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See detailFoamability and structure analysis of foams in Hele-Shaw cell
Caps, Hervé ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Broze, Guy ULg et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2007), 90(21),

The authors have generated two-dimensional foams by imposing an intermittent drainage in a Hele-Shaw cell partially filled with a detergent/water mixture. The foam generation associated with this process ... [more ▼]

The authors have generated two-dimensional foams by imposing an intermittent drainage in a Hele-Shaw cell partially filled with a detergent/water mixture. The foam generation associated with this process is reproducible and depends on the surfactant molecules composing the solution. A kinetic model can be proposed for the foam evolution. The structure of the foam is also investigated: the average bubble side number and correlation functions are measured. Distinguishable behaviors are observed for different surfactant molecules. This way of producing a foam is thus adequate for applied foam structure characterizations and fundamental studies. (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailFoamed nanocomposites for EMI shielding applications
Molenberg, Isabel; Huynen, Isabelle; Baudouin, Anne-Christine et al

in Mukherjee, Moumita (Ed.) Advanced Microwave and Milimeter Wave Technologies Semiconductor Devices Circuits and Systems (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (3 ULg)
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See detailFOAMING CAPACITY FOR PROTEIN ISOLATES - ELECTROKINETICAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEIN DISPERSIONS
BASTIAENS, A.; Paquot, Michel ULg; MARBAISE, M. et al

in Sciences des Aliments (1990), 10(4), 773-783

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See detailFoaming dynamics in Hele-Shaw cells
Caps, Hervé ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Broze, Guy ULg

in Physical Review E (2006), 73(6, Pt 2), 65301

We have studied foaming dynamics in Hele-Shaw cells partially filled with a soap and water mixture. A series of upside-down flips produces an intermittent wetting of the cell and leads to foam formation ... [more ▼]

We have studied foaming dynamics in Hele-Shaw cells partially filled with a soap and water mixture. A series of upside-down flips produces an intermittent wetting of the cell and leads to foam formation. As a function of the number of flips, an increasing number of bubbles composes the foam, until saturation is observed. Statistical analysis shows that the bubble size follows a Gamma distribution. Contrary to common belief, this foaming dynamics by "shaking" creates homogeneous foam, even though the system may pass through transient heterogeneous configurations. A mechanistic interpretation is proposed and included into a theoretical model. [less ▲]

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See detailFoaming properties of a natural cyclic lipoheptapeptide belonging to a special class of amphiphilic molecules
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg; Baniel, A. et al

in Food Hydrocolloids (1997), 11(1), 59-62

The foaming properties of surfactin, a natural cyclic lipoheptapeptide from Bacillus subtilis, were investigated in comparison and in association with those of bovine serum albumin (BSA). An apparatus ... [more ▼]

The foaming properties of surfactin, a natural cyclic lipoheptapeptide from Bacillus subtilis, were investigated in comparison and in association with those of bovine serum albumin (BSA). An apparatus combining bubbling, optical and conductimetric methods was used to study continuously foam formation and stability in terms of the quantity and density of foam. The increase in surfactin concentration from 0.05 to 0.2 mg/ml had little effect on its foaming capacity, measured by the bubbling time to produce the required foam volume, but improved the foam maximum density significantly. Surfactin produced foam with higher maximum density and stability, and forms more regular and smaller bubbles than BSA. In addition, a synergistic effect was observed on the stability of liquid in foam prepared with a mixture of 50:50 surfactin/BSA. The liquid half-life of BSA foam was enhanced up to 40% when surfactin was added to the solution. [less ▲]

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See detailFoaming properties of lipopeptides produced by Bacillus subtilis: effect of lipid and peptide structural attributes
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Popineau, Yves; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (1998), 46(3), 911-916

To study the effect of lipid and peptide structural attributes of Bacillus subtilis lipopeptides on their foaming properties, the formation, stability, and appearance of foams prepared with surfactins ... [more ▼]

To study the effect of lipid and peptide structural attributes of Bacillus subtilis lipopeptides on their foaming properties, the formation, stability, and appearance of foams prepared with surfactins (C13 C15) and iturins A (C14 C17) were characterized. The density and stability of lipopeptide foams depend on both the alkyl chain hydrophobic character and peptide molecular intrinsic properties. A lipidic chain length of 14 carbon atoms provides lipopeptides with the best foaming properties in terms of foam density and liquid stability in foams. Increases in alkyl chain length above 15 carbon atoms result in a drastic decrease of iturin A foam density. With the same alkyl chain, surfactin produces denser foam whereas iturin A exhibits better foaming stability. These results demonstrate the importance of the peptide structural attributes of B. subtilis on their foaming properties. [less ▲]

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See detailFoaming Properties Of Surfactin, A Lipopeptide Biosurfactant From Bacillus Subtilis
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg; Baniel, Alain et al

in Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (1996), 73(1), 149-151

Foaming properties of surfactin were investigated and compared to those of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). Foams were formed by a bubbling technique. Evolution of the foam ... [more ▼]

Foaming properties of surfactin were investigated and compared to those of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). Foams were formed by a bubbling technique. Evolution of the foam volume and the liquid in the foam was monitored with optical and conductimetric methods to characterize foam formation and stability. Excellent foaming properties of surfactin were shown by its higher ability to form and stabilize the foam at a concentration as low as 0.05 mg/mL, in comparison with SDS and BSA. Surfactin produced a foam with intermediate maximum density and stabilized the liquid in foam, as well as BSA. [less ▲]

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See detailFoams in a rotating drum: An analogy with granular materials
Bronfort, Ariane ULg; Caps, Hervé ULg

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2015)

Rotating drums are usually used to study the flowing properties of granular materials. Here, we report experiments performed in a drum made of a circular Hele-Shaw cell filled with a monodisperse foam and ... [more ▼]

Rotating drums are usually used to study the flowing properties of granular materials. Here, we report experiments performed in a drum made of a circular Hele-Shaw cell filled with a monodisperse foam and its surfactant solution. The cell is placed vertically and rotated around its center with an angular velocity ω. The rotation of the cell modifies the foam properties and therefore influences its response to the external strain. The observed foam behavior is similar to granular media in several aspects. Using tools developed for granular materials, we characterize the foam evolution in terms of a dimensionless viscous number I f and we compare the foam rheology to the theory developed for the immersed granular material rheology. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailFoams of polycaprolactone/MWNT nanocomposites for efficient EMI reduction
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Pagnoulle, Christophe; Bednarz, Lukasz et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2008), 18(7), 792-796

Nanocomposites of polycaprolactone (PCL) filled with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were foamed by supercritical CO2 in order to prepare materials with reduced electromagnetic interference (EMI ... [more ▼]

Nanocomposites of polycaprolactone (PCL) filled with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were foamed by supercritical CO2 in order to prepare materials with reduced electromagnetic interference (EMI). Two mixing techniques were used, i.e., melt blending and co-precipitation. Shielding efficiency as high as 60 to 80 dB together with a low reflectivity was observed at a very low vol% of MWNTs (0.25 vol%). The reflectivity of the nanocomposites was advantageously decreased upon foaming. The uniformity of the open-cell structure was assessed by scanning electron microscopy. These foamed PCL/MWNT nanocomposites are very promising EMI shielding materials because their performances result from absorption at low filler content and not from reflection at relatively high filler content as was previously the case. [less ▲]

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See detailFoams of polycaprolactone/MWNT nanocomposites for efficient EMI shielding
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Kollar, J.; Caldarella, Giuseppe ULg et al

Conference (2007, August 27)

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See detailFoams of polycaprolactone/MWNT nanocomposites for efficient EMI shielding
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Pagnoulle, Christophe; Bednarz, Lukasz et al

Conference (2008, September 09)

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See detailFoams of polyurethane/MWNT nanocomposites for efficient EMI reduction
Chen, Y. Y.; Urbanczyk, Laetitia ULg; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg et al

Poster (2009, September 16)

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See detailFocal cerebral ischemia impairs motivation in a progressive FR schedule of reinforcement in mice
Linden, Jérôme ULg; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg; Fassotte, Ludivine et al

in Behavioural Brain Research (2015), 279

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)
See detailLa focalisation en français, néerlandais et dans l'interlangue d'apprenants d'une langue étrangère
Hiligsmann, Philippe; Rasier, Laurent ULg

in Wlodarczyk, H.; Wlodarczyk, A. (Eds.) La focalisation dans les langues (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (6 ULg)
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See detailFocaliseringstrategieën in gesproken (tussen)taal
Rasier, Laurent ULg

Conference (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
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See detailFocalized external radiotherapy for resected solitary brain metastasis: does the dogma stand?
Coucke, Philippe ULg; Zouhair, Abderrahim; Ozsahin, Mahmut et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (1998), 47(1), 99-101

To investigate whether whole brain irradiation might be replaced by focalized irradiation after resection of a single brain metastasis in patients where extracranial tumor control is deemed to be obtained ... [more ▼]

To investigate whether whole brain irradiation might be replaced by focalized irradiation after resection of a single brain metastasis in patients where extracranial tumor control is deemed to be obtained. Patients and methods: Twelve patients were introduced in a phase I/II prospective study of conformal postoperative external irradiation after resection of a solitary brain metastasis. The radiation treatment consisted of 50.4 Gy (1.8 Gy per fraction, five fractions per week). The planning target volume consisted of the tumor bed and a 2 cm safety margin. All treatments were optimized with head immobilization, dedicated tomodensitometry and computer assisted three-dimensional treatment planning. Results: The median survival was 7.2 months (range 2.4–50.4 months). Eleven of the 12 patients died. Eight of the 12 patients presented intracranial recurrence and seven died as a consequence of intracranial tumor progression. Conclusions: Focalized external irradiation cannot serve as a reasonable alternative to whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) even for patients with apparently one single resected brain metastasis. The dogma of ‘one metastasis=multiple metastases' seems to be confirmed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (1 ULg)