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See detailFiscalité et culture
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008)

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See detailFiscalité et culture
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (3 ULg)
See detailFiscalité et droits fondamentaux
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
See detailFiscalité et droits fondamentaux
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008, April 24)

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See detailFiscalité et pauvreté
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

in Fierens, Jacques (Ed.) Les pauvres et leurs droits. Le point en 2001 (2001)

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See detailFiscalité et supracommunalité
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detailFiscalité européenne : soixante ans de hauts et de bas
Richelle, Isabelle ULg

Conference (2013, November 14)

La fiscalité ne peut être ignorée dans la construction européenne d’un marché intérieur unique. Cependant, la fiscalité étant un des attributs essentiels de la souveraineté étatique, les Etats membres ... [more ▼]

La fiscalité ne peut être ignorée dans la construction européenne d’un marché intérieur unique. Cependant, la fiscalité étant un des attributs essentiels de la souveraineté étatique, les Etats membres sont particulièrement réticents à délaisser de leurs compétences en ce domaine. Elle n’apparaît donc pas comme un élément-clé de cette construction. Pourtant, dès le Traité de Rome, des choix stratégiques sont opérés, qui vont peu à peu conduire à l’harmonisation de pans entiers de la fiscalité. Si certaines avancées résultent de l’action politique, d’autres progrès seront plus tard le fait des contribuables. L’émergence d’une fiscalité européenne est donc le résultat d’un processus évolutif et interactif impliquant – à des degrés divers – les institutions européennes, les Etats membres et les contribuables. Cette construction connaît cependant des limites, qui sont d’autant plus durement ressenties que la fiscalité prend de plus en plus d’importance, par rapport à d’autres matières, au fur et à mesure de la réalisation du marché intérieur. [less ▲]

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See detailLa fiscalité immobilière en Belgique : impôts indirects perçus sur les transmissions à titre onéreux de biens immeubles
Bruyère, Eric ULg

in Vente immobilière : la phase préalable et ses écueils (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (19 ULg)
See detailLa fiscalité internationale en Belgique - Tendances récentes
Richelle, Isabelle ULg; Traversa, Edoardo

Book published by Larcier - 1re éd. (2013)

Cet ouvrage analyse un large éventail de questions importantes allant de la détermination des bénéfices à l’étude de la mobilité et du traitement fiscal de revenus mobiliers, en passant par l’imposition ... [more ▼]

Cet ouvrage analyse un large éventail de questions importantes allant de la détermination des bénéfices à l’étude de la mobilité et du traitement fiscal de revenus mobiliers, en passant par l’imposition des travailleurs internationaux et l’analyse de divers instruments fiscaux internationaux. L’examen des méthodes de prévention de la double imposition internationale et la détermination de la résidence fiscale des contribuables sont également abordées en détails. [less ▲]

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See detailLa fiscalité locale : décennie d'évolutions
Bortolotti, Aurélien ULg

Scientific conference (2009, September 11)

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See detailFiscalité locale et régionale: Problèmes actuels
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Sepulchre, Vincent ULg

Scientific conference (2007, April)

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See detailFiscalité pour les juristes
Richelle, Isabelle ULg

Conference (2009, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
See detailFiscalité, principe d'égalité et droits de l'homme
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailFiscalité, principe d'égalité et droits de l'homme
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008, April 07)

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See detailFiscaliteit en financieringswet
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Conference (2011, October 21)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFish and chips
DELVENNE, Philippe ULg; Deprez, Manuel ULg; BISIG, Bettina ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65 Spec no.

Academic hospital laboratories should offer patients the possibility to have the most accurate diagnosis by the development of new analyses, such as molecular biology tests including FISH (Fluorescent In ... [more ▼]

Academic hospital laboratories should offer patients the possibility to have the most accurate diagnosis by the development of new analyses, such as molecular biology tests including FISH (Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization) and chips (microarrays,...). The purpose of this article is to describe the principles and the potential applications of these techniques. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFish consumption patterns and hair mercury levels in children and their mothers in 17 EU countries
Castano, Argelia; Cutanda, Francisco; Esteban, Marta et al

in Environmental Research (in press)

The toxicity of methylmercury (MeHg) in humans is well established and the main source of exposure is via the consumption of large marine fish and mammals. Of particular concern are the potential ... [more ▼]

The toxicity of methylmercury (MeHg) in humans is well established and the main source of exposure is via the consumption of large marine fish and mammals. Of particular concern are the potential neurodevelopmental effects of early life exposure to low-​levels of MeHg. Therefore, it is important that pregnant women, children and women of childbearing age are, as far as possible, protected from MeHg exposure. Within the European project DEMOCOPHES, we have analyzed mercury (Hg) in hair in 1799 mother-​child pairs from 17 European countries using a strictly harmonized protocol for mercury anal. Parallel, harmonized questionnaires on dietary habits provided information on consumption patterns of fish and marine products. After hierarchical cluster anal. of consumption habits of the mother-​child pairs, the DEMOCOPHES cohort can be classified into two branches of approx. similar size: one with high fish consumption (H) and another with low consumption (L)​. All countries have representatives in both branches, but Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Portugal and Sweden have twice as many or more mother-​child pairs in H than in L. For Switzerland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia the situation is the opposite, with more representatives in L than H. There is a strong correlation (r=0.72) in hair mercury concn. between the mother and child in the same family, which indicates that they have a similar exposure situation. The clustering of mother-​child pairs on basis of their fish consumption revealed some interesting patterns. One is that for the same sea fish consumption, other food items of marine origin, like seafood products or shellfish contribute significantly to the mercury levels in hair. We conclude that addnl. studies are needed to assess and quantify exposure to mercury from seafood products, in particular. The cluster anal. also showed that 95​% of mothers who consume once per wk fish only, and no other marine products, have mercury levels 0.55 μg​/g. Thus, the 95th percentile of the distribution in this group is only around half the US-​EPA recommended threshold of 1 μg​/g mercury in hair. Consumption of freshwater fish played a minor role in contributing to mercury exposure in the studied cohort. The DEMOCOPHES data shows that there are significant differences in MeHg exposure across the EU and that exposure is highly correlated with consumption of fish and marine products. Fish and marine products are key components of a healthy human diet and are important both traditionally and culturally in many parts of Europe. Therefore, the communication of the potential risks of mercury exposure needs to be carefully balanced to take into account traditional and cultural values as well as the potential health benefits from fish consumption. European harmonized human biomonitoring programs provide an addnl. dimension to national HMB programs and can assist national authorities to tailor mitigation and adaptation strategies (dietary advice, risk communication, etc.) to their country's specific requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailFish farm impacts on meiofauna and the microbenthic loop in Posidonia oceanica meadows
Pete, Dorothée ULg; Mannard, Jennifer ULg; Velimirov, Branko et al

in Hendrik, Gheerardyn; Nara Bezerra, Tania; Cnudde, Clio (Eds.) et al Fourteenth International Meiofauna Conference, Aula Academia, Ghent, 11-16 July 2010. (2010, July)

For about ten years, fish farming has been expanding all over the world. Even if this way of producing fishes is presented as a solution against overfishing, its impact on the surrounding environment can ... [more ▼]

For about ten years, fish farming has been expanding all over the world. Even if this way of producing fishes is presented as a solution against overfishing, its impact on the surrounding environment can be important. For example, meadows of Posidonia oceanica, the endemic seagrass of the Mediterranean coastal zone, are fading close to those aquaculture, showing negative impacts on this hot spot of biodiversity. This seagrass is used as an indicator of perturbations, although it does not react quickly, mainly because of its low turnover rate (1,5 y-1). So, it is proposed here to use meiofauna and the microbenthic loop (organic matter, bacteria, microphytobenthos and meiofauna) of this ecosystem to detect earlier perturbations due to fish farms. Moreover, the exergy index, measuring the distance between an ecosystem and its optimum state (climax), is also calculated on the microbenthic loop in order to show its interrest in ecological studies. Study sites are both situated in the Gulf of Calvi (Corsica, France), in P. oceanica meadows, at a depth of 22 m. The studied fish farm is small (10 cages), situated offshore in front of Calvi and produces 40 tons of seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) per year. The reference site is located in front of the research station STARESO (STation de REcherches Sous-marine et Oceanographiques). Sediment cores (diameter: 4,7 cm) were taken in November 2008 at both sites and sliced in four layers (0-1 cm, 1-2 cm, 2-5 cm and 5-10 cm), according to the expected abundance of meiofauna organisms. Biomass and abundance of every parts of the microbenthic loop were thus analysed. Results concerning abundance, biomass and diversity of meiofauna organisms are presented here and compared with the rest of the microbenthic loop. Values of biomasses are also integrated in the calculation of the exergy index. Finally, this study evaluate the interest of meiofauna and the microbenthic loop to detect perturbations due to an aquaculture. [less ▲]

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