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See detailImpact of Mycosphaerella fijiensis toxins on banana antioxidant systems.
Busogoro, J. P.; Olivier, T.; Leiva, M. et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailImpact of Myzus persicae infestation on the volatile emission of Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0.
Hien, Truong Thi Dieu ULg; Delaplace, Pierre ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2012, July 22)

Being members of complex communities, plants often emit a wide range of volatile organic compounds to defend themselves against insect invasions. Although many studies exist on insect-induced plant ... [more ▼]

Being members of complex communities, plants often emit a wide range of volatile organic compounds to defend themselves against insect invasions. Although many studies exist on insect-induced plant volatile emission, most of them either compare the influences of various herbivore species on one plant species or the impact of a given herbivore on several host plant species. Moreover, informations related to the influence of insect density as well as the infestation duration are still needed. Here, we showed that a sucking insect – Myzus persicae (green peach aphid) induced the volatile emission from Arabidopsis thaliana Columbia wild-type (A.thaliana Col-0) under laboratory conditions based on results obtained by solid-phase micro-extraction coupled with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS). The released volatile blend was discussed in relation to related biosynthesis pathways and functions. These included terpenoids, green leaf volatiles, alcohols and isothiocyanate. The qualitative and overall proportion of volatile components differed depended on the number and residence duration of aphids on leaves. By studying the effects of sucking insect stresses to plant, we not only aim to contribute to the fundamental understanding of the emission of volatile components in the interaction between plants and pests, but also to provide standardised and easy to use assays to assess A.thaliana volatile changes according to cross stresses, including both biotic and abiotic ones in ongoing experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of naturally-occurring, trans-placental bluetongue virus serotype-8 infection on reproductive performance in sheep.
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Bolkaerts, Benoit; Baricalla, Christine et al

in Veterinary Journal (2011), 187(1), 72-80

Infection with bluetongue virus serotype (BTV)-8 occurred in ruminants in 2006 in Central-Western Europe. The trans-placental passage of this virus has been demonstrated in naturally- and experimentally ... [more ▼]

Infection with bluetongue virus serotype (BTV)-8 occurred in ruminants in 2006 in Central-Western Europe. The trans-placental passage of this virus has been demonstrated in naturally- and experimentally-infected cattle and in experimentally-infected sheep. Trans-placental transmission is potentially important in the 'over-wintering' of this virus and its subsequent impact on reproductive performance. This epidemiological study was carried out on a sheep flock in Belgium that had experienced a severe outbreak of BTV-8 infection, and where the seroprevalence had increased from 1.3% to 88% between January and November 2007. In total, 476 lambs and 26 aborted fetuses from 300 ewes, lambing at four distinct time periods, were investigated between November 2007 and May 2008. The following evidence suggested that BTV-8 infection occurred in utero: (1) positive PCR results from splenic tissue from aborted fetuses (n=4); (2) fetal malformations suggestive of BTV infection (n=10); (3) positive PCR results from red blood cells in-lambs (n=7), and (4) the presence of antibody at birth in viable lambs prior to the intake of colostrum (n=9). The evidence provided by this investigation strongly suggests that trans-placental BTV-8 infection occurs in naturally-infected sheep and the impact of infection on the reproductive performance of such a naive flock was considerable, with up to 25% of ewes aborting and with flock fertility reduced by 50%. The contribution of in utero-infected lambs to the over-wintering of BTV appears limited. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of new technology on cognitive and organizational processes in surgery
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Scientific conference (2005, January 04)

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See detailImpact of noise correction on diffusion kurtosis estimation
André, Elodie ULg; Balteau, Evelyne ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ... Scientific Meeting and Exhibition. International Society For Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Scientific Meeting and Exhibition (2012), 20

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See detailThe impact of nutrition on bone health
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; De Vriese, S.

in Osteoporosis International (2010, May), 21(Suppl.1), 389

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See detailImpact of Oil Solubility and Refrigerant Flashing on the Performance of Transcritical CO2 Vapor Compression Systems with Oil Flooding and Regeneration
Bell, Ian ULg; Groll, Eckhard; Braun, James et al

in International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 12-15, 2010 (2010, July)

Flooding the compressor of a vapor compression system with oil can allow for a more isothermal compression process. This can lead to significant improvements in performance, particularly when combined ... [more ▼]

Flooding the compressor of a vapor compression system with oil can allow for a more isothermal compression process. This can lead to significant improvements in performance, particularly when combined with a regenerative heat exchanger. For CO2 cycles with supercritical heat rejection, the superheat horn and throttle are major sources of irreversibility. The combination of flooding and regeneration attacks both of these losses with a relatively small impact on system costs. The improvement in system COP can be over 20% for sink and source temperatures of 30°C and -30°C, respectively, with an optimized oil mass fraction and oils that have low refrigerant solubility. However, when some amount of refrigerant is solved in the oil, the cooling capacity is decreased. At a refrigerant solubility of 20% by mass in the oil for fixed oil mass fraction, there is no improvement in system COP compared to the baseline system. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of operator expertise on collection of the APACHE II score and on the derived risk of death and standardized mortality ratio
Ledoux, Didier ULg

in Anaesthesia & Intensive Care (2005), 33(5), 585-590

We assessed the impact of operator expertise on collection of the APACHE II score, the derived risk of death and standardized mortality ratio in 465 consecutive patients admitted to a multi-disciplinary ... [more ▼]

We assessed the impact of operator expertise on collection of the APACHE II score, the derived risk of death and standardized mortality ratio in 465 consecutive patients admitted to a multi-disciplinary tertiary hospital ICU. Research coordinators and junior clinical staff independently collected the APACHE II variables; experts (senior clinical staff) rescored 20% of the records. Agreement was moderate between junior clinical staff and research coordinators or senior clinical staff for most variables of the acute physiology score (weighted kappa<0.6); agreement between research coordinators and senior clinical staff data collectors was good (weighted kappa >0.75). The APACHE II score and its derived risk of death (ROD) were significantly lower using the junior clinical staff dataset compared to research coordinators and senior clinical staff (APACHE II score: 13.4+/-9.2 vs 16.8+/-8.5 vs 17.1+/-7 7, P<0.001; ROD: 14.7%+/-22.4% vs 21.6%+/-22.6% vs 20.8%+/-22.4%, P<0.01 respectively). The discriminative capacity was not altered by the lack of agreement (area under Receiver Operator Characteristic curve >0.8) but calibration of ROD from the junior clinical staff dataset was poor (Goodness-of-fit: P= 0.001). The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was higher with the junior clinical staff dataset (SMR: 1.22, 95% CI: 0.96-1.52 vs 0.87, 95% CI: 0.70-1.06 vs 0.76, 95% CI: 0.40-1.3 calculated from junior clinical staff research coordinators and senior clinical staff datasets respectively). We conclude that the expertise of data collectors significantly influences the APACHE II score, the derived risk of death and the standardized mortality ratio. Given the importance of such scores, ICUs should be provided with sufficient resources to train and employ dedicated data collectors. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of osteoarthritis and chronic back pain on health-related quality of life among patients on NSAIDS
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Belaiche, Jacques ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003, November), 14(Suppl. 7), 89-90

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See detailImpact of partial albumen removal on posthatch performance of laying hens
Willems, E.; Franssens, L.; Koppenol, A. et al

Conference (2013)

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See detailImpact of participatory risk assessment approaches on occupational health professional's attitutdes and practices Proceedings ICOH 2009
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Mazina, D. ULg; Roussel, Sandrine et al

Poster (2009, March)

In the last 10 years with the support of the Belgian Federal Public Service (FPS) for Employment and Labour and the European Social Fund, prevention advisors (PA) and occupational health physicians (OP ... [more ▼]

In the last 10 years with the support of the Belgian Federal Public Service (FPS) for Employment and Labour and the European Social Fund, prevention advisors (PA) and occupational health physicians (OP) have been invited to use new methods for risk assessment involving workers’ participation, namely the Sobane strategy, or the Risk/Toxtrainer methodology. This study aimed at evaluating these methods actual use among PA’s and OP’s, and its impact on representations and risk management practices. Methods A national postal survey was conducted in 2007 among a random sample (n=3340) of all professionals registered as PA (>6000) or OP (about 1000) by the FPS. The questionnaire explored those professionals’ familiarity with 12 different risk assessments methods, the nature of their interventions in enterprises, their representations about participation and collected demographic information. Results A total of 859 completed surveys (response rate: 25.7 %) could be analyzed. Among the methods studied, the Kinney-Wiruth accident risk analysis is the most familiar (54% regular users + 19% trained ones). The participatory methods are familiar (users + trained) to respectively 46 % (Sobane) and 11% (Risktrainer) of the respondents. When analyzing practices in enterprises, the professionals familiar with one of the participatory approaches are more often than the other professionals suggesting the use of participation in risk management to colleagues (84 vs 67.5% ; p<0.000) or to the employer (84 vs 73.5% ; p<0.000). Those professionals not familiar with the participatory approaches agree more often with the following statements: “PA role is more to inform than to listen” (p=0.005), “Participatory processes are raising unrealistic expectations among the staff” (p=0.002). Discussion This study shows that participatory risk assessment methods are gaining ground in Belgian enterprises. It also highlights the significant influence that information and training in those methods have had on risk management practices and the professionals’ representations. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of participatory risk assessment approaches on occupational health professional's attitudes and practices
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Mazina, D. ULg; Roussel, Sandrine et al

Poster (2009, March)

Introduction In the last 10 years with the support of the Belgian Federal Public Service (FPS) for Employment and Labour and the European Social Fund, prevention advisors (PA) and occupational health ... [more ▼]

Introduction In the last 10 years with the support of the Belgian Federal Public Service (FPS) for Employment and Labour and the European Social Fund, prevention advisors (PA) and occupational health physicians (OP) have been invited to use new methods for risk assessment involving workers’ participation, namely the Sobane strategy, or the Risk/Toxtrainer methodology. This study aimed at evaluating these methods actual use among PA’s and OP’s, and its impact on representations and risk management practices. Methods A national postal survey was conducted in 2007 among a random sample (n=3340) of all professionals registered as PA (>6000) or OP (about 1000) by the FPS. The questionnaire explored those professionals’ familiarity with 12 different risk assessments methods, the nature of their interventions in enterprises, their representations about participation and collected demographic information. Results A total of 859 completed surveys (response rate: 25.7 %) could be analyzed. Among the methods studied, the Kinney-Wiruth accident risk analysis is the most familiar (54% regular users + 19% trained ones). The participatory methods are familiar (users + trained) to respectively 46 % (Sobane) and 11% (Risktrainer) of the respondents. When analyzing practices in enterprises, the professionals familiar with one of the participatory approaches are more often than the other professionals suggesting the use of participation in risk management to colleagues (84 vs 67.5% ; p<0.000) or to the employer (84 vs 73.5% ; p<0.000). Those professionals not familiar with the participatory approaches agree more often with the following statements: “PA role is more to inform than to listen” (p=0.005), “Participatory processes are raising unrealistic expectations among the staff” (p=0.002). Discussion This study shows that participatory risk assessment methods are gaining ground in Belgian enterprises. It also highlights the significant influence that information and training in those methods have had on risk management practices and the professionals’ representations. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Percutaneous Oestradiol Gels in Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy on Clinical Symptoms and Endometrium
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Beliard, Aude ULg; Hedon, B. et al

in British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology (1997), 104(3), 305-10

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on endometrium, climacteric symptoms and the menstrual cycle, and the clinical and biological tolerance of two percutaneous oestradiol gels used as hormone replacement ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on endometrium, climacteric symptoms and the menstrual cycle, and the clinical and biological tolerance of two percutaneous oestradiol gels used as hormone replacement therapy. DESIGN: A large open randomised multicentre study. SETTING: France and Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred and fifty-four women with an intact uterus and who had experienced a natural menopause received either Oestrogel (n = 126) or Estreva, a new formulation of oestradiol gel (n = 128), (1.5 mg of oestradiol/day) for the 24 first days of each calendar month during six consecutive months. Nomegestrol acetate (Lutenyl), a norprogesterone derivative, was administered (5 mg/day) from day 11 to day 24 of each oestradiol cycle. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Examination of endometrial biopsies taken before treatment and between days 18 and 24 of the last treatment cycle, climacteric symptoms assessed using a modified Kupperman index, control of menstrual cycle evaluated by diary cards, and clinical and biological tolerance. RESULTS: Both treatments lowered the frequency and intensity of hot flushes and the global Kupperman index. 96% of the cycles were followed by withdrawal bleeding. Breakthrough bleeding or spotting resulted in premature discontinuation of treatment in one volunteer. Mastodynia occurred in 20 women and contributed to the premature termination of treatment in three of them. Endometrial biopsies taken at the end of treatment showed identical histologies in both groups, with a secretory pattern in the majority of women, and absence of hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: This trial confirmed that, when the two oestradiol gels tested were administered cyclically with nomegestrol acetate to postmenopausal women, they were well tolerated, effective and suitable for the treatment of oestrogen deficiency syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of performance anxiety on the accuracy of the singing voice among music students
Larrouy, Pauline ULg; Clijsters, Céline; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Poster (2012, May 31)

Performance anxiety causes physical and cognitive symptoms. This emotional state can affect the vocal features thus the fundamental frequency which is the main parameter to evaluate the singing voice ... [more ▼]

Performance anxiety causes physical and cognitive symptoms. This emotional state can affect the vocal features thus the fundamental frequency which is the main parameter to evaluate the singing voice accuracy. The aim of this study is to observe the impact of performance anxiety on the singing voice accuracy. 31 music students from the Royal Conservatories of Belgium sang a melody three times. Twice in quiet situations and one time in a stress situation (the day of the examination). This performance was rated by a panel of teachers. The anxiety level was controlled by measuring the heart frequency. We analyzed errors concerning the interval accuracy and the respect of the tonal center. We observe that the heart frequency is significantly higher in the stress situation (F(2,28)=15,18 ; p<.001), especially for advanced students. The students have difficulty to maintain the tonal center (F(2,12)=7,17 ; p=.03), whereas the accuracy of the intervals is not altered (F(2,12)=1,1 ; p=.56). The rating of the jury correlates with interval accuracy (r=-.411; p=.03) and respect of the tonal center (r=-.452; p=.016), particularly at the beginning of the melody (r=-.516; p=.005). To conclude, performance anxiety leads to an increase of the heart frequency and alters the respect of the tonal center. This is particularly the case for advanced students for whom this situation is a real challenge. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Pharyngo laryngeal Reflux on voice quality by using the RFS and RSI on 96 subjects.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Sugameli, Mélanie; Verduyckt, Ingrid

Conference (2010, June 05)

Pharyngo Laryngeal Reflux (PLR) influences the voice quality : hoarseness, vocal fatigue and hypertonia (Shaw et al, Hopkins et al). Our goal is to measure the influence of the PLR on the voice of 96 ... [more ▼]

Pharyngo Laryngeal Reflux (PLR) influences the voice quality : hoarseness, vocal fatigue and hypertonia (Shaw et al, Hopkins et al). Our goal is to measure the influence of the PLR on the voice of 96 subjects by using the Belafsky’s reflux symptom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS). 46 dysphonic patients (26M/24F) constitute the experimental group (EG) and 50 subjects (13 M/33F) without vocal or gastric complaint the control group (CG). All are evaluated by subjective measures (RSI), D-type scale (DS-16, Denollet et al) and objective measures (Video Laryngo Stroboscopy, RFS). The EG shows a RSI score significantly higher on test than on the retest (p=0.002). The specificity of the RSI calculated on the CG amounts to 98 % (chi ²: p < 0,05, Cramer: 0,678). The EG scores are significantly higher than those of the CG (p=0,000) although the CG obtains scores significantly higher as for the eating risk habits (p=0,001). In the EG, we note a correlation between the coffee consumption, the item 9 (pyrosis) (rho: 0,32; p < 0,05 ) and the global RSI score (rho: 0,35; p < 0,05). In the CG, alcohol consumption influences significantly the item 9 (rho: 0,47). The correlations between RSI and RFS are not significant (p < 0.05). The ENT evaluation is severe and probably influences the result. We observe no influence of the gender and of the D-type scale on the RSI scores (p <0.05). The RSI scale is an interesting tool for the detection of RPL. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of phonological awareness on reading and writing in Down’s syndrome
Frenkel, Stéphanie ULg; Vicari, Stefano

Conference (2010, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)