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See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for high-voltage cables
Koroglu, S.; Sergeant, P.; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in IET Electric Power Applications (2011), 5(9), 715-720

The shielding of buried three-phase high-voltage power lines can be done by placing them in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered with plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

The shielding of buried three-phase high-voltage power lines can be done by placing them in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered with plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the magnetic field generated by the cables. As however a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, in practice, it is useful to quantify the effect of a defective electrical contact on the field reduction. From two-dimensional/three-dimensional finite element computations and experiments, the influence of the contact resistance on the shielding efficiency is investigated, as a function of the ratio of axial length to height of the shield elements. Furthermore, the effect of other parameters on the shielding efficiency is studied: the ratio of axial length to height, a parasitic air gap between the gutter and the cover plate and the type of the shield material. It was found that a low contact resistance deteriorates much more the shielding in case of an aluminium shield than in case of a steel shield. As expected, the effect is larger for shield elements with relatively short axial length with regard to the other dimensions. Nevertheless, the effect remains quite significant for aluminium shields with practically convenient dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for HV cables
Koroglu, Selim; Sergeant, Peter; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010)

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, the induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the field generated in the vicinity of the cables. However, as a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, it is useful to quantify the effect of a bad electrical contact on the shielding performance. From 2D FEM, 3D FEM and experiments, it is observed that a bad contact does not influence significantly the shielding if the axial length of the plates is relatively long compared to their other dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for HV cables
Koruglu, Selim; Sergeant, Peter; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010, May)

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U- shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U- shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, the induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the field generated in the vicinity of the cables. However, as a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, it is useful to quantify the effect of a bad electrical contact on the shielding performance. From 2D FEM, 3D FEM and experiments, it is observed that a bad contact does not influence significantly the shielding if the axial length of the plates is relatively long compared to their other dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of continuous breeding goats on return to cyclicity in seasonal breeding goats
Prvanovic, N; Vince, S; Duricic, D et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2007), 42

The boer goats which originated from the South African Republic are continous breeding animals when kept in the northern hemisphere and they kidd three times in 2 years. In this study, a mixed herd was ... [more ▼]

The boer goats which originated from the South African Republic are continous breeding animals when kept in the northern hemisphere and they kidd three times in 2 years. In this study, a mixed herd was monitored to determine whether boer goats could induce return to cyclicity in sesonal breeding goats. All goats (n = 20) were pluriparous and kidded during January and February. During January a mixed group was formed (10 boer goats kept together with 10 domestic breed goats). At the same time a group of domestic breed goats (n = 12), kept in the same manner, 40 km away from the experimental group was used as controls. Blood samples were collected every 72 h to determine level of progesterone in both herds. Goats were monitored at the same time to observe for signs of oestrus. Progesterone concentrations in sera samples were determined using a RIA method. Data were analysed by ANOVA using Statistica software. We observed visual oestrus in all boer goats and in eight domestic breed goats from the mixed group during March and April. Progesterone concentrations confirmed the presence of functional corpora lutea between two visual cycles in these animals. No visual oestrus or increases in progesterone were observed in the control group of goats. In conclusion, continuous breeding boer goats induced oestrus in 80% (n = 8) of seasonal breeding goats when kept in a mixed herd. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of controlled immediate loading and implant design on peri-implant bone formation.
Vandamme, Katleen; Naert, Ignace; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Periodontology (2007), 34(2), 172-81

AIM: Tissue formation at the implant interface is known to be sensitive to mechanical stimuli. The aim of the study was to compare the bone formation around immediately loaded versus unloaded implants in ... [more ▼]

AIM: Tissue formation at the implant interface is known to be sensitive to mechanical stimuli. The aim of the study was to compare the bone formation around immediately loaded versus unloaded implants in two different implant macro-designs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A repeated sampling bone chamber with a central implant was installed in the tibia of 10 rabbits. Highly controlled loading experiments were designed for a cylindrical (CL) and screw-shaped (SL) implant, while the unloaded screw-shaped (SU) implant served as a control. An F-statistic model with alpha=5% determined statistical significance. RESULTS: A significantly higher bone area fraction was observed for SL compared with SU (p<0.0001). The mineralized bone fraction was the highest for SL and significantly different from SU (p<0.0001). The chance that osteoid- and bone-to-implant contact occurred was the highest for SL and significantly different from SU (p<0.0001), but not from CL. When bone-to-implant contact was observed, a loading (SL versus SU: p=0.0049) as well as an implant geometry effect (SL versus CL: p=0.01) was found, in favour of the SL condition. CONCLUSIONS: Well-controlled immediate implant loading accelerates tissue mineralization at the interface. Adequate bone stimulation via mechanical coupling may account for the larger bone response around the screw-type implant compared with the cylindrical implant. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of cooling rate on residual stress profile in veneering ceramic: Measurement by hole-drilling.
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Schajer, G. S.; Vanheusden, Alain ULg et al

in Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials (2011)

OBJECTIVES: The manufacture of dental crowns and bridges generates residual stresses within the veneering ceramic and framework during the cooling process. Residual stress is an important factor that ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The manufacture of dental crowns and bridges generates residual stresses within the veneering ceramic and framework during the cooling process. Residual stress is an important factor that control the mechanical behavior of restorations. Knowing the stress distribution within the veneering ceramic as a function of depth can help the understanding of failures, particularly chipping, a well-known problem with Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal based fixed partial dentures. The objective of this study is to investigate the cooling rate dependence of the stress profile in veneering ceramic layered on metal and zirconia frameworks. METHODS: The hole-drilling method, often used for engineering measurements, was adapted for use with veneering ceramic. The stress profile was measured in bilayered disc samples 20mm in diameter, with a 0.7mm thick metal or Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal framework and a 1.5mm thick veneering ceramic. Three different cooling procedures were investigated. RESULTS: The magnitude of the stresses in the surface of the veneering ceramic was found to increase with cooling rate, while the interior stresses decreased. At the surface, compressive stresses were observed in all samples. In the interior, compressive stresses were observed in metal samples and tensile in zirconia samples. SIGNIFICANCE: Cooling rate influences the magnitude of residual stresses. These can significantly influence the mechanical behavior of metal-and zirconia-based bilayered systems. The framework material influenced the nature of the interior stresses, with zirconia samples showing a less favorable stress profile than metal. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of copper(II) salt on the reaction of peroxynitrite with propofol
Kohnen, Stephan ULg; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Deby-Dupont, G. et al

in Free Radical Research (2003), 37(Suppl. 1), 106

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See detailInfluence of coral heterogenous susceptibility to warming on reef biodiversity
Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; Penin, Lucie; Adjeroud, Mehdi et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailThe influence of core excitations on energies and oscillator strengths of iron group elements
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Hansen, J E

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1995), 28

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See detailThe influence of cortical perforations and of space filling with peripheral blood on the kinetics of guided bone generation. A comparative histometric study in the rat.
Rompen, Eric ULg; Biewer, Robert; Van Heusden, Alain ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (1999), 10(2), 85-94

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of cortical perforations and of peripheral blood addition in guided bone generation beyond the skeletal envelope in rats. A total of 30 isogenic ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of cortical perforations and of peripheral blood addition in guided bone generation beyond the skeletal envelope in rats. A total of 30 isogenic adult rats were divided into 3 equal groups. In each rat, two hollow parallelipipedic titanium chambers were placed bilaterally on the calvaria after a periosteal skin flap was raised. While on the right sides (controls) the osseous surface was left intact and the chambers were empty, the cortical bone under the left-side chambers (test sites) was perforated with nine 0.8 mm-diameter holes (group I), or left intact but with the chambers filled with a clot of peripheral blood (group II). In group III, both procedures were combined in the test sites. The healing was assessed at 4, 8 and 16 weeks after surgery by histologic and computer-assisted histometric analysis. The results demonstrated a substantial augmentation of on average 141% (SD 18) of the skull's thickness after 16 weeks in the controls, indicating that a predictable bone formation can be achieved beneath completely occlusive barriers over a non-injured cortical layer. In all test groups, a significantly larger bone augmentation was observed after 16 weeks compared to the control sites 172.8% (SD 41.7) in group I (P < 0.05), 172.0% (SD 18.4) in group II (P < 0.05) and 221.5% (SD 42.3) in group III (P < 0.001), demonstrating that stimulating blood supply and bone forming cells access by cortical perforations and/or blood clot addition enhances de novo bone formation in this experimental model. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of COX-2 and OXTR polymorphisms on treatment outcome in treatment resistant depression
Mendlewicz, Julien; Crisafulli, Concetta; Calati, R et al

in Neuroscience Letters (2012)

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See detailInfluence of creep on the microstructure of Zn-Al-Cu alloys aged at 250°C
Terziev, L.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Wegria, J.

in Physica Status Solidi A : Applied Research (1995), 152[2]

This paper is a continuation of a microstructural study of ZA alloys subjected to ageing at different temperatures with subsequent creep at 20 and 120 °C. it was already established that the samples aged ... [more ▼]

This paper is a continuation of a microstructural study of ZA alloys subjected to ageing at different temperatures with subsequent creep at 20 and 120 °C. it was already established that the samples aged for one week at 100 and 250 °C show the slowest creep rate. Furthermore, the resuits obtained afler ageing at 250 °C are better than those obtained after ageing at 100 °C. In order to explain more correctly these resuits, the microstructure is studied after ageing at 250 oc and subsequent creep at room temperature under pressure at 100 MPa and at 120 °c under pressure at 40 MPa, on test samples broken after the respective creep. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of cultivar, harvest time, storage conditions, and peeling on the antioxidant capacity and phenolic and ascorbic acid contents of apples and pears."
Kevers, Claire ULg; PINCEMAIL, Joël ULg; Tabart, Jessica ULg et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2011), 59

Apple and pear fruits are important sources of secondary plant metabolites and one of the major sources of dietary phenolics consumed all year round. The aim of this work was to identify the main ... [more ▼]

Apple and pear fruits are important sources of secondary plant metabolites and one of the major sources of dietary phenolics consumed all year round. The aim of this work was to identify the main variables influencing phenolic content and antioxidant capacity in apples. Higher phenolic and antioxidant contents were observed in some varieties (such as the Delbar Estival apple and Durondeau pear). Storage conditions were important. Our results also showed that fruits should be consumed rapidly after purchase and with their peel. After one week of domestic storage, the ascorbic acid content was found to decrease by 75%. Peeling led to a more than 25% decrease in total phenolics and ascorbic acid. The harvest time (at normal ripeness) had only a limited impact, but significant year-to-year variations were observed. In conclusion, well-chosen and well-stored apples and pears may contribute to an antioxidant-rich diet if consumed rapidly and with their peel. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of culture conditions on lipopeptide production by Bacillus subtilis
Akpa, E.; Jacques, P.; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2001), 91-3

Bacillus subtilis produces various families of lipopeptides with different homologous compounds. To produce "new molecules" with improved activities and to select strains that produced a reduced number of ... [more ▼]

Bacillus subtilis produces various families of lipopeptides with different homologous compounds. To produce "new molecules" with improved activities and to select strains that produced a reduced number of homologs or isomers, we studied the effects of different media on the nature of the synthesis of fatty; acid chains for each lipopeptide family. This study focused on two B. subtilis strains cultivated in flasks. Optimized medium for lipopeptide production and Landy medium modified by replacing glutamic acid with other alpha -amino acids were used. We found that the intensity of production of homologous compounds depends on the strain and the culture medium. Analysis of these lipopeptides by high-performance liquid chromatography showed that the strain R. subtilis NT02 yielded various homologous compounds when cultivated in Landy medium (L-Glu), but primarily one homologous product in hi,oh relative amounts when cultivated in the optimized medium. Mass spectrometric analysis and determination of the amino acid composition of this molecule enabled us to identify it as Bacillomycine L c15. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of cutting height on dry matter production and crude protein content of four Panicum maximum ecotypes in Benin (West Africa)
Adjolohoun, Sébastien; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Adandédjan, Claude et al

Poster (2012, November 15)

A field study was conducted under rainfall conditions (1200 mm/year) to determine the effects of different cutting heights (5, 10, 15, 20 cm) on dry matter production and fodder quality of four Panicum ... [more ▼]

A field study was conducted under rainfall conditions (1200 mm/year) to determine the effects of different cutting heights (5, 10, 15, 20 cm) on dry matter production and fodder quality of four Panicum maximum local ecotypes (HHLLLW, MHMLLW, lHSLNL, lHLLLW) differing in their morphology. Ecotype MHMLLW appeared more suitable and the best management is to harvest at 15 cm height. It produced 6054 kg DMyear-1 containing 8.05% CP. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of cyclodextrins on the solubility and the stability of cyproterone acetate
Henry de Hassonville, Sandrine; Dive, Georges ULg; Prosperi, Christelle ULg et al

Conference (2003, May)

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See detailInfluence of cysteamine on in vitro maturation, in vitro and in vivo fertilization of equine oocytes
Deleuze, Stefan ULg; Dubois, Clotilde; Caillaud, Maud et al

in Reprod Domest Anim (2010), 45(1), 1-7

Contents The effect of cysteamine on in vitro nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of equine oocytes collected by transvaginal ultrasound guided follicular aspiration was assessed. Oocytes were matured in ... [more ▼]

Contents The effect of cysteamine on in vitro nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of equine oocytes collected by transvaginal ultrasound guided follicular aspiration was assessed. Oocytes were matured in vitro with (cysteamine group) or without (control group) cysteamine. The nuclear stage after DNA Hoechst staining, penetration rates after two different in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques (IVF media with ionophore and Hepes buffer with heparin) and the embryo yield following oocyte intra-oviductal transfer were used as a criterion for assessing nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation, respectively. Contrary to the data described in other domestic species, there was no effect of cysteamine on in vitro nuclear maturation, IVF or in vivo embryonic development under our conditions. Ovum pick up yields (52%) and maturation rates (control group: 47% and cysteamine group: 55%) were similar to those previously reported. From 57 oocytes transferred to the oviduct in each group, the number of embryos collected was 10 (17%) in the control group and five in the cysteamine group (9%). Those two percentages were not statistically different (p > 0.05). No effect of IVF technique was seen on the success rate (6%) in each group. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Daily Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation on Parathyroid Hormone Secretion
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Zegels, Brigitte ULg; Lejeune, Emmanuelle ULg et al

in Gynecological Endocrinology : The Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology (2001), 15(1), 56-62

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation have been shown to reduce secondary hyperparathyroidism and play a role in age-related osteoporosis. In order to define the optimal regimen of calcium and vitamin D ... [more ▼]

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation have been shown to reduce secondary hyperparathyroidism and play a role in age-related osteoporosis. In order to define the optimal regimen of calcium and vitamin D supplementation to produce the maximal inhibition of parathyroid hormone secretion, we compared the administration of a calcium-vitamin D supplement as a single morning dose with the administration of two divided doses at 6-hour intervals. Twelve healthy male volunteers were assigned to three investigational procedures, which were alternated at weekly intervals. After a 'blank' control procedure, when they were not exposed to any supplements, they received one of two calcium-vitamin D supplement regimens: either two doses of Orocal D3 (500 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D3) with a 6-hour interval between doses, or one water-soluble effervescent powder pack of Cacit vitamin D3, taken in the morning (1000 mg calcium and 880 IU vitamin D3). During the three procedures (control and the two calcium-vitamin D supplementation protocols), veinous blood was drawn every 60 minutes for up to 9 hours, for serum calcium and parathyroid hormone measurements. The order of administration of the two calcium and vitamin D supplementation regimens was allocated by randomization. No significant changes in serum calcium were observed during the study. During the first 6 hours following calcium-vitamin D supplementation, a statistically significant decrease in serum parathyroid hormone was observed with both regimens, compared with baseline and the control procedure. During this first period, no differences were observed between the two treatment regimens. However, between the 6th and the 9th hour, serum parathyroid hormone levels remained significantly decreased compared to baseline with the twice-daily Orocal D3 administration, while they returned to baseline values with the once-daily Cacit D3 preparation. During this period, the percentage decrease in serum parathyroid hormone relative to baseline was significantly greater with Orocal D3 than Cacit D3 (p = 0.0021). We therefore conclude that the twice-daily administration of 500 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D3 at 6-hour intervals provides a more prolonged decrease in serum parathyroid hormone levels than the administration of the same total amount of calcium and vitamin D, as a single morning dose in young healthy. [less ▲]

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