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Peer Reviewed
See detailIncrease in cortico-thalamo-cortical connectivity during human sleep slow wave activity
Kussé, Caroline ULg; Lehembre, Rémy; Foret, Ariane et al

Poster (2012, June 10)

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See detailIncrease in Cytokine Production (Il-1 Beta, Il-6, Tnf-Alpha but Not Ifn-Gamma, Gm-Csf or Lif) by Stimulated Whole Blood Cells in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Zheng, S. X.; Vrindts-Gevaert, Yvonne; Lopez, Marie-Josée ULg et al

in Maturitas (1997), 26(1), 63-71

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms through which estrogen prevents bone loss was a modulation on secretion or release of various cytokines that are known to influence bone remodeling, even if some recent data have challenged this hypothesis. However, in established osteoporosis, the possibility that enhanced cytokines activity may account for the progression of this disease remains unclear and controversial. We sought here to determine whether production of IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, GM-CSF and LIF, after direct stimulation in whole blood, was different in healthy (n = 30) or osteoporotic postmenopausal women (n = 24) and whether lumbar bone density (1-BMD) correlated with the values of cytokine production observed in these conditions. A significant difference was observed between the osteoporotic and control subjects for IL-1 beta (p < 0.0001), IL-6 (p < 0.001) and TNF-alpha (p = 0.027) productions, the values being higher in the osteoporotic women. No significant differences between the groups were observed for IFN-gamma (p = 0.51), GM-CSF (p = 0.70) or LIF (p = 0.97). In the whole population, statistically significant negative correlations were observed between lumbar BMD and IL-1 beta (r = -0.46) (p < 0.0005), IL-6 (r = -0.50) (p < 0.0001) and TNF-alpha (r = -0.39) (p < 0.005) production while no such correlations were observed for IFN-gamma, GM-CSF or LIF. In conclusion, the study of cytokine production by immune cells cultured in autologous whole blood suggests that in women more than 10 years past the menopause and presenting a decrease in lumbar bone density corresponding to the new WHO definition of "osteoporosis', production of IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha is still increased compared to controls matched for age and ovarian function, while no differences are reported for IFN-gamma, GM-CSF or LIF production. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in dimethylsulfide (DMS) emissions due to eutrophication of coastal waters offsets their reduction due to ocean acidification
Gypens, N; Borges, Alberto ULg

in Frontiers in Marine Science - Marine Ecosystem Ecology (2014), 1(4),

Available information from manipulative experiments suggested that the emission of dimethylsulfide (DMS) would decrease in response to the accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean (ocean ... [more ▼]

Available information from manipulative experiments suggested that the emission of dimethylsulfide (DMS) would decrease in response to the accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean (ocean acidification). However, in coastal environments, the carbonate chemistry of surface waters was also strongly modified by eutrophication and related changes in biological activity (increased primary production and change in phytoplankton dominance) during the last 50 years. Here, we tested the hypothesis that DMS emissions in marine coastal environments also strongly responded to eutrophication in addition to ocean acidification at decadal timescales. We used the R-MIRO-BIOGAS model in the eutrophied Southern Bight of the North Sea characterized by intense blooms of Phaeocystis that are high producers of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), the precursor of DMS. We showed that, for the period from 1951 to 2007, eutrophication actually led to an increase of DMS emissions much stronger than the response of DMS emissions to ocean acidification. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in femoral neck bone mineral density is associated with decrease in hip fracture incidence during treatment with strontium ranelate
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Delmas, Pierre D; Devogelaer, Jean-Pierre et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2006, November), 54(Suppl), 586

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See detailIncrease in IL-1bêta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha production in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Zheng, SX; Geenen, Vincent ULg; Vrindts, Y et al

in Osteoporosis International (1996), 6(S1), 101

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See detailINCREASE IN LEVELS OF STRATOSPHERIC CHLORINE AND FLUORINE LOADING BETWEEN 1985 AND 1992
Gunson, M. R.; Abrams, M. C.; Lowes, L. L. et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1994), 21(20), 2223-2226

Mixing ratios of 3.44 ppbv (parts per billion by volume) and 1.23 ppbv for HCl and HF above 50 km, surrogates for total chlorine and fluorine, have been measured by the Atmospheric Trace Molecule ... [more ▼]

Mixing ratios of 3.44 ppbv (parts per billion by volume) and 1.23 ppbv for HCl and HF above 50 km, surrogates for total chlorine and fluorine, have been measured by the Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment on a March 1992 flight of the Space Shuttle. Compared to the measured values obtained on a 1985 flight, these correspond to a 37% and 62% increase for HCl and HF, respectively. The derived trend in HCl (similar to 0.13 ppbv per year) is in good agreement with the model-predicted increase in chlorine loading of 0.13 ppbv per year [Prather and Watson. 1990], and with the measured trends in HCl total column abundance from reported ground-based observations. The main source of this change can be attributed to the release of man-made chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). This new value for HCl represents an upper limit to the inorganic chlorine concentration in the stratosphere available for participation in photochemical processes which destroy ozone. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in northern hemisphere stratospheric hydrogen chloride over recent years
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Chipperfield, MP; Notholt, J et al

Poster (2014, October 07)

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See detailIncrease in Soil Macroporosity managed with Winter Ploughing - a preliminary results
Parvin, Nargish ULg; Chelin, Marie ULg; Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

Measurement of soil water retention capacity by the conventional pressure plate technique always gives a substantial view of soil porosity distribution. The structural orientation is observed in the ... [more ▼]

Measurement of soil water retention capacity by the conventional pressure plate technique always gives a substantial view of soil porosity distribution. The structural orientation is observed in the beginning (higher water retention at 9.8 to 98 hPa water head pressure indicates greater proportion of macroporosity) of the soil moisture characteristic curve obtained from the water retention measurement. Since, tillage practices generally increase soil porosity, the correlation between soil hydraulics and porosity distribution would expect to be different for different tillage systems. In general, macroporosity increase with the adoption of conservative tillage or no tillage system but the changes can be varied with the seasonal variation. In our study, winter ploughing retains more water at the range of 9.8 to 98 hPa than Strip tillage, No-till residues in and No-till residues out. So, we can conclude that there is certainly increase in macroporosity in ploughing than other conservation practices of reduced tillage and no tillage. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in the extracellular lipase Production by Yarrowia lipolytica.
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Roblain, D.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Poster (1994, July)

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See detailIncrease in the number and the phagocytic function of guinea pig pulmonary and peritoneal macrophages following oral administration of RU 41740, a glycoprotein extract from Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Radermecker, Maurice ULg; Rommain, M.; Maldague, M. P. et al

in International journal of immunopharmacology (1988), 10(8), 913-7

RU 41740 (Biostim) which is a purified glycoprotein extract from Klebsiella pneumoniae, is an orally active non-specific immunostimulant. In guinea pigs, 8 days after a 7 days oral administration of RU ... [more ▼]

RU 41740 (Biostim) which is a purified glycoprotein extract from Klebsiella pneumoniae, is an orally active non-specific immunostimulant. In guinea pigs, 8 days after a 7 days oral administration of RU 41740 (10 or 100 mg/kg/day), an increase in the cell population of the pulmonary and peritoneal cavities was observed, especially in that of the macrophages. RU 41740 also enhanced the phagocytic activity of both the alveolar and peritoneal macrophages, when their chemotactic activity was not significantly modified. This increase in the number of pulmonary macrophages and the stimulation of their phagocytic function might explain the protective effect afforded by the oral administration of Biostim against respiratory infections in patients with chronic bronchitis. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in type II collagen turnover after iron depletion in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis.
Richette, Pascal; Eymard, Claire; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

in Rheumatology (2010), 49(4), 760-6

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of iron depletion on serum levels of joint biomarkers and on joint symptoms in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). METHODS: Levels of biomarkers were ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of iron depletion on serum levels of joint biomarkers and on joint symptoms in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). METHODS: Levels of biomarkers were measured in 18 patients with HH at the time of diagnosis and after iron depletion. The markers were type II collagen degradation (Coll2-1) and its nitrated form (Coll2-1NO(2)), type II procollagen synthesis (CPII), MPO, COMP and HA. For each patient, demographic data were collected and the global joint pain (visual analogue scale) was assessed before and after iron depletion by phlebotomy. RESULTS: A total of 18 patients [10 males; mean (s.d.) age 48 (11) years] were homozygous for the C282Y mutation. No patient had liver dysfunction. Ferritin level before iron removal was 627.5 (range 133-3276) microg/l, and duration of the iron depletion phase was 295 (70-670) days. Serum levels of both Coll2-1 and CPII were significantly increased from diagnosis after iron depletion: 80.1 (55.6-113.5) vs 96.0 (48.8-136.3) nM (P = 0.004) and 731.4 (374.2-1012.3) vs 812.8 (535.8-1165.6) ng/ml (P = 0.03), respectively. Levels of other biomarkers were not modified by iron depletion. Ferritin level, which at baseline was correlated with body iron store (r = 0.63; P = 0.008), was significantly correlated with HA level measured before iron depletion (r = 0.60; P = 0.01). Global joint pain was not correlated with ferritin concentration and did not significantly decrease after iron depletion: 43 (19-73) vs 36 (16-67) mm (P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HH, cartilage homoeostasis is modified by iron excess and an increase in type II collagen turnover occurs after excess iron removal. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in viral load, viral integration, and gain of telomerase genes during uterine cervical carcinogenesis can be simultaneously assessed by the HPV 16/18 MLPA-assay.
Theelen, Wendy; Speel, Ernst*-Jan M; Herfs, Michael ULg et al

in American Journal of Pathology (2010), 177(4), 2022-33

Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most important risk factor in cervical carcinogenesis cases; high viral loads, viral integration into the host genome, and gain of the telomerase ... [more ▼]

Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most important risk factor in cervical carcinogenesis cases; high viral loads, viral integration into the host genome, and gain of the telomerase-related genes, TERT and TERC, are all factors associated with progression to cancer. A recently developed multiparameter HPV 16/18 multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay, which allows the simultaneous assessment of these factors, was applied to a series of 67 normal and (pre)malignant frozen uterine cervical samples, as well as to 91 cytological preparations, to test the ability of the MLPA assay to identify high-risk lesions on the basis of these factors. Validation was performed using quantitative PCR, the PapilloCheck and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Only 5 out of 37 normal tissue samples or low-grade cervical lesions (ie, CIN1 and condyloma) showed either an HPV16 viral load higher than 25 copies per cell, viral integration, and/or gain of one of the telomerase-related genes, whereas for the high-grade cervical lesions, one or more of these risk factors was found in 25 of 30 cases. The HPV MLPA assay showed a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 86% in frozen cervical specimens. Furthermore, the feasibility of the MLPA assay was shown for cytological samples, where in 57% of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion cases, the high-risk factors were detected using this assay. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of carbonyl fluoride (COF2) in the stratosphere and its contribution to the 1992 budget of inorganic fluorine in the upper stratosphere
Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Rinsland, Curtis P.; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1994), 99(D8), 16737-16743

Volume mixing ratio profiles of COF2 have been derived through most of the stratosphere between 30°N and 54°S from series of 0.01-cm−1 resolution infrared solar spectra recorded in the occultation mode by ... [more ▼]

Volume mixing ratio profiles of COF2 have been derived through most of the stratosphere between 30°N and 54°S from series of 0.01-cm−1 resolution infrared solar spectra recorded in the occultation mode by the atmospheric trace molecule spectroscopy (ATMOS) instrument during the ATLAS 1 space shuttle mission of March–April 1992. When compared with similar results obtained from the ATMOS/Spacelab 3 mission of April–May 1985, the cumulative increase in the burden of COF2 in the middle and upper stratosphere was found to be 67% for that 7-year time interval. By combining a subset of these COF2 results with upper stratospheric concentrations of HF also derived from the ATMOS observations, it was further found that the budget of inorganic fluorine above 35 km altitude increased by (60 ± 10) % over the 1985–1992 time interval, which corresponds to an average exponential rate of increase of (6.7 ± 1.1) % yr−1, or a linear rate of increase referenced to 1985 of (8.5 ± 1.3) % yr−1 at the 1σ confidence level. The total inorganic F atom volume mixing ratio found in the upper stratosphere for 1985 and 1992 and the increase during this period mirror the rise in man-made fluorine-bearing compounds at the ground during the early to mid 1980s. This demonstrates the negligible impact of natural sources of fluorine, in particular volcanic activity, on the observed change of F in the upper stratosphere. Implications of the present findings and comparison with model results are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of Ascaris suum sensitized cats and correlation with inflammatory and morphological variables
Kirshvink, N.; Delvaux, François ULg; Vincke, G. et al

in International Conference of the American Thoracic Society - Orlando - USA - Mai 2004 (2004, May)

Peer Reviewed
See detailIncrease of natural killer cell activity in allergic asthma
FASSOTTE, Marie-France ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg

in Clinical Respiratory Physiology (1987), 23(S12), 376

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See detailIncrease of Plasma Ecg Binding Rate after Administration of Repeated High Dose of Ecg to Cows
Drion, Pierre ULg; De Roover, R.; Houtain, J. Y. et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2001), 41(3), 207-215

Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cattle and, more recently with an increased frequency of administration, in ovum pick-up protocols. The aim of this ... [more ▼]

Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cattle and, more recently with an increased frequency of administration, in ovum pick-up protocols. The aim of this experiment was to verify the possible effect of high frequency of administration on the immune response to eCG. The profiles of eCG binding rate, in the blood of two groups (A, B) of 4 primiparous cross breed beef cows (3-3.5 years old) submitted weekly for 5 to 10 weeks to repeated high doses (1000-2000 IU) of equine chorionic gonadotrophin, are presented in this paper. A sensitive radiometric method was used to detect antibodies in plasma. The profiles clearly indicated a marked increase of eCG binding rate after 3 to 5 injections of the exogenous hormone to the females. The statistical analysis of the results established that treatments induced a significant increase (P < 0.01) in binding rates after 6 and 3 injections in group A and B respectively. These binding rates remained elevated for at least 1 week following the last injection and decreased afterwards. The values of plasma binding rates following repeated eCG administration differed significantly between groups (0.90+/-1.04 and 1.04+/-0.11 for groups A and B before treatment versus 11.77+/-0.92, 6.70+/-0.85 for groups A and B after treatment, P < 0.01) and from one cow to another (P < 0.01) with some cows presenting no significant immune response while others were more reactive against the hormone (at least 3 injections). [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of stratospheric carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) based on ATMOS observations from space
Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Solomon, S.; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1996), 23(17), 2353-2356

Stratospheric volume mixing ratio profiles of carbon tetrafluoride, CF4, obtained with the Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) instrument during the ATLAS (Atmospheric Laboratory for ... [more ▼]

Stratospheric volume mixing ratio profiles of carbon tetrafluoride, CF4, obtained with the Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) instrument during the ATLAS (Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science) -3 mission of 1994 are reported. Overall the profiles are nearly constant over the altitude range 20 to 50 km, indicative of the very long lifetime of CF4 in the atmosphere. In comparison to the stratospheric values of CF4 inferred from the ATMOS/Spacelab 3 mission of 1985, the 1994 concentrations are consistent with an exponential increase of (1.6 +/- 0.6)%/yr. This increase is discussed with regard to previous results and likely sources of CF4 at the ground. Further, it is shown that simultaneous measurements of N2O and CF4 provide a means of constraining the lower limit of the atmospheric lifetime of CF4 at least 2,300 years, two sigma. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of the bacteriochlorin a photosensitizing efficiency by incorporation in liposomes
Damoiseau, X.; Schuitmaker, H.; Hoebeke, Maryse ULg

Conference (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)