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See detailGuide pratique pour la prospective régionale en Belgique
Heselmans, Frédéric ULg

Book published by Publication de la Commission européenne. Directon générale de la recherche (2003)

En Belgique la pratique de la prospective, entendue sous la forme d'exercices découlant des méthodes appelées dans les pays anglo-saxons «foresight», n'est pas encore à proprement parler devenue monnaie ... [more ▼]

En Belgique la pratique de la prospective, entendue sous la forme d'exercices découlant des méthodes appelées dans les pays anglo-saxons «foresight», n'est pas encore à proprement parler devenue monnaie courante. Toutefois, diverses initiatives, tant au niveau fédéral qu'a différents niveaux régionaux ou subrégionaux ont vu le jour ces dernières années11. S'il existe un point commun entre ces exercices, de l'avis même de ceux qui ont eu à les mettre en oeuvre, c'est sans doute la difficulté de trouver un consensus sur les méthodes et les techniques à utiliser. Les décideurs ou les experts sont confrontés au même problème: aujourd'hui il n'existe pas un paradigme unique de la prospective mais une multitude de pratiques plus ou moins rigoureuses. Ce guide se donne pour objectif d'éclairer le lecteur sur le paysage de ces différentes pratiques en mettant l'accent sur les conditions possibilité de leur mise en oeuvre et leurs avantages respectifs. Nous espérons que ces quelques balises permettront à tous ceux qui souhaitent se lancer dans l'aventure de la prospective, à quelque niveau que ce soit en Belgique, d'éviter les errements que leurs prédécesseurs ont parfois connu et en tout cas leur permettront de faire les choix les plus opportuns en connaissance de cause. [less ▲]

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See detailGuide pratique pour les bourgmestres en cas d'urgence
Vincent, Jeffrey; Easton, Marleen; Dormaels, Arne et al

Report (2013)

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See detailGuide pratique régénération naturelle assistée: Comment reconstituer nos forêts
Proces, Pierre; Dubiez, Emilien; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg et al

Book (2010)

Itinéraire technique en images de la régénération naturelle assistée

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See detailGuide pratique sur la gestion des déchets ménagers et des sites d'enfouissement technique dans les pays du Sud
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Lardinois, M.; Diabate, S. I. et al

Book published by Institut de l'Energie et de l'Environnement de la Francophonie (IEPF) (2006)

This book describes the general guidelines for waste and landfill management, especially for developing countries. It contains four chapters. Ch. 1 describes waste management in developing countries ... [more ▼]

This book describes the general guidelines for waste and landfill management, especially for developing countries. It contains four chapters. Ch. 1 describes waste management in developing countries (waste composition, production and harvesting modes; landfills characteristics; valorisation). Ch. 2 describes environmental aspects of waste management (biodegradation phenomenons; bioreactor-like landfill management; environmental impacts; investigation of biological activity of landfill in developing countries). Ch. 3 describes the general guidelines for controlled landfill (investigations for site location; landfill construction under wet and dry climates; landfill management and monitoring; financial aspects). Ch. 4 synthesizes the social and economical aspects of waste and landfill management and describes some best practices for harvesting, valorisation, and disposal of MSW) [less ▲]

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See detailGuide technique parasismique belge - Fondements théoriques et expérimentaux
Degée, Hervé ULg; Plumier, André ULg

in Actes du Colloque "Evaluation et prévention du risque sismique en Région Wallonne" (2006)

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See detailGuide technique parasismique belge pour maisons individuelles
Plumier, André ULg; Degée, Hervé ULg

Report (2003)

This document is a guide for the earthquake resistant design of single masonry houses built in low to moderate seismicity regions like Belgium. It explains the basic concepts of seismic design and ... [more ▼]

This document is a guide for the earthquake resistant design of single masonry houses built in low to moderate seismicity regions like Belgium. It explains the basic concepts of seismic design and provides examples of relevant detailing which allow to reduce at low cost the vulnerability of simple structures and save lifes. [less ▲]

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See detailGuide Technique Parasismique Belge pour Maisons Individuelles
Plumier, André ULg; Doneux, Catherine; Caporaletti, Valeria et al

Book published by Département M&S de l'Université de Liège (2003)

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See detailGuide to selected miombo species regeneration (Final version 2.2)
Seleck, Maxime ULg; Hick, Aurélie ULg; Ilunga wa Ilunga, Edouard et al

Report (2013)

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See detailGuided nucleation of superconductivity on a graded magnetic substrate
Milosevic, M. V.; Gillijns, W.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2010), 96(3),

We demonstrate the controlled spatial nucleation of superconductivity in a thin film deposited on periodic arrays of ferromagnetic dots with gradually increasing diameter. The perpendicular magnetization ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate the controlled spatial nucleation of superconductivity in a thin film deposited on periodic arrays of ferromagnetic dots with gradually increasing diameter. The perpendicular magnetization of the dots induces vortex-antivortex molecules in the sample, with the number of (anti)vortices increasing with magnet size. The resulting gradient of antivortex density between the dots predetermines local nucleation of superconductivity in the sample as a function of the applied external field and temperature. In addition, the compensation between the applied magnetic field and the antivortices results in an unprecedented enhancement of the critical temperature. [less ▲]

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See detailGuided vortex motion and vortex ratchets in nanostructured superconductors
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Van de Vondel, J.; Moshchalkov, V.V.

in Moshchalkov, V.V.; Woerdenweber, R.; Lang, W. (Eds.) Nanoscience and Engineering in Superconductivity (2010)

In type II superconductors, an external magnetic field can partially penetrate into the superconducting phase in the form of magnetic flux lines or vortices. The repulsive interaction between vortices ... [more ▼]

In type II superconductors, an external magnetic field can partially penetrate into the superconducting phase in the form of magnetic flux lines or vortices. The repulsive interaction between vortices makes them to arrange in a triangular lattice, known as Abrikosov vortex lattice. This periodic vortex distribution is very fragile and can be easily distorted by introducing pinning centers such as local alterations of the superconducting condensate density. The dominant role of the vortex-pinning site interaction not only permits to control the static vortex patterns and to enhance the maximum dissipationless current sustainable by the superconducting material but also allows one to gain control on the dynamics of vortices. Among the ultimate motivations behind the manipulation of the vortex motion are the better performance of superconductor-based devices by reducing the noise in superconducting quantum interference-based systems, development of superconducting terahertz emitters, reversiblemanipulation of local field distribution through flux lenses, or even providing a way to predefine the optical transmission through the system. In this chapter, we discuss two relevant mechanisms used in most envisaged fluxonics devices, namely the guidance of vortices through predefined paths and the rectification of the average vortex motion. The former can be achieved with any sort of confinement potential such as local depletion of the order parameter or local enhancements of the current density. In contrast, rectification effects result from the lack of inversion symmetry of the pinning landscape which tends to favor the vortex flow in one particular direction. We also discuss a new route for further flexibility and tunability of these fluxonics components by introducing ferromagnetic pinning centers interacting with vortices via their magnetic stray field. [less ▲]

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See detailGuided vortex motion in superconductors with a square antidot array
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Van Look, L.; Raedts, S. et al

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2003), 68(21),

We have measured the in-plane anisotropy of the vortex mobility in a thin Pb film with a square array of antidots. The Lorentz force, acting on the vortices, was rotated by adding two perpendicular ... [more ▼]

We have measured the in-plane anisotropy of the vortex mobility in a thin Pb film with a square array of antidots. The Lorentz force, acting on the vortices, was rotated by adding two perpendicular currents and keeping the amplitude of the net current constant. One set of voltage probes was used to detect the vortex motion. We show that the pinning landscape provided by the square antidot lattice influences the vortex motion in two different ways. First, the modulus of the vortex velocity becomes angular dependent with a lower mobility along the diagonals of the pinning array. Second, the vortex displacement is preferentially parallel to the principal axes of the underlying pinning lattice, giving rise to a misalignment between the vortex velocity and the applied Lorentz force. We show that this anisotropic vortex motion is temperature dependent and progressively fades out when approaching the normal state. [less ▲]

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See detailGuideline for resuscitation in cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery.
Dunning, Joel; Fabbri, Alessandro; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2009), 36(1), 3-28

The Clinical Guidelines Committee of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery provides this professional view on resuscitation in cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery. This document was ... [more ▼]

The Clinical Guidelines Committee of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery provides this professional view on resuscitation in cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery. This document was created using a multimodal methodology for evidence generation including the extrapolation of existing guidelines from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation where possible, our own structured literature reviews on issues particular to cardiac surgery, an international survey on resuscitation hosted by CTSNet and manikin simulations of potential protocols. This protocol differs from existing generic guidelines in a number of areas, the most import of which are the following: successful treatment of cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery is a multi-practitioner activity with six key roles that should be allocated and rehearsed on a regular basis; in ventricular fibrillation, three sequential attempts at defibrillation (where immediately available) should precede external cardiac massage; in asystole or extreme bradycardia, pacing (where immediately available) should precede external cardiac massage; where the above measures fail, and in pulseless electrical activity, early resternotomy is advocated; adrenaline should not be routinely given; protocols for excluding reversible airway and breathing complications and for safe emergency resternotomy are given. This guideline is subject to continuous informal review, and when new evidence becomes available. [less ▲]

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See detailGuideline for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation.
Dunning, Joel; Nagendran, Myura; Alfieri, Ottavio R. et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2013), 44(5), 777-91

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and its prevalence is approximately 1-2% of the general population, but higher with increasing age and in patients with concomitant ... [more ▼]

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and its prevalence is approximately 1-2% of the general population, but higher with increasing age and in patients with concomitant heart disease. The Cox-maze III procedure was a groundbreaking development and remains the surgical intervention with the highest cure rate, but due to its technical difficulty alternative techniques have been developed to create the lesions sets. The field is fast moving and there are now multiple energy sources, multiple potential lesion sets and even multiple guidelines addressing the issues surrounding the surgical treatment of AF both for patients undergoing this concomitantly with other cardiac surgical procedures and also as stand-alone procedures either via sternotomy or via videothoracoscopic techniques. The aim of this document is to bring together all major guidelines in this area into one resource for clinicians interested in surgery for AF. Where we felt that guidance was lacking, we also reviewed the evidence and provided summaries in those areas. We conclude that AF surgery is an effective intervention for patients with all types of AF undergoing concomitant cardiac surgery to reduce the incidence of AF, as demonstrated in multiple randomized studies. There is some evidence that this translates into reduced stroke risk, reduced heart failure risk and longer survival. In addition, symptomatic patients with AF may be considered for surgery after failed catheter intervention or even as an alternative to catheter intervention where either catheter ablation is contraindicated or by patient choice. [less ▲]

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See detailGuideline on antiplatelet and anticoagulation management in cardiac surgery.
Dunning, Joel; Versteegh, Michel; Fabbri, Alessandro et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2008), 34(1), 73-92

This document presents a professional view of evidence-based recommendations around the issues of antiplatelet and anticoagulation management in cardiac surgery. It was prepared by the Audit and ... [more ▼]

This document presents a professional view of evidence-based recommendations around the issues of antiplatelet and anticoagulation management in cardiac surgery. It was prepared by the Audit and Guidelines Committee of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). We review the following topics: evidence for aspirin, clopidogrel and warfarin cessation prior to cardiac surgery; perioperative interventions to reduce bleeding including the use of aprotinin and tranexamic acid; the use of thromboelastography to guide blood product usage; protamine reversal of heparin; the use of factor VIIa to control severe bleeding; anticoagulation after mechanical, tissue valve replacement and mitral valve repair; the use of antiplatelets and clopidogrel after cardiac surgery to improve graft patency and reduce thromboembolic complications and thromboprophylaxis in the postoperative period. This guideline is subject to continuous informal review, and when new evidence becomes available. The formal review date will be at 5 years from publication (September 2013). [less ▲]

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See detailGuidelines and Validation Issues in Pharmaceutical Analysis
Rozet, Eric ULg; Rudaz, S.

Conference (2010, June 16)

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See detailGuidelines for an integrated diagnostic approach of chronic lymphoproliferative disorders in the routine laboratory of haematology in Belgium.
Nollet, F.; Bakkus, M.; Meeus, P. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2009), 64(6), 494-504

This paper summarizes the minimal workout of chronic lymphoproliferative disorders in a routine laboratory of haematology as recommended by a team of experienced laboratory supervisors in Belgium, taking ... [more ▼]

This paper summarizes the minimal workout of chronic lymphoproliferative disorders in a routine laboratory of haematology as recommended by a team of experienced laboratory supervisors in Belgium, taking into account the specific organisation of healthcare in Belgium, the innovations in the field of molecular analyses and related reimbursement. The starting point was essentially based upon clinical and/or haematological indications and it is emphasized that conclusions should be drawn in close dialogue with the clinician and experts in cytogenetics and histopathology. Reports made in the laboratory should be based upon an integration of cytomorphological, immunophenotypical and molecular data. These guidelines are not intended to be used as universal 'diagnostic pathways', but should be useful in developing local diagnostic pathways. It is well understood that this consensus, being valid anno 2009, may rapidly change with new technologies being introduced and new targets discovered. [less ▲]

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See detailGuidelines for authors of medical scientific manuscripts.
Detry, Olivier ULg; Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Van de Stadt, J.

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1996), 96(4), 140-3

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