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See detailEtiologies of uterine malformations.
JACQUINET, Adeline ULg; Millar, Debra; Lehman, Anna

in American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A (2016), 170(8), 2141-72

Ranging from aplastic uterus (including Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome) to incomplete septate uterus, uterine malformations as a group are relatively frequent in the general population. Specific ... [more ▼]

Ranging from aplastic uterus (including Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome) to incomplete septate uterus, uterine malformations as a group are relatively frequent in the general population. Specific causes remain largely unknown. Although most occurrences ostensibly seem sporadic, familial recurrences have been observed, which strongly implicate genetic factors. Through the study of animal models, human syndromes, and structural chromosomal variation, several candidate genes have been proposed and subsequently tested with targeted methods in series of individuals with isolated, non-isolated, or syndromic uterine malformations. To date, a few genes have garnered strong evidence of causality, mainly in syndromic presentations (HNF1B, WNT4, WNT7A, HOXA13). Sequencing of candidate genes in series of individuals with isolated uterine abnormalities has been able to suggest an association for several genes, but confirmation of a strong causative effect is still lacking for the majority of them. We review the current state of knowledge about the developmental origins of uterine malformations, with a focus on the genetic variants that have been implicated or associated with these conditions in humans, and we discuss potential reasons for the high rate of negative results. The evidence for various environmental and epigenetic factors is also reviewed. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailEtiology in Parthenius of Nicaea
Vandersmissen, Marc ULg

in Euphrosyne (2014), 42

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See detailÉtiopathogénie de la myopathie atypique et gestion raisonnée des cas
Votion, Dominique ULg; Patarin, Florence; Cerri, Simona ULg et al

in In Proceedings: Journée AVEF (Association des Vétérinaires Equins Français) (2013, December)

Atypical myopathy is an acute intoxication resulting from the ingestion of a toxin contained in the seeds of some trees of the genus Acer (i.e. « maple trees »). The causes of the emergence of the disease ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy is an acute intoxication resulting from the ingestion of a toxin contained in the seeds of some trees of the genus Acer (i.e. « maple trees »). The causes of the emergence of the disease due to trees naturalized for many decades remain undetermined. Currently, there is no cure for atypical myopathy but symptomatic treatment may be revisited on the basis of knowledge of the aetio-pathogenesis of the disease. This paper compiles recommendations following a discussion on treatment of atypical myopathy held in October 2013 at the University of Liege (Belgium) to provide emergency treatment distinguishing clinical management (1) at hospital, (2) in the field and (3) preventive measures to protect pasture companions. [less ▲]

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See detailEtiopathogenie et physiopathologie du diabete de type 2
Fery, Françoise; Paquot, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(5-6), 361-8

Etiopathogenesis of type 2 diabetes is complex and still partially unknown. Its etiology is determined by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The genetic contribution is important, but ... [more ▼]

Etiopathogenesis of type 2 diabetes is complex and still partially unknown. Its etiology is determined by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The genetic contribution is important, but has a polygenic origin. Obesity, especially when fat mass is preferably located in the abdomen, is the main predisposing factor for type 2 diabetes, and almost 80% of diabetic patients are overweight or obese. The diabetogenic effect of obesity is due to the capacity of excessive fat mass to induce or aggravate insulin resistance. Increasing lack of physical activity is also a contributing factor as it increases insulin resistance. As far as pathophysiology is concerned, the development of type 2 diabetes results from the coexistence of abnormalities of insulin secretion and insulin action. Insulin secretory dysfunction, whose underlying mechanism remains poorly understood, is characterized by a relative defect in circulating insulin levels of variable severity. Resistance to insulin action is located in the liver (increased hepatic glucose production), in the skeletal muscle (decreased muscular glucose uptake) and in the adipose tissue (exaggerated lipolysis with elevated plasma free fatty acids). Changes in life-style habits (weight reduction, regular physical activity) are able to prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailEtioplast differentiation in Arabidopsis: Both PORA and PORB restore the prolamellar body and photoactive protochlorophyllide-F655 to the cop1 photomorphogenic mutant
Sperling, U.; Franck, Fabrice ULg; van Cleve, B. et al

in Plant Cell (1998), 10(2), 283-296

The etioplast plastid type of dark-grown angiosperms is defined by the accumulation of the chlorophyll (Chi) precursor protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) and the presence of the paracrystalline prolamellar ... [more ▼]

The etioplast plastid type of dark-grown angiosperms is defined by the accumulation of the chlorophyll (Chi) precursor protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) and the presence of the paracrystalline prolamellar body (PLB) membrane. Both features correlate with the presence of NADFH:Pchlide oxidoreductase (FOR), a light-dependent enzyme that reduces photoactive Pchlide-F655 to chlorophyllide and plays a key role in chloroplast differentiation during greening. Two differentially expressed and regulated FOR enzymes, FORA and FORB, have recently been discovered in angiosperms. To investigate the hypothesis that etioplast differentiation requires FORA, we have constitutively overexpressed PORA and FORB in the Arabidopsis wild type and in the constitutive photomorphogenic cop1-18 (previously det340) mutant, which is deficient in the PLB and Pchlide-F655. In both genetic backgrounds, FOR overexpression increased PLB size, the ratio of Pchlide-F655 to nonphotoactive Pchl[ide]-F632, and the amount of Pchlide-F655. Dramatically, restoration of either FORA or FORB to the cop1 mutant led to the formation of etioplasts containing an extensive PLB and large amounts of photoactive Pchlide-F655. [less ▲]

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See detailL'étiquetage des denrées alimentaires
De Laubier, Juliette ULg; Godrie, Thérèse ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detailEtiquetage nutritionnel : quels repères?
Delacharlerie, Sophie ULg; Roussez, Noémie; Poncelet, Céline et al

in Food Science and Law (2011), 5

A l’heure où l’Union européenne prépare un texte qui pourrait rendre l’étiquetage nutritionnel obligatoire d’ici 2014, le présent article réalise un tour d’horizon des législations et pratiques en vigueur ... [more ▼]

A l’heure où l’Union européenne prépare un texte qui pourrait rendre l’étiquetage nutritionnel obligatoire d’ici 2014, le présent article réalise un tour d’horizon des législations et pratiques en vigueur au sein de l’Union européenne en matière d’étiquetage nutritionnel. Les différents systèmes de représentation ainsi que les différents types de valeurs de référence sont présentés et discutés. La liste des avantages et inconvénients de chaque option possible sert de base à une réflexion sur les limites des pratiques actuelles et permet de proposer quelques pistes d’amélioration. Les différentes informations présentées visent à la fois à aider à une meilleure compréhension de l’étiquetage nutritionnel par le public non averti, mais aussi à permettre aux professionnels du secteur de poser leurs choix de manière éclairée. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtiquettes de médicaments, listes de drogues, prescriptions et réceptaires dans l'Égypte gréco-romaine et byzantine
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Collard, Franck; Samana, Evelyne (Eds.) Pharmacopoles et apothicaires. Les "pharmaciens" de l'Antiquité au Grand Siècle (2006)

Survey of the greek papyri with drugs'names, lists of drugs, prescriptions and receptaries in Graeco-Roman and Byzantine Egypt

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See detailEtnografia da prostituição em circunstâncias precárias
Geenen, Kristien ULg

Scientific conference (2014)

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See detailLa etnometodologica, via previlegiada de la investigacion sobre la educacion personalizata
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg; de Landsheere, Viviane ULg

in García Hoz, Victor (Ed.) Problemas y métodos de investigación en educación personalizada (1994)

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See detailL'étoile Bauchau, de l'objection poétique à l'objection juridique
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Mayaux; Delmotte, M (Eds.) Henry Bauchau, écrire pour habiter le monde (2009)

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See detailL'étoile de Noël
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailEtoile par étoìle - Guide Touristique de l'Univers -- P. Bianucci
Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Ciel et Terre (1989), 105

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See detailEtoiles à Helium Faible Photométriquement Variables
Renson, Pierre ULg

in Information Bulletin on Variable Stars (1985), 2708

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See detailLes étoiles doubles ou multiples et leurs magnitudes.
Renson, Pierre ULg

in Ciel (Le) (1993), 55

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See detailLes étoiles massives, ces reines de l'Univers
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailLes étoiles symbiotiques
Swings, Polydore ULg

in Astronomie (L') (1968), 82

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See detailEtoricoxib demonstrates similar efficacy and improved gastrointestinal safety compared to naproxen in two 138-week randomized studies of osteoarthritis patients
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Fischer, C. L.; Beualieu, A. et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2004, June)

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See detailEtoricoxib-induced erythema-multiforme-like eruption.
Thirion, Laurence; Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2007), 216(3), 227-228

Etoricoxib is a new, highly selective cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 inhibitor, reported to have an increased cutaneous and systemic safety profile compared to the previous COX-2 inhibitors, including celecoxib ... [more ▼]

Etoricoxib is a new, highly selective cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 inhibitor, reported to have an increased cutaneous and systemic safety profile compared to the previous COX-2 inhibitors, including celecoxib, rofecoxib and valdecoxib. To the best of our knowledge, the present case of etoricoxib-induced erythema-multiforme-like eruption is the first reported in the literature. [less ▲]

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