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See detailInconstance ou consensus ? Ponctuation et protase dans les chartes écrites en français à Liège avant 1271
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Trotter, David (Ed.) Actes du XXIVe Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romanes, Aberystwyth, 1er -6 août 2004 (2007)

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See detailIncontinence et prolapsus chez les personnes âgées
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Learning material (2003)

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See detailL'incontinence urinaire chez la femme agee.
Fillet, Marc ULg; Bonnet, Pierre ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(4), 341-8

Physical, psychological and economical consequences of urinary incontinence of the elderly woman are underestimated. It often results in depression, social isolation and early institutionalisation. It is ... [more ▼]

Physical, psychological and economical consequences of urinary incontinence of the elderly woman are underestimated. It often results in depression, social isolation and early institutionalisation. It is often the key factor that determines the decision of institutionalisation, which represent the most important part of the total cost of urinary incontinence. This problem is too often neglected and deserves considerable attention. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporating climate change scenarios into new operating rules for large reservoirs: a transnational assessment in the Meuse basin
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Schleiss, Anton (Ed.) Dams and Reservoirs under changing Challenges (2011)

Opportunities for updating and optimizing current operating rules are being evaluated for the Vesdre reservoirs in Belgium (50 M m³) and the Rur complex in Germany (300 M m³). This assessment is conducted ... [more ▼]

Opportunities for updating and optimizing current operating rules are being evaluated for the Vesdre reservoirs in Belgium (50 M m³) and the Rur complex in Germany (300 M m³). This assessment is conducted transnationally at the scale of the Meuse river basin. Common methodological approaches are followed in both countries and operating rules are analyzed in light of common climate change scenarios, recently defined for the whole Meuse basin. Similar risk-based approaches are used consistently in both countries to evaluate the performance of new operating rules in terms of risk reduction for floods and low flows. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporating quality of service in a benchmarking model:an application to French electricity distribution operators
Coelli, Tim; Crespo, Hélène; Plagnet, Marie-Anne et al

Report (2007)

In this paper we use annual data on 92 French electricity distribution units (2003-2005) to estimate a benchmarking model that includes a quality of service indicator (number of interruptions). Our ... [more ▼]

In this paper we use annual data on 92 French electricity distribution units (2003-2005) to estimate a benchmarking model that includes a quality of service indicator (number of interruptions). Our methodology involves the estimation of input distance functions using stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) and data envelopment analysis (DEA) techniques. The empirical results indicate that the inclusion of the quality variable has no significant effect upon mean technical efficiency scores, and the mean shadow price of one interruption is approximately ten Euros. The analysis in this paper is the first preliminary step in a larger project which is investigating the feasibility of including quality measures into benchmarking models that are often used by regulatory authorities [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporation in bread of dietary fibres from by-products of the agro-transformation.
Roiseux, Olivier; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

Poster (2006, October 17)

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See detailIncorporation in bread of dietary fibres from by-products of the agro-transformations.
Roiseux, Olivier; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Vandebeke, E. et al

Poster (2006, October)

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See detailThe incorporation of a non-natural amino acid (aza-tryptophan) may help to crystallize a protein and to solve its crystal structure. Application to bacteriophage lambda lysozyme.
Evrard, Christine ULg; Fastrez, Jacques; Declercq, Jean-Paul

in Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography (1999), D55

Until now, wild-type bacteriophage lambda lysozyme had been impossible to crystallize. This difficulty could be overcome by the replacement of the four tryptophan residues by azatryptophans. Analysis of ... [more ▼]

Until now, wild-type bacteriophage lambda lysozyme had been impossible to crystallize. This difficulty could be overcome by the replacement of the four tryptophan residues by azatryptophans. Analysis of the intermolecular and intramolecular contacts in this modification allows understanding of the differences in behaviour between the native and modified molecules. Furthermore, this mutation was very useful for the creation of new heavy-atom binding sites and for the solution of the non-crystallographic symmetry, which is extremely important for phase improvement. This procedure seems to be generally applicable, at least in the search for new possibilities for heavy-atom binding sites. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporation of prior information in the regularized inversion of ERT data with CRTomo
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Caterina, David ULg; Martin, Roland et al

Conference (2012, February 03)

The electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) inverse problem is ill-posed leading to non-uniqueness of its solution. A possible way to reduce the amount of mathematical solutions to more geologically ... [more ▼]

The electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) inverse problem is ill-posed leading to non-uniqueness of its solution. A possible way to reduce the amount of mathematical solutions to more geologically plausible models is to incorporate priori information in the inversion process. In this presentation, we describe the implementation of three different techniques ways to go beyond standard Occam’s inversion for ERT with the code CRTomo : a simple reference model weighted by a user-defined parameter, a structural constraint defined by modifying the construction of the roughness matrix compared to standard Occam’s inversion and a geostatistical constraint based on a vertical correlation length deduced from borehole data to build the model covariance matrix and use it to regularize the inversion. With several examples, we show that the traditional smoothness constraint yield small contrasts of resistivity, far from the reality revealed by borehole measurements. Incorporating prior information from boreholes clearly or from another geophysical technique (like GPR or seismic refraction) improves the misfit with logging data. The choice of the prior information incorporation technique highly depends on which king of information is available and further developments are needed to extend the techniques to more complex cases. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporation of rapeseed meal extracted by pressure in a diet for growing fattening bulls .1. Intake, digestibility and fermentation in the rumen
Mayombo, A. P.; Baldwin, Paule ULg; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annales de Zootechnie (1997), 46(1), 57-70

Intake, digestibility, degradation kinetic and fermentation were studied with bulls offered fattening diets with four different incorporation rates of rapeseed meal obtained by pressure; the ether extract ... [more ▼]

Intake, digestibility, degradation kinetic and fermentation were studied with bulls offered fattening diets with four different incorporation rates of rapeseed meal obtained by pressure; the ether extract content was 8.6% and the glucosinolate content 17,6 mu molg. The control diet was made of sugar beet pulp, cereals, soya bean meal and linseed meal. In the three other diets, nitrogen from rapeseed meal provided 33, 66 or 100% of nitrogen from soya bean meal or linseed meal. The intakes of the control diet were 94.3 +/- 7.3 g/kg metabolic body weight. Intakes were maintained high in the diet with 33, 66 or 100% of protein from rapeseed meal at 93.5 +/- 7.7; 93.0 +/- 5.0 and 93.5 +/- 7.7 g/kg, respectively. The apparent digestibility of rapeseed meal in the ration containing only rapeseed meal was high at 74.9 +/- 1.9% for dry matter, 76.5 +/- 2.1% for organic matter, 69.9 +/- 3.9% for nitrogen, 59.1 +/- 4.8% for ADF and 74.6 +/- 6.9% for ether extract. Dry matter of rapeseed meal was less degradable (57.8 +/- 5.0%) than that of soya bean meal (65.5 +/- 2.6%) or of linseed meal (61.6 +/- 4.2%) but was not as well protected than that of protected soya bean meal (43.6 +/- 2.6%) (P < 0.001). Similar trends were observed for the degradability of nitrogen (P < 0.001). Ether extract of rapeseed meal was more degradable than that of linseed meal (P < 0.001). There were no significant effects of the incorporation rate of rapeseed meal on the pH in the rumen. The fermentations were mainly of the acetate type with usual concentrations of propionate, butyrate, total volatile fatty acids, glucose or alpha amino nitrogen. Ammonia concentration was higher with the control diet and lower with the diet with 100% of protein from rapeseed meal. Fatty acids of rapeseed meal were more protected against saturation by the rumen microorganisms than in linseed meal. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporation of rapeseed meal extracted by pressure in a diet for growing fattening bulls .2. Glucosinolates and their breakdown products in the rumen
Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; Mayombo, A. P. et al

in Annales de Zootechnie (1997), 46(1), 71-79

Eight bulls from the Belgian Blue breed were offered diets in which soya bean meal and linseed meal were substituted by rapeseed meal (variety Samourai) in order to provide, respectively, 33, 66 and 100 ... [more ▼]

Eight bulls from the Belgian Blue breed were offered diets in which soya bean meal and linseed meal were substituted by rapeseed meal (variety Samourai) in order to provide, respectively, 33, 66 and 100% of the protein. The glucosinolate content was equal to 17.6 mu mol/g dry matter. Analyses of wet residues from rapeseed meal incubated in the rumen showed a rapid decrease of the glucosinolate content which disappeared after 5 h of incubation. The 3-hydroxypent-4-enenitrile, the but-3-enylisothiocyanate and the 5-vinyl-1,3-oxazolidine-2-thione antinutritional factors obtained from the glucosinolates were identified by GC-MS during the first 5 h. The 3-phenylpropanenitrile, the 3-methylindol, the 2-phenylacetic and 3-phenylpropanoic acids were also present in the residues and in the rumen. Although high sensitivity of the methods were used, no glucosinolates and their direct breakdown products were detected in the liquid and the solid content of the rumen. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in cortico-thalamo-cortical connectivity during human sleep slow wave activity
Kussé, Caroline ULg; Lehembre, Rémy; Foret, Ariane et al

Poster (2012, October 27)

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See detailIncrease in cortico-thalamo-cortical connectivity during human sleep slow wave activity
Kussé, Caroline ULg; Lehembre, Rémy; Foret, Ariane et al

Poster (2012, September 05)

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See detailIncrease in cortico-thalamo-cortical connectivity during human sleep slow wave activity
Kussé, Caroline ULg; Lehembre, Rémy; Foret, Ariane et al

Poster (2012, September 04)

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See detailIncrease in cortico-thalamo-cortical connectivity during human sleep slow wave activity
Kussé, Caroline ULg; Lehembre, Rémy; Foret, Ariane et al

Poster (2012, June 10)

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See detailIncrease in Cytokine Production (Il-1 Beta, Il-6, Tnf-Alpha but Not Ifn-Gamma, Gm-Csf or Lif) by Stimulated Whole Blood Cells in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Zheng, S. X.; Vrindts-Gevaert, Yvonne; Lopez, Marie-Josée ULg et al

in Maturitas (1997), 26(1), 63-71

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms through which estrogen prevents bone loss was a modulation on secretion or release of various cytokines that are known to influence bone remodeling, even if some recent data have challenged this hypothesis. However, in established osteoporosis, the possibility that enhanced cytokines activity may account for the progression of this disease remains unclear and controversial. We sought here to determine whether production of IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, GM-CSF and LIF, after direct stimulation in whole blood, was different in healthy (n = 30) or osteoporotic postmenopausal women (n = 24) and whether lumbar bone density (1-BMD) correlated with the values of cytokine production observed in these conditions. A significant difference was observed between the osteoporotic and control subjects for IL-1 beta (p < 0.0001), IL-6 (p < 0.001) and TNF-alpha (p = 0.027) productions, the values being higher in the osteoporotic women. No significant differences between the groups were observed for IFN-gamma (p = 0.51), GM-CSF (p = 0.70) or LIF (p = 0.97). In the whole population, statistically significant negative correlations were observed between lumbar BMD and IL-1 beta (r = -0.46) (p < 0.0005), IL-6 (r = -0.50) (p < 0.0001) and TNF-alpha (r = -0.39) (p < 0.005) production while no such correlations were observed for IFN-gamma, GM-CSF or LIF. In conclusion, the study of cytokine production by immune cells cultured in autologous whole blood suggests that in women more than 10 years past the menopause and presenting a decrease in lumbar bone density corresponding to the new WHO definition of "osteoporosis', production of IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha is still increased compared to controls matched for age and ovarian function, while no differences are reported for IFN-gamma, GM-CSF or LIF production. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in dimethylsulfide (DMS) emissions due to eutrophication of coastal waters offsets their reduction due to ocean acidification
Gypens, N; Borges, Alberto ULg

in Frontiers in Marine Science - Marine Ecosystem Ecology (2014), 1(4),

Available information from manipulative experiments suggested that the emission of dimethylsulfide (DMS) would decrease in response to the accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean (ocean ... [more ▼]

Available information from manipulative experiments suggested that the emission of dimethylsulfide (DMS) would decrease in response to the accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean (ocean acidification). However, in coastal environments, the carbonate chemistry of surface waters was also strongly modified by eutrophication and related changes in biological activity (increased primary production and change in phytoplankton dominance) during the last 50 years. Here, we tested the hypothesis that DMS emissions in marine coastal environments also strongly responded to eutrophication in addition to ocean acidification at decadal timescales. We used the R-MIRO-BIOGAS model in the eutrophied Southern Bight of the North Sea characterized by intense blooms of Phaeocystis that are high producers of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), the precursor of DMS. We showed that, for the period from 1951 to 2007, eutrophication actually led to an increase of DMS emissions much stronger than the response of DMS emissions to ocean acidification. [less ▲]

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