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See detailImprimeurs et société dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux et en principauté de Liège (1473-ca 1520)
Adam, Renaud ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

La thématique placée au centre de cette dissertation doctorale pourrait se résumer à cette question : comment les premiers imprimeurs se sont intégrés au tissu socio-économique des Pays-Bas méridionaux et ... [more ▼]

La thématique placée au centre de cette dissertation doctorale pourrait se résumer à cette question : comment les premiers imprimeurs se sont intégrés au tissu socio-économique des Pays-Bas méridionaux et de la principauté de Liège aux tournants des XVe et XVIe siècles ? Cette étude a été structurée autour de trois axes. La vétusté des synthèses sur le sujet et l’évolution constante de la recherche ont rapidement imposé la nécessité de réécrire en premier lieu un historique détaillé, ville par ville, de l’introduction de l’art typographique et de son évolution jusqu’en 1520. Les regards se sont ensuite portés sur le métier d’imprimeur avec des questionnements centrés sur le statut juridique et l’organisation de cette profession, sur le fonctionnement interne d’une imprimerie ainsi que sur la commercialisation des livres et le profil de la clientèle. Les résultats de la dernière partie sont le fruit d’une investigation dans la composition de la communauté typographique et d’une tentative de décorticage des trames réticulaires nouées avec les autres acteurs de la société urbaine. [less ▲]

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See detailImprint and Brush Cytology in the Diagnosis of Canine Intranasal Tumours
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Wallon, J.; Gilbert, S. et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (1996), 37(9), 423-7

Fifty-four dogs with nasal tumours were included in this study. Based on histopathology 52 tumours were malignant (36 epithelial and 16 mesenchymal) and two were benign (one oncocytoma and one ... [more ▼]

Fifty-four dogs with nasal tumours were included in this study. Based on histopathology 52 tumours were malignant (36 epithelial and 16 mesenchymal) and two were benign (one oncocytoma and one pleiomorphic adenoma). Malignancy was significantly more frequently diagnosed by imprint cytology (81 per cent of the cases) than by brush cytology (56 per cent). Brush cytology was a significantly more sensitive technique in epithelial than in mesenchymal tumours, while the sensitivity of imprint cytology was not affected by the histological type. Brush cytology determined an epithelial origin in 88 per cent of epithelial tumours, and imprint cytology in 90 per cent. In mesenchymal tumours, the scores were significantly lower, the histological type being determined in only 20 per cent and 50 per cent, using brush and imprint cytology, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailAn imprinted QTL with major effect on muscle mass and fat deposition maps to the IgfII locus in pigs
Nezer, C.; Moreau, L.; Brouwers, B. et al

in Nature Genetics (1999), 21

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See detailImprints of glacial refugia in the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris
Cheddadi, R.; Vendramin, G. G.; Litt, T. et al

in Global Ecology And Biogeography (2006), 15(3), 271-282

Aim To understand the impact of glacial refugia and migration pathways on the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris. Location The study was carried out throughout Europe. Methods An extended set of ... [more ▼]

Aim To understand the impact of glacial refugia and migration pathways on the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris. Location The study was carried out throughout Europe. Methods An extended set of data of pollen and macrofossil remains was used to locate the glacial refugia and reconstruct the migrating routes of P. sylvestris throughout Europe. A vegetation model was used to simulate the extent of the potential refugia during the last glacial period. At the same time a genetic survey was carried out on this species. Results The simulated distribution of P. sylvestris during the last glacial period is coherent with the observed fossil data, which showed a patchy distribution of the refugia between c. 40 degrees N and 50 degrees N. Several migrational fronts were detected within the Iberian and the Italian peninsulas, and outside the Hungarian plain and around the Alps. The modern mitochondrial DNA depicted three different haplotypes for P. sylvestris. Two distinct haplotypes were restricted to northern Spain and Italy, and the third haplotype dominated most of the present-day remaining distribution range of P. sylvestris in Europe. Main concluions During the last glacial period P. sylvestris was constrained under severe climatic conditions to survive in scattered and restricted refugial areas. Combining palaeoenvironmental data, vegetation modelling and the genetic data, we have shown that the long-term isolation in the glacial refugia and the migrational process during the Holocene have played a major role in shaping the modern genetic diversity of P. sylvestris in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailImproper ferroelectricity and multiferroism in 2H-BaMnO3
Varignon, Julien ULg; Ghosez, Philippe ULg

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2013), 87

Using first-principles calculations, we study theoretically the stable 2H hexagonal structure of BaMnO3. We show that from the stable high-temperature P63/mmc structure, the compound should exhibit an ... [more ▼]

Using first-principles calculations, we study theoretically the stable 2H hexagonal structure of BaMnO3. We show that from the stable high-temperature P63/mmc structure, the compound should exhibit an improper ferroelectric structural phase transition to a P63cm ground state. Combined with its antiferromagnetic properties, 2H-BaMnO3 is therefore expected to be multiferroic at low temperature. The phase transition mechanism in BaMnO3 appears similar to what was reported in YMnO3 in spite of totally different atomic arrangement, cation sizes, and Mn valence state. [less ▲]

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See detailImproper ferroelectricity in perovskite oxide artificial superlattices
Bousquet, Eric ULg; Dawber, Matthew; Stucki, Nicolas et al

in Nature (2008), 452(7188), 732-736

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See detailIMPROVE - Design of Improved and Competitive Products
Giuglea, S.; Chirica, I.; Giuglea, V. et al

in DBlaS'2008, I&CT Intern. Conf. (2008)

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See detailIMPROVE - Design of Improved and Competitive Products
Giuglea, S.; Chirica, I.; Giuglea, V. et al

in DBlaS'2008, I&CT Intern. Conf., Istanbul, Turkey, 16-18 June 2008 (2008, June)

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See detailIMPROVE - Design of Improved and Competitive Products using an Integrated Decision Support System for Ship Production and Operation
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Dundara; Guillaume-Combecave, J.-L. et al

in COMPIT’2008, Edit. Rigo-Bertram, Univ. of Liege, Belgium, ISBN-10 2-9600785-0-0 (2008)

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See detailIMPROVE - Design of Innovative Ship Concepts using an Integrated Decision Support System for Ship Production and Operation
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in IMPROVE Workshop (EU Project FP6 n°031382), DUBROVNIK 17-18 Sept. 2009, Croatia, Editor V. Zanic – Univ. of Zagreb (2009, September 17)

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See detailIMPROVE SHIP DESIGN COMPLEXITY (EASYSHIP)
Hage, André ULg; Rigo, Philippe ULg; Caprace, Jean-David ULg

Report (2012)

Nowadays productibility has become a major design attribute for shipbuilding industry. If a ship cannot be manufactured or assembled efficiently, it is not properly designed. To increase the ... [more ▼]

Nowadays productibility has become a major design attribute for shipbuilding industry. If a ship cannot be manufactured or assembled efficiently, it is not properly designed. To increase the productibility of ships, the scientific community and shipyards has developed the concept of Design For Production (DFP) which can be defined as "Design to reduce production costs to a minimum, compatible with the requirements of the vessel to fulfil its operational functions with acceptable safety, reliability and efficiency". DFP optimises all the manufacturing functions (fabrication, assembly, test, procurement, delivery, service, repair, etc.) that reduce the production work content while still meeting the specified design requirements and quality. The goal is to include the impact of design decisions on the production process. Time pressures on commercial ship contracts result in the overlapping of phases of design development, procurement and production. This makes the impact of engineering changes more difficult to manage. There is a need to systematically study the detail design process and its impact on construction with the objective to improve the process and its integration with construction. DFP can significantly reduce the costs, since ships can be quickly assembled from fewer parts. Thus, ships are easier to build and assemble, in less time, with better quality. Designers will save time and money by the reduction of the production complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailImprove the characterization of tropical forests to improve management: policy brief
Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Aleman, Julie; Bayol, Nicolas et al

Report (2014)

CoForChange has shown that management plans based on timber stock recovery are not enough to ensure the sustainability of these production forests. The variability of forest characteristics and their ... [more ▼]

CoForChange has shown that management plans based on timber stock recovery are not enough to ensure the sustainability of these production forests. The variability of forest characteristics and their different responses to disturbance should be considered in management decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved 1.5-sided model for the weakly nonlinear study of Benard-Marangoni instabilities in an evaporating liquid layer.
Margerit, Jonathan; Dondlinger, Mireille; Dauby, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Colloid & Interface Science (2005), 290(1), 220-30

Benard-Marangoni instability, with coupled gravity and surface tension effects, in an evaporating liquid layer surmounted by its vapor and an inert gas is investigated theoretically. We show that this ... [more ▼]

Benard-Marangoni instability, with coupled gravity and surface tension effects, in an evaporating liquid layer surmounted by its vapor and an inert gas is investigated theoretically. We show that this system can be described by a model that consists in the liquid layer equations plus the diffusion equation for the vapor in the gas (the so-called 1.5-sided model) and that this model is equivalent to a one-sided model when the vapor mass fraction field can be considered as quasi-stationary, provided that the equivalent Biot number is a nonlocal function of the interface temperature. A comparison of weakly nonlinear results for the 1.5-sided model with a previous one-sided model [M. Dondlinger, J. Margerit, P.C. Dauby, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 283 (2) (2005) 522-532] that considered a Biot number depending on the wavenumber evaluated at the threshold is performed. Very good agreement is found between both models. For this reason, the present analysis can also be considered as a detailed theoretical justification for the use of a one-sided model in the study of evaporative thermoconvection. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved Aid Effectiveness but Waiting for Results: What are the Missing Links?
Paul, Elisabeth ULg; Dujardin, Bruno; Ireland, Megan et al

Conference (2010)

Objectives: The objective is to analyze the content of the Paris Declaration (PD) on aid effectiveness and Accra Agenda for Action (AAA), and their practical implications for the health sector in aid ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The objective is to analyze the content of the Paris Declaration (PD) on aid effectiveness and Accra Agenda for Action (AAA), and their practical implications for the health sector in aid-recipient countries. Design/methods: The study draws on (i) a critical analysis of the two declarations, (ii) a review of the literature on their implementation and (iii) interviews of people in charge of implementing them – both donors and government representatives. Results: The PD and AAA both have a "missing link" between, on the one hand, international cooperation policies (five pillars of the PD) and national development (health) plans; and, on the other hand, the operational level that is supposed to deliver results. They presume that by changing aid management and respecting a few principles, development results will automatically improve as through a "black box". The influence of international and national policies over health systems, service providers’ behaviour and health impacts is not treated at all by the agenda for aid effectiveness, while it is crucial for its success. Moreover, that agenda is mostly dealt with at a too high level (international forums or at best national sector level), thus deepening the disconnexion from field realities. Conclusions/policy implications: This "missing link" entails the risk that, if the "black box" does not perform as expected – that is, if health systems and health service providers’ behaviour do not evolve in a positive way – and health impacts do not improve, the aid effectiveness agenda may be rejected at all, notwithstanding its (incomplete) added value. Hence the need to closely monitor the processes of national health plans implementation, so in order to better understand how these processes are translated on the field and what could be done to ensure that health service delivery and health results ultimately improve. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved Algorithms for Network Topology Discovery
Donnet, Benoît ULg; Friedman, Timur; Crovella, Mark

in International Workshop on Passive and Active Network Measurement (2005, April)

Topology discovery systems are starting to be introduced in the form of easily and widely deployed software. However, little consideration has been given as to how to perform large-scale topology ... [more ▼]

Topology discovery systems are starting to be introduced in the form of easily and widely deployed software. However, little consideration has been given as to how to perform large-scale topology discovery efficiently and in a network-friendly manner. In prior work, we have described how large numbers of traceroute monitors can coordinate their efforts to map the network while reducing their impact on routers and end-systems. The key is for them to share information regarding the paths they have explored. However, such sharing introduces considerable communication overhead. Here, we show how to improve the communication scaling properties through the use of Bloom filters to encode a probing stop set. Also, any system in which every monitor traces routes towards every destination has inherent scaling problems. We propose capping the number of monitors per destination, and dividing the monitors into clusters, each cluster focusing on a different destination list. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved antigenic methods for differential diagnosis of bovine, caprine, and cervine alphaherpesviruses related to bovine herpesvirus 1
Keuser, V.; Schynts, F.; Detry, Bruno et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (2004), 42(3), 1228-1235

The control of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis induced by bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) requires sensitive and specific diagnostic assays. As BoHV-1 is antigenically and genetically related to four ... [more ▼]

The control of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis induced by bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) requires sensitive and specific diagnostic assays. As BoHV-1 is antigenically and genetically related to four other alphaherpesviruses of ruminants-namely, BoHV-5, caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV-1), cervine herpesvirus 1 (CvHV-1) and CvHV-2-diagnostic tests able to discriminate BoHV-1 from these related viruses are needed to avoid misdiagnosis, especially because some of these viruses are able to cross the species barrier. In this study, murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for BoHV-1, BoHV-5, CpHV-1, CvHV-1, and CvHV-2 were produced with the aim of setting up an immunofluorescence assay able to discriminate between these related herpesviruses. Produced MAbs were selected for their viral specificity by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect immunofluorescence staining of virus-infected cells. Radioimmunoprecipitation characterization of the selected MAbs revealed that four of them are directed against glycoprotein C (gC) and one of them is directed against gD of these related viruses. The obtained results demonstrate that the antibodies produced allow an unambiguous discrimination of each of the four alphaherpesviruses related to BoHV-1. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved atomic data for iridium atom (Ir I) and ion (Ir II) and the solar content of iridium
Xu, H. L.; Svanberg, S.; Quinet, Pascal ULg et al

in Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer (2007), 104(1), 52-70

From a combination of radiative lifetime measurements, performed with a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique, for nine odd-parity levels of Ir I and four odd-parity levels of Ir 11 and ... [more ▼]

From a combination of radiative lifetime measurements, performed with a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique, for nine odd-parity levels of Ir I and four odd-parity levels of Ir 11 and branching fraction calculations, extended sets of transition probabilities have been derived for transitions of astrophysical interest. The new results are compared with the few experimental data available in the literature and a good agreement is found. They extend considerably the previous sets of transition probabilities available in the literature. Implications of the new results regarding the solar content of iridium are briefly discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved automatic calibration of groundwater flow models using self-potential measurements
Robert, Tanguy ULg; Therrien, René; Lemieux, Jean-Michel et al

Conference (2011, April 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)