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See detailEvaluation of a sanitarian public-private partnership in Benin. An ethnographic study case.
Schnitzler, Marie ULg

Conference (2013, June 28)

While private clinics are generally recognized as important care givers in current African cities, the sector remains under-studied in the social sciences. The research for my master thesis focused on the ... [more ▼]

While private clinics are generally recognized as important care givers in current African cities, the sector remains under-studied in the social sciences. The research for my master thesis focused on the creation of a hospital anchored to a public-private partnership, including the World Bank, the Beninese Health Ministry and a private non-governmental association. The main purpose of my enquiry is to understand how the status of this hospital influences (or not) its organization and its use by clients. Therefore, I firstly analyze the emergence and the diversity of the Beninese private health sector as well as the connotations of the notion of public-private partnership. These two points help to understand the particular context of creation of the studied public-private partnership and how it was imposed to the Ministry by the World Bank. Secondly, my research shows how the creation is nowadays read in different ways by the various actors in order to claim their rights on the management of the hospital. Thirdly, focusing on collaboration between the different categories of workers and their relationships with clients, I describe formal and informal organization of this private hospital. This part underlines the particularities of private direction in comparison with well-known studies of public centers. Using these data, I also try to understand why clients come to this specific hospital. I argue that status is not as important in their choice. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of a screening program for postmenopausal osteoporosis in primary care setting in Belgium
Goemare, S.; Kaufman, Jean-Marc; De Bacquer, D. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2002, November), 13(Suppl.3), 39

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See detailEvaluation of a set of E. coli reporter strains as physiological tracer for estimating bioreactor hydrodynamic efficiency
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Ingels, Sophie; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Process Biochemistry (2010), 45(11), 1769-1778

A set of different green fluorescent protein (GFP) Escherichia coli reporter strains have been evaluated in mini- and stirred bioreactors operating in fed-batch mode with different degrees of ... [more ▼]

A set of different green fluorescent protein (GFP) Escherichia coli reporter strains have been evaluated in mini- and stirred bioreactors operating in fed-batch mode with different degrees of perturbations in order to estimate their potential use as process-related stress biosensor. The mini-bioreactor platform comprises a set of parallel shake flasks operating in fed-batch mode. The advantage of this system is its high experimental throughput for the evaluation of the GFP synthesis capacity of our reporter strains. In the case of classical shake flask system, no significant evolution of GFP synthesis have been observed, considering the reduced microbial growth period allowed by the system, whereas in the case of fed-batch operated mini-bioreactors, evolution of GFP synthesis, as well as GFP distribution among the microbial population, has been observed for three preselected strains (prpoS, puspA and posmC::gfp). More interestingly, a binary mode of expression has been observed in the case of the cultures carried out with the reporter strains for which GFP synthesis is under the control of the rpoS promoter which is induced under carbon limitation conditions. However, the generation of controlled glucose perturbations is relatively limited in this system and, in a second step fully automated bioreactor with a sclae-down strategy has been used to correlate the response of a prpoS::gfp strains with extracellular glucose perturbations. In the case of the culture performed in perturbed bioreactor (glucose intermittent feeding or glucose addition at the level of the recycle loop of a two-compartment scale-down bioreactor), the slowdown of the GFP synthesis resulting in the observation of a binary repartition of GFP content among the microbial population, has been observed. This observation led to the conclusion that the prpoS::gfp can be used as a biosensor for the validation of a fed-batch profile in industrial-scale bioreactors. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of a weight-adjusted single-bolus plasminogen activator in patients with myocardial infarction: a double-blind, randomized angiographic trial of lanoteplase versus alteplase.
den Heijer, P.; Vermeer, F.; Ambrosioni, E. et al

in Circulation (1998), 98(20), 2117-25

BACKGROUND: Lanoteplase (nPA) is a rationally designed variant of tissue plasminogen activator with greater fibrinolytic potency and slower plasma clearance than alteplase. METHODS AND RESULTS: InTIME ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Lanoteplase (nPA) is a rationally designed variant of tissue plasminogen activator with greater fibrinolytic potency and slower plasma clearance than alteplase. METHODS AND RESULTS: InTIME (Intravenous nPA for Treatment of Infarcting Myocardium Early), a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, double-placebo angiographic trial, evaluated the dose-response relationship and safety of single-bolus, weight-adjusted lanoteplase. Patients (n=602) presenting within 6 hours of acute myocardial infarction were randomized and treated with either a single-bolus injection of lanoteplase (15, 30, 60, or 120 kU/kg) or accelerated alteplase. The primary objective was to determine TIMI grade flow at 60 minutes. Angiographic assessments were also performed at 90 minutes and on days 3 to 5. Follow-up was continued for 30 days. Lanoteplase achieved its primary objective, demonstrating a dose-response in TIMI grade 3 flow at 60 minutes (23.6% to 47.1% of subjects, P<0. 001). Similar results were observed at 90 minutes (26.1% to 57.1%, P<0.001). At 90 minutes, coronary patency (TIMI 2 or 3) increased across the dose range up to 83% of subjects at 120 kU/kg lanoteplase compared with 71.4% with alteplase. Thus, at this dose, lanoteplase was superior to alteplase in restoring coronary patency (difference, 12%; 95% CI, 1% to 23%). The early safety experience in this study suggests that lanoteplase was well tolerated at all doses with safety comparable to that of alteplase. CONCLUSIONS: Lanoteplase, a single-bolus, weight-adjusted agent, increased coronary patency at 60 and 90 minutes in a dose-dependent fashion. Coronary patency at 90 minutes was achieved more frequently with 120 kU/kg lanoteplase than alteplase. In this study, safety with lanoteplase and alteplase was comparable. InTIME-II, a worldwide mortality trial, will evaluate efficacy and safety with this promising new agent. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry in Newborn Calves
Uystepruyst, Christophe; Coghe, Joost; Bureau, Fabrice ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2000), 159(1), 71-76

In human medicine, pulse oximetry is widely used to measure non-invasively and accurately the percentage of oxygen saturation of arterial haemoglobin (SpO(2)). Recently, pulse oximetry has been used in ... [more ▼]

In human medicine, pulse oximetry is widely used to measure non-invasively and accurately the percentage of oxygen saturation of arterial haemoglobin (SpO(2)). Recently, pulse oximetry has been used in calves, but its accuracy has not been evaluated in newborn calves. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a pulse oximeter in newborn calves by comparing SpO(2) with arterial oxyhaemoglobin saturation (SaO(2)) obtained by use of a blood gas analyser. Fifty-five newborn calves were investigated from birth to 20 days old. Pulse oximetry readings and arterial blood samples were performed 5, 15, 30, 45, 60 min, 2, 3, 6, 12, 24 h and 1 and 3 weeks after birth. The transmission-type sensors of the pulse oximeter were fixed at the recommended site in the bovine species (at the base of the calf tail, where the skin had been shaved and was not pigmented) and arterial blood samples were withdrawn from the subclavian artery and analysed for SaO(2). Five-hundred paired data of SaO(2) and mean SpO(2)(mSpO(2)) were collected. Linear regression of the pooled data indicated a highly significant correlation of mSpO(2) with SaO(2) (r = 0.87;P< 0.001; mSpO(2) = 15.8 + 0.84 SaO(2)). The overall data bias value was positive (+2.1%), which indicated that the pulse oximeter tended to overestimate the SaO(2). The bias value for each SaO(2) category tended to become higher for lower ranges of SaO(2). Precision was also lower when SaO(2) values were low. The lower the SaO(2) value, the higher the positive bias (overestimation) and the lower the precision. These results suggest that pulse oximetry provides a relatively accurate non-invasive, immediate and portable method to monitor SaO(2) and to evaluate objectively the pulmonary function effectiveness in newborn calves during their adaptation to extra-uterine life. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of acepromazine-induced hemodynamic alterations and reversal with norepinephrine infusion in standing horses
Pequito, Manuel; Amory, Hélène ULg; De Moffarts, Brieux et al

in Canadian Veterinary Journal = Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne (2013), 54

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See detailEvaluation of Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution for Surgical Repair of Craniosynostosis
Hans, Pol ULg; Collin, Vincent; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (2000), 12(1), 33-6

This clinical report investigated the potential benefit of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) as a blood-saving technique in the surgical repair of craniosynostosis. Over a 4-year period, 34 healthy ... [more ▼]

This clinical report investigated the potential benefit of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) as a blood-saving technique in the surgical repair of craniosynostosis. Over a 4-year period, 34 healthy children undergoing surgical repair of scaphocephaly or pachycephaly were randomly assigned to two groups of 17 patients each. Patients of the first group (ANH group) were submitted to ANH (target Ht: 25%) immediately before surgery and patients of the second group (Control group) were not. During surgery, estimated blood loss was compensated with a 5% albumin solution and no autologous or homologous blood was transfused. At the end of surgery, intraoperative blood loss (mean +/- SD) calculated on the basis of the Ht value and the children weight was 21.3+/-8% of the estimated blood volume (EBV) in the ANH group and 24+/-6.6% in the Control group. Children of the ANH group received their autologous blood (18.9+/-3.3% of EBV) systematically at the end of surgery. In the postoperative period, homologous blood was transfused when the Ht value was equal or less than 21%. Both groups were comparable regarding age, weight, type of craniosynostosis, duration of surgery, EBV, and preoperative Ht value. No difference was observed between ANH and Control groups in the number of patients who received homologous blood (15/17 and 14/17, respectively), in the amount of homologous blood transfused (17+/-4.7% and 19.6+/-6.3% of the EBV, respectively), and in the Ht value before hospital discharge (29.4+/-5.0% and 30.7+/-4.9%, respectively). In conclusion, this report suggests that ANH reduces neither the incidence of homologous transfusion nor the amount of homologous blood transfused in this series of children undergoing surgical repair of craniosynostosis. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Adaptive Facades, AGC Building a case study of an automated glass facade: Interviews and Process Mapping with the Design Team
Attia, Shady ULg; Bashandy, Hamza

Report (2015)

The evaluation of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available façade performance evaluation tools ... [more ▼]

The evaluation of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available façade performance evaluation tools have limited applicability for such advanced building facades. This report presents a case study for an adaptive glass façade and evaluates its performance. The evaluation focuses mainly on pre and post construction phase of adaptive facades: The design assist phase (including the durability test, visual mockup, onsite panel mounting and weather stripping), the commissioning phase (field verification and performance testing) and the monitoring phase. The selected project is a nearly zero energy building with unique façade comprising thermal isolated glass sunshades printed with white silk screen. These louvers respond dynamically and automatically to the angle of the sun which improves the control over energy consumption, solar radiation and glare with the ability to admit natural light into the building. The report is part of the research activities of working group 3 of the European COST Action 1403 on “Adaptive Facades “.Different methods were used for evaluation, this include: interviews with the architect, façade engineer and technical control specialist, reviews of standard and codes and a systematic process mapping. A documentation of the case study describing the post construction occupant comfort and façade operation was prepared. This report audience is mainly architects, building façade engineers together with facility managers concerned with the process of design, construction and operation of adaptive glass facades. The outcome of this report identifies effective strategies for the design and performance evaluation of optimal adaptive facades. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Adaptive Facades: The Case Study of AGC Headquarter in Belgium
Attia, Shady ULg; Bashandy, Hamza

in Belis, Jan; Louter, Christian (Eds.) Challenging Glass 5 (2016, June 17)

The evaluation of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available façade performance evaluation tools ... [more ▼]

The evaluation of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available façade performance evaluation tools have limited applicability for such advanced building facades. This paper presents a case study for an adaptive glass façade and evaluates its performance. The evaluation focuses mainly on pre and post construction phase of adaptive facades: The design assist phase (including the durability test, visual mockup, onsite panel mounting and weather stripping), the commissioning phase (field verification and performance testing) and the monitoring phase. The selected project is a nearly zero energy building with unique façade comprising thermal isolated glass sunshades printed with white silk screen. These louvers respond dynamically and automatically to the angle of the sun which improves the control over energy consumption, solar radiation and glare with the ability to admit natural light into the building. The paper is part of the research activities of working group 3 of the European COST Action 1403 on “Adaptive Facades “. Different methods were used for evaluation, this include: interviews with the architect, façade engineer and technical control specialist, reviews of standard and codes and a systematic process mapping. A documentation of the case study describing the post construction occupant comfort and façade operation was prepared. This paper’s audience is mainly architects, building façade engineers together with facility managers concerned with the process of design, construction and operation of adaptive glass facades. The outcome of this study identifies effective strategies for the design and performance evaluation of optimal adaptive facades. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Adherence to a Convulsion management Protocol for Children in Rwanda
kaputu-kalal-malu, Célestin; D'Amour Birindabagabo, Jean; Walker, Timothy David et al

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics (2014), 60(2), 124-128

Inappropriate seizure management may result in high morbidity and mortality. We assessed the adherence of health professionals in southern Rwanda to a national protocol for pharmacological management of ... [more ▼]

Inappropriate seizure management may result in high morbidity and mortality. We assessed the adherence of health professionals in southern Rwanda to a national protocol for pharmacological management of seizures in children. A questionnaire featuring a 5-year-old child with generalized prolonged seizures was administered. The questions focused on the choice of initial treatment and the sequence of management following failure of the initial treatment choice. Benzodiazepine was chosen as initial therapy by 93.7% of physicians and 90.9% of nurses. Only 49.2% of physicians and 41% of nurses would repeat the initial treatment in case of failure of the first dose and 47% of doctors would wait 30 min to intervene. In case of refractory status epilepticus, 34% of physicians would give three doses of benzodiazepine, whereas 19% did not know what to do. These results suggest poor adherence to national protocol. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of aerosol jet printing (AJP) technology for electronic packaging and interconnect technique
Stoukatch, Serguei ULg; Seronveaux, Laurent; Laurent, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2012, September 18)

We evaluated AJP (Aerosol Jet Printing) deposited silver layer on variety of organic substrates for the most common interconnect techniques for electronic packaging. Specifically, we checked if the AJP ... [more ▼]

We evaluated AJP (Aerosol Jet Printing) deposited silver layer on variety of organic substrates for the most common interconnect techniques for electronic packaging. Specifically, we checked if the AJP silver layer can be electrically interconnected by Au and Al wires bonding technique. We also evaluated suitability of AJP silver layer for surface-mount technology (SMT). We performed electrical characterization of the AJP silver layer. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of agents used in osteoporosis: What are the needs ?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis Japan (1994), 2

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See detailEvaluation of an electronic nose for the early detection of organic overload of anaerobic digesters
Adam, Gilles ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering (2013), 36(1),

This study aims at the analysis of the utilization of an electronic nose (e-nose) to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion process, especially for detecting organic overload. An ... [more ▼]

This study aims at the analysis of the utilization of an electronic nose (e-nose) to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion process, especially for detecting organic overload. An array of non specific metal oxide semiconductor gas sensors were used to detect process faults due to organic overload events in twelve anaerobic semi-continuous reactors of 1.8 L. Three different load strategies were followed (i) a cautious organic load (1.3 gVS•L-1•day-1); (ii), an increasing load strategy (1.3 to 5.3 gVS∙L-1•day-1) and (iii) a cautious organic load with load pulses of up to 12 gVS•L-1•day-1. A first monitoring campaign was conducted with three different substrates : sucrose, maize oil, and a mix of sucrose/oil during 60 days. The second campaign was run with dry sugar beet pulp during 45 days. Hotelling's T²-value and upper control limit to a reference set of digesters fed with a cautious OLR (1.3 gVS•L-1•day-1), was used as indirect state variable of the reactors. Overload situations were identified by the e-nose apparatus with Hotelling’s T²-values at least 4-times higher in magnitude than the upper control limit of 23.7. These results confirmed that the e-nose technology appeared promising for online detection of process imbalances in the domain of anaerobic digestion. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of an osteoporosis screening campaign in the general population: does misclassification by screening test impact on the perception of the campaign?
Richy, Florent; Pire, G.; Maassen, P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003, November), 14(Suppl. 7), 68

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See detailEvaluation of Analytical Method Transfer on a Risk Based Methodology using Total Error
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewe, W.; Govaerts, B. et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (9 ULg)