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See detailIntegrated adsorbent and process characterization. Application to air separation PSA processes
Khoder Agha, R.; De Weireld, Guy; Frère, Marc et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailIntegrated approach for assessing climate change impacts on a regional chalky aquifer in Belgium
Goderniaux, Pascal ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Changes in water resource systems: methodologies to maintain water security and ensure integrated management (2007)

An integrated hydrological model was developed in order to study the potential effects of climate change on groundwater resources. This model considers most hydrological processes in a physically ... [more ▼]

An integrated hydrological model was developed in order to study the potential effects of climate change on groundwater resources. This model considers most hydrological processes in a physically consistent way. More particularly, groundwater flows are modelled using a spatially distributed finite element approach. The river-aquifer interactions are explicitly taken into account in the model, as well as the spatial heterogeneity of the chalk geology characteristics. After a detailed calibration on the last 30 years and validation on recent periods, quantitative interpretations can be drawn from the ground¬water model results. Considering IPCC climate change scenarios, it appears that, on a multi-annual basis, most tested scenarios predict a decreasing trend in groundwater levels in the Geer Basin. These first results indicate that groundwater deficits may be expected in the future in Belgium. Moreover, at this stage of the study, this trend is computed for a very “optimistic” scenario, neglecting all other pressure changes on the groundwater resources (i.e. no change in land use and in pumping conditions). [less ▲]

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See detailAn Integrated Approach in Dam Breaching Modelling, Provided by WOLF Software
Dewals, Benjamin ULg

Conference (2002, April 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
See detailAn Integrated Assessment Frame as Science Policy Interface for Decisions on (Environment-Related) Risks - SCOPE - Report Phase 1
TORFS, RUDI; Zwetkoff, Catherine ULg; Fallon, Catherine ULg

Report (2009)

Classical risk assessment paradigms no longer suffice to deal with complex, uncertain and ambiguous risks. Therefore, new approaches to prevent, control, communicate, and deal with the causes of these ... [more ▼]

Classical risk assessment paradigms no longer suffice to deal with complex, uncertain and ambiguous risks. Therefore, new approaches to prevent, control, communicate, and deal with the causes of these risks and with public anxieties about risks are necessary. In phase 1 we analyzed the available concepts to integrate risk and economical assessment with social aspects in one framework, and discussed the relevant criteria that need to be considered in order to develop a final risk assessment framework. Furthermore, still in phase 1, empirical work was performed in the form of case studies to analyze and define a framework, or to select criteria. We are in the process of reviewing, selecting, and testing tools and instruments that can be used in this appraisal framework, to go from concepts to practice. To grasp the full complexity of controversial, uncertain and immature risks, to cope with different values and views, and to develop a good communication we consider the appraisal framework as a procedural decision making process. It requires a more participative approach as the legal rational approach does not deliver adequate public management tools for handling these issues. We propose a sequential model, going through a series of steps, that can be used both in cases of strategic planning and management, and in the management of local projects usually related to siting conflicts. In each phase of the model integrated assessment tools and methods can be applied up to the point where consensus or a clear representation of different values and views (ideal in very uncertain and ambiguous problems), or an optimal balance between different criteria (in more simple cases) is achieved. All together our Appraisal Framework [is shaped] as a process, structuring and supporting the decision-making process. • To promote and organize a mutual learning of all actors entering into the policy cycle spiralling up through the different phases. • In the context of local siting conflicts, local contamination issues and urban planning topics (all with very close relationships with individuals), including regional, global E&H issues (food, climate, air, transport…) It’s a policy cycle, focused around a certain problem, organised to formulate and evaluate policy options, with stakeholders involved at different phases and steps of the process. Here the AF is structured as a learning network composed of all the players entering into the decision-making process at different stages. The quality of the decision making process can be appreciated either on the basis of its outcomes or on the process itself. Our framing falls under the latter. It also rests on the procedural equity feeling and its impact on the acceptability of the effects of the decision (Joss S. and Brownlea A., 1999). Such an approach opens the way to a greater legitimacy of decisions whose substantive effects or outcomes are essentially dubious – a fortiori in the context of the precaution. It encourages a reflection on the manner of combining the opening of the decision-making process through participative methods with others meta-tools such as strategic management, integrated and comparative approach of the risk, or the evaluative method. These meta-tools structure the participative step, giving it objectives, precise questions and ad hoc means. It contributes to the technical quality of the decision and to its social acceptability, particularly when it is the product of a decision-making process which the actors consider precautionary and adapted to the context of great scientific uncertainty. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated assessment of flood protection measures in the context of climate change: hydraulic modelling and economic approach
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Giron, Eve; Ernst, Julien ULg et al

in Aravossis, K.; Brebbia, C. A.; Gomez, Nieves (Eds.) Environmental Economics (2008)

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See detailAn integrated autonomous protection system against voltage instability based on Load Tap Changers
Vournas, Costas; Lambrou, C.; Glavic, M. et al

in Proceedings of the 2010 IREP Symposium- Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control – VIII (2010, August)

In this paper we propose a local, completely autonomous protection system against voltage instability that can be readily integrated in the controller of each bulk power delivery LTC transformer. The ... [more ▼]

In this paper we propose a local, completely autonomous protection system against voltage instability that can be readily integrated in the controller of each bulk power delivery LTC transformer. The protection system will identify an imminent voltage instability and will subsequently apply the necessary corrective measures to restore stable operation by properly adjusting the distribution voltage setpoint of the LTC. Application of this system on a 52-bus test system showed excellent performance for two unstable cases. For reasons of comparison, the indirect load curtailment proposed in a severe instability case is compared with direct load shedding schemes based on the local detection of instability, as well as on a global detection of instability assuming wide area measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated backscatter for the in vivo quantification of supraphysiological vitamin D(3)-induced cardiovascular calcifications in rats.
Roosens, Bram; Droogmans, Steven; Hostens, Jeroen et al

in Cardiovascular Toxicology (2011), 11(3), 244-52

Cardiovascular calcifications are frequently found in the aging population and are independent predictors of future cardiovascular events. Integrated backscatter (IB) of ultrasound reflectivity can easily ... [more ▼]

Cardiovascular calcifications are frequently found in the aging population and are independent predictors of future cardiovascular events. Integrated backscatter (IB) of ultrasound reflectivity can easily quantify calcifications. For this purpose, 30 male Wistar rats received 25,000 IU/kg/day of vitamin D(3) (group 1, n = 8), 18,800 IU/kg/day (group 2, n = 8), or injections with the vehicle only (group 3, n = 14), for 10 weeks. Echocardiographic calibrated IB (cIB) was measured and calculated at baseline and after 10 weeks, followed by ex vivo micro-CT and histopathology of the aortic valve, ascending aorta, and myocardium. After 10 weeks, the mean cIB value of the aortic valve was significantly higher for vitamin D(3)-dosed animals compared to controls. The mean cIB value of the ascending aorta and the myocardium was also significantly higher in group 1 compared to group 3. In vivo IB results were confirmed by ex vivo micro-CT and histopathology. In conclusion, IB is a non-ionizing, feasible, and reproducible tool to quantify cardiovascular calcifications in an in vivo rat model. The integration of IB in the standard echocardiographic examination for the quantification of cardiovascular calcifications could be useful for serial evaluation of treatment efficacy and for prognosis assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated bio-chemostratigraphical correlations and climatic evolution across the Danian-Selandian boundary at low latitudes
Storme, Jean-Yves ULg; Steurbaut, Etienne; Devleeschouwer, Xavier et al

in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2014), 414

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
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See detailIntegrated biological control of crown rot of bananas with Candida oleophila strain O, calcium chloride and modified atmosphere
de Lapeyre de Bellaire, Luc; Lassois, Ludivine ULg; Bastiaanse, Héloïse ULg et al

in Borja; Nogales; Orrantia (Eds.) et al Memories of 18th Reuniao international ACORBAT meeting (2008)

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See detailIntegrated control and structural analysis of DFIG wind turbines using a monolithic approach
Chen, Qiongzhong ULg; D'Ambrosio, Flavio; Defourny, Michel et al

in Proceedings of the European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 2012 (EWEA 2012) (2012, April)

Design of wind turbines requires the coupled analysis among the mechanical, control and aerodynamic subsystems. Different from previous research, which either uses a complicated mechanical model with a ... [more ▼]

Design of wind turbines requires the coupled analysis among the mechanical, control and aerodynamic subsystems. Different from previous research, which either uses a complicated mechanical model with a simple control system model, or vice versa, this paper studies the coupling of subsystems’ dynamics using a high-fidelity aeroelastic model of wind turbine and a detailed analytical model of control generating systems. A monolithic time integration approach is applied so that better numerical accuracy and stability are achieved. Control strategies on power optimization are discussed taking into account the influence of structural flexibility. Simulation examples are given on both stable and turbulent wind situation. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated control of crown rot of banana with Candida oleophila strain O, calcium chloride and modified atmosphere packaging
Bastiaanse, H.; de Lapeyre de Bellaire, Luc; Lassois, Ludivine ULg et al

in Biological Control (2010), 53

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (7 ULg)
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See detailIntegrated detection and correction of outliers in a random regression test-day model
Mayeres, Patrick; Gillon, Alain ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

in INTERBULL Bulletin (2003), 31

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (4 ULg)
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See detailIntegrated dynamical models of down-the-hole percussive drilling
Depouhon, Alexandre ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Due to the overall process complexity, studies about percussive drilling usually focus on a limited set of the subprocesses underlying it, e.g., the hammer thermodynamics or the interaction between the ... [more ▼]

Due to the overall process complexity, studies about percussive drilling usually focus on a limited set of the subprocesses underlying it, e.g., the hammer thermodynamics or the interaction between the bit and the rock. Following this paradigm, the assessment of the process performance is typically performed by considering a single percussive activation and a single interaction cycle between the bit and the rock, from arbitrary initial conditions. The need for an integrated approach to evaluate drilling performance, based on the dynamical interaction of the subprocesses underlying drilling, is evident. Such an approach requires simplified models, however, as the computational cost associated with full scale models is simply unbearable. In this thesis, three dynamical integrated models are proposed and a preliminary analysis is conducted for a reference configuration and around it. The models couple three modules that represent: (i) the dynamics of the mechanical system, (ii) the interaction between the bit and the rock, and (iii) the activation of the mechanical system. For each module, simple representations are considered; of particular importance is the bit/rock interaction model which is a generalization to repeated interactions of experimental evidence observed for a single interaction. In the first model, the dynamics of a rigid bit is cast into a drifting oscillator and the activation modeled as a periodic impulsive force. The second and third models account for the dynamics of the piston and the activation results from the impact of the piston on the bit. They are respectively based on elastic and rigid representations of the two bodies. In the rigid model, analytical results of wave propagation in thin rods are used to represent the contact interaction between the piston and the bit. In the elastic model, wave propagation is resolved. Their preliminary analysis has revealed the occurrence of complex dynamical responses in the space of parameters. Expected trends are recovered around a reference configuration corresponding to a low-size hammer, with an increase of the rate of penetration with the feed force and the percussive frequency. The latter is seen to have a strong influence on the rate of penetration. Interestingly, our analyses show that when the activation period has the same order of magnitude as the timescale associated with the bit/rock interaction, a lower power consumption is observed, indicating a possible resonance phenomenon in the drilling system. Also, the predictions of the rigid model are shown to be in good agreement with the ones of the elastic model, in the explored range of parameters. Given the piecewise linear nature of the proposed models, dedicated numerical tools have been developed to conduct their analysis. As such, the thesis proposes a high-order time integration scheme for structural dynamics as well as a novel framework to evaluate the accuracy of such schemes, and a root-solving module to perform event-detection for coupling with event-driven integration strategies. Specific to the framework is the account for both structural damping and external forcing in the evaluation of the scheme order of accuracy. Specific to the root-solving module is the forcing of event occurrence in the localization procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated farming systems in Kinshasa (DRC) Diversity of agricultural practices
Mafwila Kinkela, Patrick ULg; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; WILLEMS, E, Emilie et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

In Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo, integrated farming of livestock and fish farming is little documented while it is an interesting way of ecological intensification systems. After ... [more ▼]

In Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo, integrated farming of livestock and fish farming is little documented while it is an interesting way of ecological intensification systems. After identifying the density of fish ponds in the territory of the city using satellite images, about 200 farms with at least one pond and located in 2 in peri-urban and rural areas were surveyed to characterize the practical integration of the agricultural system. The preliminary results in one of the valleys indicate that the practice of agriculture in synergy with the pig and fish farming is a common practice although flow of components are still insufficiently integrated and some of them are not optimized . The fish - pig farming associations with or without vegetable production are 44 % of the sample. The identification of flow on farms showed that the manure of pigs is mainly used for crops (51%) or sold (28%), while a small part is used to fertilize the ponds. This may be explained by the predominant share of income (67%) devoted to vegetable production while sludge of ponds is rarely used to fertilize area of vegetable production. Residues of vegetable crops are rarely used to feed pigs and fish because of their limited availability. Feeding pigs and fish is based primarily on agro-industrial by-products such as wheat bran (81%) and the spent brewery grains (62%) and forages (62%). The presentation will analyze the results obtained in the three sites visited and outline opportunities for improvement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (6 ULg)