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See detailThe increase of the ionospheric activity as measured by GPS
Warnant, René ULg; Pottiaux, Eric

in Earth, Planets, and Space [=EPS] (2000), 52(11), 1055-1060

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See detailIncrease of the Photosensitizing Efficiency of the Bacteriochlorin a by Liposome-Incorporation
Damoiseau, X.; Schuitmaker, H. J.; Lagerberg, J. W. et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (2001), 60(1), 50-60

To describe the action mechanisms of Bacteriochlorin a (BCA), a second generation photosensitizer, in phosphate buffer (PB) and in dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) liposomes we carried out oxygen ... [more ▼]

To describe the action mechanisms of Bacteriochlorin a (BCA), a second generation photosensitizer, in phosphate buffer (PB) and in dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) liposomes we carried out oxygen consumption and ESR measurements. In PB, where BCA was in a monomer-dimer equilibrium, our results suggested that the oxygen consumption was related to the BCA monomers concentration in solution. Incorporation of BCA in DMPC liposomes, by promoting the monomerization of BCA, increased 9-fold the oxygen consumption in comparison to the value in PB. The use of specific singlet oxygen quenchers (Azide and 9,10-Anthracenedipropionic acid) in ESR and oxygen consumption experiments allowed us to assert that BCA was mainly a type II sensitizer when it was incorporated in DMPC. Finally, the cell survival of WiDr cells after a PDT treatment was measured for cells incubated with BCA in cell culture medium and cells incubated with BCA in DMPC. Irrespective of the dye concentration, the cell survival was lower when liposomes were used. This effect could be the result of a better BCA monomerization and/or a different BCA uptake in cells. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased affinity of N-Methyl-AG525 stereoisomers for SK2 and SK3 channels
Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Seutin, Vincent ULg; Dilly, Sébastien ULg

Poster (2013, November 09)

Small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK, KCa2) channels represent interesting and challenging targets in medicinal chemistry. So far, the reference ligand is apamin, a peptide used in most ... [more ▼]

Small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK, KCa2) channels represent interesting and challenging targets in medicinal chemistry. So far, the reference ligand is apamin, a peptide used in most published studies including the [125I] analog for binding studies. Nonpeptidic ligands with high affinity have been developed for several years. Currently, different questions remain to be solved. No selective and brain-penetrating agent is available. In addition, replacing [125I]apamin in binding experiments would be also interesting. We have developed different series of compounds initially derived from laudanosine (1). The quaternized derivative, N-methyl-laudanosine (NML), was found to be a weak SK blocker but highly reversible in electrophysiological experiments (2). Then, bis-charged derivatives were synthesized. Potentially brain-penetrating AG525 stereoisomers were obtained and tested for their affinity for SK channels (3). The affinity of one enantiomer, AG525E1, was found to be close to that of dequalinium (Ki ~ 200 nM) while the two other stereoisomers had a lower affinity. Following this study, quaternization of AG525 stereoisomers was carried out and the affinity of these compounds for SK channel subtypes was determined in comparison with that of parent compounds. We observed a significant increase of affinity for SK2 and SK3 channels for the bis-charged N-methyl derivatives as compared to the basic AG525 stereoisomers to. The ratio of selectivity was increased a little in the case of bis-charged N-methyl derivatives. In addition, the influence of stereochemistry was quite different between both groups. For basic AG525 stereoisomers, the S,S-enantiomer (AG525E1) was the most potent while, within bis-charged N-methyl analogues, both enantiomers had higher affinity. Further in silico approaches should permit to explain these results. References: (1) Graulich et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2005, 13, 1201 (2) Scuvée-Moreau et al., J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2002, 302, 1176 (3) Graulich et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 2008, 18, 3440 [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased analgesic requirements associated with induced labour are related to dystocia
Sougné, Christelle; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Hans, Pol ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2008), 59(3), 229

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See detailIncreased aortic compliance and energetic cost of cardiac ejection
Kolh, Philippe ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; GERARD, P et al

in Acta Cardiologica (1999), 53(6), 387

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See detailIncreased aortic compliance maintains left ventricular performance at lower energetic cost
Kolh, Philippe ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; GERARD, P et al

in European Heart Journal (1998), 19

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See detailIncreased Aortic Compliance Maintains Left Ventricular Performance at Lower Energetic Cost
Kolh, Philippe ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2000), 17(3), 272-8

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate left ventricular contractility and energetic cost of cardiac ejection under conditions of acute increase in aortic compliance. METHODS: In six ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate left ventricular contractility and energetic cost of cardiac ejection under conditions of acute increase in aortic compliance. METHODS: In six anaesthetized pigs, ascending aortic compliance was increased by adding a volume chamber in parallel to the ascending aorta. Systemic vascular parameters, including characteristic impedance, peripheral resistance, total vascular compliance, and inertance, were estimated with a four-element windkessel model. Arterial elastance was derived from these parameters. Left ventricular systolic function was assessed by end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (end-systolic elastance), and stroke work. Pressure-volume area was used as a measure of myocardial oxygen consumption. Heart rate remained constant during the experimentation. RESULTS: Adding the aortic volume chamber significantly increased vascular compliance from 0. 95+/-0.08 to 1.17+/-0.06 ml/mmHg (P<0.01), while inductance, characteristic impedance, peripheral resistance, and arterial elastance remained statistically at basal values, respectively 0. 0020+/-0.0003 mmHg.s(2)/ml, 0.105+/-0.009 mmHg.s/ml, 1.27+/-0.12 mmHg.s/ml, and 2.43+/-0.21 mmHg/ml. During the same interval, stroke work and pressure-volume area decreased respectively from 2700+/-242 to 2256+/-75 mmHg.ml (P<0.01), and from 3806+/-427 to 3179+/-167 mmHg.ml (P<0.01). Stroke work and pressure-volume area decreased at matched end-diastolic volumes. In contrast, end-systolic elastance, ejection fraction, and stroke volume remained statistically unchanged, respectively at 2.29+/-0.14 mmHg/ml, 48.1+/-2.1 %, and 32. 4+/-1.7 ml. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that, when facing an increased aortic compliance, the left ventricle displays unchanged contractility, but the energetic cost of cardiac ejection is significantly decreased. These data may be of clinical importance when choosing an artificial prosthesis for ascending aortic replacement. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased apoptotic chondrocytes in articular cartilage from adult heterozygous SirT1 mice.
Gabay, Odile; Oppenhiemer, Hanna; Meir, Hadar et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2012), 71(4), 613-6

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence indicates that the protein deacetylase, SirT1, affects chondrocyte biology and survival. This report aims to evaluate in vivo attributes of SirT1 in cartilage biology ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence indicates that the protein deacetylase, SirT1, affects chondrocyte biology and survival. This report aims to evaluate in vivo attributes of SirT1 in cartilage biology of 129/J murine strains. METHODS: Heterozygous haploinsufficient (SirT1(+/-)) and wild-type (WT; SirT1(+/+)) 129/J mice aged 1 or 9 months were systematically compared for musculoskeletal features, scored for osteoarthritis (OA) severity, and monitored for chondrocyte apoptosis in articular cartilage. Sections of femorotibial joints were stained for type II collagen and aggrecan. Protein extracts from articular chondrocytes were isolated and immunoblotted for SirT1 and active caspase 3. RESULTS: Phenotypic observations show that, at 1 month of age, SirT1(+/-) mice were smaller than WT and showed a significant decrease in full-length SirT1 (FLSirT1; 110 kDa) protein levels. Levels of FLSirT1 were further decreased in both strains at 9 months. Immunoblot assays for 9-month-old strains revealed the presence of the inactive cleaved SirT1 variant (75 SirT1; 75 kDa) in WT mice, which was undetected in age-matched SirT1(+/-) mice. Nine-month-old SirT1(+/-) mice also showed increased OA and increased levels of apoptosis compared with age-matched WT mice. CONCLUSION: The data suggest that the presence of 75 SirT1 may prolong viability of articular chondrocytes in adult (9-month-old) mice. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased binding and defective migration across fibronectin of cycling hematopoietic progenitor cells.
Giet, Olivier ULg; Van Bockstaele, Dirk R; Di Stefano, Ivano et al

in Blood (2002), 99(6), 2023-31

Engraftment of hematopoietic progenitor cells has been shown to decrease during cell cycle transit. We studied cell cycle-associated changes in adhesion and migration of mitotically activated cord blood ... [more ▼]

Engraftment of hematopoietic progenitor cells has been shown to decrease during cell cycle transit. We studied cell cycle-associated changes in adhesion and migration of mitotically activated cord blood CD34+ cells. Migration toward medium conditioned by the stromal-derived factor-1-producing cell line MS-5 was studied in bovine serum albumin- and fibronectin (Fn)-coated transwells. Migration was reduced in cycling CD34+ cells and long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs) compared with their noncycling counterparts across Fn but not across bovine serum albumin. Conversely, Fn binding was higher in cycling CD34+ cells and LTC-ICs compared with noncycling progenitor cells, while adhesion of both subsets to bovine serum albumin was undetectable. The contribution of alpha4 and alpha5 integrins in mediating adhesion and migration of activated CD34+ cells onto Fn was analyzed by neutralization experiments. While alpha4-mediated Fn binding decreased during G(2)/M, alpha5 integrin-mediated adhesion increased during transit from G(0)/G(1) to S and G(2)/M phases. As for migration, the contribution of alpha4 integrin was similar in all phases, whereas alpha5-directed migration was lower in G(2)/M compared with G(0)/G(1) and S phases. Defective migration of cycling CD34+ cells was not due to differences in alpha5 integrin expression. In conclusion, chemotaxis across Fn is less efficient in cycling progenitor cells in correlation with an increased Fn binding capacity. In addition, alpha4 and alpha5 integrin functions are independently modulated during cell cycle transit. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased Camp Levels and Protein Kinase (Pka) Type I Activation in Cd4+ T Cells and B Cells Contribute to Retrovirus-Induced Immunodeficiency of Mice (Maids): A Useful in Vivo Model for Drug Testing
Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Aandahl, Einar Martin; Trebak, Mohamed et al

in FASEB Journal (2001), 15(8), 1466-1468

Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is characterized by a lymphoproliferative disease and a profound anergy, which involves mostly CD4(+) T cells. To better define the mechanisms responsible for anergy, we measured cAMP ... [more ▼]

Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is characterized by a lymphoproliferative disease and a profound anergy, which involves mostly CD4(+) T cells. To better define the mechanisms responsible for anergy, we measured cAMP concentrations in the different lymphocyte subsets of the infected mice. CD4(+) T cells and B cells displayed a dramatic 10- to 30-fold increase of cAMP. cAMP was also significantly increased in CD8(+) T cells, although to a far lesser extent. The unusual CD4(+) CD90(-) T cells, typical of MAIDS, were characterized by a much higher cAMP level than their CD90(+) counterparts. T cells of the infected mice were much more sensitive to inhibition by the cAMP analogue 8-CPT-cAMP, which confirmed increased in vivo exposure to cAMP. In accordance with the increased cAMP levels, PKA type I was constitutively activated and its C subunit was translocated to the nucleus. Finally, the profound T-cell anergy associated with MAIDS could be reversed by treating T cells with a PKA type I-selective antagonist ex vivo. MAIDS could constitute a suitable model for the study of new pharmacological agents aimed at reversing the immunosuppressive effects of cAMP previously shown to be involved in several pathological states, including HIV infection and common variable immunodeficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased Cell Proliferation and Mucocyte Density in the Sea Anemone Aiptasia pallida Recovering from Bleaching
Fransolet, David ULg; Roberty, Stéphane ULg; Herman, Anne-Catherine et al

in PLoS ONE (2013), 8(5), 65015

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See detailIncreased cell proliferation in Seriatopora hystrix following heat-induced bleaching
Fransolet, David ULg; Ugille, Aurélie; Leblud, Julien et al

Poster (2012, July)

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See detailIncreased Cell Proliferation, But Not Reduced Cell Death, Induces Lymphocytosis In Bovine Leukemia Virus-Infected Sheep
Debacq, C.; Asquith, B.; Kerkhofs, P. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2002), 99(15),

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See detailIncreased cell proliferation-but not reduced cell death-induces lymphocytosis in Bovine Leukaemia Virus-infected sheep
Debacq, Christophe; Asquith, B.; Kerkhofs, Pierre et al

in Abstracts of papers presented at the 2002 meeting of retroviruses (2002, May)

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See detailIncreased cerebral functional connectivity underlying the antinociceptive effects of hypnosis
Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Roediger, Laurence ULg; Del Fiore, Guy et al

in Cognitive Brain Research (2003), 17(2), 255-262

The neural mechanisms underlying the antinociceptive effects of hypnosis are not well understood. Using positron emission tomography (PET), we recently showed that the activity in the anterior cingulate ... [more ▼]

The neural mechanisms underlying the antinociceptive effects of hypnosis are not well understood. Using positron emission tomography (PET), we recently showed that the activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (midcingulate area 24a') covaries with the hypnosis-induced reduction of affective and sensory responses to noxious thermal stimulation [Faymonville et al., Anesthesiology 92 (2000) 1257-1267]. In the present study, we assessed changes in cerebral functional connectivity related to the hypnotic state, compared to simple distraction and the resting state. Nineteen highly hypnotizable right-handed volunteers were studied using (H2O)-O-15-PET. The experimental conditions were hot noxious or warm non-noxious stimulation of the right hand during resting state, mental imagery and hypnotic state. Using a psychophysiological interaction analysis, we identified brain areas that would respond to noxious stimulations under the modulatory action of the midcingulate cortex in, and only in, the hypnotic state. Hypnosis, compared to the resting state, reduced pain perception by 50%. Pain perception during rest and mental imagery was not significantly different. Analysis of PET data showed that the hypnotic state, compared to normal alertness (i.e., rest and mental imagery), significantly enhanced the functional modulation between midcingulate cortex and a large neural network encompassing bilateral insula, pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, pre-supplementary motor area, right prefrontal cortex and striatum, thalamus and brainstem. These findings point to a critical role for the midcingulate cortex in the modulation of a large cortical and subcortical network underlying its influence on sensory, affective, Cognitive and behavioral aspects of nociception, in the specific context of hypnosis. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased concanavalin A-binding capacity of immunoglobulin G purified from sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Malaise, Michel ULg; Franchimont, P.; Bouillene, C. et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (1987), 68(3), 543-551

A solid phase radioimmunoassay was set up for direct measurement of the binding capacity of human IgG to three lectins recognizing different carbohydrates of the Fc domain, i.e. peanut agglutinin (PNA ... [more ▼]

A solid phase radioimmunoassay was set up for direct measurement of the binding capacity of human IgG to three lectins recognizing different carbohydrates of the Fc domain, i.e. peanut agglutinin (PNA), Concanavalin A (Con A) and pokeweed mitogen (PWM) which mainly bind to beta-galactose, alpha-mannose and dimers of N-acetyl-beta-glucosamine respectively. The mean specific binding of the 96 normal IgG tested to PNA and to PWM was statistically higher (P less than 0.001) than that to Con A, whereas no significant differences were observed between the mean specific bindings to PNA and to PWM. A statistically significant linear negative correlation could be established only between the relative bindings (expressed in percentage of the total binding to the three lectins) to PNA and to PWM (r = -0.65, P less than 0.001). The mean specific binding of IgG purified from 34 patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to PNA and to Con A was statistically higher (P less than 0.001) than that reached with PWM, whereas no significant differences were noted between their mean binding capacities to PNA and to Con A. When compared to normal IgG, only four out of 34 RA IgG exhibited a significantly higher binding capacity to PNA, whereas all but one RA IgG possessed a significantly higher binding capacity to Con A. Accordingly, the mean specific binding of RA IgG to Con A was significantly higher than that of normal IgG (P less than 0.001). Besides (and contrary to normal IgG), a statistically significant negative linear correlation was noted between the relative bindings of RA IgG to PNA and to Con A (r = -0.89, P less than 0.001). All the five RA IgG tested exhibited an abnormal circular dichroism. Our data suggest that, by altered steric conformation and glycosylation, mannosyl-residues of RA IgG become prominent or terminal or both, and are therefore able to react more effectively with Con A than normal IgG do. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased dioxin/PCB body burden in diabetics: findings in a population-based study in Belgium
Fierens, S.; Mairesse, H.; Heilier, H. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2003), 60-65

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See detailIncreased electron donor and electron acceptor characters enhance the adhesion between oil droplets and cells of Yarrowia lipolytica as evaluated by a new cytometric assay
Aguedo, Mario ULg; Waché, Y.; Mazoyer, V. et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2003), 51(10), 3007-3011

The adhesion of methyl ricinoleate droplets to cells of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica was investigated. A new cytometric method, relying on the double staining of fatty globules with Nile Red and of cells ... [more ▼]

The adhesion of methyl ricinoleate droplets to cells of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica was investigated. A new cytometric method, relying on the double staining of fatty globules with Nile Red and of cells with Calcofluor, enabled us to quantify methyl ricinoleate droplet adhesion to cells precultured on a hydrophilic or on a hydrophobic carbon source. In this last case, droplet adsorption was enhanced and a MATS (microbial adhesion to solvents) test revealed that this increase was due to Lewis acid-base interactions and not to an increase in the hydrophobic properties of the cell surface. These preliminary results demonstrate that the developed cytometric method is promising for various applications concerning the study of interactions between microorganisms and an emulsified hydrophobic substrates. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased Expression of Bone Sialoprotein in Bone Metastases Compared with Visceral Metastases in Human Breast and Prostate Cancers
Waltregny, David ULg; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg; de Leval, Xavier et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2000), 15(5), 834-43

The recent demonstration that bone sialoprotein (BSP) is expressed in osteotropic cancers suggests that this bone matrix protein might be implicated in the preferential seed and growth of metastatic cells ... [more ▼]

The recent demonstration that bone sialoprotein (BSP) is expressed in osteotropic cancers suggests that this bone matrix protein might be implicated in the preferential seed and growth of metastatic cells in bone. High expression of BSP in breast and prostate primary carcinomas is associated with progression and bone metastases development. The exact mechanisms by which BSP may favor bone metastases formation are not clearly established yet. Although BSP expression has been detected in breast, prostate, lung, thyroid, and neuroblastoma primary tumors, no information regarding its expression in metastases is available to date. In this study, we have examined BSP expression in 15 bone and 39 visceral metastatic lesions harvested from 8 breast cancer patients and 7 prostate cancer patients who died of disseminated disease. We were able to retrieve the primary lesions from 5 of the 8 breast cancer patients as well as from all 7 prostate cancer patients. All the primary breast tumor patients and 5 of the 7 primary prostate cancer patients expressed a detectable level of BSP. Bone metastases from all 8 breast cancer patients and from 5 out of 7 prostate cancer patients exhibited detectable levels of the protein. Metastatic cells in close contact with bone trabeculae usually were highly positive for BSP. BSP also was detected in secondary lesions developed at visceral sites including liver, thyroid, lung, and adrenal glands. However, BSP expression was significantly lower in visceral metastases than in skeletal ones (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05). Our data represent the first demonstration of an increased expression of BSP in bone metastases compared with nonskeletal metastases in human breast and prostate cancers and add weight to the body of evidence attributing a significant role to this protein in the genesis of bone metastases. [less ▲]

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