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See detailIn the shadow of France: legal acculturation and legal transplants in the Southern Netherlands/Belgium
Heirbaut, Dirk; Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in ISAIDAT Law Review (2010), 1(2),

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See detailIn their Fathers’ Footsteps: Performing Masculinity and Fatherhood in the work of Les Murray and Michael Ondaatje
Burkitt, Katharine ULg

in Emig, Rainer; Rowland, Antony (Eds.) Performing Masculinity (2010)

At the turn of the twentieth-century the portrayal of masculinity in a postcolonial context has become increasingly complex. As the remnants of empires, those most masculine of Victorian pursuits, lie ... [more ▼]

At the turn of the twentieth-century the portrayal of masculinity in a postcolonial context has become increasingly complex. As the remnants of empires, those most masculine of Victorian pursuits, lie decrepit, so the assurances of the old relationships are dispelled and complicated by new forms of globalisation and neo-colonisation. In this context, postcolonial masculinity, a term which is itself fraught with contention, has been figured in various ways: Saladin Chamcha, the cloven-hoofed monstrous colonial of Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses, the male-dominated violence of gang-land Rio de Janeiro in Fernando Meirelles’ film City of God, the aged and sexually inert immigrant male in the later works of Hanif Kureshi, and the problematic return to an authentically historicised and indigenous male identity that Derek Walcott explores in Omeros. These examples, and many others, consider the difficulty involved in articulating a coherent and positive masculine identity in a world that is fractured and characterised by disparate social contexts that are related to colonialism. I will consider this difficulty in the work of Les Murray, an Australian poet whose exploration of masculine identity is inherently linked to his conceptualisation of national identity and Australia’s fractious racial politics. In Murray’s work postcolonial masculinity is a myth of empire-building hubris, or curtailed, victimised and essentially feminised. This is in contrast to the work of others, including the Sri Lankan/Canadian writer Michael Ondaatje, for whom some versions of postcolonial masculinity offer a potent spirituality which prevails optimistically against the bleakness of a fragmentary and brutal world. In my discussion of these writers, I will consider the implications of their representation of masculinity in a postcolonial context, and draw attention to the way in which the writers’ constructions of postcolonial masculinities which cross the borders of time, nation, gender and sexuality are deployed to represent the singularity of their own postcolonial experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Unordnung erstarrt
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Richter, K.

Article for general public (2008)

Experimente mit kalten Atomen zeigen erstmals direkt die Anderson-Lokalisierung von Materiewellen.

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See detailThe in utero and in the postnatal period growth in human newborns
Battisti, Oreste ULg

in Pediatrics & Therapeutics: Current Research (2012)

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See detailIn utero smoke exposure and impaired response to inhaled corticosteroids in children with asthma
Cohen, Robyn T.; Raby, Benjamin A.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg et al

in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (The) (2010), 126(3), 491-497

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See detailIn vitro fermentation characteristics for pigs of hulless barleys differing in β-glucan content
Jha, Rajesh; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Rossnagel, Brian et al

in Livestock Science (2010), 133

Isolated non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), especially isolated β-glucan, are reported to have prebiotic effects in pigs. However, little information is available on their possible functional properties ... [more ▼]

Isolated non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), especially isolated β-glucan, are reported to have prebiotic effects in pigs. However, little information is available on their possible functional properties when they are still present in the fibrous matrix of whole cereals. Hulless barleys (hB) are rich but variable sources of β-glucan. In order to evaluate their potential as functional feeds, an in vitro experiment was carried out to study the fermentation characteristics of 6 hB varieties and breeding lines varying in their β-glucan content (36–99 g/kg DM) in comparison to three hulled barleys (HB), two oat groats, three oats and one wheat, taken as reference. After pepsin–pancreatin hydrolysis, the ingredients were incubated in a buffered mineral solution and pig faeces (inoculum). The accumulated gas production, proportional to the amount of fibre fermented, was measured for 48 h and modelled. Short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) and ammonia concentrations were measured in the fermented solutions. A cereal type effect (Pb0.05) was observed on the fermentation kinetics parameters. Rates of degradation and total gas productions were higher with hB than with oat (Pb0.05). Differences were also found between hB for total gas production, lag time and rate of degradation (Pb0.01). The production of SCFA was also higher with hB (6.1 mMol/g DM incubated; Pb0.05) than with hulled barley and oat (4.9 and 2.9 mMol/g DM incubated respectively). In contrast, oat generated higher ammonia (Pb0.05) production (1.4 mMol/g DM incubated, on average) than both hB and HB (1.0 mMol/g). In conclusion, hB are better fermented, produce more beneficial (SCFA) and less harmful (ammonia) metabolites and have a better potential than other cereal species to modulate gut microbiota and improve gut health. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vitro Activities of Strychnos Alkaloids and Extracts against Plasmodium Falciparum
Frederich, Michel ULg; Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (1999), 43(9), 2328-31

The in vitro antimalarial activities of 46 alkaloids and extracts from Strychnos species were evaluated. Two types of quasidimeric alkaloids exhibit high and selective activities against Plasmodium ... [more ▼]

The in vitro antimalarial activities of 46 alkaloids and extracts from Strychnos species were evaluated. Two types of quasidimeric alkaloids exhibit high and selective activities against Plasmodium. Strychnopentamine and isostrychnopentamine were active against chloroquine-sensitive and -resistant strains (50% inhibitory concentration [IC(50)] approximately 0.15 microM), while dihydrousambarensine exhibited a 30-fold higher activity against the chloroquine-resistant strain (IC(50) = 0.03 microM) than it did against the chloroquine-sensitive strain. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro activity of amoxycillin plus clavulanic acid and ticarcillin plus clavulanic acid compared with that of other antibiotics against anaerobic bacteria
Pierard, Denis; De Meyer, A.; Rossell, P. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (1989), 44(4), 228-36

The activity of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin) and ticarcillin/clavulanic acid (Timentin) was tested against 303 unselected clinical anaerobic isolates recently collected in seven Belgian ... [more ▼]

The activity of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin) and ticarcillin/clavulanic acid (Timentin) was tested against 303 unselected clinical anaerobic isolates recently collected in seven Belgian university hospitals and compared with that of 11 other antimicrobial agents. Bacteroides spp. accounted for 52.1% of the isolates, Clostridium spp. for 23.4%, anaerobic cocci for 15.5%, nonsporeforming gram-positive bacilli for 4.6% and Fusobacterium spp. for 3.3%. Ticarcillin/clavulanic acid (fixed clavulanic acid concentration of 2 mg/l) was the most active drug with an overall susceptibility rate of 99.7%. Amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (fixed ratio of 2:1) and chloramphenicol inhibited 97.4% of the isolates, metronidazole 95.4%, piperacillin 92.4%, ticarcillin 91.4%, clindamycin 87.8%, cefotetan 81.2%, cefazolin 63.0%, cefuroxime 60.4%, erythromycin 57.8%, penicillin 57.1% and doxycycline 52.1%. beta-lactamases were detected exclusively in Bacteroides spp. isolates (79.1% positive). [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro activity of amoxycillin/clavulanate and ticarcillin/clavulanate compared with that of other antibiotics against anaerobic bacteria: comparison with the results of the 1987 survey
Pierard, denis; De Meyer A; Rosseel, P. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (1996), 51(2), 70-9

The activity of amoxycillin/clavulanate (Augmentin) and ticarcillin/ clavulanate (Timentin) was tested against 351 strict anaerobic clinical isolates collected from September 1993 to April 1994 in eight ... [more ▼]

The activity of amoxycillin/clavulanate (Augmentin) and ticarcillin/ clavulanate (Timentin) was tested against 351 strict anaerobic clinical isolates collected from September 1993 to April 1994 in eight Belgian university hospitals and compared with that of 8 other antibiotics using the NCCLS reference agar dilution procedure. Production of beta-lactamase was detected by the nitrocefin test in 48% of the isolates. At NCCLS-recommended breakpoints, more than 90% of isolates were susceptible to amoxycillin/clavulanate, ticarcillin/clavulanate, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, chloramphenicol and metronidazole but only 77%, 72% and 48% to cefoxitin, clindamycin and penicillin, respectively. In comparison with the results of a similar survey conducted in 1987 no major changes in susceptibility were observed except for the susceptibility to clindamycin that declined from 83% to 72% overall, and from 83% to 66% in the B. fragilis group. Furthermore one isolate of Clostridium clostridioforme was found produce beta-lactamase and few B. fragilis group isolates showed reduced susceptibility to metronidazole. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro activity of Beauveria bassiana against Psoroptes ovis
Lekimme, M.; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Focant, C. et al

Poster (2005)

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See detailIn vitro and in situ experimental modulation of neurotransmitters, phenotypic expression by adult dorsal root ganglion neurons
Schoenen, J.; Delrée, P.; Martin, Didier ULg et al

Conference (1989, November)

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See detailIn Vitro And In Situ Study Of Postharvest Apple Blue Mold Biocontrol By Aureobasidium Pullulans: Evidence For The Involvement Of Competition For Nutrients
Bencheqroun, Sk.; Baji, M.; Massart, Sébastien ULg et al

in Postharvest Biology and Technology (2007), 46(2), 128-135

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo activity of the nuclear factor-kappa B inhibitor sulfasalazine in human glioblastomas.
Robe, Pierre ULg; Bentires-Alj, Mohamed; Bonif, Marianne et al

in Clinical Cancer Research : An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (2004), 10(16), 5595-603

Glioblastomas, the most common primary brain cancers, respond poorly to current treatment modalities and carry a dismal prognosis. In this study, we demonstrated that the transcription factor nuclear ... [more ▼]

Glioblastomas, the most common primary brain cancers, respond poorly to current treatment modalities and carry a dismal prognosis. In this study, we demonstrated that the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is constitutively activated in glioblastoma surgical samples, primary cultures, and cell lines and promotes their growth and survival. Sulfasalazine, an anti-inflammatory drug that specifically inhibits the activation of NF-kappaB, blocked the cell cycle and induced apoptosis in several glioblastoma cell lines and primary cultures, as did gene therapy with a vector encoding a super-repressor of NF-kappaB. In vivo, sulfasalazine also significantly inhibited the growth of experimental human glioblastomas in nude mice brains. Given the documented safety of sulfasalazine in humans, these results may lead the way to a new class of glioma treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo analysis of macroporous biodegradable poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds containing bioactive glass
Day, Richard M; Maquet, Véronique; Boccaccini, Aldo R. et al

in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part A (2005), 75A(4), 778-787

Recent studies have demonstrated the angiogenic potential of 45S5 Bioglass (R). However, it is not known whether the angiogenic properties of Bioglass (R) remain when the bioactive glass particles are ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have demonstrated the angiogenic potential of 45S5 Bioglass (R). However, it is not known whether the angiogenic properties of Bioglass (R) remain when the bioactive glass particles are incorporated into polymer composites. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the angiogenic properties of 45S5 Bioglass (R) particles incorporated into biodegradable polymer composites. In vitro studies demonstrated that fibroblasts Cultured on discs consisting of specific quantities of Bioglass (R) particles mixed into poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) secreted significantly increased quantities of vascular endothelial growth factor. The optimal quantity of Bioglass (R) particles determined from the in vitro experiments was incorporated into three-dimensional macroporous poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) foam scaffolds. The foam scaffolds were fabricated using either compression molding or thermally induced phase separation processes. The foams were implanted subcutaneously into mice for periods Of Lip to 6 weeks. Histological assessment was used to determine the area of granulation tissue around the foams, and the number of blood vessels within the granulation tissue was counted. The presence of Bioglass (R) particles in the foams produced a sustained increase in the area of granulation tissue surrounding the foams. The number of blood vessels surrounding the neat foams was reduced after 2 weeks of implantation; however, compression-molded foams containing Bioglass (R) after 4 and 6 weeks of implantation had significant]), more blood vessels surrounding the foams compared with foams containing no Bioglass (R) at the same time points. These results indicate that composite polymer foam scaffolds containing Bioglass (R) particles retain granulation tissue and blood vessels surrounding the implanted foams. The use of this polymer composite for tissue engineering scaffolds might provide a novel approach for ensuring adequate vascular Supply to the implanted device. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo antimalarial and cytotoxic activity of five plants used in Congolese traditional medicine.
Lusakibanza, M.; Mesia, G.; Tona, G. et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2010), 129

AIM OF THE STUDY: The in vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of methanolic and dichloromethane extracts from five Congolese plants were evaluated. The plants were selected following an ... [more ▼]

AIM OF THE STUDY: The in vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of methanolic and dichloromethane extracts from five Congolese plants were evaluated. The plants were selected following an ethnobotanical survey conducted in D.R. Congo and focusing on plants used traditionally to treat malaria. The in vivo antimalarial activity of aqueous and methanolic extracts active in vitro was also determined in mice infected by Plasmodium berghei berghei. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The growth inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum strains was evaluated using the measurement of lactate dehydrogenase activity. The extracts (aqueous, CH(3)OH, EtOH and CH(2)Cl(2)) were prepared by maceration and tested in vitro against the 3D7 (chloroquine sensitive) and W2 (chloroquine resistant) strains of Plasmodium falciparum and against the human normal fetal lung fibroblasts WI-38 to determine the selectivity index. Some extracts were also used at the dose of 300mg/kg to evaluate their activity in mice infected since 4 days by Plasmodium berghei. RESULTS: Two plants presented a very high activity (IC(50)<3mug/ml). These plants were Strychnos icaja roots bark (MeOH and CH(2)Cl(2)) and Physalis angulata leaves (MeOH and CH(2)Cl(2)). One plant (Anisopappus chinensis whole plant, MeOH and CH(2)Cl(2)) presented a high activity (IC50<15mug/ml). The extracts of Anisopappus chinensis and Physalis angulata showed also a good inhibition of parasitemia in vivo. Flavonoids, phenolic acids and terpenes were identified in these plants by a general phytochemical screening method. CONCLUSION: Three plants showed a very interesting antiplasmodial activity (Anisopappus chinensis, Physalis angulata and Strychnos icaja) and one of them showed a good selectivity index (>10, Anisopappus chinensis). Anisopappus chinensis and Physalis angulata were also active in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo antimalarial properties of isostrychnopentamine, an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid from Strychnos usambarensis
Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg; Goffin, Eric ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2004), 70(6), 520-525

Isostrychnopentamine (ISP) is an asymmetric indolomonoterpenic alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Strychnos usambarensis. The in vitro antiplasmodial activities against five Plasmodium falciparum cell ... [more ▼]

Isostrychnopentamine (ISP) is an asymmetric indolomonoterpenic alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Strychnos usambarensis. The in vitro antiplasmodial activities against five Plasmodium falciparum cell lines were evaluated: ISP possessed an in vitro IC (50) near 0.1 microM against all P. falciparum cell lines tested (chloroquine-resistant and chloroquine-sensitive lines) and showed antiplasmodial selectivity compared to cytotoxicity on human cell lines. The stage-dependent susceptibility to a short exposure of ISP was then investigated. The ring stage was shown to be the most sensitive one, but all stages were affected by ISP treatment. By means of fluorescence microscopy, it was shown that ISP was not accumulated inside the food vacuole of the parasite. Finally, the in vivo antimalarial activities against the P. berghei NK173 and P. vinckei petteri murine strains were determined. The ED (50) in vivo was about 30 mg/kg/day by the intraperitoneal route (after 4 days treatment). [less ▲]

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