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See detailL'homme et l'entreprise
Debarge, jacques; Robert, Jocelyne ULg

Learning material (1986)

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See detailL’homme et le masque : cacher-montrer-traverser.
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (1998)

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See detailL'homme produit - L'alimentation
Blecker, Christophe ULg

in Haubruge, Eric; Bay, Daniel; Semal, Jean (Eds.) Scaphandre - La science rencontre l'art (2012)

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See detail"Un homme vaut deux femmes" : La domesticité au 18e siècle dans une perspective d’histoire du genre
Stevens, Xavier ULg

Scientific conference (2009, December 08)

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See detailHomme, environnement, climat: chronique d'une catastrophe annoncée?
Ozer, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2009)

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See detailUn homme, une vocation
Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Nuyt, Cécile

in Echosud (2004), 5

Quelles sont les raisons pour lesquelles un universitaire s'intéresse aux pays du Sud ?

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See detailHomme/femme, mode d’emploi. Existe-t-il des « antonymes de genre » ?
Steffens, Marie ULg

Conference (2011, March 09)

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See detailLes hommes de Lascaux. Civilisations paléolithiques en Europe
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg; Remacle, Laurence

Book published by Armand Colin (2009)

Au-delà des aspects techniques, souvent ardus, relatifs aux outils et aux armes, les ethnies paléolithiques se présentent comme de véritables et passionnantes traditions culturelles où se trouvent mêlés ... [more ▼]

Au-delà des aspects techniques, souvent ardus, relatifs aux outils et aux armes, les ethnies paléolithiques se présentent comme de véritables et passionnantes traditions culturelles où se trouvent mêlés les modes économiques, l'habitat, les règles sociales et l'art. Ces sociétés, dont les territoires varient au fil du temps, furent actives durant des dizaines de millénaires et soumises à des processus évolutifs profonds. Après la réhabilitation des sociétés traditionnelles actuelles, vient le moment où nous pouvons écrire, avec une grande précision, l'histoire des peuples aux sources des civilisations classiques européennes et de leurs systèmes de valeurs. Retracer l'histoire la plus ancienne renouvelle constamment notre émerveillement, sans limite dans l'espace ni dans le temps. La finesse adaptative dont témoignent les sociétés traditionnelles, les profondeurs de leurs mythologies, l'éblouissement de leurs arts plongent leurs origines dans les cultures qui se sont succédées et ont brillé l'une après l'autre par leurs performances, du couteau en silex aux fresques somptueuses de Lascaux. [less ▲]

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See detailHommes et dieux dans le formulaire métrique indo-iranien ancien
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Démons iraniens: Actes du colloque international organisé à l'Université de Liège les 5 et 6 février 2009 à l'occasion des 65 ans de Jean Kellens (2015)

No Indo-iranian formula was coordinating gods with demons, but another one, welle attested, was linking mortal men with gods. Initially, it was saying the solidarity between both groups, who were meeting ... [more ▼]

No Indo-iranian formula was coordinating gods with demons, but another one, welle attested, was linking mortal men with gods. Initially, it was saying the solidarity between both groups, who were meeting on the sacrificial ground. Its use in Rigvedic and Avestan texts shows divergent evolutions. In India, men and gods go away from each other. In Iran, the original coordination, whose negative meaning is appearing, is inserted ina an always wider demonic list, which is included in a sentence using another inherited formula, whose theme was the crossing of enmities. During the evolution process of this formula, men go with the ancient *daiva- to demonisation. [less ▲]

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See detailHommes et dieux dans le formulaire métrique indo-iranien ancien
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Swennen, Philippe (Ed.) Démons iraniens: Actes du colloque international organisé à l'Université de Liège les 5 et 6 février 2009 à l'occasion des 65 ans de Jean Kellens (in press)

Aucun matériel formulaire indo-iranien hérité ne lie *daiva- et *asura-. En revanche, des formules héritées lient *daiva- et *martya-. Leur examen reflète le durcissement des représentations dualistes au ... [more ▼]

Aucun matériel formulaire indo-iranien hérité ne lie *daiva- et *asura-. En revanche, des formules héritées lient *daiva- et *martya-. Leur examen reflète le durcissement des représentations dualistes au fur et à mesure de la production des textes avestiques. [less ▲]

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See detailHomo Faber: A Report (Homo faber. Ein Bericht) Max Frisch (1957)
Letawe, Céline ULg

in Sollars, Michael (Ed.) The Facts On File Companion to the World Novel, 1900 to the Present (2008)

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See detailHomo ludens en la Revolución. Una lectura de Nellie Campobello
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

Book published by Iberoamericana/Vervuert (2013)

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See detailHomobimetallic Ethylene− and Vinylidene−Ruthenium Complexes for ATRP
Borguet, Yannick ULg; Delaude, Lionel ULg; Demonceau, Albert ULg

in Matyjaszewski, Krysztof; Sumerlin, Brent S.; Tsarevsky, Nicolay V. (Eds.) Progress in Controlled Radical Polymerization: Mechanisms and Techniques (2012)

The catalytic activity of a series of homobimetallic ruthenium complexes of the type [(p-cymene)Ru(μ-Cl)3RuCl(L)(L′)] [L = C2H4 or a vinylidene ligand (=C=CHR); L′ = PPh3, PCy3, or an N-heterocyclic ... [more ▼]

The catalytic activity of a series of homobimetallic ruthenium complexes of the type [(p-cymene)Ru(μ-Cl)3RuCl(L)(L′)] [L = C2H4 or a vinylidene ligand (=C=CHR); L′ = PPh3, PCy3, or an N-heterocyclic carbene ligand] was determined by investigating the atom transfer radical polymerisation of methyl methacrylate. The results clearly demonstrate that the ligands strongly affect the ability of the ruthenium complexes to favour the occurrence of a well-behaved ATRP. [less ▲]

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See detailHomobimetallic Ruthenium Vinylidene, Allenylidene, and Indenylidene Complexes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Studies
Sauvage, Xavier ULg; Borguet, Yannick ULg; Zaragoza, Guillermo et al

in Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis (2009), 351(3), 441-455

Four homobimetallic ruthenium-(p-cymene) complexes bearing a tricyclohexylphosphine ligand and polyunsaturated carbon-rich fragments were obtained via a vinylidene-allenylidene-indenylidene cascade ... [more ▼]

Four homobimetallic ruthenium-(p-cymene) complexes bearing a tricyclohexylphosphine ligand and polyunsaturated carbon-rich fragments were obtained via a vinylidene-allenylidene-indenylidene cascade pathway from the ethylene complex [(p-cymene)Ru(mu-Cl)(3)RuCl(PCy3)(eta(2)-C2H4)] (7a). All the products were isolated and fully characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopies. The molecular structure of the indenylidene complex 11 was determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The catalytic activity of the four complexes was probed in various types of olefin metathesis reactions and compared with those of a related homobimetallic ruthenium-benzylidene complex, as well as first, second, and third generation monometallic Grubbs catalysts. In the ring-closing metathesis (RCM) of diethyl diallylmalonate, the homobimetallic ruthenium-indenylidene complex 11. outperformed all the ruthenium-benzylidene complexes under investigation and was only slightly less efficient than its monometallic parent. Cross-metathesis experiments with ethylene showed that deactivation of ruthenium-benzylidene or indenylidene complexes was due to the rapid bimolecular decomposition of methylidene active species into ethylene complex 7a. Vinylidene and allenylidene complexes were far less efficient catalyst precursors for ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) or RCM and remained inert under an ethylene atmosphere. Their catalytic activity was, however, substantially enhanced upon addition of an acidic co-catalyst that most likely promoted their in situ transformation into indenylidene species. Due to its straightforward synthesis and high metathetical activity, homobimetallic ruthenium-indenylidene complex 11 is a valuable intermediate for the preparation of the Hoveyda-Grubbs catalyst [Cl2Ru(PCy3)(=CH-o-O-i-PrC6H4)] via stoichiometric cross-metathesis with 2-isopropoxystyrene. ne procedure did not require any sacrificial phosphine and the transition metal not incorporated into the final product was easily recovered and recycled at the end of the process. [less ▲]

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See detailHomobimetallic Ruthenium-Arene Complexes Bearing Vinylidene Ligands Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Application in Olefin Metathesis
Borguet, Yannick ULg; Sauvage, Xavier ULg; Zaragoza, Guillermo et al

in Organometallics (2010), 29(24), 6675-6686

Five new arylvinylidene complexes with substituents ranging from electron donating to strongly withdrawing (p OMe p Me p Cl p CF3 and m (CF3)(2)) were isolated in high yields by reacting [(p cymene)Ru(mu ... [more ▼]

Five new arylvinylidene complexes with substituents ranging from electron donating to strongly withdrawing (p OMe p Me p Cl p CF3 and m (CF3)(2)) were isolated in high yields by reacting [(p cymene)Ru(mu Cl)(3)RuCl(eta(2) C2H4)(PCy3)] (3) with the corresponding phenylacetylene derivatives The known phenylvinylidene complex [(p cymene)Ru(mu Cl)(3)RuCl(=C=CHPh)(PCy3)] (5) was also obtained from [RuCl2(p cymene)](2) tricyclohexylphosphine and phenylacetylene under microwave irradiation The influence of the remote aryl substituents on structural features was investigated by IR NMR and XRD spectroscopes A very good linear relationship was observed between the chemical shift of the vinylidene alpha carbon atom and the Hammett sigma constants of the aryl group substituents The catalytic activity of the six homobimetallic complexes was probed in various types of olefin metathesis reactions Unsubstituted phenylvinylidene compound 5 served as a lead structure for these experiments Its reaction with norbornene afforded high molecular weight polymers with a broad polydispersity index and mostly trans double bonds Aluminum chloride was a suitable cocatalyst for the ring opening metathesis polymerization of cyclooctene and led to the formation of high molecular weight polyoctenamer with a rather narrow polydispersity index (M-w/M-n = 1 25) and an almost equimolar proportion of cis and trans double bonds No major changes were observed in the polymer yields and microstructures when complexes bearing donor groups on their aryl rings were employed as catalyst precursors On the other hand compounds bearing strongly electron withdrawing substituents were significantly less active Model vinylidene compound 5 and its ruthenium-ethylene parent (3) both required the addition of phenylacetylene to achieve the ring closing metathesis of diethyl 2 2 diallylmalonate Thus the role of this terminal alkyne cocatalyst goes beyond the facile replacement of the eta(2) alkene ligand with a vinylidene fragment [less ▲]

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See detailHomobimetallic ruthenium-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes for olefin metathesis
Sauvage, Xavier ULg; Demonceau, Albert ULg; Delaude, Lionel ULg

in Imamoglu, Yavuz; Dragutan, Valerian (Eds.) Metathesis Chemistry. From nanostructure design to synthesis of advanced materials (2007)

In this chapter, the synthesis and catalytic activity towards olefin metathesis of homobimetallic ruthenium (Ru)-alkylidene, -cyclodiene or -arene complexes bearing phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, the synthesis and catalytic activity towards olefin metathesis of homobimetallic ruthenium (Ru)-alkylidene, -cyclodiene or -arene complexes bearing phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the last category of bimetallic compds. Three representatives of this new type of mol. scaffold were investigated. Thus, [(p-cymene)Ru(m-Cl)3RuCl (h2-C2H4)(L)] complexes with L = PCy3 (15a), IMes (16a), or IMesCl2 (16b) were prepd. They served as catalyst precursors for cross-metathesis (CM) of various styrene derivs. These expts. revealed the outstanding aptitude of complex 16a (and to a lesser extent of 16b) to catalyze olefin metathesis reactions. Contrary to monometallic Ru-arene complexes of the [RuCl2(p-cymene)(L)] type, the new homobimetallic species did not require the addn. of a diazo compd. nor visible light illumination to initiate the ring-opening metathesis of norbornene or cyclo-octene. When di-Et 2,2-diallylmalonate and N,N-diallyltosylamide were exposed to 16a,b, a mixt. of cycloisomerization and ring-closing metathesis (RCM) products was obtained in a nonselective way. Addn. of phenylacetylene enhanced the metathetical activity while completely repressing the cycloisomerization process. [less ▲]

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See detailHomobimetallic ruthenium-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes: Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic applications
Sauvage, Xavier ULg; Borguet, Yannick ULg; Noels, Alfred ULg et al

in Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis (2007), 349(1-2), 255-265

Two new homobimetallic ruthenium-arene complexes [(p-cymene)Ru(mu-Cl)(3)RuCl(eta(2)-C2H4)(L)], where L=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene (3a) or 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5 ... [more ▼]

Two new homobimetallic ruthenium-arene complexes [(p-cymene)Ru(mu-Cl)(3)RuCl(eta(2)-C2H4)(L)], where L=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene (3a) or 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dichloroimidazolin-2-ylidene (3b), were isolated in high yields upon heating a toluene solution of [RuCl2 (p-cymene)](2) with 1 equivalent of carbene ligand under an ethylene atmosphere. They were characterized by NMR and TGA. Their catalytic activity was investigated in the atom transfer radical polymerization of vinyl monomers. In the polymerization of methyl methacrylate, complex 3a displayed faster reaction rates than 3b and the related phosphine-based complex 2a (L=tricyclohexylphosphine), although control was more effective with the latter catalyst. When n-butyl acrylate or styrene served as monomer, a major shift of reactivity was observed between complex 2a that promoted controlled radical polymerization, and complexes 3a or 3b that favored metathetical coupling. Further homocoupling experiments with various styrene derivatives confirmed the outstanding aptitude of complex 3a (and to a lesser extent of 3b) to catalyze olefin metathesis reactions. Contrary to monometallic ruthenium-arene complexes of the [RuCl2(p-cymene)(L)] type, the new homobimetallic species did not require the addition of a diazo compound or visible light illumination to initiate the ring-opening metathesis of norbornene or cyclooctene. When alpha,omega-dienes were exposed to 3a or 3b, a mixture of cycloisomerization and ring-closing metathesis products was obtained in a non-selective way. Addition of a terminal alkyne co-catalyst enhanced the metathetical activity while completely repressing the cycloisomerization process. Thus, quantitative conversions of diethyl 2,2-diallylmalonate and N,N-diallyltosylamide were achieved within 2 h at room temperature using 2 mol % of catalyst precursor 3 a and 6 mol % of phenylacetylene. [less ▲]

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See detailHomochiral, Helical Supramolecular Metal-Organic Frameworks Organized by Strong π···π Stacking Interactions: Single-Crystal to Single-Crystal Transformations in Closely Packed Solids
Reger, Daniel L; Horger, Jacob J; Smith, Mark D et al

in Inorganic Chemistry (2011), 50

Enantiopure, trifunctional carboxylate ligands synthesized by linking the strong π3 3 3 π stacking 1,8-naphthalimide supramolecular synthon to three naturally occurring amino acids using the azide/alkyne ... [more ▼]

Enantiopure, trifunctional carboxylate ligands synthesized by linking the strong π3 3 3 π stacking 1,8-naphthalimide supramolecular synthon to three naturally occurring amino acids using the azide/alkyne click reaction have been prepared [amino acid = glycine (Lgly -), alanine (Lala -), and serine (Lser -)]. These ligands have been used to form complexes of the formula [M(Lamino acid)2(4,40-bipy)(H2O)2] 3 xH2O (M = Fe, Co,Ni, Cu, Zn; x = 4.25-5.52) when mixed with an appropriate metal salt and 4,40-bipyridine by layeringmethods. These complexes are isostructural, with the centralmetal atomcoordinated to two κ1-carboxylate ligands, two water molecules, and one end each of two 4,40-bipyridine ligands in a distorted octahedral environment. Each ligand is oriented in a trans arrangement. These complexes all have homochiral, helical, supramolecular, three-dimensional metal-organic framework structures, with the helical organization of the individual metallic units held together solely by strong, noncovalent π3 3 3 π stacking interactions of the naphthalimide; the other two dimensions are organized mainly by the bipyridine ligands. The helices are extremely large; one turn of the helix travels ∼60 and has a diameter of ca. 40 . For the achiral ligand Lgly -, the nickel complex forms two types of homochiral crystals in the same tube, a clear example of spontaneous resolution. Despite the large size of the individual helices, they are tightly interconnected and nestled closely together. Part of the interconnection comes from the interstitial watermolecules held inside the framework of the complexes in isolated pockets by hydrogen-bonding interactions. For both [Cu(Lala)2(4,40-bipy)(H2O)2] 3 4.25H2O and [Co(Lser)2(4,40-bipy)(H2O)2] 3 4.68H2O, the interstitial water molecules can be removed by placing the crystals under a vacuum for several hours, a process that can be reversed by exposure to atmospheric moisture. This removal/reintroduction of the interstitial water molecules takes place with no loss of crystallinity, representing dramatic examples of single-crystal to single-crystal transformations. The structures undergo little change other than the pockets holding the interstitial water molecules in the hydrated complexes become void spaces in the dehydrated complexes. The removal/reintroduction of the watermolecules in these closely packed solids is facilitated by the “soft”π3 3 3 πstacking interactions organizing one dimension of the structures. The observed magnetic and M€o ssbauer spectral properties are typical of isolated, magnetically dilute, paramagnetic pseudooctahedral divalent transition-metal complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailHomocysteine et risque cardio-vasculaire
Lutteri, Laurence ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Gielen, Jean-Louis ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(6), 541-7

Homocystinuria is an uncommon genetic disease characterized by a marked increase of serum homocysteine (HCY), an intermediate of methionine metabolism. In patients with homocystinuria ... [more ▼]

Homocystinuria is an uncommon genetic disease characterized by a marked increase of serum homocysteine (HCY), an intermediate of methionine metabolism. In patients with homocystinuria, hyperhomocysteinemia promotes the development of atherosclerotic lesions and is responsible for premature coronary artery disease. Recently, several studies have also demonstrated that moderate hyperhomocysteinemia--not necessarily linked to an inborn metabolic defect--may also be considered as an independant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The main mechanisms of HCY atherogenic action are thought to be LDL oxydation, inhibition of vascular endothelium growth combined with stimulation of smooth muscular cells proliferation, and interference with the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. Cofactors of key enzymes in HCY metabolism, folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6, may be given, alone or in combination, for the treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia. Homocysteinemia can be assessed by basal plasma HCY concentration and/or by HCY levels measured after a methionine loading test. Mainly measured till now in specialized laboratories using rather complex techniques (HPLC, GCMS, amino acid analyser ...), HCY determination is today spreading widely owing to the development of automated immunoassays. [less ▲]

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See detailHomogénéiser les acquis de stage. Expérience en logopédie.
Maillart, Christelle ULg

Learning material (2013)

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