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See detailInfluence of water exchanges on the gallery convergence
Gerard, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Chambon, René et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailInfluence of weir height and keys slope on PKW discharge
Machiels, Olivier ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of 4th IAHR International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures (2012)

Piano Key Weir is a cost effective solution for rehabilitation as well as for new dam projects with a high level of constraints (limited space, high specific flood discharge, small reservoir level ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weir is a cost effective solution for rehabilitation as well as for new dam projects with a high level of constraints (limited space, high specific flood discharge, small reservoir level variation). While the higher efficiency of the Piano Key Weir compared to standard linear weirs has already been demonstrated, its optimal geometry is still poorly defined. Even if former studies highlighted the main influence of the weir height on its discharge capacity, the distinction between weir height effect and keys slope one is not so straight forward. In order to distinguish the influence of these two parameters, the use of parapet walls has been tested to increase weir height keeping bottom slope constant, and to decrease keys slope keeping the weir height constant. The experimental results presented in this paper enable to distinguish the relative influences of the keys bottom slope and of the weir height on the Piano Key Weir release capacity. Comparisons with former experimental results as well as design guidelines are also provided. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of western corn rootworm – Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Le Conte attack, upon quality of corn seeds
Florian, Teodora; Oltean, Ion; Bunescu, Horia et al

in Journal of Biotechnology (2012), 161S(Supplement), 16

Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte is considered one of the most important pests of corn grown in monoculture. Damage caused by the Western Corn Rootworm is considerable. The attack is produced by ... [more ▼]

Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte is considered one of the most important pests of corn grown in monoculture. Damage caused by the Western Corn Rootworm is considerable. The attack is produced by larvae and adults, serious affecting the grain production. Following laboratory analyzes may notice a decrease in the values of all track quality indicators for ears harvested from plants attacked by Diabrotica virgifera virgifera compared with the cobs from the healthy plants. Values of fat content of attacked cobs ranged from 2.76 and 4.23%, protein content ranged from 9.1 to 10.6% and starch between 69.7 and 70.5%. The average fat content of the cobs attacked percentage decreased by 11%, protein content by 16% and starch content dropped by less than one percent. [less ▲]

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See detailINFLUENCE OF WHEY PROTEIN DENATURATION ON ADHERENCE
Toure, Yetioman ULg; Rouxhet, G. Paul; Dupont-Gillain, C. Christine et al

Conference (2014, April)

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror ... [more ▼]

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror finish. The substrate was soiled with quartz suspensions in water or in β-LGB solutions as such or previously heated at 75°C, and dried at room temperature or in an oven at 75°C. Cleanability was evaluated after exposure to water in a radial flow chamber. Auxiliary characterizations were the surface tension and protein concentration of the solution, surface analysis of the substrate by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements. The contact of stainless steel with -LGB led to adsorption of the protein, which dominated the composition of the organic layer with respect to contaminants initially present, and was not markedly desorbed upon rinsing. The presence of β-LGB at the quartz particle/substrate interface slightly increased the adherence, which was further increased when the protein was denatured. On the other hand, denaturation of -LGB enhanced its surfactant effect at the water/air interface. Comparison with systems investigated before suggests that the influence of protein via droplet spreading and soiling particles aggregation may be of minor importance compared to direct effects on the substrate/quartz interface. Stainless steel does not behave as a hydrophilic substrate owing to its surface contamination with organic compounds. It appears suitable to examine the influence of the initial surface state of stainless steel on its behavior regarding soiling and cleaning. [less ▲]

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See detailINFLUENCE OF WHEY PROTEIN DENATURATION ON ADHERENCE
Toure, Yetioman ULg; Rouxhet, G. Paul; Dupont-Gillain, C. Christine et al

in Dr Wilson, I.; Chew, Y.M.J. (Eds.) Fouling and Cleaning in Food Processing (2014, April)

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror ... [more ▼]

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror finish. The substrate was soiled with quartz suspensions in water or in β-LGB solutions as such or previously heated at 75°C, and dried at room temperature or in an oven at 75°C. Cleanability was evaluated after exposure to water in a radial flow chamber. Auxiliary characterizations were the surface tension and protein concentration of the solution, surface analysis of the substrate by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements. The contact of stainless steel with -LGB led to adsorption of the protein, which dominated the composition of the organic layer with respect to contaminants initially present, and was not markedly desorbed upon rinsing. The presence of β-LGB at the quartz particle/substrate interface slightly increased the adherence, which was further increased when the protein was denatured. On the other hand, denaturation of -LGB enhanced its surfactant effect at the water/air interface. Comparison with systems investigated before suggests that the influence of protein via droplet spreading and soiling particles aggregation may be of minor importance compared to direct effects on the substrate/quartz interface. Stainless steel does not behave as a hydrophilic substrate owing to its surface contamination with organic compounds. It appears suitable to examine the influence of the initial surface state of stainless steel on its behavior regarding soiling and cleaning. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of whole milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Clinquart, Antoine ULg; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg et al

in Livestock Production Science (1997), 48

Influence of milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats. The use of milk as component ... [more ▼]

Influence of milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats. The use of milk as component of a fattening diet for bulls was studied in an experiment carried-out over 2 years with Belgian Blue bulls. The animals weighed 305 kg at the beginning of the experiment. In all, 15 bulls were given a control concentrate fattening diet (control group, CG), while 11 others were fed concentrate plus 6.5 to 11 1 whole milk per day according to weight or age (milk group, MG). The fattening period lasted for 174 and 181 d respectively in groups CG and MG. The MG-group had a higher killing-out percentage (P < 0.01) and the meat was characterized by a lower b* value and a lower dry matter content (P < 0.1). Whole milk in the diet increased the proportion of shorter chain and saturated fatty acids in fat (P < 0.001) and reduced the proportion of mono- and polyunsaturated acids (P < 0.05; P < 0.1). The extent of the changes were larger in subcutaneous and intermuscular fats than in intramuscular fat. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of woodland cover on habitat selection and reproductive parameters of tropical roseate terns: implications for colony management
Monticelli, D.; Ramos, J. A.; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Endangered Species Research (2008), 4

We examined the effect of vegetation structure, in particular canopy closure, on colony site occupancy, nesting densities, and reproductive parameters of roseate terns Sterna dougallii breeding in a ... [more ▼]

We examined the effect of vegetation structure, in particular canopy closure, on colony site occupancy, nesting densities, and reproductive parameters of roseate terns Sterna dougallii breeding in a Pisonia grandis dominated woodland on Aride Island, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Long-term observations (1995 to 2006) revealed that areas with high vegetation density and canopy cover (>50%) were abandoned, in favour of nearby more open forest areas, such as clearings. The attractiveness of a forest clearing (0 to 25% canopy cover) to breeding birds was also largely supported by experimental manipulation of vegetation density in 2004. Most birds moved from areas under canopy cover to experimentally cleared plots, where they nested at higher densities and had a higher probability of successfully fledging a chick. However, some individuals remained in their original areas, despite their greater canopy cover, and had a lower fledging success. This site tenacity is presumably explained by an imprinting process leading some birds to breed in successive years in the same, familiar locations, despite their nest-sites having become sub-optimal for fledging success. Roseate terns choosing a nest site in woodland on Aride must trade off the need for some cover, offering protection from the sun, against the need for easy access through gaps in the canopy to fly to and from their nests. A suitable nest-site should also minimize chick/parent infestation by ticks and mortality caused by contamination of feathers with the sticky fruits of Pisonia grandis. We suggest that, when they are not formed naturally, small artificial forest clearings within the usual breeding area are likely to be attractive for roseate terns and may result in enhanced colony productivity. These findings may be applicable to other seabird colonies (e.g. sooty terns) found under forest cover on oceanic islands throughout the Indo-Pacific region. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Zeeman splitting and thermally excited polaron states on magnetoelectrical and magnetothermal properties of magnetoresistive polycrystalline manganite La0.8Sr0.2MnO3
Sergeenkov, S.; Mucha, Jan ULg; Pekala, M. et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2007), 102(8),

Some possible connection between spin and charge degrees of freedom in magnetoresistive manganites is investigated through a thorough experimental study of the magnetic [alternating current susceptibility ... [more ▼]

Some possible connection between spin and charge degrees of freedom in magnetoresistive manganites is investigated through a thorough experimental study of the magnetic [alternating current susceptibility and direct current (dc) magnetization) and transport (resistivity and thermal conductivity) properties. Measurements are reported in the case of well characterized polycrystalline La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 samples. The experimental results suggest rather strong field-induced polarization effects in our material, clearly indicating the presence of ordered ferromagnetic regions inside the semiconducting phase. Using an analytical expression which fits the spontaneous dc magnetization, the temperature and magnetic field dependences of both electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity data are found to be well reproduced through a universal scenario based on two mechanisms: (i) a magnetization dependent spin polaron hopping influenced by a Zeeman splitting effect and (ii) properly defined thermally excited polaron states which have to be taken into account in order to correctly describe the behavior of the less conducting region. Using the experimentally found values of the magnetic and electron localization temperatures, we obtain L=0.5 nm and m(p) = 3.2 me for estimates of the localization length (size of the spin polaron) and effective polaron mass, respectively. (C) 2007 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of zirconia framework thickness on residual stress profile in veneering ceramic: Measurement by hole-drilling.
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Schajer, G. S.; Vanheusden, Alain ULg et al

in Dental Materials (2011)

OBJECTIVES: Framework design is reported to influence chipping in zirconia-based restorations, which is an important cause of failure of such restorations. Residual stress profile in the veneering ceramic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Framework design is reported to influence chipping in zirconia-based restorations, which is an important cause of failure of such restorations. Residual stress profile in the veneering ceramic after the manufacturing process is an important predictive factor of the mechanical behavior of the material. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of framework thickness on the stress profile measured in zirconia-based structures. METHODS: The stress profile was measured with the hole-drilling method in bilayered disc samples of 20mm diameter with a 1.5mm thick veneering ceramic layer. Six different framework thicknesses from 0.5mm to 3mm were studied. Two different cooling procedures were also investigated. RESULTS: Compressive stresses were observed in the surface, and tensile stresses in the depth of most of the samples. The slow cooling procedure was found to promote the development of interior tensile stresses, except for the sample with a 3mm thick framework. With the tempering procedure, samples with a 1.5mm thick framework exhibited the most favorable stress profile, while thicker and thinner frameworks exhibited respectively in surface or interior tensile stresses. Significance: The measurements performed highlight the importance of framework thickness, which determine the nature of stresses and can explain clinical failures encountered, especially with thin frameworks. The adequate ratio between veneering ceramic and zirconia is hard to define, restricting the range of indications of zirconia-based restorations until a better understanding of such a delicate veneering process is achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of zooplankton stoichiometry on nutrient sedimentation in a lake system
Darchambeau, François ULg; Thys, I.; Leporcq, B. et al

in Limnology & Oceanography (2005), 50(3), 905-913

We explored rates and stoichiometry (C: N: P ratios) of sinking particles in a temperate reservoir during a 2-yr period. Plankton was sampled weekly, and a sediment trap placed below the metalimnion ... [more ▼]

We explored rates and stoichiometry (C: N: P ratios) of sinking particles in a temperate reservoir during a 2-yr period. Plankton was sampled weekly, and a sediment trap placed below the metalimnion collected sinking particles. There were no significant relationships between the stoichiometry of entrapped material and seston or zooplankton stoichiometry. However the differences in the entrapped C: P and N: P ratios between consecutive trap samplings were negatively correlated with the time variations of the zooplankton C: P and N: P ratios. Zooplankton C: P and N: P ratios were positively correlated with the percentage of copepod biomass in total zooplankton biomass > 250 mu m and negatively correlated with the percentage of cladocerans. Zooplankton biomass > 250 mu m reduced the fraction of N and P primary production lost to sinking (export ratio). The residuals of the N export ratio versus zooplankton biomass relationship were negatively correlated with the zooplankton N: P ratio, whereas there was a positive relationship with the residuals of the P export ratio relationship. These observations support the hypothesis that the regulation of elemental homeostasis in the herbivorous zooplankton consumers occurs at least partly at the assimilation/egestion level. Elements ingested in excess-P for the herbivorous copepods and N for many cladocerans-are concentrated into sinking feces, whereas the deficient elements are captured into biomass. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence on fertility of Lianol Solapro incorporation in lactation diet
Wavreille, José; Planchon, Viviane; Renaville, Robert ULg et al

in 21 Inter. Pig Vet Society Congress (2010)

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See detailInfluence sur le tissu tendino(-musculaire) du mode de contraction en entraînement : modèle animal
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Julia, Marc; Hirt, Daniel; Croisier, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Tendon et jonction tendino-musculaire - De la biomécanique aux applications thérapeutiques (2011)

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See detailInfluence, information and item response theory in discrete data analysis
Magis, David ULg

Doctoral thesis (2007)

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See detailInfluences de l'environnement d'un parc éolien sur la prévision de sa production électrique à l'aide des modèles GFS (50km/3h) et WRF (2km/15min) : Le cas du parc éolien d'Amel (Haute-Belgique)
Doutreloup, Sébastien ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg

in Fazzini, Massimiliano; Beltrando, Gérard (Eds.) Actes du XXIVème Colloque International AIC : Climat Montagnard et Risques (2011, September 06)

The economic and climate contexts require to use more electricity from wind farms. However this kind of production is intermittent, therefore it is necessary to forecast this resource at least 1 day ahead ... [more ▼]

The economic and climate contexts require to use more electricity from wind farms. However this kind of production is intermittent, therefore it is necessary to forecast this resource at least 1 day ahead. Our laboratory has developed a forecasting model of wind-based electricity generation based on a global meteorological model (GFS) with a resolution of 50 km and 3 h. But this model has a resolution too coarse for a wind farm. So we have configured the regional model WRF with resolution of 2 km and 15 min to obtain better forecasts. Finally, the WRF model provides better forecasts, but both must be adjusted to take into account the direct environment of the wind farm. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluences de l'environnement sur la fonction endocrinienne
Charlier, Corinne ULg

Conference (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (4 ULg)