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See detailThe influence of cognitive reserve on inter-individual variability in resting-state cerebral metabolism in normal aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Yakushev, Igor; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2012)

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See detailInfluence of collar design on palatal implant primary stability
Bolland, Fabrice; Ronco, Vincent; LAMBERT, France ULg et al

Poster (2007, April)

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See detailInfluence of colors on habituation of visual evoked potentials in patients with migraine with aura and in healthy volunteers.
Afra, J; Ambrosini, A; Génicot, Roger ULg et al

in Headache (2000), 40(1), 36-40

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether colored glasses influence the habituation of visual evoked potentials. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that during pattern-reversal stimulations lasting 2 minutes ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether colored glasses influence the habituation of visual evoked potentials. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that during pattern-reversal stimulations lasting 2 minutes the amplitude of the visual evoked potential increases in migraine with and without aura between attacks, whereas it decreases in healthy volunteers. Red light was found to increase visually evoked EEG fast activity only in children with migraine with aura. Wearing rose-tinted glasses for 4 months decreased attack frequency in parallel with a reduction of the visually evoked EEG fast activity. METHODS: We compared the change in amplitude of the visual evoked potential using five different tinted glasses in 12 patients with migraine with aura and in 10 healthy volunteers. During continuous stimulation at 3.1 Hz, five blocks of 50 responses were sequentially averaged using red, yellow, green, blue, and grey glasses and without glasses in a random order and analyzed in terms of latencies and N1-P1 amplitudes. Amplitude changes were calculated for each block by comparison with the first block in every condition and analyzed statistically using Zerbe's method. RESULTS: In healthy volunteers, the visual evoked potential amplitude increased with red glasses compared to without glasses (P = .05) or with green glasses (P = .03). In patients with migraine with aura, no significant difference was detected using colored glasses. Our findings in healthy volunteers are in line with earlier reports of increased excitability of the human visual cortex when exposed to red light. The lack of such a pattern in patients with migraine with aura suggests that the visual cortex is interictally hypoexcitable rather than hyperexcitable, which is consistent with studies of transcranial magnetic stimulation. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of COMT Genotype on Antero-Posterior Cortical Functional Connectivity Underlying Interference Resolution
Jaspar, Mathieu ULg; Manard, Marine ULg; DIDEBERG, Vinciane ULg et al

in Cerebral Cortex (in press)

Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val158Met) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of executive functioning and its neural correlates ... [more ▼]

Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val158Met) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of executive functioning and its neural correlates. However, this attention has generally centred on the prefrontal cortices because of the well-known direct impact of COMT enzyme on these cerebral regions. In this study, we were interested in the modulating effect of COMT genotype on anterior and posterior brain areas underlying interference resolution during a Stroop task. More specifically, we were interested in the functional connectivity between the right inferior frontal operculum (IFop), an area frequently associated with inhibitory efficiency, and posterior brain regions involved in reading/naming processes (the two main non-executive determinants of the Stroop effect). The Stroop task was administered during fMRI scanning to three groups of 15 young adults divided according to their COMT Val158Met genotype [Val/Val (VV), Val/Met (VM) and Met/Met (MM)]. Results indicate greater activity in the right IFop and the left middle temporal gyrus (MTG) in homozygous VV individuals than in Met allele carriers. In addition, the VV group exhibited stronger positive functional connectivity between these two brain regions and stronger negative connectivity between the right IFop and left lingual gyrus. These results confirm the impact of COMT genotype on frontal function. They also strongly suggest that differences in frontal activity influence posterior brain regions related to a non-executive component of the task. Especially, changes in functional connectivity between anterior and posterior brain areas might correspond to compensatory processes for performing the task efficiently when the available dopamine level is low. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of concentration on equine fresh semen conservation
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Bloomaert, Didier; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2013, September), 48(suppl1), 85

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See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for high-voltage cables
Koroglu, S.; Sergeant, P.; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in IET Electric Power Applications (2011), 5(9), 715-720

The shielding of buried three-phase high-voltage power lines can be done by placing them in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered with plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

The shielding of buried three-phase high-voltage power lines can be done by placing them in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered with plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the magnetic field generated by the cables. As however a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, in practice, it is useful to quantify the effect of a defective electrical contact on the field reduction. From two-dimensional/three-dimensional finite element computations and experiments, the influence of the contact resistance on the shielding efficiency is investigated, as a function of the ratio of axial length to height of the shield elements. Furthermore, the effect of other parameters on the shielding efficiency is studied: the ratio of axial length to height, a parasitic air gap between the gutter and the cover plate and the type of the shield material. It was found that a low contact resistance deteriorates much more the shielding in case of an aluminium shield than in case of a steel shield. As expected, the effect is larger for shield elements with relatively short axial length with regard to the other dimensions. Nevertheless, the effect remains quite significant for aluminium shields with practically convenient dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for HV cables
Koruglu, Selim; Sergeant, Peter; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010, May)

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U- shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U- shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, the induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the field generated in the vicinity of the cables. However, as a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, it is useful to quantify the effect of a bad electrical contact on the shielding performance. From 2D FEM, 3D FEM and experiments, it is observed that a bad contact does not influence significantly the shielding if the axial length of the plates is relatively long compared to their other dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for HV cables
Koroglu, Selim; Sergeant, Peter; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010)

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, the induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the field generated in the vicinity of the cables. However, as a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, it is useful to quantify the effect of a bad electrical contact on the shielding performance. From 2D FEM, 3D FEM and experiments, it is observed that a bad contact does not influence significantly the shielding if the axial length of the plates is relatively long compared to their other dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of continuous breeding goats on return to cyclicity in seasonal breeding goats
Prvanovic, N; Vince, S; Duricic, D et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2007), 42

The boer goats which originated from the South African Republic are continous breeding animals when kept in the northern hemisphere and they kidd three times in 2 years. In this study, a mixed herd was ... [more ▼]

The boer goats which originated from the South African Republic are continous breeding animals when kept in the northern hemisphere and they kidd three times in 2 years. In this study, a mixed herd was monitored to determine whether boer goats could induce return to cyclicity in sesonal breeding goats. All goats (n = 20) were pluriparous and kidded during January and February. During January a mixed group was formed (10 boer goats kept together with 10 domestic breed goats). At the same time a group of domestic breed goats (n = 12), kept in the same manner, 40 km away from the experimental group was used as controls. Blood samples were collected every 72 h to determine level of progesterone in both herds. Goats were monitored at the same time to observe for signs of oestrus. Progesterone concentrations in sera samples were determined using a RIA method. Data were analysed by ANOVA using Statistica software. We observed visual oestrus in all boer goats and in eight domestic breed goats from the mixed group during March and April. Progesterone concentrations confirmed the presence of functional corpora lutea between two visual cycles in these animals. No visual oestrus or increases in progesterone were observed in the control group of goats. In conclusion, continuous breeding boer goats induced oestrus in 80% (n = 8) of seasonal breeding goats when kept in a mixed herd. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of controlled immediate loading and implant design on peri-implant bone formation.
Vandamme, Katleen; Naert, Ignace; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Periodontology (2007), 34(2), 172-81

AIM: Tissue formation at the implant interface is known to be sensitive to mechanical stimuli. The aim of the study was to compare the bone formation around immediately loaded versus unloaded implants in ... [more ▼]

AIM: Tissue formation at the implant interface is known to be sensitive to mechanical stimuli. The aim of the study was to compare the bone formation around immediately loaded versus unloaded implants in two different implant macro-designs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A repeated sampling bone chamber with a central implant was installed in the tibia of 10 rabbits. Highly controlled loading experiments were designed for a cylindrical (CL) and screw-shaped (SL) implant, while the unloaded screw-shaped (SU) implant served as a control. An F-statistic model with alpha=5% determined statistical significance. RESULTS: A significantly higher bone area fraction was observed for SL compared with SU (p<0.0001). The mineralized bone fraction was the highest for SL and significantly different from SU (p<0.0001). The chance that osteoid- and bone-to-implant contact occurred was the highest for SL and significantly different from SU (p<0.0001), but not from CL. When bone-to-implant contact was observed, a loading (SL versus SU: p=0.0049) as well as an implant geometry effect (SL versus CL: p=0.01) was found, in favour of the SL condition. CONCLUSIONS: Well-controlled immediate implant loading accelerates tissue mineralization at the interface. Adequate bone stimulation via mechanical coupling may account for the larger bone response around the screw-type implant compared with the cylindrical implant. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of cooling rate on residual stress profile in veneering ceramic: Measurement by hole-drilling.
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Schajer, G. S.; Vanheusden, Alain ULg et al

in Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials (2011)

OBJECTIVES: The manufacture of dental crowns and bridges generates residual stresses within the veneering ceramic and framework during the cooling process. Residual stress is an important factor that ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The manufacture of dental crowns and bridges generates residual stresses within the veneering ceramic and framework during the cooling process. Residual stress is an important factor that control the mechanical behavior of restorations. Knowing the stress distribution within the veneering ceramic as a function of depth can help the understanding of failures, particularly chipping, a well-known problem with Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal based fixed partial dentures. The objective of this study is to investigate the cooling rate dependence of the stress profile in veneering ceramic layered on metal and zirconia frameworks. METHODS: The hole-drilling method, often used for engineering measurements, was adapted for use with veneering ceramic. The stress profile was measured in bilayered disc samples 20mm in diameter, with a 0.7mm thick metal or Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal framework and a 1.5mm thick veneering ceramic. Three different cooling procedures were investigated. RESULTS: The magnitude of the stresses in the surface of the veneering ceramic was found to increase with cooling rate, while the interior stresses decreased. At the surface, compressive stresses were observed in all samples. In the interior, compressive stresses were observed in metal samples and tensile in zirconia samples. SIGNIFICANCE: Cooling rate influences the magnitude of residual stresses. These can significantly influence the mechanical behavior of metal-and zirconia-based bilayered systems. The framework material influenced the nature of the interior stresses, with zirconia samples showing a less favorable stress profile than metal. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of copper(II) salt on the reaction of peroxynitrite with propofol
Kohnen, Stephan ULg; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Deby-Dupont, G. et al

in Free Radical Research (2003), 37(Suppl. 1), 106

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See detailInfluence of coral heterogenous susceptibility to warming on reef biodiversity
Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; Penin, Lucie; Adjeroud, Mehdi et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailThe influence of core excitations on energies and oscillator strengths of iron group elements
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Hansen, J E

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1995), 28

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See detailThe influence of cortical perforations and of space filling with peripheral blood on the kinetics of guided bone generation. A comparative histometric study in the rat.
Rompen, Eric ULg; Biewer, Robert; Van Heusden, Alain ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (1999), 10(2), 85-94

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of cortical perforations and of peripheral blood addition in guided bone generation beyond the skeletal envelope in rats. A total of 30 isogenic ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of cortical perforations and of peripheral blood addition in guided bone generation beyond the skeletal envelope in rats. A total of 30 isogenic adult rats were divided into 3 equal groups. In each rat, two hollow parallelipipedic titanium chambers were placed bilaterally on the calvaria after a periosteal skin flap was raised. While on the right sides (controls) the osseous surface was left intact and the chambers were empty, the cortical bone under the left-side chambers (test sites) was perforated with nine 0.8 mm-diameter holes (group I), or left intact but with the chambers filled with a clot of peripheral blood (group II). In group III, both procedures were combined in the test sites. The healing was assessed at 4, 8 and 16 weeks after surgery by histologic and computer-assisted histometric analysis. The results demonstrated a substantial augmentation of on average 141% (SD 18) of the skull's thickness after 16 weeks in the controls, indicating that a predictable bone formation can be achieved beneath completely occlusive barriers over a non-injured cortical layer. In all test groups, a significantly larger bone augmentation was observed after 16 weeks compared to the control sites 172.8% (SD 41.7) in group I (P < 0.05), 172.0% (SD 18.4) in group II (P < 0.05) and 221.5% (SD 42.3) in group III (P < 0.001), demonstrating that stimulating blood supply and bone forming cells access by cortical perforations and/or blood clot addition enhances de novo bone formation in this experimental model. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of COX-2 and OXTR polymorphisms on treatment outcome in treatment resistant depression
Mendlewicz, Julien; Crisafulli, Concetta; Calati, R et al

in Neuroscience Letters (2012)

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See detailInfluence of creep on the microstructure of Zn-Al-Cu alloys aged at 250°C
Terziev, L.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Wegria, J.

in Physica Status Solidi A : Applied Research (1995), 152[2]

This paper is a continuation of a microstructural study of ZA alloys subjected to ageing at different temperatures with subsequent creep at 20 and 120 °C. it was already established that the samples aged ... [more ▼]

This paper is a continuation of a microstructural study of ZA alloys subjected to ageing at different temperatures with subsequent creep at 20 and 120 °C. it was already established that the samples aged for one week at 100 and 250 °C show the slowest creep rate. Furthermore, the resuits obtained afler ageing at 250 °C are better than those obtained after ageing at 100 °C. In order to explain more correctly these resuits, the microstructure is studied after ageing at 250 oc and subsequent creep at room temperature under pressure at 100 MPa and at 120 °c under pressure at 40 MPa, on test samples broken after the respective creep. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of cultivar, harvest time, storage conditions, and peeling on the antioxidant capacity and phenolic and ascorbic acid contents of apples and pears."
Kevers, Claire ULg; PINCEMAIL, Joël ULg; Tabart, Jessica ULg et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2011), 59

Apple and pear fruits are important sources of secondary plant metabolites and one of the major sources of dietary phenolics consumed all year round. The aim of this work was to identify the main ... [more ▼]

Apple and pear fruits are important sources of secondary plant metabolites and one of the major sources of dietary phenolics consumed all year round. The aim of this work was to identify the main variables influencing phenolic content and antioxidant capacity in apples. Higher phenolic and antioxidant contents were observed in some varieties (such as the Delbar Estival apple and Durondeau pear). Storage conditions were important. Our results also showed that fruits should be consumed rapidly after purchase and with their peel. After one week of domestic storage, the ascorbic acid content was found to decrease by 75%. Peeling led to a more than 25% decrease in total phenolics and ascorbic acid. The harvest time (at normal ripeness) had only a limited impact, but significant year-to-year variations were observed. In conclusion, well-chosen and well-stored apples and pears may contribute to an antioxidant-rich diet if consumed rapidly and with their peel. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (10 ULg)