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See detailExploring the multiple functions of sleeping sites in Northern Pigtail macaques (Macaca leonina)
Jose Dominguez, Juan Manuel; Asensio, Norberto; Garcia Garcia, Carmen J et al

in International Journal of Primatology (2015), 36(4), 948-966

the seasonal variation, maximizing daily activities. Overall, predator avoidance and food efficiency were the main factors influencing the selection of sleeping sites. Our observations differ from those ... [more ▼]

the seasonal variation, maximizing daily activities. Overall, predator avoidance and food efficiency were the main factors influencing the selection of sleeping sites. Our observations differ from those found in a semiprovisioned group inhabiting the same Abstract Sleeping site selection in nonhuman primates may respond to various eco- logical factors, including predation avoidance, range defense, and foraging efficiency. We studied the sleeping sites used by a group of northern pigtailed macaques on 124 nights to test these hypotheses. The macaques used 57 different sleeping sites, of which 33 were used only once. They rarely used the same site on consecutive nights. These selection patterns are consistent with an antipredatory function, but may also be related to an antipathogenic strategy. Sleeping sites were located principally in the most heavily used areas of the home range and were generally away from areas of intergroup encounters. However, some of the most heavily used sleeping sites were in the area where intergroup encounters occurred, and intergroup encounters at sleeping sites always showed high levels of agonism, indicating possible intergroup competition over sleeping sites. On 77 % of nights, the study group selected the sleeping site nearest to either the last feeding area that day or to the first feeding area used the next morning, suggesting a foraging efficiency strategy. The mean distances from the sleeping site to the last and first feeding area were 227 m and 127 m, respectively, suggesting a multiple central place foraging strategy. The macaques entered sleeping sites a mean of 27 min before sunset and left 24 min after sunrise, and these times varied in line withstudy site, which used fewer sleeping sites and reused them much more often. This difference highlights the impact anthropogenic activities may have on sleeping site selection and the flexibility of sleeping patterns in a single species. Such flexibility may have helped the tree-to-ground evolutionary transition of sleep habits in primates [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the night sky with binoculars -- P. Moore
Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Ciel et Terre (1987), 103

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See detailExploring the nucleon structure through GPDs and TDAs in hard exclusive processes
Pire, Bernard; Semenov-Tyan-Shanskiy, Kirill ULg; Szymanowski, Lech et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailExploring the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars: II. New magnetic field measurements in cluster and field stars
Hubrig, S.; Schoeller, M.; Ilyin, I. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 551

Theories on the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars remain poorly developed, because the properties of their magnetic field as function of stellar parameters could not yet be investigated. To ... [more ▼]

Theories on the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars remain poorly developed, because the properties of their magnetic field as function of stellar parameters could not yet be investigated. To investigate whether magnetic fields in massive stars are ubiquitous or appear only in stars with a specific spectral classification, certain ages, or in a special environment, we acquired 67 new spectropolarimetric observations for 30 massive stars. Among the observed sample, roughly one third of the stars are probable members of clusters at different ages, whereas the remaining stars are field stars not known to belong to any cluster or association. Spectropolarimetric observations were obtained during four different nights using the low-resolution spectropolarimetric mode of FORS2 (FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph) mounted on the 8-m Antu telescope of the VLT. Furthermore, we present a number of follow-up observations carried out with the high-resolution spectropolarimeters SOFIN mounted at the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) and HARPS mounted at the ESO 3.6m between 2008 and 2011. To assess the membership in open clusters and associations, we used astrometric catalogues with the highest quality kinematic and photometric data currently available. The presence of a magnetic field is confirmed in nine stars previously observed with FORS1/2: HD36879, HD47839, CPD-282561, CPD-472963, HD93843, HD148937, HD149757, HD328856, and HD164794. New magnetic field detections at a significance level of at least 3sigma were achieved in five stars: HD92206c, HD93521, HD93632, CPD-468221, and HD157857. Among the stars with a detected magnetic field, five stars belong to open clusters with high membership probability. According to previous kinematic studies, five magnetic O-type stars in our sample are candidate runaway stars. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Parsing of Dynamic Action in Checking Proneness
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Behaviour Change (2015), 32(2), 93-103

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See detailExploring the plant diversity through time: inference and bias
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Cleal, Christopher J.

Conference (2014, November)

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See detailExploring the potential of crop specific green area index time series to improve yield estimation at regional scale
Duveiller, Gregory; de Wit, Allard; Kouadio, Amani Louis ULg et al

in Sobrino, J. A. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing (RAQRS'III) (2010)

Crop status, such as the Green Area Index (GAI), can be retrieved from satellite observations by modelling and inverting the radiative transfer within the canopy. Providing such information along the ... [more ▼]

Crop status, such as the Green Area Index (GAI), can be retrieved from satellite observations by modelling and inverting the radiative transfer within the canopy. Providing such information along the growing season can potentially improve crop growth modelling and yield estimation. However, such approaches have proven difficult to apply on coarse resolution satellite data due to the fragmented land cover in many parts of the World. Advances in operational crop mapping will sooner or later allow the production of crop maps relatively early in the crop growth season, thereby providing an opportunity to sample pixels from medium/coarse spatial resolution data with relatively high cover fraction of a particular crop type to derive crop specific GAI time series. This research explores how to use such time series derived from MODIS to produce indicators of crop yield using two approaches over part of Belgium. The first method consists in looking at metrics of the decreasing part of the GAI curves when senescence occurs. Such metrics, like the position of the inflexion point, have been shown to be significantly correlated to yield. The second approach is to optimize the WOFOST model used in the European Crop Growth Monitoring System (CGMS) based on the GAI time series. Results show that, although the optimized model shows considerably better performance than the model running on the default parameter, the model is sometimes outperformed by the simpler metric approach. In all cases, indicators including remote sensing information provide better estimates that the average yield of previous years. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the pulse artefact in EEG recordings at 9.4 T magnetic field
Arrubla Martinez, Jorge Andres ULg; Breuer, Lukas; Da Silva, Nuno Andre et al

Poster (2014)

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See detailExploring the relationship between new word learning and short-term memory for serial order recall, item recall, and item recognition
Majerus, Steve ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg; Elsen, B. et al

in European Journal of Cognitive Psychology (2006), 18(6), 848-873

We reexplored the relationship between new word learning and verbal short-term memory (STM) capacities, by distinguishing STM for serial order information, item recall, and item recognition. STM ... [more ▼]

We reexplored the relationship between new word learning and verbal short-term memory (STM) capacities, by distinguishing STM for serial order information, item recall, and item recognition. STM capacities for order information were estimated via a serial order reconstruction task. A rhyme probe recognition task assessed STM for item recognition. Item recall capacities were derived from the proportion of item errors in an immediate serial recall task. In Experiment 1, strong correlations were observed between item recall and item recognition, but not between the item STM tasks and the serial order task, supporting recent theoretical positions that consider that STM for item and serial order rely on distinct capacities. Experiment 2 showed that only the serial order reconstruction task predicted independent variance in a paired associate word - nonword learning task. Our results suggest that STM capacities for serial order play a specific and causal role in learning new phonological information. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the risk factors for Salmonella in the ten biggest Belgian pig slaughterhouses.
Delhalle, Laurent ULg; Desadeleer, L.; Bollaerts, K. et al

Poster (2007, May)

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See detailExploring the role of base words and suffixes in word and pseudoword processing: Evidence from young French readers
Quemart, Pauline ULg; Casalis, Séverine; Duncan, Lynne

in Scientific Studies of Reading (2012), (5), 424-442

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (3 ULg)
See detailExploring the role of symbionts in the banana aphid using high throughput sequencing
De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Joncour, Pauline; Leonard, Simon et al

Conference (2014, April 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg)
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See detailExploring the schizophrenic hyperreflexivity on the Rorschach test
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Bataille, Jennifer; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

Poster (2015, August 28)

L’hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique peut être définie comme une attitude particulière de la conscience consistant à interroger de façon explicite et réflexive des phénomènes généralement implicites et ... [more ▼]

L’hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique peut être définie comme une attitude particulière de la conscience consistant à interroger de façon explicite et réflexive des phénomènes généralement implicites et préréflexifs (Sass, 2014). Notre hypothèse est que ce mécanisme se manifeste dans les protocoles du test de Rorschach des sujets schizophrènes (Englebert, 2013). Pour l’éprouver, nous avons administré le test à douze sujets schizophrènes. L’originalité de cette recherche repose sur une seconde présentation des planches (trois jours plus tard) qui a permis d’évoquer avec les sujets la permanence de leurs perceptions et de discuter de l’acception commune de celles-ci (pensez-vous que la plupart des autres personnes pourrait voir ce que vous voyez ?). Les résultats confirment notre hypothèse, tant au niveau quantitatif (les marqueurs de l’hyper-réflexivité que nous avions identifiés se retrouvent dans la majorité des protocoles) que qualitatif (phrases suggérant une interrogation épistémologique du test, par exemple). Enfin, nous remarquerons que l’attitude schizophrénique envers le test de Rorschach est assez subtile puisqu’elle identifie le fondement épistémologique du test reposant sur la nécessité d’une fausse perception – une « violation de la réalité » selon Exner (2003). Les sujets schizophrènes mettent en évidence la règle implicite sur laquelle repose le test qui consiste à ne pas donner la seule véritable bonne réponse (systématique) au test qui est « une tache ». [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (5 ULg)
See detailExploring the sky
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Poster (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)