Conclusions: The X-ray properties of HD 45314 indicate that this star is a new member of the class of γ Cas analogs, the first one among the original category of Oe stars. Based on observations collected with XMM-Newton, an ESA Science Mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and the USA (NASA), and observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile) and the Observatoire de Haute Provence (France). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg) HD 45677 est-elle une étoile variable ?Swings, Jean-Pierre ; Swings, Polydore in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1972), 17(1), 142-145Whereas HD 45677 has faded by approximately one magnitude since 1969, the amplitude of variation in photographic magnitude between 1899 and 1969 has always been smaller than 0.3 mag.Detailed reference viewed: 7 (3 ULg) HD 65949: Rosetta Stone or Red HerringCowley, C. R.; Hubrig, S.; Palmeri, P. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2010), 405HD 65949 is a late B star with exceptionally strong Hg II λ3984, but it is not a typical HgMn star. The Re II spectrum is of extraordinary strength. Abundances or upper limits are derived here for 58 ... [more ▼]HD 65949 is a late B star with exceptionally strong Hg II λ3984, but it is not a typical HgMn star. The Re II spectrum is of extraordinary strength. Abundances or upper limits are derived here for 58 elements based on a model with Teff = 13 100K and log(g) = 4.0. Even-Z elements through nickel show minor deviations from solar abundances. Anomalies among the odd-Z elements through copper are mostly small. Beyond the iron peak, a huge scatter is found. Enormous enhancements are found for the elements rhenium through mercury (Z = 75–80). We note the presence of Th III in the spectrum. The abundance pattern of the heaviest elements resembles the N = 126 r-process peak of solar material, though not in detail. An odd-Z anomaly appears at the triplet (Zr Nb Mo), and there is a large abundance jump between Xe (Z = 54) and Ba (Z = 56). These are signatures of chemical fractionation. We find a significant correlation of the abundance excesses with second ionization potentials for elements withZ > 30. If this is not a red herring (false lead), it indicates the relevance of photospheric or near-photospheric processes. Large excesses (4–6 dex) require diffusion from deeper layers with the elements passing through a number of ionization stages. That would make the correlation with second ionization potential puzzling. We explore a model with mass accretion of exotic material followed by the more commonly accepted differentiation by diffusion. That model leads to a number of predictions which challenge future work. New observations confirm the orbital elements of Gieseking and Karimie, apart from the systemic velocity, which has increased. Likely primary and secondary masses are near 3.3 and 1.6 M , with a separation of ca. 0.25 au. New atomic structure calculations are presented in two appendices. These include partition functions for the first through third spectra of Ru, Re and Os, as well as oscillator strengths in the Re II spectrum. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg) HD 85037 nouvelle variable à éclipses probableRenson, Pierre ; Heck, A.in Information Bulletin on Variable Stars (1983), 2298Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg) HD 97658 and its super-Earth. Spitzer & MOST transit analysis and modeling of the host starVan Grootel, Valérie ; Gillon, Michaël ; Valencia, D. et alConference (2014, July)Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition ... [more ▼]Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition. We present here the confirmation, based on Spitzer transit observations, that the super-Earth HD 97658 b transits its host star. HD 97658 is a low-mass ($M_*=0.77\pm0.05\,M_{\odot}$) K1 dwarf, as determined from the Hipparcos parallax and stellar evolution modeling. To constrain the planet parameters, we carry out Bayesian global analyses of Keck-HIRES radial velocities, and MOST and Spitzer photometry. HD 97658 b is a massive ($M_P=7.55^{+0.83}_{-0.79} M_{\oplus}$) and large ($R_{P} = 2.247^{+0.098}_{-0.095} R_{\oplus}$ at 4.5 $\mu$m) super-Earth. We investigate the possible internal compositions for HD 97658 b. Our results indicate a large rocky component, by at least 60% by mass, and very little H-He components, at most 2% by mass. We also discuss how future asteroseismic observations can improve the knowledge of the HD 97658 system, in particular by constraining its age. Orbiting a bright host star, HD 97658 b will be a key target for coming space missions TESS, CHEOPS, PLATO, and also JWST, to characterize thoroughly its structure and atmosphere. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg) HD 97658 and its super-Earth: Spitzer transit analysis and seismic modeling of the host starVan Grootel, Valérie ; Gillon, Michaël ; Valencia, Diana et alConference (2013, December)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)