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See detailHydrodynamic stress of Dunaliella tertiolecta.
Rikir, R.; Spoiden, J. F.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Poster (1990, July)

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See detailHydrodynamic systems used to assess surface fouling, soil adherence and cleaning in laboratory installations.
Detry, J. G.; Deroanne, Claude; Sindic, Marianne ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009)

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See detailHydrodynamical and ecosystem modelling on an IBM SP/2
Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg; Rixen, M.

in Procedings of the second annual MMARIE (1997)

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See detailHydrodynamical and ecosystem modelling on an IBM SP/2 (part II)
Elmoussaoui, A.; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg; Nomérange, P. et al

in Procedings of the third annual MMARIE meeting (1998)

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See detailHydrodynamical and ecosystem processes in ice-covered seas of the Southern and Northern Hemispheres
Goffart, Anne ULg; Hecq, Jean-Henri ULg

in Journal of Marine Systems (2000), 27

Preface of the 30th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics Liège, Belgium (May 4–8 1998) : Hydrodynamical and ecosystem processes in ice-covered seas of the Southern and Northern ... [more ▼]

Preface of the 30th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics Liège, Belgium (May 4–8 1998) : Hydrodynamical and ecosystem processes in ice-covered seas of the Southern and Northern Hemispheres. Issue of JMS edited by Anne Goffart and Jean-Henri Hecq. [less ▲]

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See detailHYDRODYNAMICS IN A DISPOSABLE RECTANGULAR PARALLELEPIPED STIRRED BIOREACTOR WITH ELLIPTIC PENDULUM MOTION PADDLE
Collignon, Marie-Laure ULg; Droissart, Laurent; Delafosse, Angélique ULg et al

in Biochemical Engineering Journal (2015), 93

Stainless steel bioreactors increasingly fall behind to their disposable counterparts in pharma research as they do not require cleaning or sterilization. This led company ATMI LifeSciences to develop the ... [more ▼]

Stainless steel bioreactors increasingly fall behind to their disposable counterparts in pharma research as they do not require cleaning or sterilization. This led company ATMI LifeSciences to develop the “Nucleo™”. Original in design, this disposable bioreactor comprises a rectangular parallelepiped plastic bag stirred by a paddle revolving in elliptic pendulum motion. Studies covering this bioreactor showed good homogeneity of culture medium as well as good productivity for animal cell cultures. To further explain these good performances, the flow inside the “Nucleo™” had to be resolved. This paper focuses on the mean flow description, computed from stereo-PIV measurements performed in 20 verticals covering the whole volume of a 50 dm3 Nucleo™ bioreactor. As the flow is already turbulent in the chosen agitation conditions, its dimensionless mean velocity field does not vary with the paddle rotational speed. Mean flow pattern exhibits an axial symmetry – same flow is observed in opposite quarters of the tank – and can be described as a three-dimensional helix coiled on itself to form a distorted horizontal torus which covers the whole tank volume. Mean velocity value is on average doubled in the cone swept by the paddle, and its two horizontal components are twice higher than its vertical ones. However, mean velocity remains significant everywhere and, in particular, no stagnant area is observed in tank corners. Our results thus confirm previous studies observations. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrodynamics of River Networks Computed with Two-dimensional Unsteady Flow Equations : Comparison ofNumerical Methods
Pirotton, Michel ULg; Pochet, Thierry

in Russel, T. F.; Ewing, R. E.; Brebbia, C. A. (Eds.) et al Computational Methods in Water Resources IX, Vol 1 : Numerical Methods in Water Resources (1992)

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See detailThe hydrodynamics of the Western Mediterranean Sea
Euromodel group; Nihoul, Jacques ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

Report (1995)

Euromodel is devoted to process studies in relation to the description, understanding and simulation of the seasonal and mesoscale variability of the general circulation of the Western Mediterranean. Deep ... [more ▼]

Euromodel is devoted to process studies in relation to the description, understanding and simulation of the seasonal and mesoscale variability of the general circulation of the Western Mediterranean. Deep water formation drives the large cyclonic gyre observed in the northern basin. Some seasonal and mesoscale characteristics of the Northern, Tyrrhenian and Western Corsican Currents are specifies. The flow throuch the strait of Gibraltar is not hydraulically controlled. Potential vorticity conservation and changes in the meridional pressure gradients explain the formation of the western Alboran Sea gyre. Cyclonic eddies at its periphery are observed and modelled. The Almeria-Oran jet-front system is described in terms of geostrophic adjustment of Modified Atlantic Water and Mediterranean Water. Algerian eddies are linked to baroclinic instability of the current. A cyclonic circulation around the continental slope in the whole western basin is observed at depth. Upper ocean mesoscale variability is related to downward penetration of near-inertial motions as observed near the Catalan front. In the Balearic Sea, spatial and temporal variability of two shelf / slope fronts influences the large scale dynamics. The MAST 1 phase of Euromodel, initiales a numerical simulation of the Western Mediterranean : the sole forcing by the density gradients throuh the straites of Gibraltar and Sicily quaalitatively reproduces the basin scale cycloni surface and intermediate flows and the coastal currents. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrodynamique et Architecture Navale
Hage, André; Rigo, Philippe ULg; Lapy, Matthieu ULg

in Journées scientifiques et techniques du CETMEF 2012 (2012, December 05)

State of art en matière d'hydrodynamique navale et architecture navale pour la navaigatio nfluviale

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See detailHydrodynamique et distribution de temps de séjour dans les lits bactériens
Crine, Michel ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Schlitz, Marc et al

in Les réacteurs gaz-liquide et gaz-liquide-solide (1990)

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See detailHydrodynamique et morphologie d'une bactérie filamenteuse dans un fermenteur à cuve agitée
Groslambert, Sylvie ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Crine, Michel ULg

in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (2003), 56(622), 58-64

Afin d'étudier l'influence de l'hydrodynamique sur une bactérie filamenteuse, Actinomadura R39, nous l'avons cultivée dans un fermenteur de laboratoire de 5 litres à cuve agitée en faisant varier les ... [more ▼]

Afin d'étudier l'influence de l'hydrodynamique sur une bactérie filamenteuse, Actinomadura R39, nous l'avons cultivée dans un fermenteur de laboratoire de 5 litres à cuve agitée en faisant varier les conditions d'agitation. Les variables sont la vitesse de rotation et le type de mobile utilisé: turbines Rushton ou Intermig. Les deux mobiles se distinguent par leur géométrie et par les schémas d'écoulement qu'ils induisent dans la cuve. L'influence de l'hydrodynamique sur Actinomadura R39 est quantifiée par l'évolution de sa morphologie. Cette dernière est estimée par analyse d'images sur des échantillons prélevés lors des cultures. Parallèlement, nous avons caractérisé l'hydrodynamique du fermenteur dans un milieu artificiel reproduisant la rhéologie des fermentations en mesurant la puissance dissipée et en effectuant des essais de traceurs. Ces derniers sont utilisés pour la modélisation du fermenteur par un modèle compartimenté et le calcul du temps de mélange. Nous avons pu ainsi mettre en relation les modifications de la morphologie et des grandeurs caractérisant les écoulements dans le fermenteur. L'existence de corrélations entre les paramètres du modèle et la morphologie a également permis une validation de la signification physique de ce modèle. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrodynamique souterraine et vulnérabilité à la pollution des ressources en eau en zone urbaine tropicale : cas du bassin versant de Mingoa (Yaoundé-Cameroun)
Kouam Kenmogne, Guy Romain; Ntep, François; Rosillon, Françis ULg et al

Conference (2010, March 29)

Une étude conjointe visant la compréhension des phénomènes d’hydrodynamique souterraine et de vulnérabilité des eaux à la pollution a été menée dans le bassin versant de Mingoa situé dans le périmètre ... [more ▼]

Une étude conjointe visant la compréhension des phénomènes d’hydrodynamique souterraine et de vulnérabilité des eaux à la pollution a été menée dans le bassin versant de Mingoa situé dans le périmètre urbain de Yaoundé. Il ressort de cette étude que le comportement hydrodynamique dans ce bassin est étroitement lié aux fluctuations pluviométriques. La carte hydrodynamique de l’aquifère supérieur du bassin versant de Mingoa révèle deux types d’écoulements convergents et divergents avec les grands axes de drainage d’orientation globale NE - SW ; SE - NW et N - S permettant de délimiter des sites favorables à l’implantation d’ouvrages de captage des eaux souterraines. Les sources potentielles de pollution répertoriées sont nombreuses et variées (latrines, tas d’ordures sauvages,...). Les résultats des analyses physico-chimiques ont permis de constater que hormis la température, le potentiel d’hydrogène (pH), CO2 libre et l’azote ammoniacal, les valeurs des autres paramètres sont bien centrées sur les normes de qualité des eaux destinées à la consommation humaine prescrite par l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS). Cependant, les valeurs des teneurs en en Streptocoques Fécaux (de 48 UFC/100 ml à 5,80 x 105 UFC/100 ml) et en Coliformes Fécaux (de 300 UFC/100 ml à 1,07 x 106 UFC/100 ml) sont largement supérieures aux valeurs seuils requises par l’OMS et permettent de conclure que ces eaux sont polluées et vivement déconseillées à la consommation humaine. Sur la base des données ponctuelles issues des simulations et des différentes analyses des eaux et des sols, la dynamique de contamination des nappes d’eau superficielles et souterraines dans les zones cristallines fracturées et densément peuplées a été posée. Deux zones de protection ayant respectivement des rayons de 10 mètres et de 20 mètres peuvent être envisagées afin de permettre au sol de jouer pleinement son rôle épurateur. Des mesures adéquates (campagnes d’information, établissement des zones de protection, ...) doivent être engagées dans ce bassin versant et au-delà dans toute la ville de Yaoundé afin de faire face à la dégradation assez avancée des ressources en eau et ceci malgré des contraintes socio-économiques et foncières qui constituent des freins à cette dynamique. [less ▲]

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See detailHydroélectricité et poissons
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Florence, Hauregard

Learning material (2009)

Chercheur au Laboratoire de Démographie des Poissons et d’Hydroécologie de l’Université de Liège, Michaël OVIDIO présentait le 30 avril dernier, dans le cadre des Jeudis de l’Aquapôle, un exposé sur l’ « ... [more ▼]

Chercheur au Laboratoire de Démographie des Poissons et d’Hydroécologie de l’Université de Liège, Michaël OVIDIO présentait le 30 avril dernier, dans le cadre des Jeudis de l’Aquapôle, un exposé sur l’ « Impact des barrages et des turbinages hydroélectriques sur la dynamique des populations de poissons et la qualité de leurs habitats » . Sans vouloir être source de conflits avec les producteurs d’hydroélectricité, cet exposé avait pour objectif d’informer le grand public sur cette problématique, car la notion d’énergie verte, largement utilisée pour caractériser l’hydroélectricité, ne doit pas s’arrêter au seul aspect des pollutions. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrogel nanocomposites: a potential UV/blue light filtering material for ophthalmic lenses
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Pagnoulle, Christophe; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg et al

in Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition (2011), 22

Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) (poly(HEMA-co-MMA)) and ZnS hydrogel nanocomposites were prepared and characterized. The chemical composition of the inorganic nanoparticles was ... [more ▼]

Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) (poly(HEMA-co-MMA)) and ZnS hydrogel nanocomposites were prepared and characterized. The chemical composition of the inorganic nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray diffraction, and the homogeneity of their distribution within the hydrogel was assessed by transmission electron microscopy. The influence of the content of ZnS nanoparticles on the optical performances of the nanocomposites was investigated by UV-Vis spectroscopy. The ability of the hydrogel nanocomposites to filter the hazardous UV light and part of the blue light was reported, which makes them valuable candidates for ophthalmic lens application. In contrast to the optical properties, the thermo-mechanical properties of neat poly(HEMA-co-MMA) hydrogels were found to be largely independent of filling by ZnS nanoparticles ( 2 mg/ml co-monomer mixture). Finally, in vitro cell adhesion test with lens epithelial cells (LECs), extracted from porcine lens crystalline capsule, showed that ZnS had no deleterious effect on the biocompatibility of neat hydrogels, at least at low content. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrogen atom loss from the benzene cation. Why is the kinetic energy release so large?
Gridelet, E.; Lorquet, Andrée ULg; Locht, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry A (2006), 110(27), 8519-8527

The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable ... [more ▼]

The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable time scale and analyzed by the maximum entropy method. The experimental kinetic energy releases are larger than expected statistically, in contradistinction to what has been observed for the C-X fragmentations of the halogenobenzene cations. H(D) loss from C6H6+ (C6D6+) occurs via a conical intersection connecting the (2)A(2) and (2)A(1) electronic states. Two models are proposed to account for the experimental data: (i) a modified orbiting transition state theory (OTST) approach incorporating electronic nonadiabaticity; (ii) an electronically nonadiabatic version of the statistical adiabatic channel model ( SACM) of Quack and Troe. The latter approach is found to be preferable. It leads to the conclusion that the larger the energy stored in the transitional modes, which partly convert to the relative interfragment motion, the shorter the value of the reaction coordinate at which the adiabatic channels cross, and the larger the probability of undergoing the (2)A(2) -> (2)A(1) transition required for hydrogen loss. [less ▲]

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See detailA HYDROGEN BOND INFLUENCES THE 5-HT1A/D4 SELECTIVITY OF WAY-100635 ANALOGUES: AN IN SILICO APPROACH
Dilly, Sébastien ULg; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg

Poster (2013, June)

WAY-100635 is widely used in vitro and in vivo as an antagonist of 5-HT1A receptors. In terms of pharmacological tools and pharmacological investigations, the ideal reference molecule would be highly ... [more ▼]

WAY-100635 is widely used in vitro and in vivo as an antagonist of 5-HT1A receptors. In terms of pharmacological tools and pharmacological investigations, the ideal reference molecule would be highly selective for its target over other related and non-related targets. However WAY-100635 displays affinity for and activity at D4 dopamine receptors, and that "off-target" activity confounds its use in pharmacological studies, particularly when both receptors are present. In this context, we carried out various chemical modifications of the WAY-100635 structure in order to improve its 5-HT1A versus D4 selectivity. An important increase of selectivity was obtained when the basic side chain of WAY-100635 was replaced by a 4-phenylpiperazine or a 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine moiety. In contrast, the introduction of nitrogen atoms in the acyl group decreased the selectivity by reducing the affinity for 5-HT1A receptors, on the one hand, and enhancing the affinity for D4 receptors on the other hand. In order to explain the reduced 5-HT1A/D4 selectivity of aza-derivatives, the binding modes of the compounds were explored by docking analysis on homology models of the two receptors. It appears that the formation of an additional hydrogen bond within D4 receptors could be the key of the decreased selectivity. These results will be very helpful for developing molecules with an improved 5-HT1A/D4 selectivity. [less ▲]

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