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Peer Reviewed
See detailThe influence of source similarity on memory accuracy
Dehon, Hedwige ULg

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (6 ULg)
See detailThe influence of Space Weather and of the ionosphere on Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Warnant, René ULg; Jodogne, Jean-Claude; Nebdi, Hamid

Conference given outside the academic context (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
See detailThe influence of Space Weather and of the ionosphere on Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Warnant, René ULg; Jodogne, Jean-Claude; Nebdi, Hamid

Conference (2002)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of space-filling materials in subantral bone augmentation: blood clot vs. autogenous bone chips vs. bovine hydroxyapatite
Lambert, France ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (2011), 22(5), 538-545

Aim: The first objective of the present study was to compare the short- and long-term 3D volume stability of sub-sinusal bone regeneration in rabbits using different space fillers. The second objective ... [more ▼]

Aim: The first objective of the present study was to compare the short- and long-term 3D volume stability of sub-sinusal bone regeneration in rabbits using different space fillers. The second objective was to assess qualitatively and quantitatively the early bone formation process and long-term behavior of the regenerated bone. Materials and methods: Fifteen rabbits underwent a double sinus lift procedure using: blood clot (Clot), autogenous bone chips (Auto) and bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA). Animals were euthanized at 1 week, 5 weeks and 6 months. Samples were subjected to X-ray microtomography and histology. Variations in the volume of bone augmentations were calculated at different time points. Qualitative analysis was performed using 7 μm sections and quantitative histomorphometric analyses were carried out using scanning electron microscopy. Results: From baseline (100%) to 5 weeks, the augmented volumes declined to 17.3% (Clot), 57.6% (Auto) and 90.6% (BHA). After 6 months, only 19.4% (Clot) and 31.4% (Auto) of initial volumes were found, while it remained more stable in the BHA group (84%). At 1 week, an initial osteogenesis process could be observed in the three groups along the bone walls. At 5 weeks, despite a significant decline in the volume, newly formed bone density was higher with Clot and Auto than with BHA. At 6 months, bone densities were statistically similar in the three groups. However, after 6 months, the surface invaded by newly formed bone (regenerated area) was significantly higher when BHA was used as space filler. In the BHA group, the biomaterial area slightly decreased from 42.7% (1 week) to 40% (5 weeks) and 34.9% (6 months) and the density of the composite regenerated tissue (bone+BHA) reached >50% at 6 months. Conclusions and clinical implications: The three space fillers allowed bone formation to occur. Nevertheless, augmented volumes declined in the Clot and Auto groups, while they remained stable with BHA. A slowly resorbable biomaterial might be suitable in sub-sinusal bone augmentation for preventing the re-expansion process and for augmenting the density of the regenerated tissues. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Specific Anti-Salmon Calcitonin Antibodies on Biological Effectiveness of Nasal Salmon Calcitonin in Paget's Disease of Bone
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Gennari, C.; Mautalen, C. et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology (1990), 19(1), 83-6

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of specific rehabilitation programs on pressure pain thresholds in patients with fibromyalgia or chronic low back pain
Maquet, Didier ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Lecart, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2007), 66

Background: Specific rehabilitation programs are recommended in chronic pain syndromes. The subjective experience and multidimensional nature of pain is problematic for assessment. Pressure pain threshold ... [more ▼]

Background: Specific rehabilitation programs are recommended in chronic pain syndromes. The subjective experience and multidimensional nature of pain is problematic for assessment. Pressure pain threshold (PPT) is defined as the minimum force applied which induces pain measured with a dolorimeter. Objectives: The purposes were: (1) to compare PPTs for 18 specific tender sites in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), (2) to assess the PPT changes in these groups following specific rehabilitation programs. Methods: Eleven women with CLBP and six women with FM were included in this study. They attended biweekly specific multidisciplinary rehabilitation sessions for 8 weeks. Pain intensity and PPTs for the 18 specific tender sites defined by the American College of Rheumatology were evaluated respectively with a visual analogue scale (VAS) and with an electronic dolorimeter, before and after the programs. Normative data of PPTs were established in a recent study [1]. Results: Before starting the rehabilitation program, patients with FM displayed VAS scores higher (p<0.05) than those with CLBP. Furthermore, FM patients had the lowest (p<0.05) PPTs over all examined areas. Statistical analysis failed to show any differences between PPTs of CLBP and healthy subjects. At the end of the specific program, VAS scores decreased significantly in both patient groups. In contrast, a significant increase of PPTs was only observed in FM patients. However, their PPTs remained below the CLBP and healthy PPT values. Conclusion: Despite the presence of chronic pain in these two syndromes, the decrease of PPTs appears to be specific in patients with FM. Measure of PPTs could represent a relevant method in order to perform a longitudinal follow-up of patient's pain perception. After the rehabilitation programs, pain intensity decreased in both patient groups. References: [1] Maquet D, Croisier JL, Demoulin C, Crielaard JM. Pressure pain thresholds of tender point sites in patients with fibromyalgia and in healthy controls. Eur J Pain, 2004, 8:111-117. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Sport Activity on Trunk Muscle Performances
Grosdent, Stéphanie ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Coupas, Amandine et al

Poster (2010, June 24)

Introduction: Lumbar pain among athletes is a common problem and can be challenging for athletic trainers and therapists. Unfortunately, little is known about the capabilities of trunk muscle function in ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Lumbar pain among athletes is a common problem and can be challenging for athletic trainers and therapists. Unfortunately, little is known about the capabilities of trunk muscle function in elite athletes Therefore, an objective assessment of muscle performance is relevant in injury prevention and rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to examine the specific trunk muscle strength and endurance in different sports i.e. swimming, rowing and tennis. Methods: We assessed maximum isometric trunk extensor, rotator, flexor and lateroflexor muscle strength as well as trunk extensor muscle endurance of 10 swimmers, 10 rowers, 10 tennismen and 10 sedentary students (control group). Strength was measured by means of specific trunk dynamometers. An adaptation of the Sorensen test was performed to assess trunk extensor endurance. Results: Muscle strength appeared generally higher among athletes than among control subjects. However, differences were statistically significant only with swimmers for trunk flexors (p<0.05) and trunk rotators (p<0.05), with rowers for trunk flexors (p<0.05) and with tennismen for dominant lateroflexors (p<0.05) and non-dominant trunk rotators (p<0.05). No significant bilateral difference appeared for trunk lateralflexors strength. For trunk rotators, tennismen were significantly stronger in the non-dominant side (p<0.05). Trunk extensor endurance was higher among rowers than among the other groups. Conclusion: This study underlined several differences in trunk muscle performance between athletes and control subjects as well as within athletes groups in relation to their sports. Further studies would clarify the full significance of these results with respect to performance and injury. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of steam explosion and thermal degradation of cellulose
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Quiévy, Nicolas; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg et al

Poster (2010, August 20)

The aim of the present work is to compare the effect of different steam explosion pretreatments on the thermal degradation of a bleached cellulose where components like hemicelluloses and lignin have ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present work is to compare the effect of different steam explosion pretreatments on the thermal degradation of a bleached cellulose where components like hemicelluloses and lignin have already been removed by acid and alkaline treatments. The results of this study show that thermal degradation of cellulose fibres, studied by TGA, is still limited for a temperature process below 240 °C. However, derivative TGA show that thermal stability of cellulose obtained by these conditions decreases with the increase of temperature. For temperatures above 250°C, char level is higher at the end of the pyrolysis. According to the literature, the increase of the char level is correlated to an increase of the degradation product1. Determination of the degradation products in the liquor obtained after the pretreatment show an important increase of furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural concentration with the temperature in agreement with the increase of the char level. These results confirm the important degradation of the cellulose fibres. [less ▲]

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See detailINFLUENCE OF STEAM EXPLOSION ON CRYSTALLINITY PROPERTIES OF PURE CELLULOSE FIBER INFLUENCE OF STEAM EXPLOSION ON CRYSTALLINITY PROPERTIES OF PURE CELLULOSE FIBER INFLUENCE OF STEAM EXPLOSION ON CRYSTALLINITY PROPERTIES OF PURE CELLULOSE FIBER
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

Poster (2012, March 01)

The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on crystallinity properties of a pure bleached cellulose. Steam explosion process is composed of two distinct ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on crystallinity properties of a pure bleached cellulose. Steam explosion process is composed of two distinct stages: vapocracking and explosive decompression. The treatment intensities is determined by a severity factor, established by a correlation between temperature process and retention time. The results show that steam explosion treatment has an impact on the crystallinity properties of pure cellulose fiber. When the severity factor is below 5.2, an increase of the overall crystallinity of the samples is observed with the treatment intensities. For higher intensities, a significant thermal degradation of cellulose lead to an important change in substrate composition, which lead to a further decrease of cellulose crystallinity [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of steam explosion on physico-chemical properties and hydrolysis rate of pure cellulose fibers
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

in Bioresource Technology (2012), 121(221-227),

The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on physicochemical properties and hydrolysis rate of a pure bleached cellulose. The results showed that ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on physicochemical properties and hydrolysis rate of a pure bleached cellulose. The results showed that moderate steam explosion treatments (severity factor below 5.2) did not improve the enzymatic hydrolysis rate of the cellulose fibers. The characterization of the obtained samples showed an increase of the cellulose accessibility coupled with an increase of the overall crystallinity of the substrate. In these conditions, the higher accessibility is counterbalanced by the increased crystallinity. Indeed, a greater proportion of the substrat is accessible by only a fraction of the enzymatic complex (exo-glucanases) activities. When the severity factor reached 5.2, a decrease of the cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis rate was observed. In this case, TGA analysis showed an increase of the char level at the end of the pyrolysis which traduced an important thermal degradation of the samples. The thermal degradation of cellulose lead to an important change in substrate composition, which induced a decrease of the cellulose ratio available for hydrolysis and caused a decrease of the hydrolysis yields. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (20 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of steam explosion on the thermal stability of cellulose fibres
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Quievy, Nicolas; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg et al

in Polymer Degradation & Stability (2011), 96

The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on the thermal degradation of a bleached cellulose. The intensity of a steam explosion treatment, which ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on the thermal degradation of a bleached cellulose. The intensity of a steam explosion treatment, which allows breakdown of the structural lignocellulosic material was determined by a correlation between time and temperature of the process. Results of this study showed that thermal degradation of cellulose fibres was limited when the severity factor applied was below 4.0. For higher intensities, determination of the degradation products in the water-soluble extract showed an important increase of the 5-hydroxymethyl-furfural concentration with the temperature. When the severity factor reached 5.2., TGA analysis showed that the increase of degradation products was coupled to an increase of the char level meaning a strong degradation of the cellulose. dTGA behaviour also showed that thermal stability of the steam explosion samples decreased with the intensity of the treatment. To conclude, a theoretical diagram predicting the degradation of the cellulose during the steam explosion treatment was established. [less ▲]

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See detailINFLUENCE OF STEAM EXPLOSION ON THECRYSTALLINITY OF CELLULOSE FIBER
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on crystallinity properties of a pure bleached cellulose. Steam explosion process is composed of two distinct ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of different steam explosion treatments on crystallinity properties of a pure bleached cellulose. Steam explosion process is composed of two distinct stages: vapocracking and explosive decompression. The treatment intensities is determined by a severity factor, established by a correlation between temperature process and retention time. The results show that steam explosion treatment has an impact on the crystallinity properties of pure cellulose fiber. When the severity factor is below 5.2, an increase of the overall crystallinity of the samples is observed with the treatment intensities. For higher intensities, a significant thermal degradation of cellulose lead to an important change in substrate composition, which lead to a further decrease of cellulose crystallinity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of steel anisotropy during deep-drawing process
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg; Godinas, A.

in Habraken, Anne (Ed.) Proceedings of the 4th international Conference ESAFORM (2001)

This paper presents a constitutive law based on Taylor's model implemented in our finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method has been ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a constitutive law based on Taylor's model implemented in our finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method has been developed. This local yield locus model uses a discrete representation of the texture. The interpolation method is presented and a deep-drawing application is simulated in order to show up the influence of the texture evolution during forming processes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 186 (2 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailThe influence of stent length on clinical and angiographic outcome in patients undergoing elective stenting for native coronary artery lesions; final results of the Magic 5L Study.
Foley, D. P.; Pieper, M.; Wijns, W. et al

in European heart journal (2001), 22(17), 1585-93

AIMS: To prospectively evaluate the influence of stent length on 6 month clinical and angiographic outcome, in patients with native coronary lesions up to 45 mm in length, undergoing elective Magic ... [more ▼]

AIMS: To prospectively evaluate the influence of stent length on 6 month clinical and angiographic outcome, in patients with native coronary lesions up to 45 mm in length, undergoing elective Magic Wallstent implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: On the basis of pre-procedural angiography, 276 patients (aged 61.3+/-10.2 years; 78.6% male; 41.7% unstable angina) with a total of 302 lesions were prospectively assigned to one of five different length categories of Magic Wallstent. Angiography in multiple matched projections before and after implantation and at 6 months follow-up was analysed at the core laboratory. Primary end-points for the efficacy analysis were cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events and quantitative coronary angiography analysis 6 months after stent implantation. Magic Wallstent implantation was successful in 301 of 302 lesions and in 98.6% a residual stenosis <20% by online quantitative coronary angiography was achieved. At 30 days, 6.2% (1.8% subacute occlusion) of patients had experienced major adverse cardiac events, 27.5% at 6 months and 30.4% at 9 months. Angiographic restenosis occurred in 37%. Restenosis rates for the mini, extra-short, short, medium and long Wallstent groups were 25.9%, 25%, 22.6%, 36.2% and 67.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed stent length to be independently associated with greater angiographic restenosis and major adverse cardiac events. CONCLUSIONS: While shorter Magic Wallstents provided late outcomes comparable with short balloon-expandable stents, excessive restenosis with longer Wallstents should obviate their use in elective percutaneous intervention. Long coronary lesions provide a challenging substrate for emerging antirestenosis therapies, such as stent coatings and brachytherapy. [less ▲]

Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of stiffness constraints on optimal design of trusses using morphological indicators
Vandenbergh, Thomas; Ponsaert, Wim; Van Steirteghem, Jan et al

(2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)