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See detailL'intérêt politique des jeunes
Fournier, Bernard ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2008)

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See detailIntérêt politique et participation des lycéens selon une perspective fondée sur la dialectique des univers de référence
Fournier, Bernard ULg

Conference (1994, June 12)

Using the topic of the participation and the political interest of young Québécois high school students, the goal of this paper is to critize the explanatory framework based on the understanding of these ... [more ▼]

Using the topic of the participation and the political interest of young Québécois high school students, the goal of this paper is to critize the explanatory framework based on the understanding of these realities conceived in terms of aggregated data (the « young people », the « participants »), and in function of a unidirectional causal link between one or more of these aggregated variable and the others. This global unidirectional logic is critized with a particular cluster analysis method (« classification hiérarchique ») of the results of a large survey on 1000 young students on those topics. After this demonstration, it is possible to propose a new protocol of research based on a interactionist and relativistic approach, working, in a sense, at the level of the dialectical processes of construction of the world of reference of each individual. [less ▲]

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See detailL'intérêt porté par les poètes et les traducteurs russes à l'Ode III, 30 d'Horace (Exegi monumentum)
Mouton, Charles ULg

in Latomus : Revue d'Etudes Latines (1991), L(3), 654-670

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See detailIntérêt prognostique à 3 ans de la cTnT et du NT-proBNP chez les hémodialysés
Le Goff, Caroline ULg

in LigandAssay (2008), 13(3),

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See detailIntérêt thérapeutique des techniques de plasmaphérèse
Hoyoux, P.; Malaise, Michel ULg; Kinet, J. P. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1982), 37(8), 303-312

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See detailIntérêt, difficultés et limites de la prise en compte des conceptualisations dans l’évaluation des compétences professionnelles.
Chenu, Florent ULg

in Congrès d'Actualité de la Recherche en Education et Formation. Symposium Approche par compétences en éduction et formation : quelles contraintes et incidences sur l’activité de l’évaluateur ? Université de Genève, Suisse, Septembre 2010. (2011)

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See detailIntérêts de la revalidation musculaire progressive dans la prise en charge de la fibromyalgie
Maquet, Didier ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2006), 73

Objectif : Ce travail a pour objectif d’apprécier l’intérêt d’un programme de reconditionnement physique aérobie dans le traitement de la fibromyalgie. Patients et méthodes : Dix patientes fibromyalgiques ... [more ▼]

Objectif : Ce travail a pour objectif d’apprécier l’intérêt d’un programme de reconditionnement physique aérobie dans le traitement de la fibromyalgie. Patients et méthodes : Dix patientes fibromyalgiques, diagnostiquées selon les critères du Collège Américain de Rhumatologie (1990), réalisent trois séances hebdomadaires d’une durée d’une heure trente sur une période de 3 mois. Le programme de revalidation comporte principalement des activités musculaires aérobies (bicyclette ergométrique, tapis de marche, rameur et step), complétées par des étirements et de la relaxation. Les bénéfices éventuels sont objectivés à partir d’épreuves physiques maximales (isocinétisme) et sous-maximales (test de marche, bicyclette ergométrique, endurance musculaire statique), d’une évaluation du seuil de sensibilité douloureuse à l’aide d’un dolorimètre et de questionnaires de qualité de vie, de quantification de la fatigue et de satisfaction. En outre, les perceptions douloureuses et de pénibilité de l’effort sont respectivement quantifiées à partir des échelles visuelle analogique (EVA) et de Borg. Résultats : Au terme de cette revalidation, une amélioration significative de tous les paramètres physiques est objectivée. Les performances s’améliorent de 26 % lors de l’épreuve de force isocinétique maximale réalisée au niveau des muscles fléchisseurs et extenseurs de genou, de 43 % lors des épreuves isométriques sous-maximales prolongées, de 42 % lors de l’épreuve ergométrique et de 17 % lors de l’épreuve de marche. Ces bénéfices s’accompagnent d’une réduction systématique des perceptions douloureuses et de la difficulté de l’effort mais aussi d’un accroissement du seuil de sensibilité douloureuse. Les questionnaires de qualité de vie et de quantification de la fatigue confirment l’amélioration fonctionnelle. Le programme répond effectivement aux attentes des fibromyalgiques, comme le démontrent les scores du questionnaire de satisfaction. Discussion : Cette option thérapeutique de revalidation se justifie d’autant plus que la faiblesse des qualités musculaires du fibromyalgique a déjà été soulignée. Cette rééducation devrait idéalement se compléter par diverses interventions comme le soutien psychologique et les stratégies cognitivo-comportementales. Conclusion : Cette étude confirme l’intérêt d’un programme de revalidation musculaire progressive dans le cadre de la prise en charge rééducative de la fibromyalgie. Un tel programme réduit les répercussions physiques et psychologiques défavorables de l’affection. [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêts de mettre en place une filière courte basée sur la culture du jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) dans la communauté rurale de Dialacoto
Barbier, Jérémy; Cissao, Malang; Tacourou, Bocar et al

Report (2012)

Opportunities to develop a local chain of production, transformation, and marketing based on jatropha cultivation were investigated from 2008 to 2012 in the rural community of Dialacoto (Tambacouda Region ... [more ▼]

Opportunities to develop a local chain of production, transformation, and marketing based on jatropha cultivation were investigated from 2008 to 2012 in the rural community of Dialacoto (Tambacouda Region, Eastern Senegal). The researches have mainly concerned how to integrate jatropha cultivation in existing cropping systems, the modalities to process the seeds with a manual Bielenberg press, and the opportunities for a local transformation and marketing of oil and oilcakes obtained by pressing seeds. The ways to integrate the cultivation of jatropha in the traditional farming systems were studied using two participatory investigation methods and by carrying out agronomic trials on experimental plots. An action research was conducted with three groups of six farmers in order to determine the best modalities of installation and maintenance of jatropha plants. The fields of 24 farmers where jatropha plants were installed as a sole crop, intercropped with cultivated annual plants, or as a living hedge were closely monitored. These fields were selected among the 295 plots that had been planted before or at the beginning of the project. Under the current conditions of remuneration of jatropha seeds in Senegal (65 Fcfa / 0,1 EUR kg-1 dry seeds), and given the low seed yield (less than 200 kg ha-1 for the best tended plots after five years) and the low precocity of the available planting material, the sole and the intercropping of jatropha is not profitable. The development of efficient intercropping systems adapted to the farmer's constraints seems possible, subject to the selection of varieties of jatropha both early and productive, and to an increase in the purchase price of the seeds. Substantial research involving directly the farmers remains to be carried out to develop these intercropping systems. The establishment of living hedges is for the moment the only installation method that can be recommended to farmers. In addition to providing supplementary income related to seed harvest, hedgerows provide different benefits appreciated by farmers: land demarcation, soil protection against wind and water erosion, improved soil water balance and windbreak effect favorable to crop development, crop protection against wandering ruminants, and enclosure for the cattle. These various benefits and the low risk taken by installing hedgerows explain that this method of planting was the most often selected spontaneously by farmers. The production cost of a liter of jatropha filtered oil using a Bielenberg press rises to 1056 FCFA (1.62 EUR). At such a cost, jatropha oil is not competitive compared to its direct use for diesel engines in rustic Lister type used to operate multifunctional platforms. The production of soap is the only local outlet with high potential for oil produced with a manual press. The price of locally produced soap with this oil is competitive compared to that of the industrial soap available on the market and its quality is highly appreciated by potential customers. The use of oil as a bio-pesticide and as fuel for lighting could be interesting opportunities but further investigations are needed to confirm this. This applies also to the use as fertilizer of the oilcakes produced by pressing seeds. [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêts des traitements symptomatiques anti-arthrosiques
Bruyère, Olivier ULg

Conference (2011, December 12)

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See detailIntérêts diagnostiques et thérapeutique des anticorps monoclonaux en néphrologie
Mahieu, P.; Davin, J. C.; Malaise, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1987), 42(10), 470-474

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See detailIntérêts du réentraînement à l'effort dans la fibromyalgie et autres syndromes apparentés
Maquet, Didier ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique (2007), 50(6), 356-362

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See detailIntérêts et limites de l'absorptiométrie biphotonique dans le dépistage de l'ostéoporose postménopausique
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; DEROISY, Rita ULg; Zegels, Brigitte ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires (1992), 59

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See detailIntérêts et limites de la dialyse nocturne
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2013, March 14)

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See detailInterets et limites de la diete proteique chez le patient obese diabetique de type 2.
Scheen, André ULg

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (1999), 60(6), 443-50

Weight excess plays a major role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes but only a minority of patients succeed in following a restrictive calorie diet in the long-term, able to reduce body weight and ... [more ▼]

Weight excess plays a major role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes but only a minority of patients succeed in following a restrictive calorie diet in the long-term, able to reduce body weight and maintain normoglycaemia. Very low-calorie diets such as protein diets rapidly reduce plasma glucose levels by various mechanisms, among which a significant improvement of hepatic and muscular insulin sensitivity and a partial recovery of insulin secretion. The rapidity of the hypoglycaemic action suggests that calorie restriction plays a more important role than weight loss itself. The lowering of plasma glucose levels imposes an early reduction in the doses of antidiabetic agents to avoid hypoglycaemia. Well-balanced protein diets are well tolerated, provided that they are restricted to a few weeks. The most important limitation of the protein diet is the risk of weight regain afterwards and such situation requires the maintenance of an hypocaloric diet in the long-term. Ideally, the protein diet should be integrated in a global approach including treatment of obesity, type 2 diabetes and frequently associated other risk factors. [less ▲]

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