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See detailHierarchy and scales in marine ecohydrodynamics
Nihoul, Jacques ULg; Djenidi, Salim ULg

in Earth-Science Reviews (1991), 31(3-4), 255-277

Recent investigations reveal, in marine ecosystems, an ecohydrodynamic hierarchical organization resulting from the different rates of ecological processes confronted to a multi-scale physical environment ... [more ▼]

Recent investigations reveal, in marine ecosystems, an ecohydrodynamic hierarchical organization resulting from the different rates of ecological processes confronted to a multi-scale physical environment. Major marine hydrodynamic processes are briefly analyzed here in an ecohydrodynamic perspective, emphasizing the effects they have on ecosystems at different levels of hierarchy and identifying appropriate “spectral windows” for modelling. A case study application to the Northern Bering Sea's Summer Ecohydrodynamics is given in illustration. [less ▲]

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See detailLes hiéroglyphes à l'heure de l'informatique
Winand, Jean ULg

Scientific conference (2014, February 13)

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See detailLes hiéroglyphes égyptiens
Winand, Jean ULg

Book published by Presses universitaires de France (2013)

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See detailLes hiérothytes. Recherche institutionnelle
Winand, Jean ULg

Book (1990)

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See detailLes hiértothytes. Recherche institutionnelle
Winand, Jean ULg

Master's dissertation (1983)

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See detailHIF-1 and AP-1 cooperate to increase gene expression in hypoxia: role of MAP kinases.
Michiels, C.; Minet, E.; Michel, G. et al

in IUBMB Life (2001), 52(1-2), 49-53

HIF-1 is the main transcription factor responsible for increased gene expression in hypoxia: VEGF, erythropoietin, GLUT-1, and glycolytic enzymes are such target genes and all participate in the ... [more ▼]

HIF-1 is the main transcription factor responsible for increased gene expression in hypoxia: VEGF, erythropoietin, GLUT-1, and glycolytic enzymes are such target genes and all participate in the adaptative response of cells to hypoxia. AP-1 activation by hypoxia has also been demonstrated in several cell lines and it cooperates with HIF-1 for increasing VEGF gene transcription in hypoxia. Both HIF-1 and AP-1 activation by hypoxia seems to involve members of the MAP kinase family. Here, we summarize the data indicating that ERK and JNK are needed for activation of HIF-1 and AP-1, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailHIFI observations of water in the atmosphere of comet C/2008 Q3 (Garradd)
Hartogh, P.; Crovisier, J.; de Val-Borro, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 518(Letters), 1501-5

High-resolution far-infrared and sub-millimetre spectroscopy of water lines is an important tool to understand the physical and chemical properties of cometary atmospheres. We present observations of ... [more ▼]

High-resolution far-infrared and sub-millimetre spectroscopy of water lines is an important tool to understand the physical and chemical properties of cometary atmospheres. We present observations of several rotational ortho- and para-water transitions in comet C/2008 Q3 (Garradd) performed with HIFI on Herschel. These observations have provided the first detection of the 2[SUB]12[/SUB]-1[SUB]01[/SUB] (1669 GHz) ortho and 1[SUB]11[/SUB]-0[SUB]00[/SUB] (1113 GHz) para transitions of water in a cometary spectrum. In addition, the ground-state transition 1[SUB]10[/SUB]-1[SUB]01[/SUB] at 557 GHz is detected and mapped. By detecting several water lines quasi-simultaneously and mapping their emission we can constrain the excitation parameters in the coma. Synthetic line profiles are computed using excitation models which include excitation by collisions, solar infrared radiation, and radiation trapping. We obtain the gas kinetic temperature, constrain the electron density profile, and estimate the coma expansion velocity by analyzing the map and line shapes. We derive water production rates of 1.7-2.8 × 10[SUP]28[/SUP] s[SUP]-1[/SUP] over the range r[SUB]h[/SUB] = 1.83-1.85 AU. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.Figure 5 is only available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

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See detailHiggs boson masses of the general two-Higgs-doublet model in the Minkowski-space formalism
Degée, Audrey ULg; Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (2010), 81

We study the masses of the Higgs bosons in the most general two-Higgs-doublet model in a basis-independent approach. We adapt the recently developed Minkowski-space formalism to this problem and calculate ... [more ▼]

We study the masses of the Higgs bosons in the most general two-Higgs-doublet model in a basis-independent approach. We adapt the recently developed Minkowski-space formalism to this problem and calculate traces of any power of the mass matrix in a compact and reparametrization-invariant form. Our results can be used to gain insight into the dynamics of the scalar sector of the general two-Higgs-doublet model. [less ▲]

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See detailHiggs boson search at photon collider for M(h) = 140-GeV - 190-GeV
Ginzburg, I. F.; Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Physics Letters B (1997), 408

A Higgs boson within the mass range $M_H=140-190$ GeV can be discovered at a photon collider in the reaction $\gamma\gamma\to WW$ (with real or virtual W) with the luminosity integral about 1 fb$^{-1 ... [more ▼]

A Higgs boson within the mass range $M_H=140-190$ GeV can be discovered at a photon collider in the reaction $\gamma\gamma\to WW$ (with real or virtual W) with the luminosity integral about 1 fb$^{-1}$. The reasonable resolution in the effective mass of the WW system is required. [less ▲]

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See detailHiggs Central Exclusive Production
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Dechambre, Alice; Henandez, Oscar F.

in Physics Letters B (2012), 706

We tune the calculation of central exclusive Higgs production to the recent CDF central exclusive dijet data, and predict the cross section for the exclusive production of Higgs boson at the LHC. It is ... [more ▼]

We tune the calculation of central exclusive Higgs production to the recent CDF central exclusive dijet data, and predict the cross section for the exclusive production of Higgs boson at the LHC. It is always below 1 fb, and below 0.3 fb after experimental cuts. [less ▲]

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See detailHiggs Exclusive Production
Dechambre, Alice ULg

Poster (2009, August)

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See detailHiggs mechanism in the general Two-Higgs-Doublet Model
Degée, Audrey ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

We first review the standard Higgs mechanism of the standard model. Then, in the second chapter, we motivate the introduction of a second doublet in the theory. In the third chapter, we talk about the ... [more ▼]

We first review the standard Higgs mechanism of the standard model. Then, in the second chapter, we motivate the introduction of a second doublet in the theory. In the third chapter, we talk about the reasons to study the most general two Higgs doublet model and introduce the Minkowski formalism introduced by I.P. Ivanov to simplify this problem. Finally, we study the masses of the Higgs bosons in the most general two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM) in a basis-independent approach. We adapt the recently developed Minkowski-space formalism to this problem and calculate traces of any power of the mass matrix in a compact and reparametrization-invariant form. Our results can be used to gain insight into the dynamics of the scalar sector of the general 2HDM. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh accumulation of PCDD, PCDF, and PCB congeners in marine mammals from Brazil: a serious PCB problem
Dorneles, Paulo R; Sanz, Paloma; Eppe, Gauthier ULg et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2013), 463-464

Blubber samples from three delphinid species (false killer whale, Guiana and rough-toothed dolphin), as well as liver samples from franciscana dolphins were analyzed for dioxins and related compounds ... [more ▼]

Blubber samples from three delphinid species (false killer whale, Guiana and rough-toothed dolphin), as well as liver samples from franciscana dolphins were analyzed for dioxins and related compounds (DRCs). Samples were collected from 35 cetaceans stranded or incidentally captured in a highly industrialized and urbanized area (Southeast and Southern Brazilian regions). Dioxin-like PCBs accounted for over 83% of the total TEQ for all cetaceans. Non-ortho coplanar PCBs, for franciscanas (82%), and mono-ortho PCBs (up to 80%), for delphinids, constituted the groups of highest contribution to total TEQ. Regarding franciscana dolphins, significant negative correlations were found between total length (TL) and three variables, ΣTEQ-DRCs, ΣTEQ-PCDF and ΣTEQ non-ortho PCB. An increasing efficiency of the detoxifying activity with the growth of the animal may be a plausible explanation for these findings. This hypothesis is reinforced by the significant negative correlation found between TL and PCB126/PCB169 concentration ratio. DRC concentrations (ng/g lipids) varied from 36 to 3006, for franciscana dolphins, as well as from 356 to 30776, for delphinids. The sum of dioxin-like and indicator PCBs varied from 34662 to 279407 ng/g lipids, for Guiana dolphins from Rio de Janeiro state, which are among the highest PCB concentrations ever reported for cetaceans. The high concentrations found in our study raise concern not only on the conservation of Brazilian coastal cetaceans, but also on the possibility of human health problem due to consumption of fish from Brazilian estuaries. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Accumulation of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) in Marine Tucuxi Dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) from the Brazilian Coast
Dorneles, Paulo R; Lailson-Brito, José; Azevedo, Alexander et al

in Environmental Science & Technology (2008), 42(14), 5368-5373

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) were measured in liver samples from 29 marine tucuxi dolphins from Rio de Janeiro state (RJ), Brazil. PFC measurement combined ... [more ▼]

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) were measured in liver samples from 29 marine tucuxi dolphins from Rio de Janeiro state (RJ), Brazil. PFC measurement combined liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry, using a CapLC system connected to a Quadrupole- LIT mass spectrometer. PFOS was the only PFC detected and it was so in all samples. PFOS concentrations (ng ·g-1 dw) of dolphins (n)23) from the highly contaminated Guanabara Bay (in RJ) varied between 43 and 2431 as well as between 76 and 427 from areas of RJ other than the quoted bay (n ) 6). Concentrations of three fetuses and one neonate varied between 664 and 1590. Fetus/mother ratios were calculated in two situations (2.75 and 2.62). It seems that mother-to-calf transference plays important role for relationships between PFOS and age. When a one-year-old male calf presenting 2431 ng ·g-1 dw was excluded from the test, significant correlations were observed between PFOS concentrations and both age and total length. Despite the placental transference, PFOS concentrations were not significantly lower in females than in males. PFOS levels in marine tucuxi dolphins from Guanabara Bay are among the highest detected to date in cetaceans, andthismayrepresentathreat to the small population concerned. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh accuracy transit photometry of the planet OGLE-TR-113b with a new deconvolution-based method
Gillon, Michaël ULg; Pont, F.; Moutou, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 459

A high accuracy photometry algorithm is needed to take full advantage of the potential of the transit method for the characterization of exoplanets, especially in deep crowded fields. It has to reduce to ... [more ▼]

A high accuracy photometry algorithm is needed to take full advantage of the potential of the transit method for the characterization of exoplanets, especially in deep crowded fields. It has to reduce to the lowest possible level the negative influence of systematic effects on the photometric accuracy. It should also be able to cope with a high level of crowding and with large-scale variations of the spatial resolution from one image to another. A recent deconvolution-based photometry algorithm fulfills all these requirements, and it also increases the resolution of astronomical images, which is an important advantage for the detection of blends and the discrimination of false positives in transit photometry. We made some changes to this algorithm to optimize it for transit photometry and used it to reduce NTT/SUSI2 observations of two transits of OGLE-TR-113b. This reduction has led to two very high precision transit light curves with a low level of systematic residuals, used together with former photometric and spectroscopic measurements to derive new stellar and planetary parameters in excellent agreement with previous ones, but significantly more precise. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Achievers in Belgium: A Partial Analysis of I. E. A. Science, Literature and Reading Comprehension Data
De Landsheere, Gilbert ULg; Grisay, A.; Henry, G.

in Comparative Education Review (1974), 18(2), 188-195

In this article, we examine what IEA data tell us about the situation of the gifted in Belgium. (Author)

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See detailThe high affinity murine laminin receptor is a member of a multicopy gene family.
Fernandez, M. T.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Rao, C. N. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1991), 175(1), 84-90

The high affinity laminin receptor is differentially expressed in metastasis. We now report that there are multiple copies (6 +/- 1) of the laminin receptor gene in the murine genome of normal diploid ... [more ▼]

The high affinity laminin receptor is differentially expressed in metastasis. We now report that there are multiple copies (6 +/- 1) of the laminin receptor gene in the murine genome of normal diploid cells as well as in cell lines derived from cancer cells. We have analyzed three distinct cDNA clones isolated from an Okayama-Berg cDNA library of transformed mouse fibroblasts that may represent transcripts of three different laminin receptor genes. Polymorphic changes include insertion of bases at the 5' terminus, a base substitution within the coding region resulting in an amino acid change from phenylalanine to leucine, a base substitution obliterating a polyadenylation signal, as well as changes in the length of the 3' untranslated domains. The discovery of multiple transcripts of laminin receptor genes suggests that there is a strong selective pressure to maintain laminin receptor expression in murine cells. [less ▲]

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See detailThe High Albedo of the Hot Jupiter Kepler-7 b
Demory, Brice*-Olivier; Seager, Sara; Madhusudhan, Nikku et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2011), 735

Hot Jupiters are expected to be dark from both observations (albedo upper limits) and theory (alkali metals and/or TiO and VO absorption). However, only a handful of hot Jupiters have been observed with ... [more ▼]

Hot Jupiters are expected to be dark from both observations (albedo upper limits) and theory (alkali metals and/or TiO and VO absorption). However, only a handful of hot Jupiters have been observed with high enough photometric precision at visible wavelengths to investigate these expectations. The NASA Kepler mission provides a means to widen the sample and to assess the extent to which hot Jupiter albedos are low. We present a global analysis of Kepler-7 b based on Q0-Q4 data, published radial velocities, and asteroseismology constraints. We measure an occultation depth in the Kepler bandpass of 44 ± 5 ppm. If directly related to the albedo, this translates to a Kepler geometric albedo of 0.32 ± 0.03, the most precise value measured so far for an exoplanet. We also characterize the planetary orbital phase light curve with an amplitude of 42 ± 4 ppm. Using atmospheric models, we find it unlikely that the high albedo is due to a dominant thermal component and propose two solutions to explain the observed planetary flux. First, we interpret the Kepler-7 b albedo as resulting from an excess reflection over what can be explained solely by Rayleigh scattering, along with a nominal thermal component. This excess reflection might indicate the presence of a cloud or haze layer in the atmosphere, motivating new modeling and observational efforts. Alternatively, the albedo can be explained by Rayleigh scattering alone if Na and K are depleted in the atmosphere by a factor of 10-100 below solar abundances. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh angular resolution imaging and infrared spectroscopy of CoRoT candidates
Guenther, E. W.; Fridlund, M.; Alonso, R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 556

Context. Studies of transiting extrasolar planets are of key importance for understanding the nature of planets outside our solar system because their masses, diameters, and bulk densities can be measured ... [more ▼]

Context. Studies of transiting extrasolar planets are of key importance for understanding the nature of planets outside our solar system because their masses, diameters, and bulk densities can be measured. An important part of transit-search programmes is the removal of false-positives. In the case of the CoRoT space mission, the majority of the false-positives are removed by a detailed analysis of the light curves and by seeing-limited imaging in- and out-of-transit. However, the critical question is how many of the candidates that passed all these tests are false-positives. Such false-positives can be caused by eclipsing binaries, which are either related or unrelated to the targets. <BR /> Aims: For our study we selected 25 CoRoT candidates that have already been screened against false-positives using detailed analysis of the light curves and seeing-limited imaging, which has transits that are between 0.7 and 0.05% deep. Our aim is to search for companion candidates that had not been recognized in previous observations. <BR /> Methods: We observed 20 candidates with the adaptive optics imager NaCo and 18 with the high-resolution infrared spectrograph CRIRES. <BR /> Results: We found previously unknown stars within 2'' of the targets in seven of the candidates. All of these are too faint and too close to the targets to have been previously detected with seeing-limited telescopes in the optical. Our study thus leads to the surprising results that if we remove all candidates excluded by the sophisticated analysis of the light-curve, as well as carrying out deep imaging with seeing-limited telescopes, still 28-35% of the remaining candidates are found to possess companions that are bright enough to be false-positives. <BR /> Conclusions: Given that the companion candidates cluster around the targets and that the J - K colours are consistent with physical companions, we conclude that the companion candidates are more likely to be physical companions rather than unrelated field stars. Based on observations obtained at the European Southern Observatory at Paranal, Chile in programmes 282.C-5015A, 282.C-5015B, 282.C-5015C, 285.C-5045A, and 285.C-5045B, 086.C-0235A, 086.C-0235B, 088.C-0707A, 088.C-0707B, 090.C-0251A, 090.C-0251B, and 091.C-203(A).Appendices A and B are available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

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