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See detailThe intra-articular injection of alginate-chitosan beads in an hydrogel prevents the development of osteoarthritis in ACLT model
Oprenyeszk, Frédéric ULg; Chausson, M; Maquet, V et al

Conference (2013, September 16)

Purpose To evaluate the effects of a new biomaterial composed of alginate-chitosan (AC) beads dispersed in a viscous thermogelling chitosan-based (H) hydrogel on the development of osteoarthritis (OA) in ... [more ▼]

Purpose To evaluate the effects of a new biomaterial composed of alginate-chitosan (AC) beads dispersed in a viscous thermogelling chitosan-based (H) hydrogel on the development of osteoarthritis (OA) in rabbit. Materials & Methods OA was surgically induced by the transection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLT) in rabbits. One week after surgery, animals received a single intra-articular injection (900 µl) of AC beads in H hydrogel (group I), H hydrogel alone (group II) or saline (group III). OA development was followed by X-rays. Blood samples were collected throughout the study to measure biological markers (PGE2 and CRP). Macroscopic observation and histological evaluation of articular cartilage and synovial membrane were performed 6 weeks after surgery. Results The X-rays analysis showed a significant decrease (p <0.05) of the Kellgren and Lawrence score in group I (1.5 ± 0.2) compared with group II (2.2 ± 0.5) and group III (3.0 ± 0.4). The size and the severity of the macroscopic OA cartilage lesion tended to decrease in group I compared to the other groups. The histological global score that refers to all compartments of the knee joint was significantly decreased in group I (11.0 ± 0.7) compared to group II (14.4 ± 0.6, p <0.01) and group III (14.8 ± 0.6, p <0.001). The injection of AC beads in H hydrogel also tended to reduce the synovial membrane inflammation. No significant variation of PGE2 and CRP serum levels were observed in each after 6 weeks follow-up whatever the treatment injected. Conclusion This study showed that AC beads dispersed in H hydrogel prevented OA in ACL transection rabbit model. This effect was not observed with the hydrogel alone, suggesting that AC beads play a role in joint protection. The preventive effect was observed in all joint compartments indicating a global protective effect of this new implantable biomaterial. [less ▲]

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See detailAn intra-articular supplementation method for treating joint diseases and injuries
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Oprenyeszk, Frédéric ULg et al

Patent (2011)

A method of producing a hydrogel for intra-articular supplement comprising the steps of: - providing a solution of alginate, - providing a solution with chitosan having a Mw between lower than 60 kD ... [more ▼]

A method of producing a hydrogel for intra-articular supplement comprising the steps of: - providing a solution of alginate, - providing a solution with chitosan having a Mw between lower than 60 kD, - mixing the solution of alginate and the solution of chitosan, wherein the mixed solution comprises between 0.5 and 0.7 % (w/v) of chitosan and between 1 and 1.4 % alginate (w/v), - introducing droplets of the mixed solution into a solution with Ca2+ or Sr2+ cations and - isolating polymerised beads from the solution with cations [less ▲]

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See detailIntra-articular use of a medical device composed of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate (Structovial CS): effects on clinical, ultrasonographic and biological parameters
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Hauzeur, Jean-Philippe; Bruel, Pierre et al

in BMC Research Notes (2012), 5(1), 407

BACKGROUND:This pilot open noncontrolled study was designed to assess the efficacy of intra articular injections of a solution combining hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulphate (CS) in the treatment ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND:This pilot open noncontrolled study was designed to assess the efficacy of intra articular injections of a solution combining hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulphate (CS) in the treatment of outpatients affected by knee osteoarthrosis. Findings - Thirty patients with knee OA have been included. The primary objective was to assess clinical efficacy as measured by pain and Lequesne's index. Secondary objectives were to assess potential effect of the treatment on ultrasound parameters, safety and biomarkers of cartilage metabolism and joint inflammation. After a selection visit (V1), the study treatment was administered 3 times on a weekly basis (V2, V3, V4). Follow-up was planned 6 (V5) and 12 weeks (V6) after the first intra-articular injection. Efficacy results showed a reduction in mean pain at V3 and V6 and in functional impairment, the most marked changes being measured at the two follow-up visits (V5 and V6). Although statistical significance was not achieved due to small sample size, a clear tendency towards improvement was detectable for ultrasound assessments as well as biomarkers. Except for a mild injection site hematoma for which the drug causal relationship could not be excluded, no adverse effect of clinical relevance was recorded during the study.CONCLUSION:Although this pilot study was performed according to an open design only, the ultrasound as well as biomarkers changes strongly suggest a non-placebo effect. These preliminary results call now for a randomized controlled study to confirm the clinical relevance of the observed results. Trial registration #ISRCTN91883031 [less ▲]

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See detailThe intra-nasal administration of insulin induces significant hypoglycaemia and classical counterregulatory hormonal responses in normal man.
Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Franchimont, P. et al

in Diabète & Métabolisme (1988), 14(1), 31-6

The present study aimed at investigating the metabolic and hormonal consequences of intra-nasal administration of insulin in normal man. Lyophylisated regular porcine insulin (Insuline Ordinaire Organon ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed at investigating the metabolic and hormonal consequences of intra-nasal administration of insulin in normal man. Lyophylisated regular porcine insulin (Insuline Ordinaire Organon) diluted with a non ionic detergent (Laureth-9 0,25%) was administered intra-nasally in 8 overnight fasted healthy volunteers using a calibrated aerosol delivery device (90 microliters = 9 U of insulin/spray) up to a total insulin dose close to 1 U/kg body weight. After intra-nasal insulin administration, plasma insulin levels rose from 5 +/- 1 to 38 +/- 10 mU/l (2p less than 0.01) at min 15, blood glucose concentrations decreased from 4.4 +/- 0.2 to 3.2 +/- 0.3 mmol/l (2p less than 0.01) at min 45, plasma C-peptide levels diminished from 327 +/- 31 to 174 +/- 28 mumol/l (2p less than 0.01) at min 60 and plasma free fatty acids concentrations fell from 336 +/- 109 to 130 +/- 31 mumol/l (2p less than 0.05) at min 30. The fall in blood glucose resulted in a prompt increase in plasma glucagon levels (from 78 +/- 28 to 150 +/- 24 ng/l at min 45; 2p less than 0.05) and in later rises in plasma growth hormone and cortisol concentrations. There was a close relationship between the individual maximal decreases in blood glucose levels and the individual maximal increases in plasma insulin (r = 0.81), glucagon (r = 0.88), cortisol (r = 0.87) and growth hormone (r = 0.76) concentrations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailIntra-operative autologous transfusion in cancer patients.
Joris, Jean ULg

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2004), 55(1), 49-51

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See detailIntra-patient variability of SUV in normal tissues.
PAQUET, N.; HUSTINX, Roland ULg; FOIDART-WILLEMS, Jacqueline ULg

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2003), 30(SUPPL 2), 327

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See detailINTRA-TUMORAL HETEROGENEITY AND RATIONAL SELECTION OF ANTIGENS FOR TARGETED THERAPY OF LIVER METASTASES
Turtoi, Andrei ULg; Blomme, Arnaud ULg; Delvaux, David ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2012, May), 112(3), 8953

Objectives: Targeted therapies of liver metastases are gaining a major stake in current and future treatment options. However, the malignant lesions are heterogeneous in nature offering niches for cancer ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Targeted therapies of liver metastases are gaining a major stake in current and future treatment options. However, the malignant lesions are heterogeneous in nature offering niches for cancer cells causing treatment resistance and relapse. Therefore, a rational strategy is needed to select targetable antigens that would overcome this intra-tumoral heterogeneity. Methods: After ethical committee approval, 48 fresh liver metastases of colorectal origin were prospectively collected from patients undergoing liver resection. Here we macroscopically divided the lesion in different zones and generated a unique quantitative picture of the proteome heterogeneity in colorectal carcinoma liver metastases. Particular focus was laid on accessible proteins, a protein subclass comprising cell membrane associated and extracellular proteins. Accordingly, the tissues were ex-vivo biotinylated, affinity purified and analyzed for each zone separately using nano-UPLC-MSe proteomics technique. In total over 1500 unique proteins were statistically divided into different patterns of expression. Results: We have generated a quantitative picture of the proteome heterogeneity in colorectal carcinoma liver metastases. The study offers insight into novel targets but also antigens against which the antibodies are already involved in clinical trials or treatment of liver metastases. Extensive clustering and validation experiments highlight novel markers that offer the potential to homogeneously cover the metastatic lesion and become better targets. Conclusions: Two such antigens, LTBP2 and TGFBI were selected for functional analysis in colorectal carcinoma cells. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that in particular TGFBI is relevant for migration and proliferation capacity of colorectal cancer cells. The suppression of this protein led to significant inhibition of tumor growth, crystalizing it as bona fide target for the development of anti-metastases therapies. [less ▲]

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See detailIntraarterial spiral CT angiography combined with DSA in pretherapeutic assessment of cerebral aneurysms.
Flandroy, P.; Vanderschelden, P.; Dondelinger, Robert ULg et al

Conference (1996, September 21)

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See detailIntracardiac defect demonstrated by cardiac CTA.
Ghekiere, O.; Djekic, J.; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg

in JBR-BTR : organe de la Societe royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR) (2010), 93(2), 113

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See detailIntracardiac flow visualization: current status and future directions.
Rodriguez Munoz, Daniel; Markl, Michael; Moya Mur, Jose Luis et al

in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging (2013)

Non-invasive cardiovascular imaging initially focused on heart structures, allowing the visualization of their motion and inferring its functional status from it. Colour-Doppler and cardiac magnetic ... [more ▼]

Non-invasive cardiovascular imaging initially focused on heart structures, allowing the visualization of their motion and inferring its functional status from it. Colour-Doppler and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) have allowed a visual approach to intracardiac flow behaviour, as well as measuring its velocity at single selected spots. Recently, the application of new technologies to medical use and, particularly, to cardiology has allowed, through different algorithms in CMR and applications of ultrasound-related techniques, the description and analysis of flow behaviour in all points and directions of the selected region, creating the opportunity to incorporate new data reflecting cardiac performance to cardiovascular imaging. The following review provides an overview of the currently available imaging techniques that enable flow visualization, as well as its present and future applications based on the available literature and on-going works. [less ▲]

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See detailIntracellular and extracellular vaccinia virions enter cells by different mechanisms
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg; Hollinshead, M.; Smith, G. L.

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1998), 79(Pt 4), 877-887

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See detailIntracellular cation concentrations in essential hypertension and chronic renal failure
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Du, F.; Rorive, Georges ULg

in Clinical & Experimental Hypertension (1993), 15(3), 461-478

The aim of this study was to test basal and after treatment erythrocyte sodium and calcium concentrations, and calcium-ATPase activity and platelet cytosolic free calcium and pH in 20 normotensive ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to test basal and after treatment erythrocyte sodium and calcium concentrations, and calcium-ATPase activity and platelet cytosolic free calcium and pH in 20 normotensive controls, 20 hemodialysis-dependent chronic renal failure patients and in 18 essential hypertensives. Prior to treatment, essential hypertensive and uremic patients presented similar higher platelet calcium concentrations and lower pH than the normotensive control group. The erythrocyte sodium, calcium, and magnesium concentrations were only significantly elevated in chronic renal failure, with a significant decrease in the calcium-ATPase activity in the latter population. Hemodialysis partially reversed these intracellular ionic abnormalities with normalization of platelet pH. Significant correlations have been noted between weight loss and decreases in platelet calcium concentration (r = 0.60, p < 0.01) or in erythrocyte sodium (r = 0.50, p < 0.05). The systolic blood pressure decrease was only correlated to the increase in calcium-ATPase activity (r = 0.57, p < 0.05). Antihypertensive treatment (captopril and nifedipine) only tended to normalize the intracellular calcium concentration with correlation between the decrease of the latter and blood pressure decrease (r = 0.64 for the systolic blood pressure and 0.68 for the diastolic blood pressure, p < 0.01). Thus, in essential hypertension and in uremia, some cellular ionic abnormalities exist in platelets in baseline condition. Moreover, in uremia, erythrocyte presents abnormal ionic pattern. Some, but not all of these abnormalities could be corrected by treatment affecting blood pressure (cellular calcium) in essential hypertension or by hemodialysis (cellular sodium, calcium, and pH). In the latter treatment, the changes are linked to extracellular fluid modification. In essential hypertension, the intracellular calcium reduction was linked to blood pressure decrease. [less ▲]

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See detailIntracellular damages induced by singlet oxygen are signals for HIV-1 reactivation
Piette, Jacques ULg; Legrand-Poels, Sylvie ULg

in Journal of Free Radicals in Biology & Medicine (1993)

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See detailIntracellular distribution of the ORF4 gene product of varicella-zoster virus is influenced by the IE62 protein
Defechereux, Patricia; Debrus, Serge; Baudoux, Laurence et al

in Journal of General Virology (1996), 77(Part 7), 1505-1513

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 4-encoded protein (IE4) possesses transactivating properties for VZV genes as well as for genes of heterologous viruses, The major regulatory immediate ... [more ▼]

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 4-encoded protein (IE4) possesses transactivating properties for VZV genes as well as for genes of heterologous viruses, The major regulatory immediate-early protein of VZV (IE62) is a transactivator of VZV gene expression, In transfection assays, IE4 has been shown to enhance activation induced by IE62, To investigate the functional interactions underlying this observation, indirect immunofluorescence studies were undertaken to determine whether IE62 could influence IE4 intracellular localization in transfected cells, In single transfections, IE4 was predominantly found in cytoplasm, In cotransfection with IE62, the IE4 localization pattern was altered, with nuclear staining predominating over cytoplasmic staining, This effect was specific to the IE62 protein since the gene products of ORF63 and ORF61, which are also regulatory proteins, did not influence IE4 distribution, The use of IE62 mutants indicated that IE62 influence is independent of its transactivation function and that the integrity of regions 3 and 4 is required, IE62 remained nuclear whether IE4 was present or not, These observations underline differences in the regulation of gene expression between VZV proteins and their herpes simplex virus type 1 homologues, In infected cells, IE4 was only sometimes found to colocalize with IE62 in nuclei, This observation suggests that when all VZV proteins are present, complex interactions probably occur which could diminish the influence of IE62. [less ▲]

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See detailThe intracellular fate of polycarbonate Polyplexes modulates the efficacy of siRNA
Frère, Antoine ULg; Kawalec, Michal; Peixoto, Paul ULg et al

Poster (2013, December)

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See detailIntracellular free iron content of rat liver tissue after cold ischemia
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Sergent, O.; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2002), 34(3), 759-761

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See detailIntracellular pH-dependent efflux of the fluorescent probe pyranine in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
Aguedo, Mario ULg; Waché, Y.; Belin, J.-M.

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (2001), 200(2), 185-189

8-Hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid (pyranine) can be used as a vital intracellular pH (pHi) indicator. In the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, a partial efflux of the probe was detected by using the pH ... [more ▼]

8-Hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid (pyranine) can be used as a vital intracellular pH (pHi) indicator. In the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, a partial efflux of the probe was detected by using the pH-independent wavelength of 415 nm. A simplified correction of the fluorescent signals was applied, enabling to show for this species a good near-neutral pHi maintenance capacity in a pH 3.9 medium. Octanoic acid, which is known to have toxic effects on yeast, decreased the pHi and increased the 260-nm-absorbing compounds leakage. However, this acid inhibited the fluorescent probe efflux linearly with its concentration suggesting a pHi-dependent efflux of pyranine from cells. © 2001 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe intracellular tyrosine residues of the ATP-gated P2X(1) ion channel are essential for its function.
Oury, Cécile ULg; Toth-Zsamboki, Emese; Watanabe, Hiroyuki et al

in FEBS Letters (2002)

In this study, we mutated the four highly conserved intracellular tyrosine residues of the P2X(1) ion channel were mutated into phenylalanine. Simultaneous electrophysiological and calcium measurements in ... [more ▼]

In this study, we mutated the four highly conserved intracellular tyrosine residues of the P2X(1) ion channel were mutated into phenylalanine. Simultaneous electrophysiological and calcium measurements in transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK 293) cells indicated that Y362F and Y370F mutants were non-functional, despite their proper plasma membrane expression. The Y16F and Y363F mutants retained 2.2% and 26% of the wild-type P2X(1) activity, respectively. However, no tyrosine phosphorylation was detected on Western blots of P2X(1) immunoprecipitates derived either from HEK 293 cell lysates or from human platelets, expressing P2X(1) endogenously. Thus, Y16, Y362, Y363 and Y370 are required for the appropriate three-dimensional structure and function of the intracellular P2X(1) domains. [less ▲]

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See detailIntracellular visualization of BrdU-labeled plasmid DNA/cationic liposome complexes.
El Ouahabi, A.; Thiry, Marc ULg; Schiffmann, S. et al

in Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society (1999), 47(9), 1159-66

Difficulties in specific detection of transfected DNA in cells represent an important limitation in the study of the gene transfer process. We studied the cellular entry and fate of a plasmid DNA ... [more ▼]

Difficulties in specific detection of transfected DNA in cells represent an important limitation in the study of the gene transfer process. We studied the cellular entry and fate of a plasmid DNA complexed with a cationic lipid, Vectamidine (3-tetradecylamino-N-tert-butyl-N'-tetradecylpropionamidine) in BHK21 cells. To facilitate its detection inside the cells, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was incorporated into plasmid DNA under conditions that minimize plasmid alteration. BrdU was localized in cells incubated with Vectamidine/BrdU-labeled plasmid DNA complexes by immunogold labeling and electron microscopy (EM). Labeling was predominantly associated with aggregated liposome structures at the surface of and inside the cells. EM observations of cells transfected with Vectamidine/DNA complexes showed that the liposome/DNA aggregates accumulate in large vesicles in the cell cytosol. On the other hand, using rhodamine-labeled Vectamidine and revealing BrdU with FITC-conjugated antibodies permitted simultaneous detection in the cells of both components of the complexes with confocal laser scanning microscopy. The DNA and lipids co-localized at the surface of and inside the cells, indicating that the complex is internalized as a whole. Our results show that the BrdU-labeled plasmid DNA detection system can be a useful tool to visualize exogenous DNA entry into cells by a combination of electron and confocal microscopy. [less ▲]

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