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See detailExperimental and theoretical radiative properties of odd-parity highly excited levels in Mo II
Jiang, L; Wang, Q; Feng, Y et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (2012), 66

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See detailExperimental and theoretical studies of DyIII: radiative lifetimes and oscillator strengths of astrophysical interest
Zhang, Z. G.; Svanberg, S.; Palmeri, P. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2002), 334(1), 1-10

The lifetimes of three short-lived levels belonging to the 4f(9) 6p configuration and of two long-lived levels of the 4f(9) 5d configuration of Dy iii have been measured for the first time using time ... [more ▼]

The lifetimes of three short-lived levels belonging to the 4f(9) 6p configuration and of two long-lived levels of the 4f(9) 5d configuration of Dy iii have been measured for the first time using time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence techniques. They are in good agreement with theoretical values calculated within the framework of a pseudo-relativistic configuration interaction approximation. Using the experimental lifetimes and the theoretical branching fractions, a first set of transition probabilities of astrophysical interest has been obtained for Dy III. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and theoretical studies suggesting the possibility of metallic boron nitride edges in porous nanourchins
Terrones, M.; Charlier, Jean-Christophe; Gloter, A. et al

in Nano Letters (2008), 8(4), 1026-1032

We first describe the synthesis of novel and highly porous boron nitride (BN) nanospheres (100–400 nm o.d.) that exhibit a rough surface consisting of open BN nanocones and corrugated BN ribbons. The ... [more ▼]

We first describe the synthesis of novel and highly porous boron nitride (BN) nanospheres (100–400 nm o.d.) that exhibit a rough surface consisting of open BN nanocones and corrugated BN ribbons. The material was produced by reacting B2O3 with nanoporous carbon spheres under nitrogen at ca. 1750 °C. The BN nanospheres were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution electron microscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy. The porous BN spheres show relatively large surface areas of ca. 290 m2/g and exhibit surprisingly stable field emission properties at low turn-on voltages (e.g., 1–1.3 V/µm). We attribute these outstanding electron emission properties to the presence of finite BN ribbons located at the surface of the nanospheres (exhibiting zigzag edges), which behave like metals as confirmed by first-principles calculations. In addition, our ab initio theoretical results indicate that the work function associated to these zigzag BN ribbons is 1.3 eV lower when compared with BN-bulk material. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and Theoretical Study of the Reactivity of Gold Nanoparticles Towards Benzimidazole-2-ylidene Ligands
Rodríguez-Castillo, María; Lugo-Preciado, Gustavo; Laurencin, Danielle et al

in Chem. Eur. J. (2016), 22

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See detailExperimental and theoretical transition probabilities in singly ionized gold
Biémont, Emile ULg; Blagoev, K.; Fivet, V. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 380(4), 1581-1588

Absolute transition probabilities have been measured for lines originating from the 5d(9)6d and 5d(9)7s electronic configurations in the spectrum of singly ionized gold (Au II). The laser-induced ... [more ▼]

Absolute transition probabilities have been measured for lines originating from the 5d(9)6d and 5d(9)7s electronic configurations in the spectrum of singly ionized gold (Au II). The laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy has been applied to free gold atoms and ions produced by laser ablation. Absolute transition probabilities have been determined using the branching fraction and the Boltzmann plot methods. Theoretical branching fractions as well as radiative lifetime values have also been obtained by a relativistic Hartree-Fock method taking core polarization and configuration interaction effects into account. The new results are compared with previous results when available. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental anti-angiogenesis causes upregulation of genes associated with poor survival in glioblastoma.
Saidi, Ahlame; Javerzat, Sophie; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2008), 122(10), 2187-98

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors are the most promising anti-angiogenic agents used increasingly in the clinic. However, to be efficient, anti-VEGF agents need to be associated with ... [more ▼]

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors are the most promising anti-angiogenic agents used increasingly in the clinic. However, to be efficient, anti-VEGF agents need to be associated with classic chemotherapy. Exploring gene regulation in tumor cells during anti-angiogenesis might help to comprehend the molecular basis of response to treatment. To generate a defined anti-angiogenic condition in vivo, we transfected human glioma cells with short-interfering RNAs against VEGF-A and implanted them on the chick chorio-allantoic membrane. Gene regulation in avascular tumors was studied using human Affymetrixtrade mark GeneChips. Potentially important genes were further studied in glioma patients. Despite strong VEGF inhibition, we observed recurrent formation of small, avascular tumors. CHI3L2, IL1B, PI3/elafin and CHI3L1, which encodes for YKL-40, a putative prognosticator for various diseases, including cancer, were strongly up-regulated in avascular glioma. In glioblastoma patients, these genes showed coregulation and their expression differed significantly from low-grade glioma. Importantly, high levels of CHI3L1 (p = 0.036) and PI3/elafin mRNA (p = 0.0004) were significantly correlated with poor survival. Cox regression analysis further confirmed that PI3 and CHI3L1 levels are survival markers independent from patient age and sex. Elafin-positive tumor cells were only found in glioblastoma, where they were clustered around necrotic areas. PI3/elafin is strongly induced by serum deprivation and hypoxia in U87 glioma cells in vitro. Our results indicate that anti-angiogenesis in experimental glioma drives expression of critical genes which relate to disease aggressiveness in glioblastoma patients. In particular, CHI3L1 and PI3/elafin may be useful as new prognostic markers and new therapeutic targets. [less ▲]

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See detailAn experimental approach for synthesis of Fe-Al-O multiferroic fibrous material
Starbov, N; Starbova, K; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2012), 398

Basic principles of the electro-hydrodynamics are applied for synthesis of solid state Fe-Al-O multi-ferroic fibrous material. For that purpose stable blend spinning solutions comprised of a high ... [more ▼]

Basic principles of the electro-hydrodynamics are applied for synthesis of solid state Fe-Al-O multi-ferroic fibrous material. For that purpose stable blend spinning solutions comprised of a high molecular assisting organic polymer and salts of iron and aluminum are developed. These solutions are tested under electrospinning conditions and synthesis of homogeneous as spun non-woven mats characterized by fibre mean diameters in the microand nano-size range is successfully demonstrated. Multi-step thermal procedure is applied for the consecutive solvent evaporation, polymer pyrolisis and final fibre calcination. Electronoptical imaging technique and XRD are applied for revealing the sample morphology and the phase composition correspondingly. The results obtained outline the wide possibilities for fabrication of multi-ferroics fibrous nano-materials on the basis of Fe-Al-O. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental approach of the behavioural spawning tactics in Barbus meridionalis using paternity analysis.
Binda, O.; Poncin, Pascal ULg; Chenuil, A. et al

Poster (1997)

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See detailAn Experimental Approach to Link Powder Physical Properties to 3D Particle Shape
Califice, Arnaud ULg; Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

in Particulate Systems Analysis 2011 (2011, September)

A series of samples have been characterized by 3D image analysis (using X-Ray microtomography). The samples consist of blends of metallic particles: steel shot abrasives (“balls”), steel fibres and ... [more ▼]

A series of samples have been characterized by 3D image analysis (using X-Ray microtomography). The samples consist of blends of metallic particles: steel shot abrasives (“balls”), steel fibres and angular steel grit particles. The blends were systematically prepared in different proportions of the raw products. Various shape and size parameters were measured on the particles: equivalent volume diameter (dV), maximum inscribed sphere diameter (dIN), particle length (maximum Feret diameter), particle elongation (El), particle flatness (Fl) etc. The results are expressed as statistical shape and size parameters, expressed both as volume and number weighted distributions. The blends have been tested for compaction using a cylindrical container which experiences a series of 500 free falls over a height of 3mm. The compaction dynamics was monitored using a sensor that measures the evolution of the solid volume fraction as a function of the tap number. From the obtained compaction curve, the Hausner ratio and a flowability index were extracted. The same blends have also been analysed using a rotating drum at different rotation speeds to analyze the evolution of the flowing angle. As the system is based on the analysis of a time sequence of 50 images (separated by 0.5 sec) it is possible to measure the intermittent character of the powder flow. The resulting measure is a cohesive index of the powder. The results obtained from physical testing were systematically plotted as a function of various statistical indices of the shape and size distributions in order to reveal correlations between particle shape properties and physical behaviour. Some clear trends appeared, demonstrating the influence of particle shape on powder physical properties. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental arguments concerning a hydraulic connection layer during limestone convective drying
Prime, Noémie ULg; Housni, Z.; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, UNSAT 2014 (2014)

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See detailExperimental assessment of the effect of the real flame emissivity for steel elements engulfed into fire
Tondini, Nicola; Vassart, Olivier; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Babrauska, Vytenis; Grayson, Stephen; Hirschler, Marcelo (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the Fire and Materials 2013 Conference (2013)

This paper presents the results of an experimental campaign performed to assess the effect of the flame emissivity for steel members engulfed into fire. In detail, two sizes of circular steel tubes were ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of an experimental campaign performed to assess the effect of the flame emissivity for steel members engulfed into fire. In detail, two sizes of circular steel tubes were engulfed into pool fires of two different diameters. Two fuels were used and for both fuels tests without column (used as comparison with existing localised fire models) and with column were performed. The temperature of the column and of the flames were measured at different heights. The width of the flame was also measured and used to calculate the emissivity of the flame the value of which was employed in numerical simulations in order to predict the evolution of the temperature of the steel column. Comparison with numerical analyses where the recommended values of the Eurocode were used is also shown. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Assessment of the Influence of Interface Geometries on Structural Dynamic Response
Dossogne, Tilàn ULg; Jerome, Trevor; Lancereau, Damien et al

in Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference (IMAC) XXXV (2017, January)

Jointed interfaces are sources of the greatest amount of uncertainty in the dynamics of a structural assembly. In practice, jointed connections introduce nonlinearity into a system, which is often ... [more ▼]

Jointed interfaces are sources of the greatest amount of uncertainty in the dynamics of a structural assembly. In practice, jointed connections introduce nonlinearity into a system, which is often manifested as a softening response in frequency response, exhibiting amplitude dependent damping and stiffness. Additionally, standard joints are highly susceptible to unrepeatability and variability that make meaningful prediction of the performance of a system prohibitively difficult. This high degree of uncertainty in joint structure predictions is partly due to the physical design of the interface. This paper experimentally assesses the influence of the interface geometry on both the nonlinear and uncertain aspects of jointed connections. The considered structure is the Brake-Reuß beam, which possesses a lap joint with three bolted connections, and can exhibit several different interface configurations. Five configurations with different contact areas are tested, identified, and compared, namely joints with complete contact in the interface, contact only under the pressure cones, contact under an area twice that of the pressure cones, contact only away from the pressure cones and Hertzian contact. The contact only under the pressure cone and Hertzian contact are found to behave linearly in the range of excitation used in this work. The contact area twice that of the pressure cone behaves between the complete contact and contact only under the pressure cone cases. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Assessment of The Influence of Interface Geometries on Structural Response
Dossogne, Tilàn ULg; Jerome, Trevor; Lancereau, Damien et al

Poster (2016, September)

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See detailExperimental astrochemistry: from ground-based to space-borne laboratories (Foreword)
De Becker, Michaël ULg; Cottin, Hervé; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg et al

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2015, January), 84(4-6),

The investigation of the origin and evolution of molecules in space environments, either in interstellar or interplanetary conditions, constitutes a topic of high importance in modern space sciences. The ... [more ▼]

The investigation of the origin and evolution of molecules in space environments, either in interstellar or interplanetary conditions, constitutes a topic of high importance in modern space sciences. The presence of diversified and complex molecules motivates astrochemists to explore their formation mechanisms along with the physical conditions ruling these physico-chemical processes. Beside theoretical approaches aiming at simulating these processes, experimental techniques are nowadays frequently applied. Both laboratory and space experiment projects allow to reproduce to some extent the adequate conditions to understand some of these processes. The most recent results based on these techniques, and the prospects for future investigations, including the use of space platforms, were the scientific motivation of this workshop. These proceedings summarize a part of the content of this workshop, including abundant references to the relevant bibliography. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental campaign and modeling of a low capacity waste heat recovery system based on a single screw expander
Desideri, Adriano ULg; Van Den Broek, Martijn; Gusev, Sergei et al

in 22nd International Compressor Engineering Conference at Purdue, July 14-17, 2014 (2014)

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