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See detailImpact of an anxious social situation on emotional facial expressions (EFEs) recognition in children
Dethier, Marie ULg; Taskin, Aslihan Serap; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012), 17(2), 2-9

This study addresses the relationship between the capacity of emotional facial expressions (EFEs) recognition and self-esteem in children placed in an anxious social situation. Seventy children (8 – 12 ... [more ▼]

This study addresses the relationship between the capacity of emotional facial expressions (EFEs) recognition and self-esteem in children placed in an anxious social situation. Seventy children (8 – 12 years) were placed in an anxious social situation of performance in which they were instructed to count aloud backwards, beginning at 200 in decrements of 13. After that, children were assessed on a decoding test of 16 photographs depicting EFE. For each photograph, they evaluated the presence of nine types of emotions. They also completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children (Pierrehumbert et al., 1987). No correlations emerged between the accuracy of EFE recognition and an increase of anxious feelings after the anxious social situation. However, self-esteem was correlated with performance on the EFE recognition test. Moreover, the lower the child’s level of self-esteem was, the more he/she perceived negative emotions in EFEs. In conclusion, social anxiety doesn’t seem to interfere with EFEs recognition performance in an anxious social situation. However, low level of self-esteem in children appears to be associated with deficits and interpretative bias in EFEs recognition in an anxious social situation. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of ancient charcoal kilns on chemical properties of several forest soils after 2 centuries
Dufey, Joseph; Hardy, Brieuc; Cornelis, Jean-Thomas ULg

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2014)

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See detailImpact of anisotropy and viscosity to model the mechanical behavior of Ti-6A1-4V alloy
Tuninetti Vásquez, Victor ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Materials Science and Engineering: A (2014), (605), 39-50

This paper compares the predictions of an isotropic-thermo-elasto-viscoplastic approach and of an anisotropic-thermo-elastoplastic one with experimental results representative of the mechanical behavior ... [more ▼]

This paper compares the predictions of an isotropic-thermo-elasto-viscoplastic approach and of an anisotropic-thermo-elastoplastic one with experimental results representative of the mechanical behavior of Ti-6Al-4V at moderate temperatures and low strain rates. The first model is the well known Norton-Hoff viscoplastic constitutive law with isotropic von Mises yield locus identified by using monotonic tension tests performed at strain rates from 10-3 s-1 to 10-1 s-1 and at temperatures up to 400°C. The second model is a thermo-elasto-plastic one defined by the orthotropic yield criterion CPB06. It takes into account the anisotropy and the strength differential (SD) effect in tension-compression of Ti-6Al-4V at RT, 150°C and 400°C. The identification of the SD effect is done by using tension and compression tests and the anisotropy behavior is identified by using shear, plane strain, tension and compression tests performed in three orthogonal material directions. The accuracy of the load and displacements predictions of the two macroscopic constitutive models are compared to experimental results obtained from tests performed on specimens with multiaxial loadings and large strain at several temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of anthropogenic disturbance on a mangrove forest assessed by a 1-D cellular automaton model using Lotka Volterra type competition.
Obade, P; Koedam, N; Soetaert, K et al

in International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics (2009), 3(4), 296-320

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See detailImpact of anti-androgenic substances on gametogenesis of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus
Cruciani, Valentina ULg; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg; Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg

Poster (2013, October 01)

Several studies have shown that pollutants with anti-androgenic activity have an impact on the sexual reproduction of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus (Joaquim-Justo et al., submit; Preston et al ... [more ▼]

Several studies have shown that pollutants with anti-androgenic activity have an impact on the sexual reproduction of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus (Joaquim-Justo et al., submit; Preston et al., 2001). The effects observed are compatible with the phenomenon of endocrine disruption. Fenitrothion, a non-steroidal anti-androgen induces a decrease in fertilization rate following exposure below or equal to 0,5 mg L-1.. The steroidal anti-androgen, cyproterone acetate increases number of cysts in population exposed to concentrations below or equal to 0,5 mg L-1. Cross mating experiments showed that effects of fenitrothion are due to an impact on males exclusively, while effects of cyproterone acetate exposition are due to an impact on females exclusively. In this study, we investigated the impact of fenitrothion on spermatogenesis and observed a decrease in the spermatozoa production and mobility with concentrations down to 0,5 mg L-1. We report a detailed description of the morphology of the male reproductive apparatus in B. calyciflorus based on optic, transmission electron and scanning electron microscopy in controls and exposed individuals. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of anti-androgens on the production of spermatozoa in Brachionus calyciflorus
Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg; Cruciani, Valentina ULg; BLASZCZYK, Marie ULg et al

Poster (2010, May 23)

Putative endocrine disruptors affect rate of fertilization of sexual females by males. Preston et al. (2000) reported a decrease in fertilization rate following exposition to, notably, flutamide at 10µg/l ... [more ▼]

Putative endocrine disruptors affect rate of fertilization of sexual females by males. Preston et al. (2000) reported a decrease in fertilization rate following exposition to, notably, flutamide at 10µg/l. We observed similar effects with fenitrothion. Cross mating experiments showed that the decrease in fertilization rate is due to an impact on males exclusively. We studied the impact of anti-androgens on spermatogenesis and observed a decrease in the spermatozoa production with concentrations down to 0,5 mg L-1.We also report a detailed description of the morphology of the male reproductive apparatus in B. calyciflorus based on optic and electronic microscopy analysis and we describe the effect of anti-androgens on males and spermatogenesis in males. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of antibiotics in wastewater on activated sludge treatment. The Erythromycin case
Louvet, Jean-Noël ULg; Potier, Olivier; Dumas, Dominique et al

Conference (2009, October 15)

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See detailImpact of aortic stenosis on longitudinal myocardial deformation during exercise.
Donal, E.; Thebault, C.; O'Connor, K. et al

in European Journal of Echocardiography (2011)

In aortic stenosis (AS), left ventricular (LV) adaptation to exercise has poorly been examined. Changes in LV ejection fraction may lack accuracy in identifying the presence of intrinsic myocardial ... [more ▼]

In aortic stenosis (AS), left ventricular (LV) adaptation to exercise has poorly been examined. Changes in LV ejection fraction may lack accuracy in identifying the presence of intrinsic myocardial impairment. AIMS: We sought to determine the impact of aortic stenosis (AS) on left ventricular (LV) longitudinal function at exercise in a series of asymptomatic patients with AS and preserved LV ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long-axis function was assessed at rest and at exercise by using 2D speckle tracking of myocardial deformation in 207 AS patients (aortic valve area 0.87 ± 0.19 cm²) and 43 aged-matched control subjects. When compared with control subjects, patients with AS have reduced longitudinal myocardial function at rest (-20.2 ± 2.7 vs. -15.4 ± 4.0%) and at peak exercise (-25.0 ± 3.7 vs. -16.5 ± 4.9%) (P < 0.0001 for both). Exercise changes in global longitudinal strain were correlated with changes in LV ejection in controls but not in patients with AS. Changes in LV global longitudinal strain during test were lower in AS patients with an abnormal response to exercise (-0.5 ± 2.7 vs. -1.5 ± 2.8%, P = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, a lower global longitudinal strain at rest (P = 0.04), a higher increase in mean trans-valvular pressure gradient (P < 0.001) at exercise, and smaller exercise-induced changes in global longitudinal strain (P < 0.001) were associated with an abnormal exercise test. CONCLUSION: In AS, subnormal LV function can be reliably identified by 2D strain imaging at rest and during a sub-maximal exercise. That sensitive measure of LV systolic function is depressed in AS and even more in patients having the most severe AS. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of aortic stenosis severity and its interaction with prosthesis-patient mismatch on operative mortality following aortic valve replacement.
Girerd, N.; Dumesnil, J. G.; Magne, Julien ULg et al

in Journal of Heart Valve Disease (The) (2012), 21(2), 158-167

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See detailImpact of aortic stiffness on left ventricular function and B-type natriuretic peptide release in severe aortic stenosis.
Rosca, M.; Magne, Julien ULg; Calin, A. et al

in European Journal of Echocardiography (2011), 12(11), 850-856

Aims: In aortic stenosis (AS), both reduced systemic arterial compliance and increased valvular load have been shown to contribute to impaired left ventricular (LV) function. However, the relationship ... [more ▼]

Aims: In aortic stenosis (AS), both reduced systemic arterial compliance and increased valvular load have been shown to contribute to impaired left ventricular (LV) function. However, the relationship between LV function and aortic stiffness has not yet been investigated. We aimed to assess the relationship between aortic stiffness and LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), LV filling pressures (E/E′) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in AS. <br />Methods and results : A comprehensive echocardiogram was performed in 48 consecutive patients with severe AS (,0.6 cm2/m2) and preserved LV ejection fraction (≥50%). Aortic stiffness index (beta) was calculated based on aortic diameters measured by echocardiography and blood pressure. Systemic arterial compliance (SAC) and valvulo-arterial impedance (Zva) <br />were also determined. Aortic beta index was significantly correlated with Zva (r ¼ 0.30, P ¼ 0.03) and SAC (r ¼ 20.29, P ¼ 0.04). GLS (r ¼ 0.45, P ¼ 0.001), E/E′ (r ¼ 0.48, P ¼ 0.001) and BNP levels (r ¼ 0.45, P ¼ 0.001) were significantly related to aortic beta index. No significant correlation was found between GLS or E/E′ and SAC or Zva. In multivariate regression analysis, aortic beta index remained correlated with GLS, E/E′, and BNP levels. <br />Conclusions : In patients with severe AS and preserved LV ejection fraction, independently of the valvular load, an increase in aortic rigidity, as assessed by aortic beta index, is independently correlated with reduced LV longitudinal function, increased LV filling pressures, and BNP levels. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of aortic valve stenosis on left atrial phasic function
O'Connor, K.; Magne, Julien ULg; Rosca, M. et al

in American Journal of Cardiology (2010), 106(8), 1157-1162

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See detailImpact of Aphasia on Consciousness Assessment: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Schnakers, C; Bessou, H; Rubi-Fessen, I et al

in Neurorehabilitation & Neural Repair (2015), 29

BACKGROUND: . Previous findings suggest that language disorders may occur in severely brain-injured patients and could interfere with behavioral assessments of consciousness. However, no study ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: . Previous findings suggest that language disorders may occur in severely brain-injured patients and could interfere with behavioral assessments of consciousness. However, no study investigated to what extent language impairment could affect patients' behavioral responses. OBJECTIVE: . To estimate the impact of receptive and/or productive language impairments on consciousness assessment. METHODS: . Twenty-four acute and subacute stroke patients with different types of aphasia (global, n = 11; Broca, n = 4; Wernicke, n = 3; anomic, n = 4; mixed, n = 2) were recruited in neurology and neurosurgery units as well as in rehabilitation centers. The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) was administered. RESULTS: . We observed that 25% (6 out of 24) of stroke patients with a diagnosis of aphasia and 54% (6 out of 11) of patients with a diagnosis of global aphasia did not reach the maximal CRS-R total score of 23. An underestimation of the consciousness level was observed in 3 patients with global aphasia who could have been misdiagnosed as being in a minimally conscious state, even in the absence of any documented period of coma. More precisely, lower subscores were observed on the communication, motor, oromotor, and arousal subscales. CONCLUSION: . Consciousness assessment may be complicated by the co-occurrence of severe language deficits. This stresses the importance of developing new tools or identifying items in existing scales, which may allow the detection of language impairment in severely brain-injured patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Impact of Attentional Allocation Capacities on Nonword Repetition in Children with Specific Language Impairment
Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg; Lange, Manon et al

in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics (2015)

This study aimed at directly assessing the hypothesis that attentional allocation capacity influences poor NWR performances in children with SLI, using an attention demanding visual search task given ... [more ▼]

This study aimed at directly assessing the hypothesis that attentional allocation capacity influences poor NWR performances in children with SLI, using an attention demanding visual search task given concurrently with the NWR task. Twenty-one children with SLI, 21 typically-developing children matched on age, and 21 typically-developing children matched on nonword span performed an immediate serial recall task of nonwords. The nonword lists were presented either alone or concurrently with the visual search task. Overall, results revealed a resource-sharing trade-off between the two tasks. Children with SLI were affected to the same extent as their span-matched controls by the necessity to allocate their attentional resources between the two tasks. Interestingly, nonword processing strategies seemed to differ among groups: age-matched controls allocated a larger part of their attentional resources to the encoding stage, while nonword recall was more attention demanding in children with SLI and younger controls. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of attenuation correction on the accuracy of FDG-PET in patients with abdominal tumors: a free-response ROC analysis.
Hustinx, Roland ULg; Dolin, R. J.; Benard, F. et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (2000), 27(9), 1365-71

The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and lesion detectability with and without attenuation correction in patients with abdominal tumors, using a free-response receiver operating ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and lesion detectability with and without attenuation correction in patients with abdominal tumors, using a free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) methodology. Thirty-four patients with various abdominal tumors were evaluated (11 men, 23 women, median age 48 years). Whole-body emission scans were performed 68 min (35-102 min) after intravenous injection of 4.3 MBq/kg fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Images were reconstructed using the OS-EM algorithm and corrected for attenuation either using postinjection singles transmission (n=27) or by calculation and body outline (n=7). Total scan duration did not exceed 70 min. Studies were read independently by four observers unaware of any clinical data. The uncorrected (UC) images were systematically read before the attenuation-corrected (AC) images. All studies were given an image quality score ranging from 1 (unreadable) to 5 (excellent). Each focus of increased activity was then localized and given a probability of malignancy using a five-point scale. The average image quality score was similar for both UC and AC images. At the time of the positron emission tomography (PET) scans, 127 lesions (63 liver metastases, 9 retroperitoneal lesions, 50 peritoneal or bowel lesions, and 5 pancreatic carcinomas) were revealed by pathological or correlative studies. The areas under the FROC curves were consistently greater for AC images (range 0.8663-0.8867) than for UC images (range 0.7774 -0.8613). Overall, the difference between the AC images and the UC images was significant (P=0.019). In particular, correction for attenuation increased the sensitivity regardless of the location of the lesions. In conclusion, correction for attenuation significantly improves the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET for abdominal staging of neoplasms, without impairing the image quality. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of attenuation correction on the accuracy of FDG-PET in patients with abdominal tumors: An ROC analysis.
HUSTINX, Roland ULg; DOLIN, RJ.; BENARD, F. et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (1999), 40

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