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See detailIntelligence Naturelle et Intelligence Artificielle
Dubois, Daniel ULg

in Acta Europeana Systemica (2011, December 07), 1

This article presents a systemic approach to the concept of natural intelligence with the aim of creating an artificial intelligence. Thus, the natural intelligence, human and nonhuman animals, is a ... [more ▼]

This article presents a systemic approach to the concept of natural intelligence with the aim of creating an artificial intelligence. Thus, the natural intelligence, human and nonhuman animals, is a function composed of faculties to know and understand. In addition, natural intelligence is inseparable from the structure, namely the organs of the brain and body. The temptation is to equip computer systems with artificial intelligence that should have a function composed of the same faculties as those encompassed in human intelligence. The artificial intelligence must also remain inseparable from the structure, namely the organs of an artificial brain and an artificial body. As a result, the artificial robot is the ideal structure to see the emergence of a strong artificial intelligence. Note that a weak artificial intelligence is developed on computer systems by a simulation program of intelligence. In this paper, neural programmable memories will be presented and simulated [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligence qualitative dans la gestion de risque : rôle de la documentarisation et des Systèmes d’Organisation des Connaissances
Zacklad, Manuel; Cahier, Jean-Pierre; Bénel, Aurélien et al

in Prié, Yannick (Ed.) IC 2008: Ingénierie des connaissances 2008 (2008)

La prise en compte des informations qualitatives dans la gestion des situations à risque complexes doit contribuer au développement d’une branche, selon nous essentielle, des activités associées à la ... [more ▼]

La prise en compte des informations qualitatives dans la gestion des situations à risque complexes doit contribuer au développement d’une branche, selon nous essentielle, des activités associées à la veille stratégique, au renseignement et à la recherche d’information, que nous suggérons de nommer « intelligence qualitative ». Nous contribuons à la conception de solutions d’assistance au service de la rationalité documentaire et de l’intelligence qualitative dans le cadre de nos recherches sur le web socio-sémantique opérationnalisées dans la méta-sémiotique et le protocole HyperTopic. [less ▲]

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See detailL'intelligence territoriale appliquée au service de la Province de Liège
Breuer, Christophe ULg; Marek, Allyson ULg; Devillet, Guénaël ULg

Report (2012)

Actes du colloque "Comment être acteur du développement de sa région ? : Un colloque international sur le thème de l’intelligence territoriale " (1) Nouvelle culture du développement (2) Outils et ... [more ▼]

Actes du colloque "Comment être acteur du développement de sa région ? : Un colloque international sur le thème de l’intelligence territoriale " (1) Nouvelle culture du développement (2) Outils et méthodes pour l’observation territoriale (3) Pistes d’actions concrètes pour tout territoire (4) Une appropriation indispensable par les acteurs [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligences citoyennes
Partoune, Christine ULg

in Tableau de bord "Participation et espaces publics" - Pour un développement et une gestion concertée des espaces publics (2010)

Que voulons-nous dire quand nous parlons de participation "citoyenne" ? Que recouvre le concept de citoyenneté ? Derrière les mots d’usage courant se cachent différents univers de référence qu’il convient ... [more ▼]

Que voulons-nous dire quand nous parlons de participation "citoyenne" ? Que recouvre le concept de citoyenneté ? Derrière les mots d’usage courant se cachent différents univers de référence qu’il convient d’élucider. Dans cette fiche, sera développée l’idée d’un exercice de la citoyenneté qui se concrétise par l’investissement de l’espace public au sens politique du terme, à croiser avec l’objet de cet investissement pour ce qui nous concerne, à savoir l’espace public au sens territorial du terme. Ce dernier sert de médiateur pour amener les acteurs à s’approprier ensemble l’espace public au sens politique du terme. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligences multiples
Partoune, Christine ULg

in Tableau de bord "Participation et espaces publics" - Pour un développement et une gestion concertée des espaces publics (2010)

La conception d’un accompagnement méthodologique dans le but de favoriser un changement de pratiques implique une référence à des modèles de l’apprentissage que l’on espère cohérents avec les finalités ... [more ▼]

La conception d’un accompagnement méthodologique dans le but de favoriser un changement de pratiques implique une référence à des modèles de l’apprentissage que l’on espère cohérents avec les finalités poursuivies. Le but de cette fiche est de présenter la théorie des intelligences multiples proposée par Howard Gardner, qui nous invite au respect et à la prise en compte des différences entre les individus dans les pratiques en matière de gouvernance. [less ▲]

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See detailIntense physical exercise related to the emergent generation of cardiovascular risk markers: a review
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; LAURENT, Terry ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Biology of Sport (2012), 29(1), 11-16

Objective: The present review was performed in order to bring together the current knowledge about the impact of intense physical exercise on cardiovascular function, especially on plasma levels of ... [more ▼]

Objective: The present review was performed in order to bring together the current knowledge about the impact of intense physical exercise on cardiovascular function, especially on plasma levels of cardiovascular risk markers such as cardiac troponin T (cTnT), myeloperoxidase (MPO), amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), C-reactive protein (CRP) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). Methods: Data were collected using the PubMed database. The articles were chosen for their relevance and importance in the area of interest. Results: The literature describes numerous examples where physical exercise induces plasma variation for the markers studied. Intense physical effort increases the levels of cTnT, MPO and NTproBNP, whereas CRP and oxLDL levels tend to be decreased with regular sport activities. Conclusions: The present literature investigation confirms the fact that intense physical exercise has an impact on the plasma variations of the five cardiovascular risk markers studied. However, practising regular exercise remains one of the first strategies for the prevention of cardiovascular disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailIntense pulsed light in infantile hemangiomas.
PAQUET, Philippe ULg; Caucanas, Marie; FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg et al

in Open Access Journal of Science and Technology (2014), 2

For more than 70 years, the watchful-waiting management of infantile strawberry hemangiomas still prevails in a number of clinical settings. This concept appears now outdated since the introduction of ... [more ▼]

For more than 70 years, the watchful-waiting management of infantile strawberry hemangiomas still prevails in a number of clinical settings. This concept appears now outdated since the introduction of well-suited beta-blockers, as well as noncoherent light and laser therapies. The aim of this work was to revisit the effect of intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy on infantile hemangioma. Information was collected from the peer-reviewed literature and illustrated by personal cases. When applied early in the evolution of infantile hemangiomas, IPL treatment stops the growth phase and induces regression with minimal cosmetic adverse effects and psychological damage. Initiating an adequate treatment is important because damage due to hemangiomas can be diminished by a timely and adequate approach. Beta-blockers have revolutionized the therapeutic strategy of infantile hemangiomas. The flash light therapy (IPL) represents an alternative therapy for some patients. [less ▲]

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See detailIntense pulsed light treatment of persistent facial hypermelanosis following drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatologic Surgery (2004), 30(12 Pt 2), 1522-5

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous hyperpigmentation is one of the most cosmetically disturbing sequel of drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis. Intense pulsed light is a promising tool for treating some melanocytic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous hyperpigmentation is one of the most cosmetically disturbing sequel of drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis. Intense pulsed light is a promising tool for treating some melanocytic lesions. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effect of intense pulsed light in treating post-toxic epidermal necrolysis facial hypermelanosis. METHODS: Two Caucasian men aged 35 and 50 years presented with long-standing (32 and 39 years) severe hypermelanosis of the face after sulfonamide-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis. They were treated by intense pulsed light. Cutoff filters of 550, 590, and 615 nm were employed for five intense pulsed light sessions at 4-week intervals. The treatment was characterized by energy fluence of 25 to 32 J/cm2, pulse width of 2.2 to 3.2 ms, and double- to triple-pulse mode respecting a 30-ms delay. Before intense pulsed light treatment, and 2 months after the fifth intense pulsed light session, clinical photographs and skin biopsies were performed in combination with quantitative narrow-band remittance spectrophotometry of melanin pigmentation. Patients were clinically followed-up for 8 months after the end of the treatment. RESULTS: In both patients, clinical, histologic, and spectrophotometric assessments showed an average of 80% decrease in the hypermelanosis. No clinical recurrence of the hypermelanosis developed during the 8-month follow-up after intense pulsed light treatment. No major persistent side effects were experienced, especially hypopigmentation. CONCLUSION: Intense pulsed light appears to be effective and safe for treating post-toxic epidermal necrolysis hypermelanosis in Caucasian patients. [less ▲]

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See detailIntense pulsed-light therapy for proliferative superficial strawberry haemangiomas of infancy.
CAUCANAS, Marie ULg; PAQUET, Philippe ULg; HENRY, Frédérique ULg et al

in Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine (2011), 2011(art.253607), 1-5

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See detailIntensification agricole et qualité des sols et des eaux
Soudi, B.; Chiang, C.; Badraoui, M. et al

Book published by IAV Hassan II - Actes du séminaire de Rabat (2002)

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See detailL'intensification de la culture de céréales
Falisse, André; Poelaert, Jean; Bodson, Bernard ULg

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (1983, February 24)

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See detailL'intensification de la culture de céréales: 1. Le froment d'hiver
Rixhon, L.; Crohain, A.; Guiot, Joseph et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (1983, February 24)

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See detailL'intensification de la culture de céréales: l'avoine de printemps
Poelaert, Jean; Bodson, Bernard ULg; Nyst, Pierre et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (1983, February 24)

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See detailL'intensification de la culture de céréales: l'escourgeon
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Falisse, André; Poelaert, Jean et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (1983, February 24)

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See detailL'intensification de la culture de céréales: l'orge de printemps
Dohet, Jacques; Poelaert, Jean; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (1983, February 24)

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See detailL'intensification de la culture de céréales: le froment de printemps
Nyst, Pierre; Poelaert, Jean; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (1983, February 24)

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See detailL'intensification des procédés chimiques, une approche radicale
Henneuse, Catherine; Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailIntensification durable de l’agriculture au Bénin, mythe ou réalité ? Une analyse à partir des systèmes de coton biologique et Cotton made in Africa.
Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Tossou, Cocou Rigobert; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2013, November)

In agriculture, the concept of sustainable development emergence and its omnipresence in political discourses suggests that farming systems move toward systems considered as more environment-friendly and ... [more ▼]

In agriculture, the concept of sustainable development emergence and its omnipresence in political discourses suggests that farming systems move toward systems considered as more environment-friendly and human health-friendly. In Benin, cotton is one of the most sectors concerned by this transformation. Indeed, in spite of the importance of cotton in the economy of Benin, its sustainable production is nowadays threatened by conventional production approach. Various alternatives of production are developed and considered as more environment-friendly than the conventional production approach. This article analyses the sustainability of the organic and cotton made in Africa (CmiA) farming alternatives from the sustainable agricultural intensification theoretical perspective. Structured and non-structured interviews with individuals and focus groups were used to collect data from 90 organic cotton farmers of the municipality of Kandi, and 100 CmiA farmers of the municipality of Pehunco, one of the largest areas of cotton production in the North of Benin. Data were analyzed with methods of normative and relativist comparison, descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test was used to verify the normality conditions and in some cases, logarithmic transformation was done to test the variance homogeneity. The comparison of means was done with the test of Least Significant Difference. It appears from the results that in the current condition of implementation, the alternatives system to conventional cotton production approach are not intensively sustainable. Soils fertility and pests’ management face enormous constraints and do not allow improvement of yields, economic performances, and environment protection. So, the sustainability of the alternative systems of cotton production is not guaranteed and can hardly become a reality if additional relevant conditions are not created. [less ▲]

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