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See detailIntentionality as Disposition. Brentano on the Aristotelian Account of Power
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

Scientific conference (2013, May 23)

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See detailL’intentionnalité comme sortie du psychologisme
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Conference (2009, March 14)

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See detailIntentionnalité cum fundamento in re: la constitution du champ perceptuel chez Stumpf et Husserl
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2012), VIII(1), 70-96

J’aborde ici le problème de la passivité de l’esprit dans le cadre d’une analyse intentionnelle de la perception. La question qui m’occupe sera la suivante : quel est le rôle des matériaux sensoriels ou ... [more ▼]

J’aborde ici le problème de la passivité de l’esprit dans le cadre d’une analyse intentionnelle de la perception. La question qui m’occupe sera la suivante : quel est le rôle des matériaux sensoriels ou des phénomènes sensibles dans la structuration du champ perceptuel ? Je commence par rappeler que l’approche intentionnelle, telle qu’elle est développée par Edmund Husserl – mais aussi, notamment, par August Messer –, implique une critique très vive du sensualisme, aussi bien dans sa version atomiste que dans sa version gestaltiste. J’examine ensuite une certaine difficulté de la conception intentionaliste exposée dans les Ideen I (1913). Cette difficulté a été mise en évidence, dans le champ de la psychologie expérimentale d’inspiration wundtienne, par Edward Titchener (Systematic Psychology, 1929) et surtout, dans l’école brentanienne, par Carl Stumpf (Erkenntnislehre, 1939). Elle concerne le rôle des données sensibles ou de la « hylè sensuelle » au sein des prestations intentionnelles du sujet percevant. Le point que fait valoir Stumpf se résume à ceci : si l’étude de la conscience ne doit pas devenir une « phénoménologie sans phénomènes », alors il semble que l’on doive renoncer au concept éthéré d’une « hylè sensuelle », comprise comme un matériau de sensation quelconque. En lieu et place d’une hylè indéterminée, il y a lieu d’admettre des phénomènes sensibles pourvus de propriétés qui sont analysables (théorisables) pour elles-mêmes. [less ▲]

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See detailIntentionnalité de se
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2012, March 30)

Le programme philosophique de Chisholm prétend constituer une alternative au programme mis en œuvre par Quine dans "Word and Object" (1960). Son ambition est de rendre compte de notre capacité à nous ... [more ▼]

Le programme philosophique de Chisholm prétend constituer une alternative au programme mis en œuvre par Quine dans "Word and Object" (1960). Son ambition est de rendre compte de notre capacité à nous référer à des objets, non pas à partir d’un cadre prioritairement sémantico-linguistique (comme le fait Quine), mais à partir de ce que l’on appelle communément les « attitudes intentionnelles », telles que croire, désirer, espérer, etc. Chisholm défend ainsi ce qu’il appelle la « primauté de l’intentionnel », ce qui signifie en fait la primauté du point de vue mental sur le point de vue linguistique . Dans "The First Person" (1981), Chisholm développe une deuxième thèse bien plus ambitieuse et bien plus problématique: il soutient que toute référence mentale à un objet doit être construite comme une auto-référence, une référence à soi-même (thèse de la « primauté du personnel »). Je retrace ici la provenance brentanienne de cette thèse et je présente quelque difficultés de l'argumentation de Chisholm. [less ▲]

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See detail"Intentionnalité et inconscient. Réflexions sur le fonctionnement de la vie psychique à partir du premier Husserl et de Freud"
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

This work tries the limits of Husserl’s concept of intentionality as it is conceived in the Logical Investigations. Once these limits exposed, we claim that Husserl’s theory of intentionality be completed ... [more ▼]

This work tries the limits of Husserl’s concept of intentionality as it is conceived in the Logical Investigations. Once these limits exposed, we claim that Husserl’s theory of intentionality be completed with a theory of the unconscious of Freudian inspiration. Thus, on the conceptual basis of Husserl and Freud’s work we elaborate an exhaustive map of the human mind, that shows not only the consciousness, but also the other mental phenomena. Our first section shows that Husserl’s concept of intentionality is established in opposition to Brentano’s intentionality. We also analyse the problem it is meant to solve, namely how exactly the mind connects with its objects. We show that this way of understanding intentionality cannot explain the dynamical aspect of intentional acts. Our second section is thus dedicated to this issue. A group of texts written by Husserl around 1913-1914 on the concept of tendency show clearly that Husserl never stopped in fact questioning the dynamical character of intentionality although he couldn’t explain it without thinking it as a form of intentionality. This solution leads nevertheless to an infinite regress. We have chosen thus in our third section to try a new approach of the dynamical aspect by using Freud’s approach to the Unconscious. The Freudian Unconscious has thus been articulated to Husserl’s theory of intentionality and at the same time the dynamical aspect of the latter has found an appropriate conceptual expression. [less ▲]

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See detailIntentionnalité et intentionnalisme chez Brentano
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

Conference (2010, May)

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See detailIntentionnalité et intentionnalisme chez Brentano : la structure métaphysique de la référence intentionnelle
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2010), VI(8), 1-25

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See detailIntentionnalité et validité : la réception de la phénoménologie dans l’école néokantienne de Heidelberg
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Scientific conference (2005, January 22)

J'entreprends ici une reconstruction historico-critique de la critique que les néokantiens de Bade, en particulier Rickert, ont adressée à la phénoménologie d'Edmund Husserl.

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See detailIntentionnalité in obliquo
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2014)

Je suggère ici qu'une théorie adéquate de l'intentionnalité ne peut pas faire l'économie de la notion d'intentionnalité latérale ou "in modo obliquo". Je compare, sur ce point, les contributions de ... [more ▼]

Je suggère ici qu'une théorie adéquate de l'intentionnalité ne peut pas faire l'économie de la notion d'intentionnalité latérale ou "in modo obliquo". Je compare, sur ce point, les contributions de Chisholm et de Brentano. Après une brève introduction (§ 1), je reconstruis la théorie de la référence indirecte de Chisholm (§§ 2-3) et la théorie des représentations in obliquo de Brentano (§§ 4-6). À mon sens, ces théories présupposent toutes deux l’idée que certains items ne peuvent pas être visés de façon directe ou in recto – ce qui implique la question suivante: en vertu de quoi certains items ne peuvent-ils pas être représentés in recto? (§ 7). Je fais alors l’hypothèse que la notion de contenu abstrait ou dépendant, développée par Stumpf et Husserl, offre une solution à ce problème (§ 8). Enfin, je suggère que ce critère permet de construire une interprétation plausible de la théorie brentanienne et, simultanément, de jeter un regard critique sur la théorie de la référence indirecte de Chisholm (§ 9). [less ▲]

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See detailIntentionnalité, idéalité, idéalisme
Seron, Denis ULg

in Philosophie (2010), 105

Since Ingarden, Husserl's phenomenological idealism has usually been identified to the view that existence is equivalent to perceptibility. In this paper, Denis Seron tries to refute this interpretation ... [more ▼]

Since Ingarden, Husserl's phenomenological idealism has usually been identified to the view that existence is equivalent to perceptibility. In this paper, Denis Seron tries to refute this interpretation by pointing out some of its historical and conceptual weaknesses. He then proposes a new definition: Husserlian idealism is a non-relational theory of intentionality. After having sketched some basic ideas and drawn some philosophical consequences of this theory, he finally traces it back to Brentano and emphasizes some controversial issues about it. [less ▲]

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See detailIntenzionalità
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

in Ferrario, Edoardo (Ed.) Le voci della fenomenologia (2007)

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See detailL'intenzione di perseguire i propi obiettivi e la percezione di controllo
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Nauta, Laura; Soresi, Salvatore (Eds.) Sfide e nuovi orizzonti per l'orientamento (2010)

Career construction theory (Savickas, 2002) assumes that subjective lack of career control over one's vocational future in an increasingly changing society can be addressed by diverse interventions ... [more ▼]

Career construction theory (Savickas, 2002) assumes that subjective lack of career control over one's vocational future in an increasingly changing society can be addressed by diverse interventions. Helping self-regulation strategies is part of these interventions. This paper proposes to introduce in vocational counselling a self-regulation strategy that has been proved to enhance the level of academic performance (Broonen, 2006), namely the conscious production of implementation intentions (Gollwitzer, 1993) in goal-directed behaviour. Career control should be facilitated by stating these specific intentions that specify what, when, and how to seek relevant vocational information. [less ▲]

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See detailInter and intra genetic biodiversity in South East asian rodents: new insights for their conservation
Pagès, Marie ULg; Latinne, Alice ULg; Rivière, Taiana et al

Conference (2009, March 28)

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See detail(Inter)subjectification in the Middle English Passive construction
Petré, Peter ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailInter- and intra-guild interactions related to aphids in nettle (Urtica dioica L.) strips closed to field crops.
Alhmedi, A.; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2006), 71(2 Pt B), 413-23

A field experiment designed to assess the biodiversity related to nettle strips closed to crops, and more particularly the aphid and related beneficial populations, was established in experimental farm ... [more ▼]

A field experiment designed to assess the biodiversity related to nettle strips closed to crops, and more particularly the aphid and related beneficial populations, was established in experimental farm located in Gembloux (Belgium). Margin strips of nettle (Urtica dioica) closed to wheat (Triticum aestivum), green pea (Pisum sativum) and rape (Brassicae napus) fields were investigated. The diversity, abundance of aphids and related predators were analysed according to the plant crop species and the differential pesticide application (treated plot and control). Insects were visually observed every week during all the cultivation season. Two main families of aphidophagous predators were found in all field crops and nettle, the Coccinellidae and Syrphidae. The diversity of the aphidophagous predators was shown to be higher on nettle than in field crops, particularly the Chrysopidae, the Anthocoridae and the Miridae. However, a striking difference of ladybird abundance was observed according to the aphid host plant. In one side, Coccinella septempunctata was much more abundant on Acyrthosiphon pisum infested green pea than on the other host plant species. At the opposite, higher occurrence of Harmonia axyridis was observed on the aphid infested nettle plants than on the crop plants. In particular, none of H. axyridis was found in wheat crop. Also, more than only a significant positive correlation between predator and aphid abundance, specialised relations between particular aphid species and some so-called generalist predators was determined in the fields. Finally, intraguild interactions between the aphidophagous predators was assessed and shown that only a significant negative correlation between Episyrphus balteatus and H. axyridis related to the nettle aphid, Micrlophium carnosum, was observed. The relative distribution of the ladybirds, namely C. septempunctata and H. axyridis according to the host plant, nettle strips and crop plots was discussed in relation to integrated pest management approach. [less ▲]

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See detailInter- and intraday variability of Flemish travel behavior
Cools, Mario ULg

Doctoral thesis (2009)

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See detailInter- and Intraspecific Genetic Biodiversity in South East Asian Rodents: New Insights for Their Conservation
Pagès, Marie ULg; Latinne, Alice ULg; Michaux, Johan ULg

in Zachos, F. E.; Habel, J. C. (Eds.) Biodiversity Hotspots (2011)

South East Asia displays a high level of mammal endemism and the highest number of threatened and data deficient mammal species. However, the South East Asian biodiversity is still highly unexplored ... [more ▼]

South East Asia displays a high level of mammal endemism and the highest number of threatened and data deficient mammal species. However, the South East Asian biodiversity is still highly unexplored. Because of the runaway global changes, a better biological knowledge of this region is urgently required to improve the conservation and the management of its biodiversity. The first aim of this chapter is to present recent published data on a biodiversity inventory of the Rattini murine rodents from this region based on molecular markers (Page`s et al., 2009). In this first study, we applied the method proposed by Pons et al. (2006) that determines with no a priori the locations of ancestral nodes that define putative species in order to investigate the current taxonomy of the Rattini tribe. Our second aim concerns the intraspecific genetic structure of a rare and threatened South East Asian mammal species: the murine rodent Leopoldamys neilli, endemic to karst habitats . In this latter study, our results evidenced a high geographic structure of the genetic diversity of this species. The observed highly divergent genetic lineages would have to be considered as distinct evolutionary units or at least as Management units. These results are essential for the best conservation issues of species endemic to karsts and to South East Asia, in general. In this chapter, we therefore highlight that South East Asia would not be only a hotspot of interspecific but also of intraspecific biodiversity. [less ▲]

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See detailInter- and Intravarietal variability of the trypsin inhibitors content of peas and his influence on apparent digestibility of crude proteins by growing pigs.
Leterme, Pascal; Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg

in Huisman, J.; van der Poel, T. F.; Liener, I. E. (Eds.) Recent advances of research in antinutritional factors in legume seeds: animal nutrition, feed technology, analytical methods (1989)

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See detailInter- and intravarietal variability of the trypsin inhibitors content of peas and its influence on apparent digestibility of crude protein by growing pigs
Leterme, Pascal; Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg

in Huismans, J; Van der Poel, TFJ; Liener, IE (Eds.) Recent Advances of Research in Antinutritional Factors in Legume Seeds (1988)

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See detailInter-annual variability of the carbon dioxide oceanic sink south of Tasmania
Borges, Alberto ULg; Tilbrook, B.; Metzl, N. et al

Poster (2007, April)

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