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See detail5 beta-Dihydrotestosterone is weakly androgenic in the adult Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica).
Deviche, P.; Bottoni, L.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in General and Comparative Endocrinology (1982), 48(4), 421-4

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See detail5 notices: « Chose », « Il y a », « Néo-kantisme », « Ontologie fondamentale », « Vérité »
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Beaulieu, Alain (Ed.) Abécédaire de Martin Heiddegger (2008)

Brève analyse du sens de quelques concepts heideggériens et du contexte dans lequel ils apparaissent.

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See detail5 years of the European Initiative for the Exchange of Young Officers Inspired by Erasmus, Lessons Learnt from the International Military Academies Forum 2013
Paile, Sylvain ULg; Gell, Harald

Book published by Ministry of Defence and Sports of the Federal Republic of Austria (2013)

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See detail5',6'-Dehydroguiachrysine and 5',6'-Dehydroguiaflavine, Two Curarizing Quaternary Indole Alkaloids from the Stem Bark of Strychnos Guianensis
Penelle, J.; Christen, P.; Molgo, J. et al

in Phytochemistry (2001), 58(4), 619-26

Two new quaternary indole alkaloids 5',6'-dehydroguiachrysine (1) and 5',6'-dehydroguiaflavine (2) were isolated from Strychnos guianensis stem bark. Their structures were determined by analysis of ... [more ▼]

Two new quaternary indole alkaloids 5',6'-dehydroguiachrysine (1) and 5',6'-dehydroguiaflavine (2) were isolated from Strychnos guianensis stem bark. Their structures were determined by analysis of spectral data. Their inhibitory effects on neuromuscular transmission are also reported and compared to that of other quaternary alkaloids. [less ▲]

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See detailA 5,6-Dihydro-Isopyoverdin From Azomonas Macrocytogenes
Michalke, R.; Taraz, K.; Budzikiewicz, H. et al

in Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung C-A Journal of Biosciences (1997), 52(11-12),

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See detail5,8 analogies per hour, A designer's view on analogical reasoning.
Leclercq, Pierre ULg; Heyligen, A.

in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Design (2002)

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See detail5-(Diethoxyphosphorylmethyl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3H-pyrrole N-oxide : Synthesis and Evaluation of Spin Trapping Properties
Roubaud, Valérie; Mercier, Anne; Olive, Gilles ULg et al

in Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 2 (1997), 9

A new spin trap, the 5-(diethoxyphosphorylmethyl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3H-pyrrole N-oxide (3), is prepared through a four-step synthetic route. The in vitro spin trapping properties of 3 have been ... [more ▼]

A new spin trap, the 5-(diethoxyphosphorylmethyl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3H-pyrrole N-oxide (3), is prepared through a four-step synthetic route. The in vitro spin trapping properties of 3 have been investigated and the hydroxyl and superoxide spin adducts characterised. The persistence of the superoxide spin adduct obtained with 3 is compared with those of the analogues obtained with DEPMPO [5-(diethoxyphosphoryl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3H-pyrrole N-oxide] and DMPO in both phosphate buffer and pyridine. In 0.1 M phosphate buffer at pH 7.0, the HOO-3? adduct is found to be 2.8 times more persistent than HOO-DMPO?, but 5.7 times less than HOO-DEPMPO?. In phosphate buffer, HOO-3? decomposes to give HO-3?. The stereoselectivity of the addition of free radicals on 3 is generally poor, and mixtures of diastereomers have been observed by EPR. The overall spin trapping behaviour of nitrone 3 is more similar to that of DMPO than that of DEPMPO. [less ▲]

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See detail5-ALA-PDT induces RIP3-dependent necrosis in glioblastoma
Coupienne, Isabelle ULg; Fettweis, Grégory ULg; Rubio-Romero, Noemi ULg et al

in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences (2011)

Glioblastoma constitute the most frequent and deadliest brain tumors of astrocytic origin. They are resistant to all current therapies and are associated with a high rate of recurrence. Glioblastoma were ... [more ▼]

Glioblastoma constitute the most frequent and deadliest brain tumors of astrocytic origin. They are resistant to all current therapies and are associated with a high rate of recurrence. Glioblastoma were previously shown to respond to treatments by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) mainly by activating a necrotic type of cell death. The receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) has recently been outlined as a key mediator of this caspase-independent form of programmed cell death. In the present study, we analyzed the necrotic mechanism induced by 5-ALA-PDT in human glioblastoma cells and explored the role of RIP3 in this context. Our results show that PDT-induced necrosis is dependent on RIP3, which forms aggregates and colocalizes with RIP1 following photosensitization. We demonstrate that PDT-mediated singlet oxygen production is the cause of RIP3-dependent necrotic pathway activation. We also prove that PDT induces the formation of a pro-necrotic complex containing RIP3 and RIP1 but lacking caspase-8 and FADD, two proteins usually part of the necrosome when TNF-α is used as a stimulus. Thus, we hypothesize that PDT might lead to the formation of a different necrosome whose components, besides RIP1 and RIP3, are still unknown. In most cases, glioblastoma are characterized by a constitutive activation of NF-κB. This factor is a key regulator of various processes, such as inflammation, immune response, cell growth or apoptosis. Its inhibition was shown to further sensitize glioblastoma cells to PDT-induced necrosis, however, no difference in RIP3 upshift or aggregation could be observed when NF-κB was inhibited. [less ▲]

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See detail5-HT challenge in healthy vigile calves after MDL72222 pretreatment
Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1994), 426

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See detailThe 5-HT1A agonism potential of substituted-piperazine-ethyl-amide derivatives is conserved in the hexyl homologues: molecular modeling and pharmacological evaluation
Dilly, Sébastien ULg; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline ULg; Wouters, Johan et al

in Journal of Chemical Information & Modeling (2011), 51(11), 2961-2966

In a series of carboxamide and sulphonamide alkyl (ethyl to hexyl) piperazine analogues, although the size of the linker is very different, ethyl and hexyl derivatives possess a high affinity for 5-HT1A ... [more ▼]

In a series of carboxamide and sulphonamide alkyl (ethyl to hexyl) piperazine analogues, although the size of the linker is very different, ethyl and hexyl derivatives possess a high affinity for 5-HT1A receptors. Docking studies clearly show that hexyl and ethyl compounds favourably interact with the binding site of the active conformation of 5-HT1A receptors, thus confirming a possible agonist profile. This activity is effectively detected in electrophysiological experiments in which all four compounds inhibit the activity of rat dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons. [less ▲]

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See detail5-HT1A dysfunction in borderline personality disorder.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Psychological Medicine (2002), 32(5), 935-41

BACKGROUND: A number of challenge studies have reported abnormalities of serotonergic function in borderline personality disorder (BPD). There are, however, problems with the pharmacological probes used ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: A number of challenge studies have reported abnormalities of serotonergic function in borderline personality disorder (BPD). There are, however, problems with the pharmacological probes used in these studies since fenfluramine and m-CPP are not only serotonergic agents but also induce release of catecholamines, particularly dopamine. Therefore, we tested whether subjects with BPD showed a blunted prolactin (PRL) response to flesinoxan, a highly potent and selective 5-HT1A agonist. METHODS: Flesinoxan challenge test was carried out in 20 BPD in-patients and 20 healthy controls matched for gender but not for age. Since 16 BPD in-patients exhibited major depressive co-morbidity, a group of 20 depressed in-patients matched for gender but not for age was also included. RESULTS: BPD in-patients exhibited blunted PRL responses as compared to controls, whereas depressed in-patients did not differ from controls. Moreover, PRL responses were lower among BPD in-patients than among depressed in-patients. Among the BPD in-patients, PRL responses to flesinoxan were lower in patients with past history of suicide attempts (N = 8) than in those with a negative history. CONCLUSIONS: The results show major involvement of serotonergic function in BPD and are consistent with previous studies linking lower serotonergic activity with impulsivity. More particularly, our data suggest that BPD is characterized by lower 5-HT1A receptor sensitivity. Moreover, the data support the involvement of 5-HT1A activity in suicidal behaviour. However, this conclusion is limited because other hormonal responses such as ACTH and cortisol were not assessed, and because BPD was assessed by a self-report questionnaire and not a structured clinical interview. [less ▲]

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See detail5-HT1A receptor distribution in the human brain: preliminary PET data with p-[18F]MPPF.
Fuchs, Sonia ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Degueldre, Christian ULg et al

in Society for Neuroscience / Abstracts (1999), 25

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See detail5-HT1A Receptors visualization with p-[18F]MPPF in healthy volunteers.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1999), 42

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See detail5-HT2A receptor antagonism potentiates haloperidol-induced dopamine release in rat medial prefrontal cortex and inhibits that in the nucleus accumbens in a dose-dependent manner
Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Ichikawa, J.; Meltzer, H. Y.

in Brain Research (2002), 947(2), 157-165

Combined serotonin (5-HT)(2A) and dopamine (DA) D-2 blockade has been shown to contribute to the ability of atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) to increase DA release in rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC ... [more ▼]

Combined serotonin (5-HT)(2A) and dopamine (DA) D-2 blockade has been shown to contribute to the ability of atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) to increase DA release in rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We provide additional support for this hypothesis by examining the effect of the selective 5-HT2A antagonist M100907 plus haloperidol, a potent D, antagonist APD, on DA release in the mPFC and nucleus accumbens (NAC). Haloperidol (0.01-1.0 mg/kg) produced an inverted U-shaped increase in DA release in the mPFC, with a significant increase only at 0.1 mg/kg. Haloperidol (0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) significantly increased DA release in the NAC. M100907 (0.1 mg/kg) by itself had no effect on DA release in either region. This dose of M100907 potentiated the ability of low (0.01-0.1 mg/kg), but not high dose (0.3-1.0 mg/kg) haloperidol to increase mPFC DA release, whereas it abolished the effect of both 0.1 and 1.0 mg/ka haloperidol on NAC DA release. These results suggest that the relatively higher ratio of 5-HT2A to D-2 antagonism may contribute to the potentiation of haloperidol-induced mPFC DA release, whereas 5-HT2A antagonism can diminish haloperidol-induced NAC DA release, even when combined with extensive D, antagonism, which may not be synergistic with 5-HT2A antagonism in the mPFC. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detail5-HT2A receptor polymorphism gene in Bipolar Patients and Harm Avoidance personality trait
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Massat, I; Staner, L et al

in American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B-Neuropsychiatric Genetics (2000), 96(3), 360-364

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See detail5-Nucleotidase activity in isolated follicular dendritic cells.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Kinet-Denoel, C.; Simar, L. J.

in Immunology Letters (1985), 9(2-3), 75-80

Follicular dendritic cells isolated from mouse lymph nodes were incubated in the presence of AMP to test 5-nucleotidase (5-Nase) activity. Ultrastructural observations showed the presence of 5-Nase on ... [more ▼]

Follicular dendritic cells isolated from mouse lymph nodes were incubated in the presence of AMP to test 5-nucleotidase (5-Nase) activity. Ultrastructural observations showed the presence of 5-Nase on external membranes but also some activity inside the nucleus. 5-Nase was found associated to Fc receptors labelled with homologous immunoglobulins fixed on colloidal gold particles. Lymphocytes and macrophages, found in association with the follicular dendritic cells, were either 5-Nase positive or negative. The hypothetical roles played by 5-Nase in germinal centers are discussed. [less ▲]

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