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See detailFragile Symbiose
Paques, Frédéric ULg

in 9e Art : Les Cahiers du Musée de la Bande Dessinée (2006)

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See detailThe Fragile-X syndrome : what about the deficit in the pragmatic component ?
Comblain, Annick ULg; Elbouz, Mouna

in Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology (2002), 2(3), 3-22

Language profile of fragile-X syndrome people looks like the one of Down syndrome people, except for phonological and pragmatic abilities. It's this last aspect that we want to study and describe. If the ... [more ▼]

Language profile of fragile-X syndrome people looks like the one of Down syndrome people, except for phonological and pragmatic abilities. It's this last aspect that we want to study and describe. If the pragmatic aspect of language is relatively preserve (excepting referential communication) in Down syndrome, it is one of the most impaired language component in fragile-X syndrome. Discourse of fragile-X persons generally contains a lot of repetitions, perseverations and stereotypy. Echolalia is also very frequent. These behaviors are well documented in the literature but, we do not know, for now, the reasons of these repetitions and perseverations. Are they the consequence of a real pragmatic disorder or the consequence of motor difficulties ? Another aspect of the pragmatic component of language remains almost unexplored in this pathology : the common ground management and the organisation of the old and the new information in conversation. It's this last point that we want to explore. Studying this topic in fragile-X syndrome allow is the continuity of our previous work on referential communication abilities in Down syndrome. Having data on both pathologies will lead to interesting theorical, practical and clinical comparisons. We decided to work with 6 to 12 years-old fragile-X boys. Groups of two boys will work together on referential communication tasks. We will propose traditional experimental situations (speaker and receptor with another child or with an adult) and more original situations in which we allow or not visual contact between the participants during the experimentation. By this, we want to see if, as certain researches claim it, visual contact will modify the nature, the quantity and the quality of verbal output in fragile-X syndrome children. [less ▲]

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See detailThe fragileX syndrome : What about the deficit innthe pragmatic component of language ?
Comblain, Annick ULg; Elbouz, Mouna

in Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology (2002), 2(3), 29-58

Language profile of fragile-X syndrome individuals looks like the one of Down syndrome individuals, except for phonological and pragmatic abilities. If the pragmatic aspect of language is relatively ... [more ▼]

Language profile of fragile-X syndrome individuals looks like the one of Down syndrome individuals, except for phonological and pragmatic abilities. If the pragmatic aspect of language is relatively preserve in Down syndrome, it is one of the most impaired language component in fragile-X syndrome. Discourse of fragile X persons generally contains of repetitions, perseverations and stereotypies. These behaviors are well documented in the literature but, we do not know, for now, the reasons of these repetitions and perseverations. Are they the consequence of a real pragmatic disorder or the consequence of motor difficulties ? Another aspect of the pragmatic component of language remains almost unexplored in this pathology : the common ground management and the organization of the old and the new information in conversation. It is this last point that we want to explore. We decided to conduct a preliminary study with four fragile-X boys aged from 6 to 12 years-old. Groups of two boys work together on referential communication tasks. We proposed traditional experimental situations in a non-eye contact condition between participants. We compare the results of our subjects with those of typically developing children matched on the lexical age. Fragile-X boys are less efficient than typically developing children when the message to give or receive contains spatial terms or "ordinal" attributes. They also manage less efficiently with an incomplete message especially when it is given by an adult. [less ▲]

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See detailFragment de pharmacologie
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Reiter, Fabian (Ed.) Literarische Texte der Berliner Papyrussammlung (2012)

Edition, translation and commentary of a greek medical papyrus (AD IIex./IIIin.): P. Berol. inv. 21264 = BKT 9.168 = MP3 2355.02

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See detailUn fragment de pharmacologie : P. Amst. inv. 114
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (1984), 57

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See detailUn fragment du médecin Hérodote : P. Tebt. 2.272
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Bagnall, Roger; Browne, G. M.; Hanson, Ann (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Congress of Papyrology. New York, 24-31 July 1980 (1981)

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See detailFragmentation and isomerization due to field heating in traveling wave ion mobility
Morsa, Denis ULg; Gabelica, Valérie ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (2014), 25(6), 1384-1393

During their travel inside a traveling wave ion mobility cell (TW IMS), ions are susceptible to heating because of the presence of high intensity electric fields. Here, we report effective temperatures T ... [more ▼]

During their travel inside a traveling wave ion mobility cell (TW IMS), ions are susceptible to heating because of the presence of high intensity electric fields. Here, we report effective temperatures T eff,vib obtained at the injection and inside the mobility cell of a SYNAPT G2 HDMS spectrometer for different probe ions: benzylpyridinium ions and leucine enkephalin. Using standard parameter sets, we obtained a temperature of ~800 K at injection and 728 ± 2 K into the IMS cell for p-methoxybenzylpyridinium. We found that T eff,vib inside the cell was dependent on the separation parameters and on the nature of the analyte. While the mean energy of the Boltzmann distributions increases with ion size, the corresponding temperature decreases because of increasing numbers of vibrational normal modes. We also investigated conformational rearrangements of 7+ ions of cytochrome c and reveal isomerization of the most compact structure, therefore highlighting the effects of weak heating on the gas-phase structure of biologically relevant ions. [less ▲]

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See detailFragmentation and the regional decree regarding nature conservancy and the natural environment
Turkry, K; Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Ceulemans, R; Bogaert, Jan; Deckmyn, G (Eds.) et al Topics in Ecology: Structure and Function in Plants and Ecosystems (2000)

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See detailFragmentation as a Conceptual Mode in the Novels of Randolph Stow and David Malouf
Delrez, Marc ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (1988)

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See detailFragmentation assessment using a single value: proposal of a new measure.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Ceulemans, R; Van Hecke, P

Poster (2000, December)

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See detailFragmentation assessment using a single value: proposal of a new measure.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Ceulemans, R; Van Hecke, P

in Symposium on biodiversity: from genes to landscapes. (2000)

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See detailFragmentation in the Legal Amazon, Brazil: Can landscape metrics indicate agricultural policy differences?
Colson, F; Bogaert, Jan ULg; Ceulemans, R

in Ecological Indicators (2011), 11

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See detailFragmentation induced in atmospheric pressure photoionization of peptides
Debois, Delphine ULg; Giuliani, Alexandre; Laprévote, Olivier

in Journal of Mass Spectrometry [=JMS] (2006), 41(12), 1554-1560

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See detailFragmentation of forest landscapes in Central Africa: causes, consequences and management.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Bamba, I; Koffi, K J et al

in Lafortezza, R; Chen, J; Sanesi, G (Eds.) et al Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes (2008)

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See detailFragmentation urbaine à travers les réseaux techniques
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Since about three decades ago, the networking services (water, energy, transport and telecommunications) are the subject of studies and mainly reforms (liberalization, privatization and concessions to ... [more ▼]

Since about three decades ago, the networking services (water, energy, transport and telecommunications) are the subject of studies and mainly reforms (liberalization, privatization and concessions to private companies, etc.) and also an important economic policy issue. However the possible effects of these reforms on the fragmentation or integration of urban societies are still poorly studied, although some studies (mainly on developing cities) support the thesis that there would be a growing urban fragmentation, reinforced by the dominant modes of implementing reforms network services. One of the most important theses about the subject is in a relatively recent development of the English authors Stephen Graham and Simon Marvin (2001). Their work generalizes the motion of fragmentation (splintering Urbanism) to all network services and a set of economic regions in the world. While this thesis presents consistency and validity - since it is known that the application of models of decentralization and liberalization of services has an effect on the fragmentation - the position of fragmentation due to centralized networks is inside a new analysis framework and still incomplete considering the absence of more empirical evidence. The thesis of fragmentation from centralized networks suggests that powerful factors are contributing to the disintegration of infrastructure, favoring the fragmentation of the social structure and material of cities. In fact, this breakdown of infrastructures makes possible many strategies of evasion; they are addressed to connect powerful users and valorized spaces, preventing the connection with less powerful users and poor spaces. These processes lead to the creation of spaces from different social networks, resulting in social elites living every day in places disconnected from the urban structure of the set (in gated communities, new complex people and other planned communities), as well as the lower classes, but the latter with the worst conditions. The main hypothesis of the "splintering Urbanism" argues that network services have an integrated character and are precisely the privatization and liberalization of services that contribute to the breakdown of network infrastructure and urban fragmentation feed. The control of networks from powerful coalitions of actors, separation and segmentation boost infrastructure in different network elements and service pack (2001: 141). This separation would occur across strategies "bypass" or "wrap" seeking to connect users, valuable or powerful places, and through discarding or dodge weaker users and worthless places. Our thesis "Urban Fragmentation through technical networks," confirms and reinforces the thesis made by Graham & Marvin, across expounding on the Cochabamba Bolivian context, a set of technical networks of small-scale or micro decentralized networks which are managed by autonomous social organizations that also fragment the territory without the need for "by pass" and the socio-spatial differentiation, but through the realization of strategies linked to autonomous administration and management of common and basic goods like water. This thesis demonstrates the existence of processes of spatial dislocation and loss of solidarity (main evils of urban fragmentation) across the dynamics of technical devices and decentralized networks infrastructure services from private-community water and small scale. However, our work describes in its urban development, territorial and environmental problems inside the phenomenon. The paper first presents a set of theories that attempt to explain the fragmentation and its particularities, then describes the socio-spatial formation of the study area whose characteristics allow this type of phenomenon, to arrive to a section that exposes all the particularities of the management water from public and local actors, analyzed from the environmental logic of urban water cycle, including the specifics of the main stage of study of this thesis, the municipality of Quillacollo in Cochabamba. From a spatial perspective, the thesis exhibits the characteristics of urban fragmentation across technical networks, exposing the details related to the organization of urban space as a result of processes of spatial dislocation, loss of solidarity and exercise of territoriality in small networks. It is concluded in a discussion about the validity of the strategies in terms of access to the resource, the possibilities of intervention and reflections about the power relationships among fragments and for water control. Finally, as a supplement, urban fragmentation through small technical networks, also allows to display the tensions between two ways of managing the territory (centralized view from the public sector and decentralized vision from local communities) highlighting the uncomfortable and marginalized urban planning position, but challenging the urbanism to recover to action on the highly fragmented contemporary cities with complex scenarios of governance and sometimes rare or endangered resources. [less ▲]

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