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See detailIn vivo effects of anti-IL-4 monoclonal antibody on neonatal induction of tolerance and on an associated-autoimmune syndrome
Schurmans, Stéphane ULg; Heusser, C.; Qin, H. et al

in Journal of Immunology (1990), 145

he role of IL-4 in the cellular interactions leading to the induction of CTL tolerance to H-2b alloantigens and to the development of a lupus-like autoimmune disease in BALB/c mice after neonatal ... [more ▼]

he role of IL-4 in the cellular interactions leading to the induction of CTL tolerance to H-2b alloantigens and to the development of a lupus-like autoimmune disease in BALB/c mice after neonatal injection with (C57BL/6 x BALB/c)F1 cells was investigated in vivo by using an anti-IL-4 mAb. Treatment of F1 cell-injected BALB/c mice with 15 mg of anti-IL-4 mAb was shown to interfere with tolerance induction, as assessed by the high percentages of H-2b target cell lysis and the very low or undetectable levels of B cell chimerism markers observed in these mice. Treatment with 4.5 mg of anti-IL-4 mAb interfered with tolerance induction only in one-third of F1 cell-injected BALB/c mice, but that dose induces specific modulations of the autoimmune manifestations in all mice, leading to the nearly complete prevention of the disease. In particular, the production of anti-ssDNA IgG1 and of total IgG1 and IgE antibodies was seriously affected by the treatment, as well as the proliferation and membrane Ia and K expression of F1 donor splenic cells and thymic APC. Treatment of F1 cell-injected BALB/c mice between 24 and 48 h of life with 0.5 mg of anti-IL-4 mAb did not interfere with tolerance induction, but had similar effects on the autoimmune syndrome as treatment with 4.5 mg. These results suggest that, after F1 cell injection of newborn mice, IL-4 plays an important role in the cellular interactions leading to the induction of tolerance to the corresponding alloantigens and to the development of the associated autoimmune syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo emergence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli variants lacking genes for K99 fimbriae and heat-stable enterotoxin.
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Sadowski, P.L.; Tarsio, M. et al

in Infection and Immunity (1987), 55

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See detailIn vivo et in vitro effect of new glibenclamide isosteres
Lebrun, P.; Ouedraogo, R.; Nguyen, Q. A. et al

Poster (1999, July)

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See detailIn vivo et in vitro effect of new glibenclamide isosteres
Lebrun, P.; Ouedraogo, R.; Nguyen, Q.-A. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (1999), 13, Suppl. 1

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See detailIn vivo et in vitro effect of new glibenclamide isosteres
Lebrun, P.; Ouedraogo, R.; Nguyen, Q. A. et al

Poster (1999, July)

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See detailIn vivo evaluation of the skin tensile strength by the suction method: pilot study coping with hysteresis and creep extension.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in ISRN dermatology (2013), 2013

From an engineering standpoint, both the skin and subcutaneous tissue act as interconnected load-transmitting structures. They are subject to a variety of intrinsic and environmental influences. Changes ... [more ▼]

From an engineering standpoint, both the skin and subcutaneous tissue act as interconnected load-transmitting structures. They are subject to a variety of intrinsic and environmental influences. Changes in the cutaneous viscoelasticity represent an important aspect in a series of skin conditions. The aim of this work was to explore the methodology of biomechanical measurements in order to better appreciate the evolution and severity of some connective tissue diseases. The Cutometer MPA 580 (C+K electronic) was used in the steep and progressive suction procedures. Adapting measurement modalities was explored in order to mitigate any variability in data collection. The repeat steep suction procedure conveniently reveals the creep phenomenon. By contrast, the progressive suction procedure highlights the hysteresis phenomenon. These viscoelastic characteristics are presently described using the 2 and 4 mm probes on normal skin and in scleroderma, acromegaly, corticosteroid-induced dermatoporosis, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. The apposition of an additional outer contention on the skin altered differently the manifestations of the creep extension and hysteresis among the tested skin conditions. Any change in the mechanical test procedure affects the data. In clinical and experimental settings, it is mandatory to adhere to a strict and controlled protocol. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo evidence for ligand-specific receptor activation in the central CRF system, as measured by local cerebral glucose utilization.
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Moechars, Dieder; Langlois, Xavier et al

in Peptides (2009), 30(5), 947-54

Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is well known for its role in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and its involvement in stress and anxiety. CRF acts via two main receptor subtypes ... [more ▼]

Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is well known for its role in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and its involvement in stress and anxiety. CRF acts via two main receptor subtypes, CRF(1) and CRF(2). Other endogenous CRF-related peptide ligands are the Urocortins 1 and 2 and Stresscopin. While CRF is thought to mediate its anxiogenic-like properties through CRF(1), the role of CRF(2) and its endogenous ligands Urocortin 2 and Stresscopin are less clear, with a suggested role in mediating the delayed effects of stress. Measurement of local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) provides an estimate of neuronal activity, and is of potential use as a translational tool in comparison to FDG PET. We hypothesized that comparison of the patterns of metabolic changes induced by CRF-related peptides could provide further information on their role in the brain. The present studies examined the effects of CRF-related peptides on LCGU, and the role of CRF(1) and CRF(2) in the CRF-induced LCGU response. CRF induced increases in LCGU in hypothalamic, thalamic, cerebellar and hippocampal regions, and further studies using antagonists or mutant mice lacking a functional CRF(1) receptor clearly suggested a role for CRF(2) in this effect. Urocortin 1 increased LCGU in a dissected hindbrain region. However, central administration of the CRF(2)-selective agonists Urocortin 2 and Stresscopin failed to affect LCGU, which may suggest ligand-dependent receptor activation within the CRF system. The present data supports a role for CRF(2) in the regulation of neuronal glucose metabolism. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo evidence that the stromelysin-3 metalloproteinase contributes in a paracrine manner to epithelial cell malignancy
Masson, R.; Lefebvre, O.; Noël, Agnès ULg et al

in Journal of Cell Biology (1998), 140

Stromelysin-3 (ST3; Basset, P., J.P. Bellocq, C. Wolf, I. Stoll, P. Hutin, J.M. Limacher, O.L. Podhajcer, M.P. Chenard, M.C. Rio, P. Chambon. 1990. Nature. 348:699–704) is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP ... [more ▼]

Stromelysin-3 (ST3; Basset, P., J.P. Bellocq, C. Wolf, I. Stoll, P. Hutin, J.M. Limacher, O.L. Podhajcer, M.P. Chenard, M.C. Rio, P. Chambon. 1990. Nature. 348:699–704) is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expressed in mesenchymal cells located close to epithelial cells, during physiological and pathological tissue remodeling processes. In human carcinomas, high ST3 levels are associated with a poor clinical outcome, suggesting that ST3 plays a role during malignant processes. In this study we report the ST3 gene inactivation by homologous recombination. Although ST3 null mice (ST3−/−) were fertile and did not exhibit obvious alterations in appearance and behavior, the lack of ST3 altered malignant processes. Thus, the suppression of ST3 results in a decreased 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene-induced tumorigenesis in ST3−/− mice. Moreover, ST3−/− fibroblasts have lost the capacity to promote implantation of MCF7 human malignant epithelial cells in nude mice (P < 0.008). Finally, we show that this ST3 paracrine function requires extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated growth factors. Altogether, these findings give evidence that ST3 promotes, in a paracrine manner, homing of malignant epithelial cells, a key process for both primary tumors and metastases. Therefore, ST3 represents an appropriate target for specific MMP inhibitor(s) in future therapeutical approaches directed against the stromal compartment of human carcinomas. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo expression analysis of Microsporum canis secreted subtilisin-like serine proteases in feline dermatophytosis
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Descamps, F.; Brouta, F. et al

in Veterinary Dermatology (2004), 15(suppl 1), 17-18

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See detailIn vivo expression of a Microsporum canis 43.5 kDa metalloprotease in infected guinea pigs
Brouta, F.; Descamps, F.; Monod, M. et al

Poster (2002)

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See detailIn Vivo Expression of Interleukin-1 Beta (Il-1 Beta), Il-2, Il-4, Il-6, Tumour Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interferon-Gamma in the Fetal Murine Thymus
Deman, J.; Van Meurs, M.; Claassen, E. et al

in Immunology (1996), 89(1), 152-7

Cytokines are known to play a role in T-cell lymphopoiesis as potent growth or differentiation factors, but many experiments focusing on their role in the thymus have been conducted only in vitro. We have ... [more ▼]

Cytokines are known to play a role in T-cell lymphopoiesis as potent growth or differentiation factors, but many experiments focusing on their role in the thymus have been conducted only in vitro. We have thus used frozen sections obtained from fetal thymuses of normal C57BL 6 mice to investigate by immunohistochemistry the presence of interleukin-1 beta (I4-1 beta), IL-2. IL-4. IL-6. interferon-7 (IFN-7) and tumour necrosis facor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The results reveal that apart from IL-2, which was not detected, all these cytokines display a time-dependent expression pattern in the normal fetal thymus. First, production of IL-4, IL-6 and TNF-alpha is detected around days 13 14; this is followed by a second wave on days 16 17, with a production of IL-1 beta, IL-4 and IL-6, and finally, just before birth (day 19), by a third wave of IL-1 beta, IL-4, IL-6, IFN-7 and TNF-alpha production. This supports the hypothesis that cytokines play a rote in T-cell lymphopoiesis. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vivo Free Radical Production after Cross-Clamping and Reperfusion of the Renal Artery in the Rabbit
DEFRAIGNE, Jean ULg; PINCEMAIL, Joël ULg; FRANSSEN, Colette ULg et al

in Cardiovascular Surgery (1993), 1(4), 343-9

Postischaemic reperfusion injury is often attributed to the generation of oxygenated free radicals which may subsequently promote lipid peroxidation in cell membranes. Electron paramagnetic resonance ... [more ▼]

Postischaemic reperfusion injury is often attributed to the generation of oxygenated free radicals which may subsequently promote lipid peroxidation in cell membranes. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in association with the spin trap molecule alpha-phenyl-N-tert-butyl-nitrone allowed direct confirmation of lipid free radical production after renal ischaemia-reperfusion in an in vivo rabbit model. A 60-min period of ischaemia followed by reperfusion caused free radical production twofold greater than after 15 min of ischaemia. Glutathione and alpha-tocopherol have been measured in renal tissue, as indirect markers of lipid peroxidation. After 15 min of ischaemia followed by 10 min of reperfusion, the mean(s.e.m.) glutathione content of the ischaemic kidney was slightly but significantly reduced by 11.9(2.5)% (P < 0.003). The content of alpha-tocopherol was unchanged. However, 10 min of reperfusion following 60 min of ischaemia led to significant decrease in mean(s.e.m.) content of both glutathione (30.4(3.7)%) (2.23(0.2) versus 3.14(0.18) mumol/g wet tissue, P < 0.001) and alpha-tocopherol (46.1(7.8)%) (0.57(0.10) versus 1.09(0.14) micrograms/g wet tissue, P < 0.001) when compared to the control kidney. Under these experimental conditions, desferrioxamine (15 mg/kg administered intravenously before inducing ischaemia), a drug known to limit free radical production, significantly limited the decrease of alpha-tocopherol to 20.8(6.4)% (0.83(0.08) versus 1.05(0.04) micrograms/g wet tissue, P < 0.05), but did not prevent glutathione consumption in the reperfused kidney. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo imaging of murid herpesvirus-4 infection.
Milho, Ricardo; Smith, Christopher M; Marques, Sofia et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (2009), 90(Pt 1), 21-32

Luciferase-based imaging allows a global view of microbial pathogenesis. We applied this technique to gammaherpesvirus infection by inserting a luciferase expression cassette into the genome of murine ... [more ▼]

Luciferase-based imaging allows a global view of microbial pathogenesis. We applied this technique to gammaherpesvirus infection by inserting a luciferase expression cassette into the genome of murine herpesvirus-4 (MuHV-4). The recombinant virus strongly expressed luciferase in lytically infected cells without significant attenuation. We used it to compare different routes of virus inoculation. After intranasal infection of anaesthetized mice, luciferase was expressed in the nose and lungs for 7-10 days and in lymphoid tissue, most consistently the superficial cervical lymph nodes, for up to 30 days. Gastrointestinal infection was not observed. Intraperitoneal infection was very different to intranasal, with strong luciferase expression in the liver, kidneys, intestines, reproductive tract and spleen, but none in the nose or lungs. The nose has not previously been identified as a site of MuHV-4 infection. After intranasal infection of non-anaesthetized mice, it was the only site of non-lymphoid luciferase expression. Nevertheless, lymphoid colonization and persistence were still established, even at low inoculation doses. In contrast, virus delivered orally was very poorly infectious. Inoculation route therefore had a major impact on pathogenesis. Low dose intranasal infection without anaesthesia seems most likely to mimic natural transmission, and may therefore be particularly informative about normal viral gene functions. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vivo Immunology: Regulatory Processes during Lymphopoiesis and Immunopoiesis
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg; Boniver, Jacques ULg et al

Book published by Plenum Press (1994)

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See detailIn vivo importance of heparan sulfate-binding glycoproteins for murid herpesvirus-4 infection.
Gillet, Laurent ULg; May, Janet S; Stevenson, Philip G

in Journal of General Virology (The) (2009), 90(Pt 3), 602-13

Many herpesviruses bind to heparan sulfate (HS). Murid herpesvirus-4 (MuHV-4) does so via its envelope glycoproteins gp70 and gH/gL. MuHV-4 gp150 further regulates an HS-independent interaction to make ... [more ▼]

Many herpesviruses bind to heparan sulfate (HS). Murid herpesvirus-4 (MuHV-4) does so via its envelope glycoproteins gp70 and gH/gL. MuHV-4 gp150 further regulates an HS-independent interaction to make that HS-dependent too. Cell binding by MuHV-4 virions is consequently strongly HS-dependent. Gp70 and gH/gL show some in vitro redundancy: an antibody-mediated blockade of HS binding by one is well tolerated, whereas a blockade of both severely impairs infection. In order to understand the importance of HS binding for MuHV-4 in vivo, we generated mutants lacking both gL and gp70. As expected, gL(-)gp70(-) MuHV-4 showed very poor cell binding. It infected mice at high dose but not at low dose, indicating defective host entry. But once entry occurred, host colonization, which for MuHV-4 is relatively independent of the infection dose, was remarkably normal. The gL(-)gp70(-) entry deficit was much greater than that of gL(-) or gp70(-) single knockouts. And gp150 disruption, which allows HS-independent cell binding, largely rescued the gL(-)gp70(-) cell binding and host entry deficits. Thus, it appeared that MuHV-4 HS binding is important in vivo, principally for efficient host entry. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo infection of sheep by bovine leukemia virus mutants.
Willems, Luc ULg; Kettmann, Richard ULg; Dequiedt, Franck ULg et al

in Journal of virology (1993), 67(7),

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See detailIn Vivo Long-Term Precision of Spinal Bone Mass Measurement by Dual Photon Absorptiometry
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Geusens, P.; Nijs, J. et al

in Bone and Mineral (1989), 6(2), 225-9

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See detailIn vivo m-RNA expression analysis of Microsporum canis secreted subtilisin-like serine proteases in feline dermatophytosis
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Vermout, Sandy; Brouta, F. et al

in Advances in Veterinary Dermatology (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (6 ULg)