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Peer Reviewed
See detailIncreasing incidence of equine motor neurone disease in Belgium
Christmann, U; Noppe, E; Cassart, Dominique ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (1999), 19

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See detailIncreasing incidence of megabacteriosis in canaries (Serinus canarius domesticus)
Marlier, Didier ULg; Leroy, Cécile ULg; Sturbois, M. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2006), 172(3), 549-552

A total of 312 post-mortem examinations of 178 canaries (Serinus canarius domesticus), 40 parakeets (Melopsittacus undulatus, Nymphicus hollandicus) and 94 parrots (Amazona aestiva, Psitaccus erithacus ... [more ▼]

A total of 312 post-mortem examinations of 178 canaries (Serinus canarius domesticus), 40 parakeets (Melopsittacus undulatus, Nymphicus hollandicus) and 94 parrots (Amazona aestiva, Psitaccus erithacus) were conducted at the Birds and Rabbits Service of the University of Liege, Belgium. After a detailed gross examination, tissue samples were collected for virological and/or bacteriological and/or parasitological examination to complete the diagnosis. In all cases, a microscopic examination of the proventricular mucus layer was undertaken for the detection of the anamorphic ascomycetous yeast Macrorhabdus ornithogaster, which causes the non-zoonotic but important disease in cage birds known as megabacteriosis. At the time of death, megabacteriosis was diagnosed respectively in 28% of canaries and 22.5% of budgerigars (P value for Fisher's exact test = 0.5576), but was not diagnosed in parrots (P value for Fisher's exact test < 0.0001). The incidence of megabacteriosis significantly increases along the years (P value for chi(2) test < 0.0001, Cramer's coefficient = 0.3405). The most common gross lesions seen at necropsy of the 59 megabacteriosis cases was proventricular dilatation (86.1%). All the birds diagnosed as typical megabacteriosis cases were free of Salmonella spp. infections and of any parasitic infections. Four megabacteriosis cases (three canaries, one parakeet) were not included in statistical analysis as salmonellosis, pseudotuberculosis, coccidiosis and chlamydophilosis were diagnosed concomitantly in these birds. With the exception of megabacteriosis, the most frequent causes of death were protozoan (coccidiosis, lankesterellosis) infections (18.4%) and salmonellosis (17.1%) in canaries, and psittacosis (31.5%) and viral hepatitis (26.3%) in parakeets. In parrots, the most common causes of death were psittacosis (28.6%) and aspergillosis (28.5%). (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing meltwater discharge from the Nuuk region of the Greenland ice sheet and implications for mass balance (1960-2012)
Van As, D; Andersen, ML; Petersen, D et al

in Journal of Glaciology (2014), 60(220), 314-322

We assess the runoff and surface mass balance (SMB) of the Greenland ice sheet in the Nuuk region (southwest) using output of two regional climate models (RCMs) evaluated by observations. The region ... [more ▼]

We assess the runoff and surface mass balance (SMB) of the Greenland ice sheet in the Nuuk region (southwest) using output of two regional climate models (RCMs) evaluated by observations. The region encompasses six glaciers that drain into Godtha ̊bsfjord. RCM data (1960–2012) are resampled to a high spatial resolution to include the narrow (relative to the native grid spacing) glacier trunks in the ice mask. Comparing RCM gridded results with automatic weather station (AWS) point measurements reveals that locally models can underestimate ablation and overestimate accumulation by up to tens of per cent. However, comparison with lake discharge indicates that modelled regional runoff totals are more accurate. Model results show that melt and runoff in the Nuuk region have doubled over the past two decades. Regional SMB attained negative values in recent high-melt years. Taking into account frontal ablation of the marine-terminating glaciers, the region lost 10–20 km3 w.e. a–1 in 2010–12. If 2010 melting prevails during the remainder of this century, a low-end estimate of sea-level rise of 5 mm is expected by 2100 from this relatively small section (2.6%) of the ice sheet alone. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing organic cotton production in Benin West Africa with a supplementary food spray product to manage pests and beneficial insects
Mensah, Robert K.; Vodouhê, Davo Simplice; SANFILIPPO, Damien ULg et al

in International Journal of Pest Management (2012), 58(1), 53-64

Organic cotton is considered a high-value crop in Benin, West Africa, but problems of high costs and reduced yield arising from the lack of effective pest control have left cotton farmers with low profit ... [more ▼]

Organic cotton is considered a high-value crop in Benin, West Africa, but problems of high costs and reduced yield arising from the lack of effective pest control have left cotton farmers with low profit margins. We have developed a novel supplementary food spray product (Benin Food Product, BFP) to attract and retain beneficial insects on these crops to improve the management of pests. Applications of BFP to organic cotton, with and without other biological control agents, attracted and increased the densities of predatory insects, significantly reducing pest insect numbers and producing higher yields than in cotton treated with neem extract or in cotton that was untreated. In economic terms, the average gross profit margin on the BFP-treated plot was 125,340 FCFA (French Communaute Financie`re Africaine; USA $1 ¼ 483 FCFA) with 80,248, 89,450 and 968 FCFA on plots treated with neem extract, synthetic insecticides, and no control agent, respectively. These results clearly show that a supplementary food spray, combined with biological pesticides such as neem extract, sugar, and nuclear polyhedrosis virus, could have a positive economic impact on organic cotton production in Benin. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing seed oil content in oil-seed rape (Brassica napus L.) by over-expression of a yeast glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase under the control of a seed-specific promoter.
Vigeolas, Hélène ULg; Waldeck, Peter; Zank, Thorsten et al

in Plant Biotechnology Journal (2007), 5(3), 431-41

Previous attempts to manipulate oil synthesis in plants have mainly concentrated on the genes involved in the biosynthesis and use of fatty acids, neglecting the possible role of glycerol-3-phosphate ... [more ▼]

Previous attempts to manipulate oil synthesis in plants have mainly concentrated on the genes involved in the biosynthesis and use of fatty acids, neglecting the possible role of glycerol-3-phosphate supply on the rate of triacylglycerol synthesis. In this study, a yeast gene coding for cytosolic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpd1) was expressed in transgenic oil-seed rape under the control of the seed-specific napin promoter. It was found that a twofold increase in glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity led to a three- to fourfold increase in the level of glycerol-3-phosphate in developing seeds, resulting in a 40% increase in the final lipid content of the seed, with the protein content remaining substantially unchanged. This was accompanied by a decrease in the glycolytic intermediate dihydroxyacetone phosphate, the direct precursor of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. The levels of sucrose and various metabolites in the pathway from sucrose to fatty acids remained unaltered. The results show that glycerol-3-phosphate supply co-limits oil accumulation in developing seeds. This has important implications for strategies that aim to increase the overall level of oil in commercial oil-seed crops for use as a renewable alternative to petrol. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing the Coverage of a Cooperative Internet Topology Discovery Algorithm
Donnet, Benoît ULg; Huffaker, Bradley; Friedman, Timur et al

in Proceedings IFIP/TC6 Networking (2007, May)

Recently, Doubletree, a cooperative algorithm for large-scale topology discovery at the IP level, was introduced. Compared to classic probing systems, Doubletree discovers almost as many nodes and links ... [more ▼]

Recently, Doubletree, a cooperative algorithm for large-scale topology discovery at the IP level, was introduced. Compared to classic probing systems, Doubletree discovers almost as many nodes and links while strongly reducing the quantity of probes sent. This paper examines the problem of the nodes and links missed by Doubletree. In particular, this paper's first contribution is to carefully describe properties of the nodes and links that Doubletree fails to discover. We explain incomplete coverage as a consequence of the way Doubletree models the network: a tree-like structure of routes. But routes do not strictly form trees, due to load balancing and routing changes. This paper's second contribution is the Windowed Doubletree algorithm, which increases Doubletree's coverage up to 16% without increasing its load. Compared to classic Doubletree, Windowed Doubletree does not start probing at a fixed hop distance from each monitor, but randomly picks a value from a range of possible values. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing the Detection Limit of the Parkinson Disorder through a Specific Surface Chemistry Applied onto Inner Surface of the Titration Well
Mille, Caroline; Debarnot; Zorzi, Willy ULg et al

in Journal of Functional Biomaterials (2012), 2

The main objective of this paper was to illustrate the enhancement of the sensitivity of ELISA titration for neurodegenerative proteins by reducing nonspecific adsorptions that could lead to false ... [more ▼]

The main objective of this paper was to illustrate the enhancement of the sensitivity of ELISA titration for neurodegenerative proteins by reducing nonspecific adsorptions that could lead to false positives. This goal was obtained thanks to the association of plasma and wet chemistries applied to the inner surface of the titration well. The polypropylene surface was plasma-activated and then, dip-coated with different amphiphilic molecules. These molecules have more or less long hydrocarbon chains and may be charged. The modified surfaces were characterized in terms of hydrophilic—phobic character, surface chemical groups and topography. Finally, the coated wells were tested during the ELISA titration of the specific antibody capture of the α-synuclein protein. The highest sensitivity is obtained with polar (Θ = 35°), negatively charged and smooth inner surface. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Increasing Threat of Natural Hazards in Central Africa: The Case of Urban Megagullies
Vandecasteele, Ine; Makanzu, Fils; Ntombi, Akheem et al

Conference (2011, January 11)

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See detailIncrement in molecular weight of poly (dimethylamino-ethylmethacrylate) based polymers cause strong red blood cell aggregation but not hemolytic response.
Cerda Cristerna, Bernardino Isaac ULg; Flores, Héctor; Pozos, Amaury et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2010), 148(1), 30-31

Polycations are frequently reported to tailor drug delivery systems, there is still a need to better correlate theirmacromolecular features with their biocompatibility, in particular with blood. In this ... [more ▼]

Polycations are frequently reported to tailor drug delivery systems, there is still a need to better correlate theirmacromolecular features with their biocompatibility, in particular with blood. In this view, we have analysed the RBC aggregation and hemolysis response caused by poly (dimethylamino-ethylmethacrylate) or poly(ethyleneimine) under a free form, i.e. without their preliminary association with polyanionic drug. Our results highlight that the molecular weight of PDMAEMA significantly affects theRBC aggregationwithout inducing any hemolysis. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrement in molecular weight of poly (dimethylamino-ethylmethacrylate) based polymers causes strong red blood cell aggregation but not hemolytic response
Cerda-Cristerna, B.I.; Flores, H; Pozos, A et al

Conference (2010, April 07)

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See detailIncremental development of a shared urban ontology: the Urbamet experience
Guyot, Jacques; Falquet, Gilles; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Information Technology in Construction (2010), 15

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See detailIncremental development of a shared urban ontology: the Urbamet experience
Guyot, Jacques; Falquet, Gilles; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Formamente (2010)

Thesauri are used for document referencing. They define hierarchies of domains. We show how document and domain contents can be used to validate and update a classification based on a thesaurus. We use ... [more ▼]

Thesauri are used for document referencing. They define hierarchies of domains. We show how document and domain contents can be used to validate and update a classification based on a thesaurus. We use document indexing and classification techniques to automate these operations. We also draft a methodology to systematically address those issues. Our techniques are applied to Urbamet, a thesaurus in the field of town planning. [less ▲]

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See detailIncremental impact of venture capital financing
Alperovych, Yan; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Small Business Economics (2013), 41

This paper investigates the differences in the return generating process of venture capital (VC)-backed firms and their peers that operate without VC financing. Using a unique hand-picked database of 990 ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the differences in the return generating process of venture capital (VC)-backed firms and their peers that operate without VC financing. Using a unique hand-picked database of 990 VC-backed Belgian firms and a complete population of Belgian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), we focus on the extent to which the presence of a VC investor affects the sensitivity of a firm’s returns to the changes in the capital structure, in the operating cycle, and in the industry dynamics. The differences may stem from the (self-) selection of better companies into VC portfolios, from the venture capitalists’ (VCs) value-adding activities, and/or from both. We examine these factors in the context of a complex simulation procedure which allows separating selection from value-adding when traditional approaches are difficult to implement. Our results indicate that VC-backed firms are able to extract more rent from the changing industry conditions and from the optimizations in their capital structure. The presence of VCs in the firm’s equity seems to have only a marginal effect on the operating cycle efficiency. Overall, the results are suggestive of the value-adding being the main driver of the VC-backed firm’s performance. [less ▲]

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See detailIncremental Indexing and Distributed Image Search using Shared Randomized Vocabularies
Marée, Raphaël ULg; Denis, Philippe; Wehenkel, Louis ULg et al

in ACM Proceedings MIR 2010 (2010, March)

We present a cooperative framework for content-based image retrieval for the realistic setting where images are distributed across multiple cooperating servers. The proposed method is in line with bag-of ... [more ▼]

We present a cooperative framework for content-based image retrieval for the realistic setting where images are distributed across multiple cooperating servers. The proposed method is in line with bag-of-features approaches but uses fully data-independent, randomized structures, shared by the cooperating servers, to map image features to common visual words. A coherent, global image similarity measure (which is a kernel) is computed in a distributed fashion over visual words, by only requiring a small amount of data transfers between nodes. Our experiments on various image types show that this framework is a very promising step towards large-scale, distributed content-based image retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailIncremental Rectification of Sports Fields in Video Streams With Application to Soccer
Hayet, Jean-Bernard; Piater, Justus ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg

in Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems (2004)

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See detailAn incremental-secant mean-field homogenization scheme for elasto-plastic and damage-enhanced elasto-plastic composite materials
Wu, Ling ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg; Adam, Laurent et al

Conference (2013, June)

This paper presents an incremental secant mean-field homogenization process for composite materials made of elasto–plastic constituents, which can exhibit damage. In this formulation, the residual stress ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an incremental secant mean-field homogenization process for composite materials made of elasto–plastic constituents, which can exhibit damage. In this formulation, the residual stress and strain states reached in the phases upon a fictitious elastic unloading, are considered as starting point to apply the secant method. The mean stress fields in the phases are then computed using isotropic secant tensors, which are naturally used to define the Linear Comparison–Composite. The method, remains simple in its formulation, is applied on various problems involving elastic, elasto–plastic and perfectly–plastic phases, to demonstrate its accuracy compared to other existing MFH methods. The method is particularly attractive when the damaging process is accounted for in the matrix phase. Indeed, during the damaging process of one phase, the secant method can account for the resulting unloading of the other phase, ensuring an accurate prediction of the scheme, when compared to direct numerical simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes incretinomimetiques et incretinopotentiateurs dans le traitement du diabete de type 2.
Scheen, André ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg; Philips, Jean-Christophe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2007), 3(122), 18841886-8

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut hormone secreted in response to a meal ingestion, which is rapidly degraded by a specific enzyme, dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4). It enhances insulin secretion in a ... [more ▼]

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut hormone secreted in response to a meal ingestion, which is rapidly degraded by a specific enzyme, dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4). It enhances insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner, inhibits glucagon secretion, retards gastric emptying,... Two pharmacological approaches have been developed to increase the abnormally low GLP-1 levels in type 2 diabetic patients: either to subcutaneously inject an agent closed to GLP-1 (exenatide), which is partially resistant to the action of DPP-4, either to orally administer a selective DPP-4 inhibitor (sitagliptin,...). These new drugs offer improved blood glucose control of type 2 diabetic patients, without inducing hypoglycaemia and with favourable effects on body weight. [less ▲]

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See detailL'incroyable expansion d'un lapin casanier
Mougenot, Catherine ULg; Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Etudes Rurales (2010), 185

Le lapin européen est une espèce dont la prolificité légendaire pourrait suffire à expliquer la formidable expansion à travers le monde. Pourtant, on dit rarement qu’Oryctolagus cuniculus est également ... [more ▼]

Le lapin européen est une espèce dont la prolificité légendaire pourrait suffire à expliquer la formidable expansion à travers le monde. Pourtant, on dit rarement qu’Oryctolagus cuniculus est également sédentaire au dernier degré. Si on peut, sans nul doute, en certains lieux, classer le lapin parmi les espèces envahissantes, cela n’est dû qu’à l’assistance obstinée des humains. Les tribulations du lapin sont marquées de « captures », « rencontres » et « bifurcations », une collection d’épisodes pris entre invention et violence destructrice, qu’une logique linéaire ne permet pas de décrire. Elles sont pour nous un exemple type de ces proliférations qui s’échappent des multiples noeuds de relations hommes - techniques – nature et qui expriment la pluralité des modes d’existence du vivant. [less ▲]

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See detailUn incunable de l'archevêque François Buisseret (1549-1615) : Réserve Précieuse de la Bibliothèque royale à Bruxelles, Inc B 1277
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Annales de la Société Archéologique de Namur (2003), 77

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