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See detailEnvironmental enrichment can accentuate condtioned reward induced by representative cocaine doses in mice
Geuzaine, Annabelle ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Journal of Psychopharmacology (2012, August), 26(8), 70

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See detailEnvironmental evaluation of materials and buildings processes : application of the life cycle analysis to the construction of an industrial hall
Courard, Luc ULg; Rademaker, C.; Teller, P.

in Materials and Structures (2001), 34

Methodologies based on Life Cycle Assesment (L.C.A) give the opportunity to realise a global and complete evaluation of the environmental effects of products from their production to their use and ... [more ▼]

Methodologies based on Life Cycle Assesment (L.C.A) give the opportunity to realise a global and complete evaluation of the environmental effects of products from their production to their use and elimination (from craddle to grave); methods used for analysis are internationally wellknown and standardised. These methods are rarely used in construction materials area, although materials flows and energy consumption are important and constructions have a long way of life. A calculation methodology, based on ecofactors/ecopoints, has been used for the analysis of industrial hall made of concrete, steel, or concrete/wood structure; materials but also construction process are compared at the point of view of their environmental impact. This analysis completes the technical and economical approaches for the construction owner and designer and gives a global view of the interaction between construction and civil engineering, and environment. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental factors affecting thyroid function of wild sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) from European coasts
Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Klaren, Peter; Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Chemosphere (2012)

Thyroid functional status of wild fish in relation with the contamination of their environment deserves further investigation. We here applied a multi-level approach of thyroid function assessment in 87 ... [more ▼]

Thyroid functional status of wild fish in relation with the contamination of their environment deserves further investigation. We here applied a multi-level approach of thyroid function assessment in 87 wild sea bass collected near several estuaries: namely the Scheldt, the Seine, the Loire, the Charente and the Gironde. Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations in muscle were analyzed by radioimmunoassay. The activity of hepatic enzymes involved in extrathyroidal pathways of thyroid hormone metabolism, viz. deiodination, glucuronidation and sulfatation were analyzed. Last, follicle diameter and epithelial cell heights were measured. We observed changes that are predicted to lead to an increased conversion of T4–T3 and lowered thyroid hormone excretion. The changes in the metabolic pathways of thyroid hormones can be interpreted as a pathway to maintain thyroid hormone homeostasis. From all compounds tested, the higher chlorinated PCBs seemed to be the most implicated in this perturbation. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental factors and puberty timing : expert panel research needs
Buck Louis, Germaine; Gray, L. Earl; Marcus, Michele et al

in Pediatrics (2008), 121(Suppl3), 192-207

Serono Symposia International convened an expert panel to review the impact of environmental influences on the regulation of pubertal onset and progression while identifying critical data gaps and future ... [more ▼]

Serono Symposia International convened an expert panel to review the impact of environmental influences on the regulation of pubertal onset and progression while identifying critical data gaps and future research priorities. An expert panel reviewed the literature on endocrine-disrupting chemicals, body size, and puberty. The panel concluded that available experimental animal and human data support a possible role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and body size in relation to alterations in pubertal onset and progression in boys and girls. Critical data gaps prioritized for future research initiatives include (1) etiologic research that focus on environmentally relevant levels of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and body size in relation to normal puberty as well as its variants, (2) exposure assessment of relevant endocrine-disrupting chemicals during critical windows of human development, and (3) basic research to identify the primary signal(s) for the onset of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-dependent/central puberty and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-independent/peripheral puberty. Prospective studies of couples who are planning pregnancies or pregnant women are needed to capture the continuum of exposures at critical windows while assessing a spectrum of pubertal markers as outcomes. Coupled with comparative species studies, such research may provide insight regarding the causal ordering of events that underlie pubertal onset and progression and their role in the pathway of adult-onset disease. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental factors controlling NO3- leaching, N2O emissions and numbers of NH4+ oxidisers in a coniferous forest soil
Carnol, Monique ULg; Ineson, Phil

in Soil Biology & Biochemistry (1999), 31

Main and interactive effects of temperature, throughfall volume and NH4+ deposition on soil solution NO3- concentrations, N2O emissions and numbers of NH4+ oxidisers were investigated in a controlled ... [more ▼]

Main and interactive effects of temperature, throughfall volume and NH4+ deposition on soil solution NO3- concentrations, N2O emissions and numbers of NH4+ oxidisers were investigated in a controlled laboratory experiment. Large intact soil cores from a Picea abies (L.) Karat. stand were incubated according to an 'incomplete factorial design' at 4, 12 or 20 degrees C and watered every 2 weeks with 300, 500 or 700 ml (442, 737 and 1032 mm yr(-1)) of a natural throughfall solution enriched with 0, 37.5 or 75 kg NH4+-N ha(-1) yr(-1). Watering and sampling were performed every 2 weeks, during a 112 d period. At d 112, a temperature optimum for NO3--N concentrations in the leachate, NO3--N fluxes and numbers of NH4+ oxidisers in the mineral soil layer was determined at ca. 11 degrees C. NO3--N concentrations also decreased with throughfall volume, towards a minimum at 590 ml, with temperature however contributing most to modelling NO3--N concentrations and the two factors acting independently. The model explained 59% of the variability in the data, and the regression between observed and predicted concentrations was highly significant (P < 0.0001, r(2) = 0.93). NO3--N fluxes increased quadratically with throughfall volume, and throughfall volume and NH4+ deposition interacted significantly in determining the numbers of NH4+ oxidisers in the mineral soil layer. Numbers of NH4+ oxidisers were higher in the humus layer and decreased with increasing temperatures. N2O fluxes increased quadratically with temperature, and the linear and quadratic effects of throughfall volume (maximum at 500 ml). Results suggest that optimum temperatures for net nitrification may have been overestimated in previous studies by the use of disturbed soils. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental factors in autoimmune diseases and their role in multiple sclerosis
Jörg, Stefanie; Grohme, Diana; Erzler, Melanie et al

in Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS (2016), 73(24), 4611-4622

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See detailEnvironmental hazards and the skin
PIERARD-FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; Berardesca, E. et al

in European Dermatology Forum White Book (2005)

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See detailEnvironmental hazards and the skin.
Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Berardesca, E. et al

in European Journal of Dermatology (2006), 16(3), 322-4

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See detailEnvironmental impact assessment of bio-based binders: from production to industrial applications
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Briard, Vincent et al

Poster (2015, October 15)

A binder is used to hold together the fibers forming the mineral wool products (see figure 1). These fibers can be produced from sand and recycled glass for glass wool products (see figure 2) or from rock ... [more ▼]

A binder is used to hold together the fibers forming the mineral wool products (see figure 1). These fibers can be produced from sand and recycled glass for glass wool products (see figure 2) or from rock (volcanic rock, typically basalt or dolomite) for stone wool products. Traditionally, the binders used in mineral wool products are based on phenol-formaldehyde. Due to sanitary and environmental considerations and increased focus on indoor air quality, the producers developed new alternative binders. Especially, Knauf Insulation, a worldwide building insulation manufacturer, developed a binder based on plant starch and called ECOSE. In addition of not using added phenol-formaldehyde , this new binder is also supposed to reduce the environmental impacts of Knauf Insulation mineral wools. Moreover, due to its properties, others applications are now considered for ECOSE such as composite wood panels [1]. The aim of this study is to determine the environmental impact of ECOSE and to compare it with more traditional binders using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. LCA analyzes the environmental aspects and potential impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life. In this type of environmental assessment the energy and material flows for the entire life-cycle are surveyed and analyzed with special attention to possible environmental hazards or human health problems. The ISO 14040 and 14044 norms [2, 3] provide the general guidance for performing an LCA. The LCA methodology is first applied to ECOSE main component: glucose. The presentation will present results for glucose production from cereals starches After that, first ECOSE application, glass mineral wool products will be presented in details, including production process (see figure 3). The modelling of the glass mineral wool production process in LCA software GaBi 6 [4] is then described. One of the model specificity is that it allows to perform LCA of any glass wool products produced in Knauf Insulation plants in Europe. The adaptations to the model to allow studying former glass wool product when using phenol-formaldehyde binders will also be presented such as the advantages of this model. Moreover, preliminary results about ECOSE and phenol-formaldehyde glass wool products are explained. Références [1] Knauf Insulation. [cited 2014; Available from: http://www.knaufinsulation.ua/en. [2] ISO 14044, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines. 2006. [3] ISO 14040, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Principles and framework. 2006. [4] LBP, University of Stuttgart, and PE INTERNATIONAL AG, GaBI 6. 2012: Leinfelden-Echterdingen. p. GaBi 6: Software and database for life cycle engineering. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental impact assessment of rail freight intermodality
Merchan Arribas, Angel ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Rasouli, Soora; Timmermans, Harry (Eds.) Current issues in transportation research - Proceedings of the BIVEC/GIBET transport research days 2015 (2015, May 28)

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport (European Commission, 2011) seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. Environmental impact studies on ... [more ▼]

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport (European Commission, 2011) seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. Environmental impact studies on intermodality transport show that rail freight transport is the land-based transport that has a higher environmental performance compared to intermodal road-rail and all-road transport (Fries and Hellweg, 2014), especially when electrified railway is used (Spielmann and Scholz, 2005). Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology allows us to model as best as possible the environmental impacts of several pollutants in numerous categories. For other categories such as accident damages, noise impact and land use, new developments have to be performed. For the environmental impact assessment, all life cycle phases of rail freight transport operation, rail infrastructure, and rail equipment are taken into account (Spielmann et al., 2007). [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental Impact Assessment of Rail Freight Intermodality
Merchan Arribas, Angel ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Pombo, Joao (Ed.) The Third International Conference on Railway Technology: Research, Development and Maintenance (2016, April)

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. In this context, BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by ... [more ▼]

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. In this context, BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by Belgian Federal Government that deals with rail freight intermodality, approaching the problem from an interdisciplinary perspective. BRAIN-TRAINS will be able to answer the transition involved in transportation in Belgium. To analyse the sustainability impact of rail freight intermodality in Belgium, the life cycle assessment methodology will be used. The rail freight system is divided in this paper into rail operation, rail equipment and rail infrastructure. This paper shows the methodology to calculate the transport emissions related with the energy consumption during the rail operation. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental impact of glucose: influence of the datasets choice on LCA results
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Conference (2016, October 06)

The aim of this study is to have a good understanding of the environmental impact of glucose production. Glucose is generally produced from corn or wheat. Since agricultural processes are known to be ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to have a good understanding of the environmental impact of glucose production. Glucose is generally produced from corn or wheat. Since agricultural processes are known to be difficult to evaluate by LCA, the results obtained with two different LCA databases, Gabi and Ecoinvent, are compared in this work. The production of glucose from raw materials can be divided in two steps: the agricultural steps allowing the plant production, and the conversion step including the extraction of the starch from the plant and its hydrolysis into glucose. Preliminary results underline the high impact of the agricultural step, so a special attention has been paid to these data. Specific Belgian data collected by the Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W) (2014) [1] have been used as primary data (yield, amount of fertilizers, etc.), either using Ecoinvent or GaBi datasets background data to model fertilizers, diesel consumption, etc. A third model was built using only data available in Ecoinvent for corn and wheat cultures. For the conversion steps, literature data have been used along with some industrial data. As few studies are available in the literature concerning starch hydrolysis, the focus has been placed on data validation (mass balance checks, cross-reference information, etc.). Based on these multiple sources, it is possible to compare the LCA results for the production of 1 kg of glucose for three different cases, summarized in the following table. The results obtained using these three models will be presented, at both the inventory and the impact assessment steps. They show significant differences and highlight the need to understand in depth the involved assumptions when developing the datasets, in addition to the ones adopted for the inventory. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental impact of photovoltaic power by Life Cycle Assessment
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Conference Proccedings - Volume 1 : Academic Papers (2011, November 03)

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See detailEnvironmental impacts of phosphoric acid production using di-hemihydrate process: a Belgian case study
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Szöcs, Carl; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2015), 108

This paper undertakes an environmental evaluation of phosphoric acid production, using industrial data from Prayon SA in Belgium. Phosphoric acid is produced using the wet di-hemihydrate process also ... [more ▼]

This paper undertakes an environmental evaluation of phosphoric acid production, using industrial data from Prayon SA in Belgium. Phosphoric acid is produced using the wet di-hemihydrate process also called Central Prayon process. Both grades of phosphoric acid are evaluated: fertilizer and purified grades. Specificities of this plant are highlighted and improvements of the process in terms of energy and facilities integration through years are quantified as environmental benefits. The implementation on site of two sulphuric acid production facilities and their energetic integration allow a reduction of climate change impact of 80%. Results also show the importance of phosphogypsum valorisation which is sold for the main part in this case study. Concerning the purified grade, this specific process has been compared to the thermal process, using Best Available Techniques (BAT) values for the modelling. It shows a reduced environmental impact for the wet process in the majority of categories studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 159 (6 ULg)