Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
See detailIdentités sportives et prévention de la violence
Comeron, Manuel ULg

Scientific conference (2005, April 29)

L'adhésion identitaire aux clubs sportifs: sport, supportérisme et identité sportive en Europe et en Belgique

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes identités, filtre d'interprétation et d'action dans le cadre des réformes de l'administration publique ?
Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

Conference (2009, May)

Un changement planifié majeur tel qu’une réforme entraîne une transformation de multiples aspects de l’organisation : ses modes d’organisation, sa politique de GRH, ses stratégies, sa manière de concevoir ... [more ▼]

Un changement planifié majeur tel qu’une réforme entraîne une transformation de multiples aspects de l’organisation : ses modes d’organisation, sa politique de GRH, ses stratégies, sa manière de concevoir et de remplir ses missions, ses structures, ses valeurs, ses systèmes et réseaux, ses référents, etc. Cette transformation suppose la valorisation de modes de fonctionnement, de valeurs et de compétences différents, et a pour résultat un bouleversement de l’identité organisationnelle (plurielle et complexe) et des identités professionnelles des membres de cette organisation. Nous proposons, dans cette communication, de nous centrer sur la notion d’identité organisationnelle, définie comme la réponse à la question « qui sommes-nous en tant qu’organisation ? ». Ainsi, l’identité organisationnelle correspond à des moments dans l’histoire de l’organisation, des stades aisément identifiables (état stable, central et distinctif) (Albert et Whetten, 1985). L’analyse du contexte (discours et notes de politique générale, textes « fondateurs », plans et dispositifs de gestion) permet en effet de distinguer assez clairement les changements de ligne stratégique et, in fine, des orientations dans la définition de l’identité organisationnelle, au fil du temps. Dans cette perspective, une réforme peut être considérée comme un projet identitaire dans la mesure où elle propose une redéfinition de ce "qui sommes-nous ?". Telle est notamment la position de Du Gay (1996), selon lequel le New Public Management constitue un projet identitaire, en ce qu’il vise à redéfinir la main d’œuvre. Toutefois, l’identité organisationnelle ne peut être considérée comme une dimension monolithique. Chaque stade est en effet marqué par différentes interactions (différentes logiques identitaires dont certaines prédominent d’autres à certains moments). En effet, même si au sein d’une identité organisationnelle, une logique identitaire particulière semble prévaloir, d’autres logiques identitaires sont néanmoins présentes, ou apparaissent, sur un mode plus minoritaire. L’identité organisationnelle se conçoit donc comme hybride, composée d’une logique identitaire dominante et de logiques identitaires « secondaires ». Ainsi que le notent Meyer et Hammerschmit, « as different institutional logics entail different social identities with diverging positions, we can expect the process in which prevalent institutional logics are challenged or replaced to be contested and struggles over the legitimacy of a new orientation to take place » (2006: 1001). En d’autres termes, la logique identitaire dominante est celle qui est enactée (au sens de réalisée, mise en œuvre) et donc décelable dans l’identité organisationnelle. Les autres logiques identitaires sont présentes dans l’organisation, mais sur un mode minoritaire. Au moyen d’une démarche qualitative longitudinale menée durant deux ans dans un ministère fédéral belge, nous proposons une typologie des logiques et profils identitaires. La méthodologie mise en œuvre a consisté en deux séries d’interviews (10 interviews de contexte auprès d’acteurs clés de l’organisation, et 27 interviews d’identité, encadrés par un questionnaire semi-ouvert, auprès d’un échantillon diversifié), menés à 12-18 mois d’intervalle. A partir des données récoltées, nous avons procédé à une analyse de contenu et une analyse de terminologie. Nous distinguons trois grandes logiques identitaires, de manière archétypale, qui s’apparentent aux tendances pointées dans la littérature sous les termes « Service Public» pour l’une d’entre elles, soit les représentations, principes et valeurs traditionnellement associées à l’administration, et « Managérialisme Public» pour la deuxième logique, soit les principes, valeurs et représentations liés au courant du New Public Management. La troisième logique identitaire que nous avons décelée par ailleurs, est désignée sous le terme de « Pragmatisme ». Elle se constitue d’une combinaison des principes, valeurs et représentations des deux logiques précédentes, marquée par un degré de « dogmatisme » moins prononcé. En d’autres termes, les porteurs de cette troisième logique semblent s’attacher davantage aux réalisations tangibles et aux résultats, bref à l’action plutôt qu’à des principes et valeurs en tant que tels. Par ailleurs, la confrontation de la logique identitaire avec la perception du contexte peut conduire soit à une situation de congruence (par analogie avec les travaux de Rogers, 1951), dans laquelle la perception du contexte apparaît comme en continuité avec la logique identitaire, soit à une situation de dissonance (Festinger, 1965), faisant référence à une rupture entre les principes identitaires des individus, la logique identitaire qu’ils adoptent (comprise comme ensemble de croyances et de valeurs reliées entre elles et partagées par une communauté), et leur perception de la réalité (du contexte). Cette seconde partie de notre raisonnement nous mène à la notion de profil identitaire. Cette notion peut se définir comme la manière dont chacune des logiques identitaires interagit avec le contexte. Nous distinguons ainsi 7 profils identitaires : les invariants, les nostalgiques, les pragmatiques et pragmatiques dissonants, les professionnels, les désabusés et les démobilisés. Chacun de ces profils sera détaillé, en précisant notamment quelles sont leurs facteurs de dissonance et d’évolution. Ces différents éléments tendent à confirmer l’existence d’une hybridation du contexte (différentes logiques identitaires en présence, évolution des identités organisationnelles proposées à différents moments) et des acteurs (différentes perceptions du contexte, différents facteurs individuels de positionnement, différents profils identitaires). En conséquence, l’hypothèse qui charpente l’ensemble de notre réflexion est celle d’une co-structuration du contexte de l’administration publique dans le cadre de changements (réforme, mouvement de modernisation) et des identités : les réformes modifient en partie les identités, mais celles-ci façonnent également le cours des réformes. Cette co-structuration se traduit concrètement à différents niveaux d’appréhension, du plus global (spécificité du secteur public, ethos des fonctionnaires) au plus micro (niveau de l’individu), en passant par les niveaux intermédiaires que sont les niveaux organisationnel et professionnel. Notre approche longitudinale révèle par ailleurs les dynamiques identitaires, en identifiant notamment les processus de shift d’un profil à l’autre, et nous conduit à proposer un modèle des dynamiques identitaires contextualisé. L’identité constitue-t-elle un frein ou un levier pour le changement ? A l’instar de la culture d’entreprise, l’identité peut être appréhendée selon deux angles différents : d’une part, elle peut être considérée comme un facteur de cohésion (Hogg et Terry, 2000), de création de sens lors d’un changement (Salk et Shenkar, 2001) et, in fine, une source d’innovation et un avantage concurrentiel (Fiol, 1991, 2001). D’autre part, elle peut être assimilée à un facteur de stabilité organisationnelle (voire d’inertie) et de reproduction de l’existant. Dans cette deuxième perspective, l’identité organisationnelle serait alors un obstacle à la nécessaire évolution de toute organisation (Whetten et Godfrey, 1998). L’identité serait ainsi, en d’autres termes, facteur de résistance au changement (Reger et al., 1994), notamment si ce dernier est perçu comme cause d’éloignement des missions de base historiques de l’organisation (Kletz, 2002). Les résultats de notre analyse mettent en évidence l’ampleur des obstacles que les problématiques identitaires peuvent constituer face au changement. Ils font également apparaître des leviers potentiels de changement. Dans la mesure où ils auront pu être identifiés, ces éléments peuvent ultérieurement constituer une base pour le développement d’une approche, de méthodes voire d’outils relatifs à la gestion du changement : utiliser les identités organisationnelles comme indicateur clé voire comme levier de changement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (13 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentities and change in public administrations: which interaction over time?
Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

Conference (2006, September)

In the name of their modernization, public administrations are confronted to series of change processes, under varied forms and addressed to several aspects of the administration. One can reasonably ... [more ▼]

In the name of their modernization, public administrations are confronted to series of change processes, under varied forms and addressed to several aspects of the administration. One can reasonably suppose that these upheavals cause effects on civil servants, on their relation to the organisation and on the way they see it. Within such a large question, our preoccupation is to question the existence of links between a major planned change within an administration (such as a NPM reform) and its organizational identities. Three hypotheses can be tested: • the impact: public reforms involve transformation of identities; • the independence: identities persist whatever the reforms may be; • and finally the co-structuring: reforms modify partly identities, but these ones shape also the reforms process. The position we adopt in this paper tends to be inscribed in this third hypothesis: we assume indeed that the introduction of a NPM reform leads to a hybridization of identity logics within public administration, but in other respects the reform process can be eventually influenced by the identity logics. We illustrate this assumption with empirical data collected in a Belgian Ministry. According to a first qualitative analysis we distinguished 6 identity profiles, characterised by their reference to either one or the other identity logic (public service or public managerialism) and their adopted positioning (fidelity or reality) (see EGPA 2005). 12 to 18 months later, we conducted a second set of interviews with the same sample of people we met before. This leads us to give these first results a longitudinal dimension and to propose an analysis of identity dynamics in a temporal perspective. We thus explain how identity profiles evolve over time. A concomitant analysis of the administration context and the identity changes allow us to reveal the links between identities and the continuous change context in which they are inscribed. Furthermore, we also proceed to the statistical exploitation of questionnaires sent to the whole Ministry personnel, in order to broadening our empirical basis. Doing this, we attempt to estimate the relative importance of the identity profiles as they are represented within this organization. Through our case study, our hypothesis of organizational identities and reform process co-structuring appears as valid, as shows the hybridization of identity logics within the administration we studied. Our results allow us to assume a modification of identity points of reference following a reform, as well as a reinterpretation of this reform through the identity filter. Our longitudinal approach reveals the identity dynamics constructed over time, by identifying notably the shift processes from one position to another. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentities and Federal Dynamics in Multinational Societies: comparisons within and between Belgium and Canada
Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2011, April 15)

Identities matter and this is especially true in multinational societies. In such societies, political identities play a chief variable in the political dynamics of the country. Identities ... [more ▼]

Identities matter and this is especially true in multinational societies. In such societies, political identities play a chief variable in the political dynamics of the country. Identities receivetherefore much attention in most studies on this topic. In this perspective, communities are often seen as monolithic blocks at war with each other, along ethnic-linguistic lines. However, there is a missing link between identities and federal dynamics: it should be explored how identities shape the federal dynamics and how the federal dynamics shape identities. In Belgium and Canada, two multinational federations, the federal dynamics is much influenced by abipolar dynamics between the two main ethno-linguistic groups, which may stir fruitful comparisons and insight for the understanding of multinational federations. In both countries, identities and federal dynamics are intrinsically related to each other. Yet, their current political situation is quite different. While Belgium is stuck in a deep institutional crisis, Canada has now entered a period of – more or less – stability; even though the potential for tensions has not disappeared. The different path may be explained by the interactions between identities and federal dynamics within and between the two main linguistic groups. To explore these interactions, four citizens panels were organised in Montréal (Quebec), Kingston (Ontario), Liège (French-speaking Belgium) and Antwerp (Dutch-speaking Belgium). Each panel gathered 20-30 citizens for a half-day group discussion and thus provides insightful qualitative data. More specifically, different “identity triangles” – the identities of citizens in terms of “me”, “us”, and “them” – come out this original research and these triangles illuminate different perceptions and preferences for the future of their country. The results show the identity triangles within Canada are more dissimilar than within Belgium. It also reveals the proximity of some profiles between the two countries. Although a quantitative research would be needed to offer a greater leverage in terms of generalisations, such a qualitative study offer a deeper look into the identity and federal politics, which illuminate the dynamics at the heart of most multinational federations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentities or good governance : What shape citizens’ attitudes towards federalism in Belgium?
Hooghe, Marc; Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2011, October 14)

Hitherto identities have been one the main driving forces of the federal dynamics in Belgium and they have played an active role in the transformation of the country from a unitary state to a federal ... [more ▼]

Hitherto identities have been one the main driving forces of the federal dynamics in Belgium and they have played an active role in the transformation of the country from a unitary state to a federal state. More recently, while discussions – and tensions – have been continuously very hot about the reform of the federal state, the autonomist discourse has been – at least to some extent – denationalized and the emphasis on identities has been replaced by a more rational discourse, i.e. a discourse of good governance. That is to say, the partisans of more autonomy for the regions make their case not on the basis of identity differences between Flemings and Walloons but rather on differences about economic and political governance between Flemings and Walloons. On the other hand, while partisans of the status quo still hold a strong – albeit not exclusive – Belgian identity, they also put forward a discourse of good governance but based on a well-balanced federal system where both the federal government and the regions/communities have strong powers. Therefore, one might wonder whether these – new – discourses have a real impact on the citizens (and on their electoral behaviour) and above all what shape their attitudes towards federalism in Belgium; i.e. whether identities, good governance or a combination of both are the main explaining variables of preferences for the future of Belgium. Using the PARTIREP 2009 Election survey, we seek to disentangle this complex puzzle and shed light on citizens’ preferences for the future of their country. In a time when the Belgian federation is stuck in a deep crisis, such endeavour should bring interesting insights on the federal dynamics from a citizen’s perspective. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentity and expression memory for happy and angry faces in social anxiety
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Acta Psychologica (2003), 114(1), 1-15

We examined the influence of social anxiety on memory for both identity and emotional expressions of unfamiliar faces. Participants high and low in social anxiety were presented with happy and angry faces ... [more ▼]

We examined the influence of social anxiety on memory for both identity and emotional expressions of unfamiliar faces. Participants high and low in social anxiety were presented with happy and angry faces and were later asked to recognise the same faces displaying a neutral expression. They also had to remember what the initial expressions of the faces had been. Remember/know/guess judgements were asked both for identity and expression memory. For participants low in social anxiety, both identity and expression memory were more often associated with "remember" responses when the faces were previously seen with a happy rather than an angry expression. In contrast, the initial expression of the faces did not affect either identity or expression memory for participants high in social anxiety. We interpreted these findings by arguing that most people tend to preferentially elaborate positive rather than negative social stimuli that are important to the self and that this tendency may be reduced in high socially anxious individuals because of the negative meaning they tend to ascribe to positive social information. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentity but not expression memory for unfamiliar faces is affected by ageing
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Memory (2004), 12(5), 644-654

We examined age-related differences in memory for identity and emotional expression of unfamiliar faces. Younger and older adults were presented with happy and angry faces and were later asked to ... [more ▼]

We examined age-related differences in memory for identity and emotional expression of unfamiliar faces. Younger and older adults were presented with happy and angry faces and were later asked to recognise the same faces displaying a neutral expression. When a face was recognised, they also had to remember what the initial expression of the face had been. In addition, states of awareness associated with both identity and expression memory were assessed with the remember/know/guess paradigm. Older adults showed less recollective experience than younger adults for identity but not for emotional expressions of the faces. This evidence indicates that age-related differences in memory may depend on the nature of the to-be-remembered information, with emotional/social information being remembered as well in older as in younger adults. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentity dynamics in post‐NPM administration: A subtle two‐step between contents and context.
Rondeaux, Giseline ULg; Pichault, François ULg

in Proceedings of the 23rd EGOS Conference: "Beyond Waltz - Dances of Individuals and Organization" (2007)

Due to the current need for modernization, many public administrations are faced with a series of reform processes, under various forms and concerning several aspects of the administration. One can ... [more ▼]

Due to the current need for modernization, many public administrations are faced with a series of reform processes, under various forms and concerning several aspects of the administration. One can reasonably suppose that these upheavals have effects on civil servants, on their relationship with the organisation and on the way they see it. Within such a large issue, our main concern is to question the existence of links between a major planned change within an administration (such as a NPM reform) and its organizational identities. Three positions can be tested: • the impact: public reforms involve the transformation of identities; • the independence: identities persist, whatever the reforms may be; • and finally, co-structuring: reforms partly modify identities, but the latter also shape the reforms process. The position we are adopting in this paper tends to fit into this third approach, resulting from empirical data collected within a Belgian Ministry: the introduction of an NPM reform leads to a hybridization of identity logics within a public administration, but in other respects, the reform process can eventually be influenced by the identity logics. Using a qualitative analysis of our empirical material, we first distinguished 6 identity profiles, characterised by their reference to an identity logic (public service, public managerialism or pragmatism) and their perception of the context (congruence or dissonance). This identity profile concept can be defined as the enactment of the context according to each logic. In other words, the confrontation of the identity logic with the perception of the context can lead to either a situation of congruence (in which the perception of the context appears to be in continuity with the identity logic) or a situation of dissonance (in which there is a break between the perception of the context and the identity logic). The position towards the context, leading to either congruence or dissonance, depends on both individual and group factors. In order to give these profiles a longitudinal dimension and to propose an analysis of identity dynamics in a temporal perspective, we then conducted a second set of interviews 12 to 18 months later, with the same sample of people we had met before. In this way, we can explain how identity profiles evolve over time. A concomitant analysis of the administration context and the identity changes allows us to reveal the links between identities and the continuous change context into which they fit. Through our case study, our hypothesis of organizational identities and reform process co-structuring appears to be valid, as shown by the hybridization of identity logics within the administration we studied. Our results allow us to assume a modification of identity points of reference following a reform, as well as a reinterpretation of this reform through the identity filter. Our longitudinal approach reveals the identity dynamics, by identifying notably the shift processes from one position to another, and leads us to propose a model of contextualized identity dynamics. From our data, we are also able to show which factors produce (or are likely to produce) identity shifts. These evolution factors are the situational events which, when they occur, entail an evolution in the perception of the context perception of either congruence or dissonance), and can lead to a transition from one identity profile to another. We also consider the frame of mind of each identity profile towards change (1) as it is actually experienced and (2) in a projective way, as it would be experienced in future (i.e. the dimensions people wish to be changed, and those they fear being changed). Such information results in several lessons for managerial consideration: it can be used as a basis to extract precious indicators for change management – on the content of change as well as how it is conducted. These observations can also be used to identify the change potential of an organisation, in the design of change management strategies, and particularly in terms of communication policies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentity in schizophrenia: A study of trait self-knowledge
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Dethier, Marie ULg; Gendre, Francis et al

in Psychiatry Research (2013), 209(3), 367-374

Identity results from interlock of two systems which are a set of abstracted representations about oneself and a phenomenological self. Literature highlights identity disturbance in schizophrenia that ... [more ▼]

Identity results from interlock of two systems which are a set of abstracted representations about oneself and a phenomenological self. Literature highlights identity disturbance in schizophrenia that affects each of both systems. In the same vein, the present study investigates the stability and the quality of traits self-knowledge, a component of abstracted representations of self, in schizophrenia patients. Sixty-eight patients with schizophrenia and 68 healthy control subjects completed a short version of a personality scale (LABEL). This scale is composed of two versions (A and B), each comprising 50 adjectives that correspond to synonymous adjectives in the alternate list. Participants indicated how these adjectives described themselves and completed both versions of the scale on two separate occasions, one month apart. The findings showed that schizophrenic patients presented an unstable identity and change in identity quality compared with healthy subjects. However, this identity disturbance was weaker than expected. These results are discussed in a part of autobiographical memory disturbances in schizophrenia, illness duration and the decompensation stage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentity recognition and happy and sad facial expression recall: Influence of depressive symptoms
Jermann, Françoise; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Memory (2008), 16(4), 364-373

Relatively few studies have examined memory bias for social stimuli in depression or dysphoria. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of depressive symptoms on memory for facial ... [more ▼]

Relatively few studies have examined memory bias for social stimuli in depression or dysphoria. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of depressive symptoms on memory for facial information. A total of 234 participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory II and a task examining memory for facial identity and expression of happy and sad faces. For both facial identity and expression, the recollective experience was measured with the Remember/Know/Guess procedure (Gardiner Richardson-Klavehn, 2000). The results show no major association between depressive symptoms and memory for identities. However, dysphoric individuals consciously recalled (Remember responses) more sad facial expressions than non-dysphoric individuals. These findings suggest that sad facial expressions led to more elaborate encoding, and thereby better recollection, in dysphoric individuals. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentifikation biochemischer Reaktionsnetzwerke: Ein beobachterbasierter Ansatz
Bullinger, Eric ULg; Fey, Dirk; Farina, Marcello et al

in At-Automatisierungstechnik (2008), 56(5), 269-279

Dynamic models present a fundamental tool in systems biology, but rely on kinetic parameters, such as association and dissociation constants. Their direct estimation from studies on isolated reactions is ... [more ▼]

Dynamic models present a fundamental tool in systems biology, but rely on kinetic parameters, such as association and dissociation constants. Their direct estimation from studies on isolated reactions is usually expensive, time-consuming or even infeasible for large models. As a consequence, they must be estimated from indirect measurements, usually in the form of time-series data. We describe an observer-based parameter estimation approach taking the specific structure of biochemical reaction networks into account. Considering reaction kinetics described by polynomial or rational functions, we propose a three step approach. In a first step, the estimation of not directly measured states is decoupled from the estimation of the parameters using a suitable model extension. In a second step, a specially suited nonlinear observer estimates the extended state. Based on the obtained state estimates, the parameter estimates are calculated in a straightforward way in the final step. The applicability of the approach is exemplified considering a simplified model of the circadian rhythm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailIdeogramas de Juan Carlos Méndez Guédez et Volver antes que ir de Flavia Company
Berlage, Pauline ULg

Article for general public (2013)

compte-rendu de deux romans latino-américains contemporains et brève présentation des auteurs pour le dossier "Des lectures pour l'été 2013" du magazine Culture du l'ULg.

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'idéologie de la Nieuw‐Vlaamse Alliantie
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Revue européenne de géopolitique Outre-Terre (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
See detailUne idéologie de papier : pensée politique et propagande à la cour de France à travers les pièces d’actualité (XVe–XVIe siècles)
Dumont, Jonathan ULg

in Vaillancourt, Luc (Ed.) Rumeurs, propagande et manipulation de l’opinion publique aux XIVe, XVe et XVIe siècles. Actes du colloque organisé à l’Université de Québec (20–21 mai 2011) (2011, May 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
See detailL'idéologie en sociologie de la littérature
Groupe de contact FNRS Contextes en sociologie de la littérature; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

Book published by COnTEXTES (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdéologie et critique dans les récits zapatistes du Sous-commandant Marcos
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
See detailIdéologie et vocabulaire : les nouveaux mots du pouvoir
Durand, Pascal ULg

Scientific conference (2006, November 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)