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See detailImproving Teaching: A Need for Combined Strategies
Poumay, Marianne ULg

Scientific conference (2009, October 30)

The presentation will illustrate the efforts of the University of Liège in that new international trend: valorizing good teaching through : • portfolios, • training the teachers (certificates and degree ... [more ▼]

The presentation will illustrate the efforts of the University of Liège in that new international trend: valorizing good teaching through : • portfolios, • training the teachers (certificates and degree granting), • helping faculty implement pedagogical innovations, • deploying a web portal with multiple tools serving autonomous improvement, notably in eLearning. Could some of those tools be shared, in a Charter perspective? [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the Accuracy of Monitoring Great Apes in the Wild: A Case Study from Southeast Cameroon
Tagg, Nikki; Willie, Jacob; Petre, Charles-Albert ULg

in Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)
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See detailImproving the action of insulin.
Lefebvre, Pierre ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Clinical & Investigative Medicine = Médecine Clinique et Experimentale (1995), 18(4), 340-7

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in diabetes management. Insulin sensitivity can be improved by reduction of excessive body weight, regular physical activity and, possibly, by ... [more ▼]

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in diabetes management. Insulin sensitivity can be improved by reduction of excessive body weight, regular physical activity and, possibly, by correcting a subclinical magnesium deficiency. Pharmacological means of improving insulin action include metformin, antiobesity serotoninergic agents and, possibly, benfluorex. New compounds aiming at improving the action of insulin are in development and include thiazolidinedione derivatives (known as "insulin sensitizers"), inhibitors of adipose tissue lipolysis (e.g. acipimox), and inhibitors of free fatty acid oxidation (e.g. etomoxir). Avoidance of drugs that reduce insulin sensitivity, such as beta blockers and thiazide diuretics, is recommended. Finally, cigarette smoking is associated with resistance to insulin but it remains to be demonstrated that cessation of cigarette smoking does in fact increase sensitivity to insulin. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the alkalophilic performances of the Xyl1 xylanase from Streptomyces sp S38: Structural comparison and mutational analysis
De Lemos Esteves, Frédéric ULg; Gouders, T.; Lamotte-Brasseur, J. et al

in Protein Science : A Publication of the Protein Society (2005), 14(2), 292-302

Endo-beta-1,4-xylanases of the family 11 glycosyl-hydrolases are catalytically active over a wide range of pH. Xyl1 from Streptomyces sp. S38 belongs to this family, and its optimum pH for enzymatic ... [more ▼]

Endo-beta-1,4-xylanases of the family 11 glycosyl-hydrolases are catalytically active over a wide range of pH. Xyl1 from Streptomyces sp. S38 belongs to this family, and its optimum pH for enzymatic activity is 6. Xyn11 from Bacillus agaradhaerens and XylJ from Bacillus sp. 41M-1 share 85% sequence identity and have been described as highly alkalophilic enzymes. In an attempt to better understand the alkalophilic adaptation of xylanases, the three-dimensional structures of Xyn11 and Xyl1 were compared. This comparison highlighted an increased number of salt-bridges and the presence of more charged residues in the catalytic cleft as well as an eight-residue-longer loop in the alkalophilic xylanase Xyn11. Some of these charges were introduced in the structure of Xyl1 by site-directed mutagenesis with substitutions Y16D, S18E, G50R, N92D, A135Q, E139K, and Y186E. Furthermore, the eight additional loop residues of Xyn11 were introduced in the homologous loop of Xyl1. In addition, the coding sequence of the XylJ catalytic domain was synthesized by recursive PCR, expressed in a Streptomyces host, purified, and characterized together with the Xyl1 mutants. The Y186E substitution inactivated Xyl1, but the activity was restored when this mutation was combined with the G50R or S18E substitutions. Interestingly, the E139K mutation raised the optimum pH of Xyl1 from 6 to 7.5 but had no effect when combined with the N92D substitution. Modeling studies identified the possible formation of an interaction between the introduced lysine and the substrate, which could be eliminated by the formation of a putative salt-bridge in the N92D/E139K mutant. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the bias/variance tradeoff of decision trees - towards soft tree induction
Geurts, Pierre ULg; Olaru, Cristina; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Engineering intelligent systems (2001), 9

One of the main difficulties with standard top down induction of decision trees comes from the high variance of these methods. High variance means that, for a given problem and sample size, the resulting ... [more ▼]

One of the main difficulties with standard top down induction of decision trees comes from the high variance of these methods. High variance means that, for a given problem and sample size, the resulting tree is strongly dependent on the random nature of the particular sample used for training. Consequently, these algorithms tend to be suboptimal in terms of accuracy and interpretability. This paper analyses this problem in depth and proposes a new method, relying on threshold softening, able to significantly improve the bias/variance tradeoff of decision trees. The algorithm is validated on a number of benchmark problems and its relationship with fuzzy decision tree induction is discussed. This sheds some light on the success of fuzzy decision tree induction and improves our understanding of machine learning, in general. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the catabolic functions in desiccation-tolerant soil bacteria in view of their use in bioaugmentation.
Weekers, F.; Jacques, Ph.; Springael, D. et al

Poster (1998, May 08)

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See detailImproving the catabolic functions in dessication-tolerant soil bacteria in view of their use in bioaugmentation
Weekers, F.; Jacques, Ph.; Springael, D. et al

Poster (1998, May)

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See detailImproving The Catabolic Functions Of Desiccation-Tolerant Soil Bacteria
Weekers, F.; Jacques, P.; Springael, D. et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (1999), 77-9

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See detailImproving the Energy Efficiency of the Building Stock: A Bottom-up Model and its Application in an Online Interactive Portal
Cuvellier, Simon; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings of PLEA 2014 (2014)

There is an urgent need to reduce energy uses in new and retrofitted buildings. In Europe, energy consumption in the building sector still represents more than 40% of the final energy use. Emerging ... [more ▼]

There is an urgent need to reduce energy uses in new and retrofitted buildings. In Europe, energy consumption in the building sector still represents more than 40% of the final energy use. Emerging countries are also concerned by such issues at even wider levels because of the huge demographic growth they are witnessing. Numerous research studies have highlighted the need to produce more efficient buildings, but also to retrofit the existing building stock. However, research methods and tools that allow a precise quantification of energy uses in buildings and energy savings related to various actions (insulating the roofs, changing the glazing, behavioral changes, etc.) are mainly dedicated to trained professional users, thus neglecting the huge potential energy savings that is linked to individual actions undertaken by citizens in their dwellings. In this context, the main aim of our research is to raise awareness of energy efficiency in residential buildings and encourage positive changes to the energy efficiency of the building stock, starting at the individual scale. This paper first presents the methodology that allows a precise energy assessment (heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, appliances and cooking) of buildings (at the house, neighborhood, city and region scales) on the basis of a “bottom-up” approach. This methodology uses a typological classification of buildings, thermal simulations and local surveys. In this paper, this methodology is applied to the Walloon (Belgium) building stock. Many parameters are defined and taken into account to capture the specificities of numerous types of buildings (e.g., the number of floors, common ownership, orientation, thermal performances, ventilation, etc.). Several occupation modes are modelled to capture the impact of occupants’ behavior on energy consumption. To take into account the impact of urban form, correction factors are defined and applied according to the type of neighborhoods in which the buildings are located. All things considered, 250,000 individual results are obtained and stored in a huge database. Linear extrapolations and correction factors are used to extrapolate and apply these results to any type of residential building in Wallonia. This methodology is then used to develop an online portal that aims to strengthen citizens’ awareness of the necessity for ecological changes in the building sector and encourage individual actions to improve the energy efficiency of buildings. This tool allows for a transfer of the main results of a two-year scientific research effort to citizens in a very simple and intuitive way. Although the results presented in this paper are focused on Wallonia (Belgium), the research is easily reproducible to other territories by adapting local parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the grinding performance in ball mills with a conductive and inductive sensor
Köttgen, Axel ULg; de Haas, Bernard; Keshav, Pratish et al

Poster (2010)

A series of tests were conducted in a South African concentrator on the secondary grinding mill. The results were analysed and provided showed the importance of selecting an optimum density and filling ... [more ▼]

A series of tests were conducted in a South African concentrator on the secondary grinding mill. The results were analysed and provided showed the importance of selecting an optimum density and filling degree of the mill. Moreover, a Sensomag (r) is installed on this mill and the surveys showed that an increase of the density was improving the mixing of balls in the pulp and increasing the grinding performance. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the performance of low-gain designs for bounded control of linear systems
Grognard, F.; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; Bastin, G.

in Automatica (2002), 38(11), 1777-1782

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See detailImproving the power of out of control states detection in multivariate processes using variable sampling intervals policy
Seif, A.; Faraz, Alireza ULg; Torabian, M.

in Journal of Applied Mathematics (2009), 23

The familiar multivariate process monitoring and control procedure is the Hotelling’s T2 control chart, a direct analog of the univariate shewhart chart. But, its efficiency for detecting small to ... [more ▼]

The familiar multivariate process monitoring and control procedure is the Hotelling’s T2 control chart, a direct analog of the univariate shewhart chart. But, its efficiency for detecting small to moderate shifts in the process mean is poor. To improve the power of chart, this paper presents the variable sampling intervals (VSI) scheme. It is assumed that the length of time the process remains in control has exponential distribution. The chart is modeled using Markov chains and is optimized using genetic algorithm optimization method. The results show that the T2 chart with variable ratio sampling scheme is quicker than the classical one in detecting almost all shifts in the process mean [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the seismic robustness of reinforced concrete frames by using locally hybrid steel-concrete columns
Degée, Hervé ULg; Plumier, André ULg

in Proceedings of the STESSA 2009 Conference (2009)

The proposed concept consists in placing a steel profile with limited size inside the reinforced concrete column of the first level of the building. This profile is not considered for the design and is ... [more ▼]

The proposed concept consists in placing a steel profile with limited size inside the reinforced concrete column of the first level of the building. This profile is not considered for the design and is essen-tially assumed to act as a safety belt activated only in case of deficiencies of the concrete under earthquake action, providing thus the requested robustness and limiting the risk of soft-storey mechanisms even in the most unfavorable conditions. Theoretical, experimental and numerical investigations summarized in the pre-sent contribution are aiming at demonstrating the efficiency of the concept. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (4 ULg)
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See detailImproving the statement of the corrective security-constrained optimal power flow problem
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2007), 22(2), 887-889

This letter proposes a formulation of the corrective security-constrained optimal power-flow problem imposing, in addition to the classical post-contingency constraints, existence and viability ... [more ▼]

This letter proposes a formulation of the corrective security-constrained optimal power-flow problem imposing, in addition to the classical post-contingency constraints, existence and viability constraints on the short-term equilibrium reached just after contingency. The rationale for doing so is discussed and supported by two examples. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving training in problem solving skills : Analysis of anesthesists' performance in simulated problem situations
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg; De Keyser, Véronique ULg

in Travail Humain (Le) (1998), 61(4), 387-401

Using a full scale anesthesia simulator, we compare and analyze the responses of anesthesia trainees (second and third year trainees and fourth and fifth year trainees) to 4 simulated problem situations ... [more ▼]

Using a full scale anesthesia simulator, we compare and analyze the responses of anesthesia trainees (second and third year trainees and fourth and fifth year trainees) to 4 simulated problem situations that are very close to a real-world situation in order to establish relationship between these analyses and the contents of medical training cursus. Data were collected from systematic observations and videotaping of simulation sessions and self-confrontation. Several quantitative and qualitative variables were used to compare the performance of subjects: accuracy and speed of diagnosis, type of behaviors, identification and selectivity of diagnostic indices, hypotheses generated, type of reasoning. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (5 ULg)