, December 03)

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