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Peer Reviewed
See detailGender budgeting : facteurs de succès et difficultés
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2005, October)

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See detailGender dependent accumulation of dioxins in smokers
Fierens, S.; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2005), 62(1), 61-62

Aims: To evaluate the contribution of tobacco smoking to dioxin accumulation. Methods: Dioxin (17 PCDD/F) concentrations in fasting blood from 251 subjects ( 161 never smokers, 54 past smokers, and 36 ... [more ▼]

Aims: To evaluate the contribution of tobacco smoking to dioxin accumulation. Methods: Dioxin (17 PCDD/F) concentrations in fasting blood from 251 subjects ( 161 never smokers, 54 past smokers, and 36 current smokers) were quantified. Results: Whereas serum dioxin concentrations of male smokers were on average 40% higher than those of nonsmokers, in women, smoking was associated with significantly lower serum dioxin levels. A synergistic potentiation of dioxin metabolism by tobacco smoke in women is postulated to explain these paradoxical findings. Conclusions: Current smoking is associated with gender dependent effects on dioxin body burden and is a potential source of confounding in human studies using blood dioxins as indicators of exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailGender differences in responses in Gammarus pulex exposed to BDE-47: a gel-free proteomic approach
Gismondi, Eric ULg; Mazzucchelli, Gabriel ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety (2015), 122

Very few ecotoxicological studies have considered differences in toxic effects on male and female organisms. Here, we investigated protein expression differences in caeca of Gammarus pulex males and ... [more ▼]

Very few ecotoxicological studies have considered differences in toxic effects on male and female organisms. Here, we investigated protein expression differences in caeca of Gammarus pulex males and females under control conditions (unexposed) and after 96 h exposure to BDE-47. Using gel-free proteomic analysis, we have identified 45 proteins, of which 25 were significantly differently expressed according to sex and/or BDE-47 exposure. These proteins were involved in several biological processes such as energy metabolism, chaperone proteins, or transcription/translation. In unexposed amphipods, 11 proteins were significantly over-expressed in females, and 6 proteins were over-expressed in males. Under BDE-47 stress, 7 proteins were differently impacted according to sex. For example, catalase was over-expressed in exposed females and under-expressed in exposed males, as compared to respective controls. Conversely, proteins involved in energy metabolism were up-regulated in males and down-regulated in females. Our proteomic study showed differences in responses of males and females to BDE-47 exposure, emphasizing that sex is a confounding factor in ecotoxicological assessment. However, due to the limited information existing in databases on Gammarids, it was difficult to define a BDE-47 mechanism of action. The gel-free proteomic seems to be a promising method to develop in future ecotoxicological studies and thus, to improve our understanding of the mechanism of action of xenobiotics. [less ▲]

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See detailGender differences in skin aging and the changing profile of the sex hormones with age.
FARAGE, Miranda; MILLER, Kenneth W.; ZOUBOULIS, Christos C. et al

in Journal of Steroids and Hormonal Science (2012), 3(1000109),

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See detailGender differences in Variability and Extreme Scores
Baye, Ariane ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Monseur, Christian ULg

Conference (2011, September 15)

This study examines academic gender differences in variance and at the extreme tails of score distributions in reading, mathematics and science. Ten databases from IEA and PISA were used to analyse such ... [more ▼]

This study examines academic gender differences in variance and at the extreme tails of score distributions in reading, mathematics and science. Ten databases from IEA and PISA were used to analyse such gender differences in an international perspective from 1995 to 2009. Differences in standard deviation, effect size and variance ratios were computed. The main results may be summarised as follows. The gender differences at the extreme tails of the distribution are often more substantial than the gender differences at the mean, which may suggest the need to rethink education policies for low-achieving boys in reading and for high-achieving girls in mathematics and science. The “greater male variability hypothesis” is confirmed, although our results suggest that this may depend on the test content, the study design and the computed statistics. [less ▲]

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See detailGender differences in variability and extreme scores in an international context
Baye, Ariane ULg; Monseur, Christian ULg

in Large-scale Assessments in Education (2016), 4(1),

This study examines gender differences in the variability of student performance in reading, mathematics and science. Twelve databases from IEA and PISA were used to analyze gender differences within an ... [more ▼]

This study examines gender differences in the variability of student performance in reading, mathematics and science. Twelve databases from IEA and PISA were used to analyze gender differences within an international perspective from 1995 to 2015. Effect sizes and variance ratios were computed. The main results are as follows. (1) Gender differences vary by content area, students’ educational levels, and students’ proficiency levels. The gender differences at the extreme tails of the distribution are often more substantial than the gender differences at the mean. (2) Exploring the extreme tails of the distributions shows that the situation of the weakest males in reading is a real matter of concern. In mathematics and science, males are more frequently among the highest performing students. (3) The “greater male variability hypothesis” is confirmed. [less ▲]

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See detailGender differences in Youths'political engagement and participation. The role of parents and adolescents'social and civic participation
Cicognani, Elvira; Zani, Bruna; Fournier, Bernard et al

in Human Affairs (2011)

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See detailGender differences in youths'political engagement and participation. The role of parents and of adolescents'social and civic participation
Cicognani, Elvira; Zani, Bruna; Fournier, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Adolescence (2012)

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See detailGender effect on the scapular 3D posture and kinematic in healthy subjects
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Rigaux, Elise et al

in Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging (2016)

Populations considered for shoulder analysis are often composed of various ratios of men and women. It is consequently hypothesized that gender has no significant effect on the joint kinematic. However ... [more ▼]

Populations considered for shoulder analysis are often composed of various ratios of men and women. It is consequently hypothesized that gender has no significant effect on the joint kinematic. However the literature reports, for the shoulder, differences in the range of motion between genders. The specific influence of gender on the scapula-thoracic kinematics has not been studied yet. The dominant shoulder of two populations of men and women composed of 11 subjects each were evaluated in three dimensions for three distinct motions: flexion in the sagittal plane, abduction in the frontal plane and gleno-humeral internal/external rotation with the arm abducted at 90°. Posture, kinematics and range of motion were studied separately. For flexion and abduction and with regard to the scapular kinematic, external rotation were significantly larger for women than men. The differences were of at least 5° at 120° of humeral elevation. Upward rotations were identical. Women also showed larger average active humero-thoracic range of motion. The mean differences were of 13°, 7°, 12° and 5° for abduction, flexion, internal rotation and external rotation, respectively. No difference was observed between the scapular resting positions of both populations. The observed differences concerning both the scapular and humeral patterns would indicate that the shoulder behavior of men and women should not be expected to be similar. [less ▲]

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See detailgender equality post-separation in Contemporary Europe : The case of income
Bould, Sally; Schmaus, Gunther; Gavray, Claire ULg

in Addabbo, T.; Arrizabalaga, M.; Borderas, C. (Eds.) et al Home, Work and Family : Gender and Well-Being in Modern Europe (2009)

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See detailGender equality post-separation in Contemporary Europe: the case of income
Bould, S.; Schmaus, G.; Gavray, Claire ULg

in Addabbo, T.; Arrizabalaga, M.; Borderéas, C. (Eds.) et al Gender, Households and Work : The Production of Well-Being in Modern Europe (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
See detailGender in stripverhalen: het werk van Maaike Hartjes, Ilah en Barbara Stok
Gabrielle, Cindy ULg

Master's dissertation (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (2 ULg)
See detailGender in university policies
Cornet, Annie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailgender issues in ISRD survey
Gavray, Claire ULg

Conference (2012, January 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (6 ULg)
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See detailGender issues in the Coastal Sandy Zone of Thua Thien Hue Province
Nguyen Dang, Hao; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Pham Khanh, Tu

in Improving food crop productivity in the coastal sandy area of the Thua Thien Hue Province Central Vietnam : Vietnam-Belgium interuniversity project 2004-2009 (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (3 ULg)
See detailLe gender mainstreaming dans les politiques locales
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2008, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
See detailgender mainstreaming et approche intégrée selon les sexes
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
See detailLe gender mainstreaming et le gender budgeting en Belgique
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2007, September 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)