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See detailHeterogeneous alkenylation of aromatics under oxygen
Hajek, Jan; Dams, Mieke; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Catalysis Communications (2007), 8(7), 1047-1051

A novel heterogeneous Pd/polymer catalyst containing co-catalytic functional groups catalyses the direct alkenylation of anisole with ethyl trans-cinnamate under oxygen. The properties of the polymeric ... [more ▼]

A novel heterogeneous Pd/polymer catalyst containing co-catalytic functional groups catalyses the direct alkenylation of anisole with ethyl trans-cinnamate under oxygen. The properties of the polymeric catalyst were compared to other immobilised catalysts. The activity of the polymeric catalyst typically increased with temperature and oxygen pressure exhibiting the optimal activity up to 100 TON at 383 K under 1.2 MPa of O-2. The most abundant product was 3-(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-phenylpropanoate (approximate to 45%). The reaction selectivity was practically independent of the conditions. Split-tests and AAS measurements confirm heterogeneous character of the catalyst. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterogeneous conversion of N2O5 to HNO3 in the post-Mount Pinatubo eruption stratosphere
Rinsland, Curtis P.; Gunson, Michaël R.; Abrams, M. C. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1994), 99(D4), 8213-8219

Simultaneous stratospheric volume mixing ratio (VMR) profiles of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) and nitric acid (HNO3) at sunrise between 25-degrees-N and 15-degrees-S latitude and profiles of HNO3 at sunset ... [more ▼]

Simultaneous stratospheric volume mixing ratio (VMR) profiles of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) and nitric acid (HNO3) at sunrise between 25-degrees-N and 15-degrees-S latitude and profiles of HNO3 at sunset between 42-degrees-S and 53-degrees-S latitude have been derived from 0.01 cm-1 resolution infrared solar occultation spectra recorded 9 1/2 months after the massive eruption of the Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippine Islands. The measurements were obtained by the atmospheric trace molecule spectroscopy (ATMOS) Fourier transform spectrometer during the ATLAS 1 shuttle mission (March 24 to April 2, 1992). The measured HNO3 VMRs are higher at all altitudes and latitudes than corresponding values measured by the limb infrared monitor of the stratosphere (LIMS) instrument during the same season in 1979, when the aerosol loading was near background levels. The largest relative increase in the HNO3 VMR occurred near the equator at 30-km altitude, where the ATMOS/ATLAS 1 values are about a factor of 2 higher than the LIMS measurements. Two-dimensional model calculations show that the increase in HNO3 and the ATMOS/ATLAS 1 measurement of a steep decrease in the N2O5 VMR below 30 km can be explained by the enhanced conversion of N2O5 to HNO3 on the surfaces of the Mount Pinatubo sulfate aerosols. Our profile results demonstrate the global impact of the N2O5 + H2O --> 2HNO3 heterogeneous reaction in altering the partitioning of stratospheric odd nitrogen after a major volcanic eruption. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterogeneous Integration and Fabrication of III-V MOS Devices in a 200mm Processing Environment
Waldron, Niamh; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Lin, Dennis et al

in ECS Transactions (2011), 35

We report on the fabrication of MOS capacitors on 200 mm virtual GaAs substrates using a Si CMOS processing environment. The fabricated capacitors were comparable to those processed on bulk GaAs material ... [more ▼]

We report on the fabrication of MOS capacitors on 200 mm virtual GaAs substrates using a Si CMOS processing environment. The fabricated capacitors were comparable to those processed on bulk GaAs material. Topside contact was made to the GaAs using a novel CMOS compatible self-aligned NiGe contact scheme resulting in a measured contact resistance of 0.26 [ohm sign].cm. Cross-contamination from various III-V substrates was investigated and it was found that by limiting the thermal budget to <= 300C cross-contamination from the outgassing of In, Ga and As could be eliminated. For wet processing the judicious choice of recipe and processing conditions resulted in no significant cross-contamination being detected as determined by TXRF monitoring. This achievement enables III-V device production using state-of-the-art Si processing equipment. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterogeneous Integration and Fabrication of III-V MOS Devices in a 200mm Processing Environment
Waldron, Niamh; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Lin, Dennis et al

in 219th ECS Meeting (2011)

As CMOS continues to scales to more advanced nodes, new higher mobility channel materials will have to be introduced as an alternative to Si in order to meet power and performance requirements [1]. III-V ... [more ▼]

As CMOS continues to scales to more advanced nodes, new higher mobility channel materials will have to be introduced as an alternative to Si in order to meet power and performance requirements [1]. III-V and Ge materials have emerged as an attractive option for nMOS and pMOS respectively. However, from an economical and technological standpoint it must be possible to implement III-V devices in a Si CMOS fabrication environment to leverage the advantages of both large scale wafers and state-of-the-art Si equipment. The integration challenges of introducing III-V into a Si line include safety risk assessments from toxic materials, maintenance of tools after processing III-V, cross-contamination from high- temperature and wet etch steps, and modifying standard recipes where III-V is exposed on the surface. In this work we demonstrate the feasibility of processing III-V virtual substrates in a Si line following a CMOS based approach that seeks to minimize any potential cross- contamination from the III-V. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins as targets of autoantibodies in systemic rheumatic diseases.
Op De Beeck, Katrijn; Maes, Liesbeth; Van den Bergh, Karolien et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2012), 64(1), 213-221

BACKGROUND: Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNP) are abundant nucleoplasmic pre-mRNA-binding proteins. The aim of this study was to unravel the mosaic of autoantibodies to hnRNP's in systemic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNP) are abundant nucleoplasmic pre-mRNA-binding proteins. The aim of this study was to unravel the mosaic of autoantibodies to hnRNP's in systemic rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Recombinant human hnRNP A1, B1, C1, E1, F, Gi, H1, I, K, and P2 were prepared. Antibodies to these antigens were determined by Western blotting and ELISA (for hnRNP B1, E1, F, and H1) in controls (chronic fatigue syndrome) and in patients with various connective tissue disorders. RESULTS: Western blotting analysis on 106 controls and 298 patients with a connective tissue disorder revealed that antibodies to all tested hnRNP antigens, except hnRNP Gi, were significantly more prevalent in Sjogren's syndrome (SS) than in controls. The highest reactivity was found for hnRNP B1, E1, F, and H1 (reactivity in >45% of patients with SS and in 2.8% of controls). Reactivity to hnRNP B1, E1, F, and H1 was also evaluated by ELISA in controls and in 228 patients with a connective tissue disease. Reactivity to at least 2 of the 4 tested antigens was found in 1.1% of controls, 16% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 18% of patients with SS. Reactivity to at least 3 of the 4 antigens was found in none of the controls, in 3.2% of patients with SLE, and in 15% of patients with SS. CONCLUSIONS: several hnRNP's are target antigens in SS. The combined presence of antibodies to several hnRNP's was strongly associated with connective tissue disease in general and SS in particular. [less ▲]

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See detailHETEROGENOUS CLINICAL AND LABORATORY PRESENTATIONS IN MAD DEFICIENCY
BOEMER, François ULg; SCHOOS, Roland ULg; ACQUAVIVA, Cécile et al

Poster (2013, September)

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See detailHeterograft copolymers of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) prepared by combination of ATRA "grafting onto" and ATRP "grafting from" processes
Riva, Raphaël ULg; Rieger, Jutta ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2006), 44(20), 6015-6024

This paper aims at reporting on the synthesis of a heterograft copolymer by combining the "grafting onto" process based on atom transfer radical addition (ATRA) and the "grafting from" process by atom ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at reporting on the synthesis of a heterograft copolymer by combining the "grafting onto" process based on atom transfer radical addition (ATRA) and the "grafting from" process by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The statistical copolymerization of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) and alpha-chloro-epsilon-caprolactone (alpha-Cl-epsilon-CL) was initiated by 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane (DSDOP), followed by ATRA of parts of the chlorinated units of poly(alpha-Cl-epsilon-CL-co-epsilon CL) on the terminal double bond of alpha-MeO,omega-CH2=CH-CH2-CO2-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO). The amphiphilic poly(epsilon CL-g-EO) graft copolymer collected at this stage forms micelles as supported by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The unreacted pendant chloro groups of poly(epsilon-CL-g-EO) were used to initiate the ATRP of styrene with formation of copolymer with two populations of randomly distributed grafts, that is PEO and polystyrene [less ▲]

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See detailHeterologously expressed formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2/ALX) does not respond to lipoxin A4
Hanson, Julien ULg; Ferreiros, Nerea; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2013), 85

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See detailHeterology and homology between the ribonucleic acid species of plant viruses as evaluated by molecular hybridizations.
Kummert, Jean; Demeure, M.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Biochemical Society Transactions (1977), 5(4), 946-947

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See detailHeterosexual men and women both show a hypothalamic response to the chemo-signal androstadienone.
Burke, Sarah M.; Veltman, Dick J.; Gerber, Johannes et al

in PLoS ONE (2012), 7(7), 40993

The odorous steroid compound 4,16-androstadien-3-one (androstadienone), found in axillary sweat, was previously reported to evoke hypothalamic activation in heterosexual women, but not in heterosexual men ... [more ▼]

The odorous steroid compound 4,16-androstadien-3-one (androstadienone), found in axillary sweat, was previously reported to evoke hypothalamic activation in heterosexual women, but not in heterosexual men. However, subjects were exposed to the pure crystalline form of androstadienone, which raised the question whether the observed hypothalamic response is physiologically relevant. Therefore, in the present study, we asked whether sexually dimorphic hypothalamic responses could be measured when subjects were exposed to lower, more physiologically relevant concentrations of androstadienone. A total of 21 women and 16 men, all heterosexual, participated in our functional magnetic resonance imaging study (fMRI). Three different concentrations of androstadienone diluted in propylene glycol (10 mM "high," 0.1 mM "medium" and 0.001 mM "low") were delivered to the subjects' nostrils using a computer-controlled stimulator. When exposed to the "high" androstadienone concentration, women showed stronger hypothalamic activation than men. By contrast, men showed more hypothalamic activation when exposed to the "medium" androstadienone concentrations in comparison to women. Thus, we replicated that smelling the chemo-signal androstadienone elicits a hypothalamic activation. However, this effect does not seem to be gender-specific, because androstadienone activated the hypothalamus in both men and women, suggesting that androstadienone exerts specific effects in heterosexual individuals of both sexes. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterosexuals’ Attitudes Towards Gay and Lesbian Couples and Families
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay

Scientific conference (2014, February)

This presentation aims at highlighting Heterosexuals' Attitudes Towards Gay and Lesbian Couples and Families in the belgian context.

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See detailHeterotransplantation of Primary and Established Human Tumour Cells in Nude Mice
Noël, Agnès ULg; Borcy, V.; Bracke, M. et al

in Anticancer Research (1995), 15(1, Jan-Feb), 1-7

Previous successful transplantations of human tumour cells into athymic nude mice have been described when cells were injected with a reconstituted basement membrane (matrigel). We have compared the ... [more ▼]

Previous successful transplantations of human tumour cells into athymic nude mice have been described when cells were injected with a reconstituted basement membrane (matrigel). We have compared the development and the histology of tumours following injection with matrigel or with culture medium of a panel of tumour cells exhibiting different degrees of tumorigenicity. Two cell lines (MCF7 and MCF7/6) required matrigel in order to form tumours. When inoculated with matrigel, all the other cell lines tested [MCF7 gpt, MCF7ras, MCF7(AZ), MCF7(AZ)TD5, MDA-MB 231, HT1080] showed increased tumour take and reduced latency period. Human primary tumours (melanoma, breast and colon cancers) were transplanted successfully into nude mice, in the presence of matrigel. Breast primary tumours or cell lines gave rise to poorly differentiated carcinomas. The other tumours presented histopathological patterns typical of differentiated human cancers. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterozygous inactivation of the Na/Ca exchanger increases glucose-induced insulin release, β-cell proliferation, and mass.
Nguidjoe, E.; Sokolow, S.; Bigabwa, S. et al

in Diabetes (2011), 60

We have previously shown that overexpression of the Na-Ca exchanger (NCX1), a protein responsible for Ca(2+) extrusion from cells, increases β-cell programmed cell death (apoptosis) and reduces β-cell ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown that overexpression of the Na-Ca exchanger (NCX1), a protein responsible for Ca(2+) extrusion from cells, increases β-cell programmed cell death (apoptosis) and reduces β-cell proliferation. To further characterize the role of NCX1 in β-cells under in vivo conditions, we developed and characterized mice deficient for NCX1. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Biologic and morphologic methods (Ca(2+) imaging, Ca(2+) uptake, glucose metabolism, insulin release, and point counting morphometry) were used to assess β-cell function in vitro. Blood glucose and insulin levels were measured to assess glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in vivo. Islets were transplanted under the kidney capsule to assess their performance to revert diabetes in alloxan-diabetic mice. RESULTS: Heterozygous inactivation of Ncx1 in mice induced an increase in glucose-induced insulin release, with a major enhancement of its first and second phase. This was paralleled by an increase in β-cell proliferation and mass. The mutation also increased β-cell insulin content, proinsulin immunostaining, glucose-induced Ca(2+) uptake, and β-cell resistance to hypoxia. In addition, Ncx1(+/-) islets showed a two- to four-times higher rate of diabetes cure than Ncx1(+/+) islets when transplanted into diabetic animals. CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of the Na/Ca exchanger leads to an increase in β-cell function, proliferation, mass, and resistance to physiologic stress, namely to various changes in β-cell function that are opposite to the major abnormalities seen in type 2 diabetes. This provides a unique model for the prevention and treatment of β-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes and after islet transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailHeur(t)s et malheurs dans le contre-transfert
Naziri, Despina ULg

Conference (2012, September 06)

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See detailL'heure des projets
Durand, Pascal ULg

Article for general public (1997)

Entretiens avec Willy Legros, Bernard Rentier et Léopold Bragard, respectivement élus Recteur, Vice-Recteur et Administrateur de l'Université de Liège.

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See detailL'heure du bilan
Billen, Roland ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detail"L'Heure du Nègre": Simenon au Congo
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Demoulin, Laurent (Ed.) L'Herne Georges Simenon (n°102) (2013)

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See detailHeureux qui…
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg

in Musée de la Photographie à Charleroi (2009)

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See detailA heuristic method to schedule training programs for Small and Medium Enterprises
Rezaei Sadrabadi, Mahmood ULg; Shamsaei, Fahimeh; Mohammadian, Iman et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (2012), 217

During the life period of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in incubators they need some training programs to acquire the required knowledge in order to survive and succeed in the business environment ... [more ▼]

During the life period of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in incubators they need some training programs to acquire the required knowledge in order to survive and succeed in the business environment. This paper presents a heuristic method based on an optimization model to schedule these programs at the most suitable times. Based on the proposed heuristic, each training program is implemented in a suitable time by considering the SMEs’ requirements and some other logical constraints. The proposed heuristic is described in detail, and its implementation is demonstrated via a real-life numerical example. The numerical results of the heuristic are compared with other methods. [less ▲]

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See detailHeuristique des frontières
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

in Gotovitch, José; Schreiber, Jean-Philippe (Eds.) Anne Morelli, la passion d'agir. Engagement, liberté, fidélité. (2014)

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