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See detailEpidemiology of onychomycoses assessed by histomycology in psoriatic patients
Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULiege; Arrese, J. E.; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULiege et al

in Journal de Mycologie Médicale (2006), 16(3), 159-162

Onychomycosis is a common condition in the adult population. It has been reported to be more prevalent in association with some specific diseases including psoriasis. This study using combined ... [more ▼]

Onychomycosis is a common condition in the adult population. It has been reported to be more prevalent in association with some specific diseases including psoriasis. This study using combined histomycology and cultures was performed on nail clippings collected from thickened dystrophic toenails in 233 eligible psoriatic patients. Onychopathies associated with psoriasis were more numerous in men. Their prevalence increased up to the age of 40 and remained stable thereafter. A total of 42/233 cases were diagnosed as onychomycoses. These infections were more prevalent in middle-aged men. The identified infectious agents (35/42 cases) frequently corresponded to dermatophytes, but Candida albicans was also implicated, particularly in women. (c) 2006 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology of osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege

in International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics (1991), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (4 ULiège)
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See detailEpidemiology of pestivirus infection in wild ungulates of the French South Alps
Martin, C.; Letellier, C.; Caij, B. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2011), 147(3-4), 320-328

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (18 ULiège)
See detailThe Epidemiology of pituitary tumors : Results of an international collaborative study
Daly, Adrian ULiege; Cogne, M.; Jaffrain-Réa, M. L. et al

in The Endocrine Society's - 89 Annual Meeting : Toronto, Canada, 2-5 june 2007 (2007, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 ULiège)
See detailEpidemiology of Prolactinomas
Beckers, Albert ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, September 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULiège)
See detailEpidemiology of Prolactinomas
Beckers, Albert ULiege; Vandeva, S.

in American Pediatric (2009, September)

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See detailThe Epidemiology of Prolactinomas
Ciccarelli, A.; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Beckers, Albert ULiege

in Pituitary (2005), 8(1), 3-6

Prolactin-secreting tumors (prolactinomas), the most frequently occurring pituitary tumor, have a frequency that varies with age and sex. They occur most frequently in females aged 20 to 50 years old, at ... [more ▼]

Prolactin-secreting tumors (prolactinomas), the most frequently occurring pituitary tumor, have a frequency that varies with age and sex. They occur most frequently in females aged 20 to 50 years old, at which time the female-to-male ratio is approximately 10:1. In the pediatric-adolescent age group, prolactinomas have a prevalence of 100/million population, and account for less than 2% of all intracranial tumors. Prolactinomas occur in approximately 30% of patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and in this setting, they may be more aggressive than their sporadic counterparts. Patients with Carney complex or McCune-Albright syndrome may exhibit hyperprolactinemia due to a pituitary tumor derived from somatomammotropic cells that secrete both growth hormone and prolactin. Few familial cases of prolactinoma unrelated to MEN-1 are reported in literature. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology of Q fever in animals and humans in the 21st century
Mainil, Jacques ULiege; Porter, S.; Czaplicky, G. et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailEpidemiology of Schmallenberg virus in Belgium and study of its pathogenesis in sheep
Poskin, Antoine ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2016)

During summer 2011, cattle presented severe hyperthermia combined with dropped milk yield and diarrhoea from unknown origin. In October 2011, blood was collected from cattle presenting these clinical ... [more ▼]

During summer 2011, cattle presented severe hyperthermia combined with dropped milk yield and diarrhoea from unknown origin. In October 2011, blood was collected from cattle presenting these clinical signs in Schmallenberg, a small city in West Germany. A new Orthobunyavirus, responsible for these unspecific clinical signs was identified and named Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Upon November 2011, an epizootic outbreak of abortion, stillbirths and malformed new-born was observed in bovine, ovine and caprine herds in Europe due to transplacental transmission of SBV to the foetus. The SBV vectors are small hematophagous midges of the gender Culicoides. This work contributed to estimate the impact of the SBV epidemic in Belgium (Study 1). On the basis of farmer’s observations, between 0.5% and 4% of calves were aborted, stillborn or malformed due to SBV in 2011-2012. Abortions and stillbirths were not clear consequences of the SBV outbreak in cattle. In sheep, between 11% and 19% of lambs were aborted, stillborn or malformed due to SBV in 2011-2012. Deformed animal was the most important finding of SBV outbreak at herd level and an essential condition for the farmer to send suspected samples to the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) for SBV analysis. The results gathered from the study indicate that SBV surveillance and monitoring should be implemented by SBV RNA detection with rRT-PCR in organs collected from stillborn and deformed calves and lambs born in big herds. The high impact of SBV highlighted in the Study 1 was putatively explained by unknown host supporting the SBV activity. In this respect, the role of pigs had never been evaluated. This was essential considering the suggested role of the domestic pigs in the life- cycle of the SBV-closely related Akabane virus (AKAV) (Huang et al., 2003). The absence of RNAemia after experimental infection of piglets with SBV realized in the Study 2 of the i thesis suggests the absence of obvious role of domestic pigs in SBV life-cycle. The absence of RNAemia is indeed a strong indication that further spread of SBV from the pigs to the Culicoides during a blood meal of the vector is not likely to occur, therefore making impossible an SBV transmission. The limited and temporary seroconversion observed after SBV inoculation in only half of the inoculated piglets and the absence of seroconversion reported in a limited number of field collected samples support this consideration. To prevent SBV progression, it was crucial to further study the pathogenesis of SBV. The Study 1 proved that the most important clinical impact of SBV was the consequence of the malformed new-born; hereto it was particularly crucial to improve the knowledge on the development of the SBV-related teratogenic effects. In this respect, experimental infection of pregnant sheep with SBV constituted an appropriate research approach. An experimental model was therefore essential to standardize. This thesis contributed to the standardization of in vivo experiments (in collaboration with another working group) by determining the minimum infectious dose of an SBV infectious inoculum. This reference infectious serum must contain approximately 20 TCID50 to induce a homogeneous effective infection in sheep. This dose is rather low and could be inoculated by a single Culicoides under natural conditions. Beyond this minimum infectious dose, no dose dependent effect was observed in productively inoculated ewes, either in the duration of the RNAemia, the quantity of SBV RNA detected by rRT–PCR in the blood, or in the number of SBV RNA copies present in the organs collected at necropsy. The experimental model developed (partly) in the Study 3 was used to inoculate pregnant ewes at day 45 and 60 of gestation, and increase the knowledge on SBV transplacental transmission. The inoculation induced the persistence of SBV RNA in placental organs until birth. Schmallenberg virus RNA was recovered from the organs collected at birth from the lambs of both groups. However, the chance to obtain SBV RNA positive placental ii organs was significantly higher when the infectious inoculum was inoculated at day 60 of gestation. Positive organs in lambs included CNS and muscle, but no malformation was observed in new-born lambs. This absence of malformations suggests that SBV inoculation must occur earlier than the day 45 of gestation to produce teratogenic effects in sheep. Also, the persistence of SBV RNA in the foetal envelope is indicative of a putative mean for SBV overwintering. The Study 4 highlighted a 6 month persistent seroconversion in the absence of SBV surinfection. In the meantime, SBV circulation drastically dropped on the field and the absence of SBV circulation could induce the sheep to become seronegative under natural conditions. In the Study 5, the experimental model developed in the Study 3 was used to demonstrate that one single SBV inoculation can induce a protective immunity in sheep that persists during a minimum period of 15 months. This experiment highlights that 2 successive periods of SBV circulation, spared of one year, is not likely to induce malformations on the field the second year. Based on the experience gathered with the closely related AKAV, recurrent outbreaks of congenital events can be expected for a long period. Vaccination of seronegative animals could be used to prevent the deleterious effects of SBV in case of SBV re-emergence. During this epidemic, different surveillance approaches including syndromic surveillance, sentinel herd surveillance, cross-sectional seroprevalence studies and pathogen surveillance in vectors have proven their utility and complementarity and should be considered to continue in the future in order to monitor the SBV dynamic. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (11 ULiège)
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See detailEpidemiology of the Insulin Resistance Syndrome in Belgian Adults - Monica Bellux
Saint-Remy, Annie ULiege

Conference (1994, July 06)

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See detailEpidemiology of the metabolic syndrome in Luxembourg findings from ORISCAV-LUX study
Alkerwi, A; Sauvageot, N; Donneau, Anne-Françoise ULiege et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (12 ULiège)
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See detailEpidemiology of the transition from early to late Crohn's disease.
LOUIS, Edouard ULiege

in Digestive Diseases (2012), 30(4), 376-9

Phenotypically, the transition from early to late Crohn's disease is characterized by the occurrence of complications including strictures, intra-abdominal fistulas and perianal fistulas, all of them ... [more ▼]

Phenotypically, the transition from early to late Crohn's disease is characterized by the occurrence of complications including strictures, intra-abdominal fistulas and perianal fistulas, all of them leading to various types of surgeries and currently non-reversible tissue damage. It must, however, be kept in mind that this transition is not at all a uniform and linear process. According to these simple phenotypic criteria, Crohn's disease can already be a late disease at diagnosis while in other patients, it can still be an early disease after 20 years of evolution. This simply highlights the relativity of time in this field, actually reflecting the nature, location and severity of the inflammatory process. The risk over time of the development of these complications has been described, first in cohort studies and then in population-based studies. Globally, at diagnosis, between 19 and 38% only of Crohn's disease patients have complicated Crohn's disease. After 10 years, between 56 and 65% of patients have developed either stricturing or penetrating complications. After 20 years, these numbers are between 61 and 88%. In parallel to these structural changes, changes in the immunobiology of the disease also seem to occur; the latter seem to happen quicker with major modification already within 2 years of the diagnosis. Beside these general figures, important questions remain pending. First, the real timing of these changes is still unclear. Second, the precise role of genetics and environment in the development of these changes remains to be clarified. Third, the correlation between changes in immunobiology and intestinal structural damages has not been specifically studied. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (6 ULiège)
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See detailEpidemiology of trace elements deficiencies in Belgian beef and dairy cattle herds.
Guyot, Hugues ULiege; Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Lebreton, Pascal et al

in Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology (2009), 23(2), 116-23

Selenium (Se), iodine (I), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) deficiencies in cattle have been reported in Europe. These deficiencies are often associated with diseases. The aim of the study was to assess trace ... [more ▼]

Selenium (Se), iodine (I), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) deficiencies in cattle have been reported in Europe. These deficiencies are often associated with diseases. The aim of the study was to assess trace element status in Belgian cattle herds showing pathologies and to compare them to healthy cattle herds. Eighty-two beef herds with pathologies, 11 healthy beef herds, 65 dairy herds with pathologies and 20 healthy dairy herds were studied during barn period. Blood and/or milk samples were taken in healthy animals. Plasma Zn, Cu, inorganic I (PII) and activity of glutathione peroxidase in erythrocytes (GPX) were assayed. In milk, I concentration was measured. Data about pathologies and nutrition in the herds were collected. According to defined thresholds, it appeared that a large proportion of deficient herds belonged to "sick" group of herds. This conclusion was supported by the mean value of trace elements and by the fact that a majority of individual values of trace elements was below the threshold. Dairy herds had mean values of trace elements higher than beef herds. More concentrates and minerals were used in healthy herds versus "sick" herds. These feed supplements were also used more often in dairy herds, compared to beef herds. Trace elements deficiencies are present in cattle herds in Belgium and are linked to diseases. Nutrition plays a major role in the trace elements status. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology of VAP and VAC
LAYIOS, Nathalie ULiege; DAMAS, Pierre ULiege

Poster (2014, May)

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See detailEpidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Algeria: An Update
Adel, A; Boughoufalah, A; Saegerman, Claude ULiege et al

in PLoS ONE (2014), 9(6), 99207

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (14 ULiège)
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See detailEpidemiology, assessment, and management of excess abdominal fat in persons with HIV infection.
Moyle, Graeme; Moutschen, Michel ULiege; Martinez, Esteban et al

in AIDS Reviews (2010), 12(1), 3-14

Metabolic and morphologic abnormalities in persons with HIV remain common contributors to stigma and morbidity. Increased abdominal circumference and visceral adiposity were first recognized in the late ... [more ▼]

Metabolic and morphologic abnormalities in persons with HIV remain common contributors to stigma and morbidity. Increased abdominal circumference and visceral adiposity were first recognized in the late 1990s, soon after the advent of effective combination antiretroviral therapy. Visceral adiposity is commonly associated with metabolic abnormalities including low HDL-cholesterol, raised triglycerides, insulin resistance, and hypertension, a constellation of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus known as "the metabolic syndrome". Medline and conference abstracts were searched to identify clinical research on factors associated with visceral adiposity and randomized studies of management approaches. Data were critically reviewed by physicians familiar with the field. A range of host and lifestyle factors as well as antiretroviral drug choice were associated with increased visceral adiposity. Management approaches included treatment switching and metformin, both of which have shown benefit for insulin-resistant individuals with isolated fat accumulation. Testosterone supplements may also have benefits in a subset of individuals. Supra-physiological doses of recombinant human growth hormone and the growth hormone releasing hormone analog tesamorelin both significantly and selectively reduce visceral fat over 12-24 weeks; however, the benefits are only maintained if doping is continued. In summary, the prevention and management of visceral adiposity remains a substantial challenge in clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology, clinical presentation and diagnostic strategy of gastro-esophageal reflux
Louis, Edouard ULiege

in Acta Endoscopica (2003), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (5 ULiège)