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See detailThe History of double taxation conventions in Belgium
Richelle, Isabelle ULg; Traversa, Edoardo; Gombeer, Jacques

in Docclo, Caroline (Ed.) ALABASTER 1938-2013 (2013)

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues ... [more ▼]

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues, réflexions, précieux documents pour les scientifiques et les praticiens. [less ▲]

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See detailA history of early copper exploration in Katanga (D.R. Congo)
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Proceedings INHIGEO 2010 (2010, July)

The latest archeological findings suggest that malachite outcrops have been mined as early as the Vth century A.C. in Garangaze a province known nowadays as Katanga [1]. The pre-Bayeke tribes used to ... [more ▼]

The latest archeological findings suggest that malachite outcrops have been mined as early as the Vth century A.C. in Garangaze a province known nowadays as Katanga [1]. The pre-Bayeke tribes used to seasonally mine these outcrops and cast copper hansas (crosses) that were used as exchange goods and have been found all over the African continent even reaching Europe as early as the XVIth century through trade with the Portuguese and the Dutch Oud West Indisch Compagnie. The first explicit mention of copper in European texts is said to date back to March 22nd 1798 in a report made by pombeiros (afro-portuguese metis) to the hence governor of Rios de Sena (Mozambique) Francesco Jose Maria Lacerda [2]. Katanga has long remained as the most inaccessible region of the African continent. Despite attempts made by Livingstone until his death in 1873, by Cameron in 1874 and by Thomson in 1878, it was considered to remain for long out of reach [less ▲]

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See detailHistory of educational research
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Husen, Torsten; Postlethwaite, T. Neville (Eds.) International Encyclopedia of Education. Vol. 3 (1985)

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See detailHistory of English Literature, Part I
Delrez, Marc ULg; Michel-Michot, Paulette ULg; Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

Learning material (2011)

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See detailHistory of English Literature, Part II
Delrez, Marc ULg; Michel-Michot, Paulette ULg; Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

Learning material (2013)

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See detailThe history of global weathering and the chemical evolution of the ocean-atmosphere system
François, Louis ULg; Walker, J. C. G.; Opdyke, B. N.

in Takahashi, E.; Jeanloz, R.; Rubie, D. (Eds.) Evolution of the earth and planets (1993)

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See detailThe history of kidney transplantation: Past,Present and Future
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg

in Understanding the complexities of kidney transplantation (2011)

The history of kidney transplantation is thought to have originated at the early beginning of the previous century with several attempts of Xenografting, and experimental works on vascular sutures (Küss ... [more ▼]

The history of kidney transplantation is thought to have originated at the early beginning of the previous century with several attempts of Xenografting, and experimental works on vascular sutures (Küss & Bourget, 1992)1. But it really started more than 60 years ago with first attempts of deceased donor transplantation (DCD) and the first successful kidney transplantation of homozygote twins in Boston (Toledo-Pereyra et al, 2008)2. Belgian surgeons contributed to that field of medicine by performing in the early sixties the first ever organ procurement on a brain dead heart beating donor (DBD) (June 1963) (Squifflet, 2003)3. Later on, in the eighties, they published a first series of living unrelated donor (LURD) transplantations, as well as ABO-Incompatible living donor (ABO-Inc LD) transplantations. With the advent of Cyclosporine A, and later other calcineurin inhibitors such as Tacrolimus, with the advent of more potent immunosuppressive drugs (IS), the gap between the number of renal transplant candidates and the number of transplanted recipients was and is continuously increasing in Belgium and most countries. It opened the search for other sources of organs such as donors after cardiac death (DCD) defined with the Maastricht conference and the extended criteria donors (ECD) compared to standard criteria donors (SCD). In Belgium another source of DCD was identified after the promulgation in 2002 of a law on euthanasia. The Belgian example and all its historical measures could help others to fight against organ shortage and its consequences, organ trafficking, commercialization and tourism. [less ▲]

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See detailThe history of Pancreas Transplantation: Past, Present and Future
Squifflet, Jean-Paul ULg; Gruessner, R.; Sutherland, D.

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2008), 108

Abstract. The first attempt to cure type 1 diabetes by pancreas transplantation was done at the University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis, on December 17, 1966, followed by a series of whole pancreas ... [more ▼]

Abstract. The first attempt to cure type 1 diabetes by pancreas transplantation was done at the University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis, on December 17, 1966, followed by a series of whole pancreas transplantation. Due to the lack of potent immunosuppressive drugs, rejections and infections, it was concluded that pancreas was less antigenic than the kidney which was less antigenic than the duodenum. It opened the door to a period, between the mid 70’s to mid 80’s where only segmental pancreatic grafts were used in the recipient. Numerous techniques for diverting or dealing with the pancreas juice secretion were described, none of them being satisfactory. In the late 70’s – early 80’s, three major events happened and boosted the development of pancreas transplantation : firstly the introduction of Cyclosporine A in the clinical field, secondly the organization on March 1980, of the first international meeting on Pancreas Transplantation with the first report of the International Pancreas Transplantation Registry (IPTR) and finally in 1982, the organization of the first informal so-called Spitzingsee meetings where pancreas transplantation successes but mainly failures were discussed which precluded the onset of IPITA (International Pancreas and Islet Transplantation Association), EuroSPK (European Study Group for simultaneous Pancreas and Kidney Transplantation) and EPITA (European Pancreas and Islet Transplantation Association). During one of the Spitzingsee meetings, participants had the idea to renew the urinary drainage technique of the exocrine secretion of the pancreatic graft with segmental graft and eventually with whole pancreaticoduodenal transplant. That was clinically achieved during the mid 80’s and remained the mainstay technique during the next decade. In parallel, the Swedish group developed the whole pancreas transplantation technique with enteric diversion. It was the onset of the whole pancreas reign. The enthusiasm for the technique was rather moderated in its early phase due to the rapid development of liver transplantation and the need for sharing vascular structures between both organs, liver and pancreas. During the modern era of immunosuppression, the whole pancreas transplantation technique with enteric diversion became the gold standard for simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK), with portal drainage of the venous effluent of the pancreas, even for pancreas after kidney (PAK) or pancreas transplantation alone (PTA). Today, there remains room for improvement : safety of using the duodeno-duodenal anastomosis technique must be confirmed by prospective analysis while preventing ischemic reperfusion injuries, using specific drugs ; that must be assessed in new trials. [less ▲]

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See detailThe history of roofs: a cooperation project with partners from differnet european countries
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Zalewski,, Paul (Ed.) Dachkonstruktionen der Barockzeit in Norddeutschland und im benachbarten Ausland (2009)

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See detailHistory of solid organ transplantation at the University of Liege
Lejeune, Georges ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg; Meurisse, Michel ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2003), 103(3 Sp. Iss. SI), 32-36

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See detailA History of Taste in the Modern Era
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in Epikur : Journal für Gastrosophie (2009), 1

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See detailThe History of Taste
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

Scientific conference (2011, October 20)

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See detailHistory of the Common Agricultural Policy : from the origin to the "mid-term review" in 2003
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Czech Presidency at the EU Council-Preparation & Priorities. Prague, the 28-29th November 2007. Proceedings (2007)

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See detailHistory of the Dutch Language (study pack)
Steyaert, Kris ULg

Learning material (2002)

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See detailThe history of the EuroSPK - Study Group
Squifflet, Jean-Paul ULg; Malaise, J.; Van Ophem, D. et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2008), 108

The EuroSPK Study group was created during the 4th Spitzingsee 1997 workshop in Kühtai, Austria. Thanks to W. Land for the incentive to gather European Centres – with Switzerland and Israel – and propose ... [more ▼]

The EuroSPK Study group was created during the 4th Spitzingsee 1997 workshop in Kühtai, Austria. Thanks to W. Land for the incentive to gather European Centres – with Switzerland and Israel – and propose them to joint efforts and share data in the field of pancreas transplantation. Today, two prospective randomized studies have been already performed ; a lot of data and results have been generated and worldwide spread. The spirit of the group will continue with a new interest in innate immunity and prevention of the ischemic reperfusion injury in pancreas transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailA History of the Lower Senses
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

Scientific conference (2011, January 20)

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See detailHistory/Lyric/Speech
Delville, Michel ULg

in Delville, Michel (Ed.) History/Lyric/Speech (2004)

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See detailHitchcock, ou les psychoses à l'eau de rose
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Article for general public (2013)

Consacré à la période de conception de Psychose, le drame biographique "Hitchcock", à l’affiche en 2013, transforme l’une des plus palpitantes aventures cinématographiques en une romance tiède. L’ombre de ... [more ▼]

Consacré à la période de conception de Psychose, le drame biographique "Hitchcock", à l’affiche en 2013, transforme l’une des plus palpitantes aventures cinématographiques en une romance tiède. L’ombre de Psychose est peut-être encore à ce point écrasante que l’on n'ose évoquer ce film légendaire que de loin. [less ▲]

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