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See detailIngérence, vous avez dit ingérence.
Hanzen, Christian ULg

Speech (2008)

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See detailIngestibilité et valeur alimentaire des foins issus de prairies de haute valeur biologique
Decruyenaere, Virginie; Houba, Quentin; Stilmant, Didier et al

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailIngestibilité et valeur alimentaire des foins issus de prairies de haute valeur biologique.
Decruyenaere, Virginie; Houba, Quentin; Stilmant, Didier ULg et al

in XVes Rencontres recherches ruminants (2008)

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See detailIngestion and metabolic profile in horses offered lucerne or chalk as a source of calcium
de Behr, V.; Daron, D.; Gabriel, Annick ULg et al

in Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science (2002)

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See detailInhalation therapy of equine respiratory disorders
Duvivier, D. H.; Votion, Dominique ULg; Roberts, C. A. et al

in Equine Veterinary Education (1999), 11(3), 124-130

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See detailInhalation with NDS27 attenuates pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation in recurrent airway obstruction
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Olejnik, Dorine; Franck, Thierry ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2011)

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See detailInhaled and systemic corticosteroids decrease Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of asthmatic cats
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in In Proceedings:15th Congress European College of Veterinary Internal Medicine – companion animals (2005)

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See detailInhaled corticosteroids effects on bone in asthmatic and COPD patients: a quantitative systematic review
Richy, Florent; Bousquet, Jean; Ehrlich, George E et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003), 14(3), 179-190

Deleterious effect of oral corticosteroids on bone has been well documented, whereas this remains debated for inhaled ones (ICS). Our objectives were to analyze the effects of ICS on bone mineral density ... [more ▼]

Deleterious effect of oral corticosteroids on bone has been well documented, whereas this remains debated for inhaled ones (ICS). Our objectives were to analyze the effects of ICS on bone mineral density, fracture risk and bone markers. We performed an exhaustive systematic research of all controlled trials potentially containing pertinent data, peer-reviewed by a dedicated WHO expert group, and comprehensive meta-analyses of the data. Inclusion criteria were ICS, and BMD/markers/fractures in asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and healthy patients. Analyses were performed in a conservative fashion using professional dedicated softwares and stratified by outcome, study design and ICS type. Results were expressed as standardized mean difference/effect size (ES), relative risk (RR) or odds ratio (OR), depending on study design and outcome units. Publication bias was investigated. Twenty-three trials were reviewed; 11 papers fit the inclusion criteria and were assessed for the main analysis. Quality scores for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were 80%, 71% for the prospective cohort studies, and 78% for the retrospective cohort and cross-sectional studies. We globally assessed ICS effects on BMD and found deleterious effects: ES=0.61 (p=0.001) for healthy subjects, and ES=0.27 (p<0.001) for asthma/COPD patients. For these patients, this effect was 0.21 (p<0.01) at the lumbar spine, and 0.26 (p<0.001) at the hip or femoral neck. A single study evaluated the impact of ICS on hip fracture and reported an increased OR of 1.6 (1.24; 2.03). Lumbar fracture rate differences did not reach the level of statistical significance: 1.87 (0.5; 6.94). Osteocalcin and PICP were decreased and ICTP, pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline levels were not significantly affected. Budesonide (BUD) appeared to be the ICS inducing the less deleterious effects on bone, followed by beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) and triamcinolone (TRI). Publication bias investigation provided non-significant results. In our meta-analyses, BUD at a mean daily dose (SD) of 686 mug (158 mug), BDP at 703 mug (123 mug) and TRI at 1000 mug (282 mug) were found to affect bone mineral density and markers in patients suffering from the two major respiratory diseases. These findings could have practical implication in the long-term management of asthmatic and COPD patients. [less ▲]

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See detailInhaled corticosteroids effects on bone in asthmatic and COPD patients: what is the evidence?
Richy, Florent; Bousquet, Jean; Devogelaer, Jean-Pierre et al

in Osteoporosis International (2002, November), 13(Suppl.3), 22

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See detailInhaled fluticasone reduces bronchial responsiveness and airway inflammation in cats with mild chronic bronchitis
Kirschvink, N; Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Delvaux, François et al

in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2006), 8(1), 45-54

This study investigated the effect of inhaled fluticasone on lower airway inflammation and bronchial responsiveness (BR) to inhaled carbachol in cats with very mild, chronic bronchitis (n = 5) that were ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the effect of inhaled fluticasone on lower airway inflammation and bronchial responsiveness (BR) to inhaled carbachol in cats with very mild, chronic bronchitis (n = 5) that were compared with healthy cats serving as controls (n = 6). Chest radiographs, BR tests performed non-invasively by barometric whole body plethysmography (BWBP) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were performed before and after treatment. BR was quantified by calculating the concentration of carbachol inducing bronchoconstriction (C-Penh300%), defined as a 300% increase of baseline Penh, an index of bronchoconstriction obtained by BWBP. BAL fluid was analyzed cytologically and the oxidant marker 8-iso-PGF2α was determined. At test 1, healthy cats and cats with bronchitis were untreated, whereas for test 2 inhalant fluticasone (250 μg once daily) was administrated for 2 consecutive weeks to cats with bronchitis. Control cats remained untreated. Inhaled fluticasone induced a significant increase in C-Penh300% and a significant decrease of BAL fluid total cells, macrophages, neutrophils and 8-iso-PGF2α in cats with bronchitis, whilst untreated control cats did not show significant changes over time. This study shows that a 2-week fluticasone treatment significantly reduced lower airway inflammation in very mild bronchitis. BR could be successfully monitored in cats using BWPB and decreased significantly in response to inhaled fluticasone. 8-Iso-PGF2α in BAL fluid was responsive to treatment and appeared as a sensitive biomarker of lower airway inflammation in cats. [less ▲]

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See detailInhaled nitric oxide for hemodynamic support after postpneumectomy ARDS
Chiche, Jean-Daniel; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (1995), 21(8), 675-678

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See detailInherent Modulation: a fast chopping method for nulling interferometry
Absil, Olivier ULg

Scientific conference (2002, August 28)

The reduction of the thermal background emission from the local and exo-zodiacal dust clouds is a critical element for the success of ESA's space mission, DARWIN. Internal modulation, a technique using ... [more ▼]

The reduction of the thermal background emission from the local and exo-zodiacal dust clouds is a critical element for the success of ESA's space mission, DARWIN. Internal modulation, a technique using fast signal chopping, isolating the planetary signal from these noise sources, was proposed by Mennesson and Mariotti (Icarus 128, 1997). In this paper, we investigate a modification to the implementation of internal modulation, which provides similar performance with a single detector and a greatly simplified optical layout: the number of beam combiners is reduced by a factor of about two. For example, a Robin Laurance six-telescope interferometer (Karlsson and Mennesson, Proc. SPIE 4006, 2000) can be implemented on five beam combiners instead of twelve. It is demonstrated that inherent modulation can be applied to all existing nulling configurations, including linear arrays. The principle of inherent modulation relies on two nulling interferometers using the same telescopes and beam combination with opposite phase shifts, some of them being different from 0 or pi. During operations, multiplexing between the two interferometers is performed, such that at any time only one interferometer is being used. Since the method lends itself for implementation with four-telescope linear arrays, inherent modulation would also be well suited for the detection of hot Jupiters with a ground-based nulling interferometer on the VLTI. [less ▲]

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See detailInherent modulation: a fast chopping method for nulling interferometry
Absil, Olivier ULg; Karlsson, Anders; Kaltenegger, Lisa

in Shao, Michael (Ed.) Interferometry in Space (2003, February 01)

The reduction of the thermal background emission from the local and exozodiacal dust clouds is a critical element for the success of ESA's space mission, DARWIN. Internal modulation, a technique using ... [more ▼]

The reduction of the thermal background emission from the local and exozodiacal dust clouds is a critical element for the success of ESA's space mission, DARWIN. Internal modulation, a technique using fast signal chopping, isolating the planetary signal from these noise sources, was proposed by Mennesson and Léger. In this paper, a short review of internal modulation is given, and new configurations with internal modulation are proposed to reduce the complexity of the beam-combining optics. A modification to the implementation of internal modulation is then investigated. It provides similar performance with a single detector and a greatly simplified optical layout: the number of beam-combiners is reduced by a factor of about two. The principle of inherent modulation is different from internal modulation in that no sub-interferometers are used: different phase shifts are applied to the input beams before recombination such that an asymmetric transmission map is obtained directly, without plus or minuspi/2 modulation as used in internal modulation. By combining the phase shifts and the input beams differently a transposed transmission map is obtained, allowing the signal to be chopped. During operations, multiplexing between the two interferometers is performed, such that at any time only one interferometer is being used. [less ▲]

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See detailInheritance and wealth composition
Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Journal of Population Economics (1992), (5), 305-318

This paper studies the effects of variables pertaining to alternative bequest motives on the composition of households' portofolio. It relies on a 1986 survey on the assets structure of 5600 French ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the effects of variables pertaining to alternative bequest motives on the composition of households' portofolio. It relies on a 1986 survey on the assets structure of 5600 French households. The main conclusion is that bequest motives indeed influence the composition of households' wealth. However, available data does not allow one to sort out the influence of specific models of inheritance. [less ▲]

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See detailInheritance of sex in two ZZ pseudofemale lines of tilapia Oreochromis aureus
Desprez, D.; Mélard, Charles ULg; Hoareau, M. C. et al

in Aquaculture (2003), 218(1-4), 131-140

This paper reports a study on the sex determination system of the blue tilapia, Oreochromis aureus. Investigations were carried out using a pseudofemale line in two populations of O. aureus, known as ... [more ▼]

This paper reports a study on the sex determination system of the blue tilapia, Oreochromis aureus. Investigations were carried out using a pseudofemale line in two populations of O. aureus, known as Egyptian Population (EP) and Israel Population (IP). In O. aureus, males are the homogametic sex (ZZ/ZW), and sex reversal of fry with estradiol results in the production of some functional sex-reversed fish with a female phenotype and ZZ male genotype, known as pseudofemales or A-females. Crosses between ZZ pseudofemales and ZZ males theoretically should provide monosex ZZ male progeny only. We have studied the sex ratios of progeny from 43 IP (F-2 to F-3 generations) and 51 EP (F-1 to F-5 generations), pair-matings between normal males and pseudofemales. In IP, the male percentage in progenies ranged between 83% to 100% in F-2 and 66% to 100% in F-3. In EP, male percentage was more constant, varying from 88% to 100% in F-1, from 96% to 100% in F-3 and from 97% to 100% in F-5. In EP, F-2 and F-4 pseudofemales produced only monosex male progeny. This apparent difference in sex ratio frequency distributions between the two O. aureus pseudofemale lines could be due to the selection of males. EP pseudofemales were mated with their siblings for F-2 and F-3 pseudofemales or with closely related males for F-4 and F-5 pseudofemales. Conversely, IP pseudofemales were crossed with nonrelated males originating from research center broodstock, resulting in a higher proportion of females in sex ratio of progenies from successive generations of pseudofemales. The role of inbreeding is discussed in the context of predominantly monofactorial sex chromosome determination system operating in this species, influenced by other factors (genetic and environmental). The present study also shows that it is possible to fix the male sex determining factors (Z sex chromosome and genetic factors) in a line of pseudofemales, producing a high percentage of male progeny in five successive generations. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInherited defects in Belgian blue cattle
Sartelet, Arnaud ULg

Scientific conference (2009, December 11)

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See detailLes inhibiteurs de l'enzyme de conversion dans l'infarctus du myocarde: qui, quand, comment?
Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(5), 336-40

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See detailLes inhibiteurs de l'enzyme de conversion dans le traitement de l'hypertension artérielle
Rorive, Georges ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Carlier, P. G.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1988), 43(9), 321-326

Les inhibiteurs de l'enzyme de conversion nous donnent pour la première fois la possibilité d'inhiber l'activité du système rénine-angiotensine chez les patients hypertendus. Ces vasodilatateurs n ... [more ▼]

Les inhibiteurs de l'enzyme de conversion nous donnent pour la première fois la possibilité d'inhiber l'activité du système rénine-angiotensine chez les patients hypertendus. Ces vasodilatateurs n'entraînent ni tachycardie réflexe, ni rétention hydrosodée. Leur utilisation ne s'accompagne pas de modifications métaboliques mais certains effets secondaires (toux, altération de la fonction rénale), liés d'ailleurs au mode d'action, ont été relevés. Bien tolérés, ces dérivés peuvent être utilisés en monothérapie dans le traitement de l'hypertension légère, mais leur supériorité par rapport aux diurétiques et aux bêtabloquants dans la prévention des complications cardiovasculaires de l'hypertension reste à établir. [less ▲]

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See detailInhibiteurs de l'enzyme de conversion de l'angiotensine ou antagonistes des récepteurs de l'angiotensine 2 en pathologie cardio-vasculaire et néphrologique : que nous dit l'Evidence Based Medicine?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Montrieux, Christian ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6), 414-422

Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system have proved their great value in secondary prevention trials for cardiovascular or renal complications. In favour of the preferred use of angiotensin receptor ... [more ▼]

Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system have proved their great value in secondary prevention trials for cardiovascular or renal complications. In favour of the preferred use of angiotensin receptor antagonists stand their excellent tolerance and the possible therapeutic escape seen with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. For the preferential use of the latter, the arguments are the absence of a real proof of any superiority of the angiotensin receptor blockers and their higher cost. The wisdom is to initially use angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in secondary prevention excepted when they are not well tolerated. The large ONTARGET cardiovascular prevention trial should help solve this controversy. [less ▲]

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