L'interprétation des standards en situation extrême: le pouvoir fait-il la différence?
; Pichault, François
in Revue Management et Avenir [= RMA] (2011), 41
Cet article s’interroge sur le rôle que jouent les standards dans la coordination du travail en situation extrême. La pensée organisationnelle classique nous a habitués à préconiser, dans ce type de ... [more ▼]
Cet article s’interroge sur le rôle que jouent les standards dans la coordination du travail en situation extrême. La pensée organisationnelle classique nous a habitués à préconiser, dans ce type de situation, l’adoption de pratiques informelles, reposant sur des relations interpersonnelles entre acteurs. Diverses recherches empiriques montrent cependant que, même en contexte incertain et complexe, des pratiques formalisées, se référant notamment à des standards, ont toute leur place et leur pertinence. Notre contribution s’inscrit dans cette perspective en explorant les standards à l’oeuvre dans les pratiques de coordination en situation extrême. Nous montrons d’abord que ces standards sont d’origine et de nature diverse, ce qui leur donne des rôles différents. Nous précisons ensuite que le travail interprétatif qu’ils permettent est sans doute très largement dépendant du système de pouvoir dans lequel ils s’inscrivent. A partir de deux études de cas - l’une dans le cadre d’opérations aériennes de l’OTAN en Afghanistan et l’autre au sein d’un service de néonatologie universitaire, d’autre part - nous développons et discutons la thèse centrale de l’article selon laquelle le caractère plus ou moins structurant des standards mobilisés face aux situations extrêmes est étroitement lié aux rapports de pouvoir observables dans chaque cas particulier. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)
Interprétation et rectification des jugements répressifs
in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (1991)Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 ULg)
Interprétation mathématique de l'étude de la durée de vie des plaquettes marquées au chrome radio-actif
; Fillet, Georges ; et al
in Nouvelle Revue Française d'Hématologie (1969), 9(6), 886-888Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)
Interpretation of a tracer test at Brévilles after 2 years of monitoring
Goderniaux, Pascal ; ; Brouyère, Serge
To understand and predict the behaviour and transfer of diffuse contamination, a small catchment is intensively studied in the vicinity of Paris. A multi tracer test involving a new technique, the FVPDM ... [more ▼]
To understand and predict the behaviour and transfer of diffuse contamination, a small catchment is intensively studied in the vicinity of Paris. A multi tracer test involving a new technique, the FVPDM method (Finite Volume Point Dilution Method - Brouyère et al., 2008) has been performed in natural flow conditions. Injections of four different tracers (uranine, sulforhodamine B, lithium chloride and potassium iodide) took place in four piezometers involving different areas of the aquifer and different depth. This tracer test follows a former test briefly described. A particularly long monitoring (Nov-2005 to Feb-2008) demonstrates the existence of several transport velocities within the sandy layer, which seems linked to the decrease of hydraulic conductivity with depth. Absence of recovery of two tracers confirms the results of the former test and identifies spatial heterogeneities probably due to the geological structure. The new insight and parameter quantification brought by interpretation of these tests contributes to a better characterization of the saturated zone and shall be exploited through modelling for transport predictions of pesticides. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Interpretation of Annex I : comprehensive or indicative
Conference (2013, April 16)Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Interpretation of behavioural reactions of sheep towards fear-eliciting situations.
Vandenheede, Marc ; ;
in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (1998), 58Detailed reference viewed: 14 (4 ULg)
Interpretation of metaanalyses: pitfalls should be more widely recognized.
in Journal of Rheumatology (2012), 39(6), 1107-9Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Interpretation of serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in dialysis patients: what do the KDIGO guidelines change for the clinical laboratory?
; Cavalier, Etienne ;
in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2010), 48(6), 769-774Detailed reference viewed: 43 (3 ULg)
Interpretation of serum PTH concentrations with different kits in dialysis patients according to the KDIGO guidelines: importance of the reference (normal) values
CAVALIER, Etienne ; DELANAYE, Pierre ; VRANKEN, Laura et al
in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (2012), 27
Background. The recommended target range for serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) in dialysis patients has changed from 150 to 300 pg/mL in the KDOQI guidelines to two to nine times the upper normal limit in ... [more ▼]
Background. The recommended target range for serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) in dialysis patients has changed from 150 to 300 pg/mL in the KDOQI guidelines to two to nine times the upper normal limit in the KDIGO ones. Although inclusion/exclusion criteria for the reference population are highly important, they are usually not mentioned in the commercial kits. In this study, we used the same reference population of vitamin D-replete normal subjects to establish reference values for 10 commercial PTH kits. We evaluated whether this may improve the classification of dialysis patients according to the KDIGO compared to the use of reference values proposed by the manufacturers. Methods. We measured serum PTH with 10 different kits in 149 haemodialysis patients, and 240 25-OH-vitamin D-replete (>75 nmol/L) individuals with an estimated glomerular filtration rate >60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results. For the 10 kits, our upper normal limit was lower than those of the manufacturers. The difference was, however, variable from one kit to another. The two kits that yielded the lowest and the highest absolute concentrations classified differently 84/149 patients (56.4%) according to the KDOQI and 53/149 (36.2%) according to the KDIGO using the manufacturers’ normal value.Using our normal values significantly decreased the discrepancies with 24/149 patients (16.1%) being still classified differently. Taking the measurement uncertainty into consideration, 8% of the patients only remained differently classified by these two kits. Conclusions. Using the same vitamin-D-replete population to establish the reference range for 10 commercial PTH kits significantly improved the classification of haemodialysis patients according to the KDIGO target range. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 62 (9 ULg)
The interpretation of the spectrum of HD 190073.
; Swings, Polydore
in Astrophysical Journal (1942), 96
The hypothesis proposed by Beals for the interpretation of the complex contours of lines of H and Ca II in HD 190073 is discussed in the light of recent observations made at the McDonald Observatory. The ... [more ▼]
The hypothesis proposed by Beals for the interpretation of the complex contours of lines of H and Ca II in HD 190073 is discussed in the light of recent observations made at the McDonald Observatory. The absorption lines designated by Beals as A2 and A3 and the emission of Ca II and H probably originate in a shell whose radius is several times larger than the radius of the star. The absence of A1 near the center of the emission in Ca II H suggests that this sharp line is produced at a lower level, where the velocity of expansion is negligible. The central reversals of the H lines, on the other hand, may come from an upper layer of the shell where the atoms have become decelerated. In this case the absorbing layer must lie immediately above an optically thick emitting shell, so that it will act somewhat like a reversing layer and not like a detached shell at great distances from the emitting regions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Interprétation simultanée de l'interview de l'écrivain chilien Luis Sepúlveda
Conference given outside the academic context (2011)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Interpretation statistique de l'efficacite de procédés anti-incrustation soumis au test d'electrodéposition.
Marcoen, Jean-Marie ; ; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques
in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (1994), 47(567), 27-29Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULg)
L'interpretation symphytosociologique des ourlets est un outil de typologie forestiere.
Doctoral thesis (2000)Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
INTERPRETATIONS COLLABORATIVES : Usages et implications du Studio Digital Collaboratif en situation de conception architecturale
; ; et al
in Actes de SCAN 2010 : Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (2010, December)Detailed reference viewed: 45 (12 ULg)
Interprétations divines et naturelles des monstres dans l’Antiquité classique
in New Yperman (2007), 8Detailed reference viewed: 34 (7 ULg)
Interpretations of Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Tracks by Inuit Hunters: Inter-rater Reliability and Inferences Concerning Accuracy
; ; et al
in Canadian Field-Naturalist (2012), 125(2), 140-153
due to their tracking experience in pursuing Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus), Inuit hunters could provide non-invasive estimates of Polar Bear characteristics from tracks, and Polar Bear monitoring programs ... [more ▼]
due to their tracking experience in pursuing Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus), Inuit hunters could provide non-invasive estimates of Polar Bear characteristics from tracks, and Polar Bear monitoring programs could benefit from Inuit input. We determined i) inter-rater reliability of estimates of the sex, age, and size of Polar Bears, and estimates of the age of tracks made by a group of nine Inuit hunters who interpreted 78 tracks; ii) we made preliminary comparisons of sex and size estimates with conventional (scientific) estimates; iii) we catalogued the Polar Bear hunting experience and track interpretation techniques of nine Inuit hunters; and iv) we explored relationships between hunting experience and the ability to interpret tracks. The group of Inuit hunters made reliable and consistent estimates of Polar Bear sex, age, and size, as well as estimates of age of track (after data from one participant was excluded). Although our comparisons are based on small samples, our findings suggest that Inuit hunters may be accurate in estimating the sex of Polar Bears (74.42% agreement with genetic determinations) and the size of Polar Bears from their tracks. our data indicate shared tracking techniques used by hunters may explain high agreement in making specific estimates, while individual hunting experience and particular methods used to interpret tracks may lead to inter-rater reliability and accuracy in interpreting tracks. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Interpreted Active Packets for Ephemeral State Processing Routers
Martin, Sylvain ; Leduc, Guy
in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2009), 4388
We propose WASP (lightweight and World-friendly Active packets for ephemeral State Processing), a new active platform based on Ephemeral State designed to allow bytecode interpretation on programmable ... [more ▼]
We propose WASP (lightweight and World-friendly Active packets for ephemeral State Processing), a new active platform based on Ephemeral State designed to allow bytecode interpretation on programmable datapath elements. We designed WASP to be a good compromise between flexibility (e.g. offering solutions in quality-adaptive multimedia flows, service discovery or mobility support) and safety (i.e. protection of router and network resource). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (7 ULg)