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See detailHigh Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Poultry Production Systems in Vietnam: Tentative Approach for an HACCP-like Risk Scoring Methodology
Le Bas, Cedric; Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Desvaux, Stéphanie et al

Scientific conference (2008, December 04)

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See detailHigh Performance Algorithms for High-Order High-Frequency Electromagnetic Scattering
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

Scientific conference (2010, April 28)

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See detailHigh Performance DSSC Based on Semiconducting Oxides Prepared Through Soft Chemistry Processes
Dewalque, Jennifer ULg; Schrijnemakers, Audrey ULg; Thalluri, Venkata Visveswara Gopala Kris ULg et al

Conference (2013, July)

DSSCs have been reported by O’Regan and Grätzel in the early nineties as a very promising alternative to conventional photovoltaic silicon devices. Main benefits of these cells are their low cost as well ... [more ▼]

DSSCs have been reported by O’Regan and Grätzel in the early nineties as a very promising alternative to conventional photovoltaic silicon devices. Main benefits of these cells are their low cost as well as their mild manufacturing process. In most of the specific literature, DSSCs are made of TiO2 films prepared by doctor-blade or screen-printing of anatase nanoparticles paste. However, due to the random organization of the nanoparticles, pore accessibility by the dye and electrolyte could be incomplete. Moreover, some anatase crystallites could suffer from a lack of connectivity, leading to electron transfer issues. The strategy adopted by our group to improve photovoltaic efficiencies involves a templating-assisted process allowing the preparation of highly porous layers with well-ordered and accessible pores as well as improved crystallites connectivity. The main goal is to increase the film surface area and to perfectly control the mesostructure in order to maximize the adsorption of active dye and the electrolyte infiltration inside the porous network. This talk especially focuses on the templating-assisted synthesis of TiO2 and ZnO semiconducting layers used as photoelectrode in DSSCs. Besides, due to the surface area improvement as well as the perfect control of the pore organization and the pore size, the templating strategy can be an effective solution to overcome light harvesting and solid electrolyte filling limitations encountered in solid-state DSSCs. Special effort is paid to the tuning of the TiO2 and ZnO semiconducting layers mesostructure in order to match with solid-state DSSC applications. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh performance gel filtration as a tool for the monitoring of the purification steps of the Na channel protein
Bontemps, J; Grandfils, Christian ULg; Bettendorff, Lucien ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1985), 93

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See detailHigh performance of Booroola X Romanov ewes as permanent embryos donors
Brebion, P.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Guerin, Y. et al

in Elsen, J. M.; Thimonier, J.; Bodin, L. (Eds.) Les Colloques de l'I.N.R.A. (1990, July 16)

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See detailHigh precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT)
Malbet, Fabien; Léger, Alain; Shao, Michael et al

in Experimental Astronomy (2012), 34(2), 385-413

A complete census of planetary systems around a volume-limited sample of solar-type stars (FGK dwarfs) in the Solar neighborhood (d ≤ 15 pc) with uniform sensitivity down to Earth-mass planets within ... [more ▼]

A complete census of planetary systems around a volume-limited sample of solar-type stars (FGK dwarfs) in the Solar neighborhood (d ≤ 15 pc) with uniform sensitivity down to Earth-mass planets within their Habitable Zones out to several AUs would be a major milestone in extrasolar planets astrophysics. This fundamental goal can be achieved with a mission concept such as NEAT—the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope. NEAT is designed to carry out space-borne extremely-high-precision astrometric measurements at the 0.05 μas (1 σ) accuracy level, sufficient to detect dynamical effects due to orbiting planets of mass even lower than Earth's around the nearest stars. Such a survey mission would provide the actual planetary masses and the full orbital geometry for all the components of the detected planetary systems down to the Earth-mass limit. The NEAT performance limits can be achieved by carrying out differential astrometry between the targets and a set of suitable reference stars in the field. The NEAT instrument design consists of an off-axis parabola single-mirror telescope (D = 1 m), a detector with a large field of view located 40 m away from the telescope and made of 8 small movable CCDs located around a fixed central CCD, and an interferometric calibration system monitoring dynamical Young's fringes originating from metrology fibers located at the primary mirror. The mission profile is driven by the fact that the two main modules of the payload, the telescope and the focal plane, must be located 40 m away leading to the choice of a formation flying option as the reference mission, and of a deployable boom option as an alternative choice. The proposed mission architecture relies on the use of two satellites, of about 700 kg each, operating at L2 for 5 years, flying in formation and offering a capability of more than 20,000 reconfigurations. The two satellites will be launched in a stacked configuration using a Soyuz ST launch vehicle. The NEAT primary science program will encompass an astrometric survey of our 200 closest F-, G- and K-type stellar neighbors, with an average of 50 visits each distributed over the nominal mission duration. The main survey operation will use approximately 70% of the mission lifetime. The remaining 30% of NEAT observing time might be allocated, for example, to improve the characterization of the architecture of selected planetary systems around nearby targets of specific interest (low-mass stars, young stars, etc.) discovered by Gaia, ground-based high-precision radial-velocity surveys, and other programs. With its exquisite, surgical astrometric precision, NEAT holds the promise to provide the first thorough census for Earth-mass planets around stars in the immediate vicinity of our Sun. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh precision determination of the atmospheric parameters and abundances of the COROT main targets
Gillon, Michaël ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 448

Context: .One of the main goals of the COROT mission is to get precise photometric observations of selected bright stars in order to allow the modelling of their interior through asteroseismology. However ... [more ▼]

Context: .One of the main goals of the COROT mission is to get precise photometric observations of selected bright stars in order to allow the modelling of their interior through asteroseismology. However, in order to interpret the asteroseismological data, the effective temperature, surface gravity, and chemical composition of the stars must be known with sufficient accuracy.Aims.To carry out this task, we have developed a spectroscopic method called APASS (Atmospheric Parameters and Abundances from Synthetic Spectra) which allows precise analysis of stars with a moderate to high rotational velocity, which is the case for most primary COROT targets.Methods.Our method is based on synthetic spectra in which individual lines are replaced by analysis units (isolated lines or line blends, depending on the crowding of the spectral region and on the rotational broadening). It works differentially with respect to the Sun and allows the atmospheric parameters and chemical abundances to be determined by considering analysis units with different sensitivities to these various parameters.Results.Using high signal-to-noise spectra and the APASS method, we determined the atmospheric parameters and chemical abundances of 13 primary COROT targets. Our results agree well with those obtained by Bruntt using his software VWA and with those obtained with the software TEMPLOGG. However, in both cases, our error bars are significantly smaller than those of other methods. Our effective temperatures are also in excellent agreement with those obtained with the IR photometry method. For five stars with relatively low rotational velocity, we also performed an analysis with a classical equivalent-width method to test agreement with APASS results. We show that equivalent-width measurements by Gaussian or Voigt profile-fitting are sensitive to the rotational broadening, leading to systematic errors whenever the projected rotation velocity is non-negligible. The APASS method appears superior in all cases and should thus be preferred. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh precision photometry in crowded stellar fields
Magain, Pierre ULg; Courbin, Frédéric; Gillon, Michaël ULg et al

in SPIE Newsroom (2006)

A deconvolution-based method which allows to derive high-precision photometry of stars in crowded fields, proves very useful for a variety of astronomical projects, including transit searches for ... [more ▼]

A deconvolution-based method which allows to derive high-precision photometry of stars in crowded fields, proves very useful for a variety of astronomical projects, including transit searches for extrasolar planets. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh predictive value of LDH in acute myocardial infarction
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

Conference (1980, February 04)

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See detailHigh pressure-induced gel formation of chicken meat patties
Massaux, Carine; Bitar, C.; Bera, François ULg et al

in High Pressure Research (2000), 19(1-6), 465-473

High pressure treatments produce gelified chicken meat patties with new properties thigh water retention and cohesive texture) and without salt or fat addition. In comparison with heat-induced patties ... [more ▼]

High pressure treatments produce gelified chicken meat patties with new properties thigh water retention and cohesive texture) and without salt or fat addition. In comparison with heat-induced patties, the pressurised patties present an equivalent hardness with better water binding properties. Pressurisation causes an increase of the colour lightness parameter (L*) and a decrease of redness (a*) and yellowness (b*); but the meat discoloration provoked by the pressure treatments is less significant than the colour changes induced by heating. The pressure-gelation of chicken meat patties is affected by the intensity, the duration and the temperature of the process. The elevation of pressure from 400 to 600 MPa enhances the texture qualities and the water binding capacity of formed gels. A positive effect on texture quality. is observed by prolonging the pressurisation time up to 30 min. The pressurisation temperature (between 15 and 40 degreesC) has no effect on product quality. Addition of salt (fat) prevents (reduces) the gelation ability of meat patties under pressure, whereas it improves the texture of heat-induced gels. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh presure: a unique tool for pressurisation
Dumoulin, Mireille ULg; Hayashi, Rikimaru

in Food Science & Technology International (1998), 4

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See detailHigh Prevalence of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Three-vessel Coronary Artery Disease.
Durieux, R.; VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; Labropoulos, N. et al

in European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (2014)

OBJECTIVES: Currently, the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and the correlation between CAD severity and AAA prevalence are not clearly known ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Currently, the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and the correlation between CAD severity and AAA prevalence are not clearly known. We conducted a prospective study to determine the prevalence of AAA in patients undergoing coronary angiography and to determine the risk factors and a coronary profile associated with AAA. METHODS: Over an 18-month period, abdominal aortic ultrasound was performed on 1,000 patients undergoing coronary angiography for suspected or known CAD, or prior to valve surgery. Clinical characteristics and coronary profile were collected from the patients. RESULTS: The overall number of previously repaired, already diagnosed, and new cases of AAA in the study population was 42, yielding a prevalence of 4.2%. Among the patients with newly detected AAAs, only two had an AAA diameter of >54 mm and were therefore treated surgically. In men aged >/=65 years, the prevalence reached 8.6%, while in men with three-vessel CAD it was 14.4%. Multivariate analysis showed that age >/=65 years (p = .003), male gender (p = .003), family history of AAA (p = .01), current smoking (p = .002), and three-vessel CAD (p < .001) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of AAA. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of AAA was high in men aged >/=65 years and in those with three-vessel CAD regardless of age. While our findings do not prove the cost-effectiveness of screening for AAA in these high risk patients, they do support the usefulness of a quick ultrasound examination of the abdominal aorta during routine transthoracic echocardiography in such patients. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh prevalence of AIP gene mutations following focused screening in young patients with sporadic pituitary macroadenomas.
Tichomirowa, Maria A; Barlier, Anne; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2011), 165(4), 509-15

BACKGROUND: Aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) mutations (AIPmut) cause aggressive pituitary adenomas in young patients, usually in the setting of familial isolated pituitary adenomas ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) mutations (AIPmut) cause aggressive pituitary adenomas in young patients, usually in the setting of familial isolated pituitary adenomas. The prevalence of AIPmut among sporadic pituitary adenoma patients appears to be low; studies have not addressed prevalence in the most clinically relevant population. Hence, we undertook an international, multicenter, prospective genetic, and clinical analysis at 21 tertiary referral endocrine departments. METHODS: We included 163 sporadic pituitary macroadenoma patients irrespective of clinical phenotype diagnosed at <30 years of age. RESULTS: Overall, 19/163 (11.7%) patients had germline AIPmut; a further nine patients had sequence changes of uncertain significance or polymorphisms. AIPmut were identified in 8/39 (20.5%) pediatric patients. Ten AIPmut were identified in 11/83 (13.3%) sporadic somatotropinoma patients, in 7/61 (11.5%) prolactinoma patients, and in 1/16 non-functioning pituitary adenoma patients. Large genetic deletions were not seen using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Familial screening was possible in the relatives of seven patients with AIPmut and carriers were found in six of the seven families. In total, pituitary adenomas were diagnosed in 2/21 AIPmut-screened carriers; both had asymptomatic microadenomas. CONCLUSION: Germline AIPmut occur in 11.7% of patients <30 years with sporadic pituitary macroadenomas and in 20.5% of pediatric patients. AIPmut mutation testing in this population should be considered in order to optimize clinical genetic investigation and management. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Prevalence of AIP Gene Mutations Following Focussed Screening in Young Patients with Sporadic Pituitary Macroadenomas
Tichomirowa, M. A.; Barlier, A.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in European Neuroendocrine Association - Liège, 22-25 septembre 2010 (2010, September)

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See detailHigh prevalence of anaemia and limited use of therapy in cancer patients : a Belgian survey (Anaemia Day 2008)
Verbeke, N.; Beguin, Yves ULg; Wildiers, H. et al

in Supportive Care in Cancer (2012), 20

Objectives: The aim of this study is to provide relevant and accurate information on prevalence and treatment patterns of anaemia in Belgian cancer patients. Methods The Anaemia Day 2008 survey was a ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The aim of this study is to provide relevant and accurate information on prevalence and treatment patterns of anaemia in Belgian cancer patients. Methods The Anaemia Day 2008 survey was a single visit, multi-centre, non-interventional study in adult cancer patients under systemic therapy (chemotherapy, hormonal, immunological and/or targeted therapy) and/or radiotherapy. Efforts were made to enrol the maximum number of patients seen in each centre that day. Patients signed an informed consent and relevant data were collected from their files, i.e. disease and disease stage, cancer therapy and anti-anaemic treatment, including transfusions and the use of erythropoietin stimulating agents (ESA). A blood count of each included patient was performed. Haemoglobin (Hb) values (grams per decilitre) were classified into four categories to assess the severity of anaemia, as defined byWHO: no anaemia: Hb≥12 g/dL; mild 10≤Hb≤11.9 g/dL; moderate 8≤Hb≤9.9 g/dL; severe Hb< 8 g/dL. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out with anaemia as the dependent variable. Results A total of 1,403 eligible patients aged 63±13 years (mean age±SD) were enrolled in 106 oncology or haematology centres. The mean Hb level (±SD) was 11.6 g/dL (±1.8 g/dL) and the prevalence of anaemia (Hb<12 g/dL) was 55.7% (95% CI, 53.1–58.3%), respectively, 35.9% mild, 17.8% moderate and 2.1% severe anaemia. Anaemia was more frequent in females than in males, and in patients with haematological malignancies (73.4%) than in those with solid tumours (51.4%; p<0.001). Anaemia prevalence was higher in hospitalised patients (75.5%) compared to those seen in one-day-clinic (54.3%) or in consultation (33.9%; p<0.001), and in patients treated with chemotherapy (61.3%) compared to those receiving radiotherapy (34.4%) or hormonal therapy (19.5%; p<0.001). There was a clear correlation between severity of anaemia and WHO performance status (p< 0.001). Among anaemic patients, 53.1% received no treatment (mean Hb 10.8±0.9 g/dL). Among the anaemic patients who received therapy for their anaemia (mean Hb 9.7±1.1 g/dL), the most frequent treatments were RBC transfusions (42%), ESA (34.6%), transfusions+ESA (12%), ESA+iron (7.9%) and iron alone (3.5%). Comparison to the ECAS survey shows that there has been no major change in attitude towards anaemia management in the last decade. Conclusion This survey shows that cancer-related anaemia is still frequently observed in cancer patients. Even if in our study ESA were used more frequently than about 10 years ago, still a large amount of anaemic patients who could be treated for anaemia according to EORTC guidelines, were not. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases in patients with prolactinomas
Elenkova, Atanaska ULg; Petrossians, Patrick ULg; Beckers, Albert ULg et al

in European Neuroendocrine Association - Liège, 22-25 septembre 2010 (2010, September)

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See detailHigh prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children from the Belgian Luxembourg province. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Beckers, F. et al

in American Journal of Epidemiology (1996)

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See detailHigh prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus in palatine tonsils from healthy children and adults.
Duray, Anaelle; Descamps, Geraldine; Bettonville, Marie et al

in Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery (2011), 145(2), 230-5

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in 80 tumor-free tonsils from healthy children and adults using a sensitive E6/E7 type-specific polymerase ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in 80 tumor-free tonsils from healthy children and adults using a sensitive E6/E7 type-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ear, nose, and throat department, university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissues from tumor-free tonsils (TFTs) were evaluated for HPV DNA using GP5+/6+ consensus PCR and subsequent genotyping using E6/E7 type-specific PCR for HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68. The immunohistochemical expression of p16 and p53 was also assessed. RESULTS: In 80 TFTs, the authors identified 10 (12.5%) that tested positive for the following high-risk HPV types: HPV 16 (8 cases), 18 (1 case), and 31 (1 case). Twelve patients (15%) tested positive for HPV infection using the GP5+/GP6+ consensus primers but were negative using quantitative PCR. These patients were considered infected with low-risk HPV types. Fifty-eight TFTs (72.5%) tested negative for both GP5+/GP6+ and type-specific HPV PCR analysis (HPV negative). Among patients infected with HPV, the authors observed a slight increase in frequency with age. CONCLUSION: In TFTs, oncogenic and nononcogenic HPVs were present at a relatively high frequency in children and adults. The presence of high-risk HPV DNA in young children supports the horizontal transmission hypothesis and argues in favor of HPV vaccination at birth. [less ▲]

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