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See detailIndigenous cucurbits of Côte d'Ivoire : a review of their genetic resources
Zoro Bi, I.; Koffi, K. K.; Dje, Y. et al

in Science et Nature (2006), 3(1), 1-9

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See detailIndigenous Muscovy ducks in Congo-Brazzaville. 1. A survey of indigenous Muscovy duck management in households in Dolisie City
Banga-Mboko, H.; Maes, D.; Leroy, Pascal ULg

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (2007), 39(2), 115-122

A cross-sectional study by means of a questionnaire with open-ended questions and multiple-choice questions was used to collect data on the profile of duck keepers, husbandry practices, and performances ... [more ▼]

A cross-sectional study by means of a questionnaire with open-ended questions and multiple-choice questions was used to collect data on the profile of duck keepers, husbandry practices, and performances, opportunities and constraints of Muscovy duck breeding in households (n = 88) in Dolisie city (Congo-Brazzaville). The study confirmed the common observations on traditional poultry keeping such as scavenging during the day and housing overnight. The flock size (7.7 ± 3 ducks per unit) showed no specialization of husbandry (100% of surveyed flocks were kept for simultaneous production of ducklings, meat and eggs) and a high drake-to-duck ratio (1:3). The hatchability was close to 80.5% ± 13%, whereas the average number of eggs was 13.2 ± 5 per clutch. In addition, a high mortality (80%) was observed in ducklings, which was due to poor feeding, lack of veterinary care and housing conditions. Eggs and live ducks were sold by duck farmers in response to the family needs rather than market price. The three most important findings were as follows: (1) duck keepers were mainly men (80% versus 20% of women); (2) there was no evidence of taboo; and (3) the duck as an exotic bird was not proscribed by cultural beliefs, and therefore development of the Muscovy duck in Congo Brazzaville should be unhindered. [less ▲]

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See detailIndigenous Muscovy ducks in Congo-Brazzaville. 2. Preliminary observations on indigenous Muscovy ducks reared under moderate inputs in Congolese conditions
Banga-Mboko, H.; Lelou, B.; Leroy, Pascal ULg et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (2007), 39(2), 123-129

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See detailIndirect comparison of bazedoxifene vs oral bisphosphonates for the prevention of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporotic women.
Ellis, Alexandra G.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Luo, Xuemei et al

in Current medical research and opinion (2014), 30(8), 1617-1626

Abstract Objective: Compare the efficacy of bazedoxifene with oral bisphosphonates for reduction of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal osteoporotic (PMO) women and in higher-risk patients based on ... [more ▼]

Abstract Objective: Compare the efficacy of bazedoxifene with oral bisphosphonates for reduction of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal osteoporotic (PMO) women and in higher-risk patients based on evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: Eight RCTs assessing vertebral fracture risk reduction with oral bisphosphonates (n = 7) or bazedoxifene (n = 1) were identified by a systematic literature review. Individual study results were pooled in a network meta-analysis (NMA) to indirectly compare treatment effects for overall PMO women and a higher-risk subgroup (FRAX >/= 20%). Three sets of NMA analyses were conducted: aggregate data (AD) from the bisphosphonate RCTs and bazedoxifene RCT for the full population or the FRAX >/=20% subgroup (NMA AD); bisphosphonate AD and bazedoxifene AD from each FRAX subgroup adjusted for baseline risk (NMA AD meta-regression); and bisphosphonate AD and bazedoxifene individual patient data (IPD) adjusted for baseline risk/FRAX (NMA AD/IPD meta-regression). Results: For the overall population, bisphosphonates had lower fracture risks versus bazedoxifene although there is considerable uncertainty in supporting one intervention over another. The relative risk reduction (RRR) for bazedoxifene was -0.23 (95% CrI: -1.11, 0.27) versus ibandronate, -0.17 (-0.76, 0.22) versus alendronate, and -0.06 (-0.62, 0.30) versus risedronate. Results from the meta-regression analyses were similar. For the FRAX >/=20% population, estimated fracture rates with bazedoxifene were lower than with bisphosphonates, but again the uncertainty limits strong interpretation. The RRR for bazedoxifene was 0.51 (-0.31, 0.83) versus ibandronate, 0.53 (-0.18, 0.83) versus alendronate, and 0.57 (-0.07, 0.85) versus risedronate. The meta-regression analyses showed comparable findings. Conclusion: The analyses only considered vertebral fractures for oral bisphosphonates versus bazedoxifene, and IPD was available only for bazedoxifene. In light of this, bazedoxifene is comparable to bisphosphonates in the overall PMO population and at least as effective as bisphosphonates for preventing vertebral fractures among higher-risk PMO patients. The findings suggest bazedoxifene performs better in higher-risk PMO than in the overall PMO. [less ▲]

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See detailIndirect comparison of bazedoxifene vs. oral bisphosphonates for the prevention of nonvertebral fractures in high-risk postmenopausal osteoporosis population
Ellis, A; Jansen, J; Luo, X et al

in Osteoporosis International (2012, March), 23(S2), 64-65

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See detailIndirect comparison of bazedoxifene vs. oral bisphosphonates for the prevention of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Ellis, AG; Luo, X et al

in Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 37

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See detailAn indirect comparison of the efficacies of vitamin D and its hydroxylated analogs in postmenopausal and corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
Richy, Florent; Schacht, E.; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2005, March), 16(Suppl.3), 29

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See detailIndirect costs induced by osteoarthritis and osteoporosis in the workplace
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; MANETTE, Christine ULg; Lemmens, R. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2005, March), 16(Suppl.3), 13-14

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See detailIndirect defence of aphid infested potato : role of terpenes on Episyrphus balteatus behaviour
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Harmel, Nicolas; Almohamad, Raki et al

in Abstract book (2005)

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See detailIndirect effect of IGF2 intron3 g.3072G>A mutation on prolificacy in sows.
Stinckens, A.; Mathur, P.; Janssens, S. et al

in Animal Genetics (2010), 41(5), 493-8

A QTL located in the paternally expressed insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) gene is known to increase muscle growth and reduce fat deposition in pigs. This makes the QTL in IGF2 a good marker for use in ... [more ▼]

A QTL located in the paternally expressed insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) gene is known to increase muscle growth and reduce fat deposition in pigs. This makes the QTL in IGF2 a good marker for use in pig breeding programmes. However, care has to be taken as it is postulated that increased leanness and lowered fat deposition may have a negative effect on the prolificacy and longevity of sows. Selection of sire and dam lines for different alleles of the mutation in the paternally imprinted IGF2 gene could actually provide a solution to this problem. Therefore, in this study, the effect of the IGF2 QTL on prolificacy-related traits in sows was investigated. It was found that the paternal IGF2 wild-type allele was associated with higher reproduction performance in the sow. Moreover, it was also examined whether the difference in prolificacy in sows could be a consequence of differential IGF2 expression in the ovarian follicles of the sow or whether it is mainly a secondary effect caused by differences in fatness traits. Therefore, IGF2 expression was measured in follicles of different sizes from sows with different genotypes for the paternal IGF2 allele. It was observed that, however, while the size of the follicles was associated with follicular IGF2 expression level, the IGF2 genotype was not. It could be concluded that the difference in prolificacy of sows with a different paternal IGF2 genotype could be a secondary effect, resulting from differences in fat deposition. [less ▲]

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See detailThe indirect effect of reading social practices on reading achievement.
Baye, Ariane ULg; Schillings, Patricia ULg

Conference (2010, August 25)

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See detailIndirect gateways to fermentation processes
Rikir, R.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Conference (1991, December)

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See detailIndirect photometric detection in capillary electrophoresis
Bechet, I.; Paques, Ph.; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (1993)

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See detailIndirect photometric detection of amino acids in capillary zone electrophoresis
Bechet, Isabelle; Hubert, Philippe ULg; Crommen, Jacques ULg

in Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique (1991), 46

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See detailIndirect sensors in Biotechnology.
Rikir, R.; Anselme, P.; Godefroid, J. et al

Poster (1987, December)

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See detailIndirect Uv Detection of Hydrophilic Ionized Compounds in Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography by Use of a Uv-Absorbing Ion of the Same Charge
Crommen, Jacques ULg; Herné, Patrick ULg

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (1984), 2(2), 241-53

Ion-pair reversed-phase liquid chromatographic systems have been developed that allow the detection and quantitation of low amounts of hydrophilic ionized substances, which otherwise display little or no ... [more ▼]

Ion-pair reversed-phase liquid chromatographic systems have been developed that allow the detection and quantitation of low amounts of hydrophilic ionized substances, which otherwise display little or no capability for optical detection. The mobile phase contains a UV-absorbing ion of the same charge and hydrophobic character as the samples, most often together with a hydrophobic counter-ion to give the samples suitable retention; the stationary phase consists of octadecylsilica. Chromatograms featuring two system peaks are usually obtained, and these give rise to some deviations from the usual response pattern. In the present work the influence on retention and detection sensitivity of the non-absorbing counter-ion, the UV-absorbing ion and the uncharged organic modifier have been studied systematically. Principles for optimizing the detector response by changing the mobile phase composition have been deduced. Examples of applications of the indirect detection technique to the analysis of hydrophilic compounds of pharmaceutical and biological interest, such as amino acids, water-soluble vitamins and piperazine, are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailIndiskrete Zeugenschaft: Die Betrogene als strukturell peinvolle Lektüreerfahrung
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Gutjahr, Ortrud (Ed.) Thomas Mann. Freiburger literaturpsychologische Gespräche. Jahrbuch für Literatur und Psychoanalyse (2012)

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