L'Europe face à la crise : quelle est encore la place des contribuables ?
Conference (2013, December 05)
Si, depuis de nombreuses années, l’Europe fiscale politique était en panne, alors qu’une harmonisation fiscale « indirecte » intervenait par l’intervention des Juges européens, on constate aujourd’hui un ... [more ▼]
Si, depuis de nombreuses années, l’Europe fiscale politique était en panne, alors qu’une harmonisation fiscale « indirecte » intervenait par l’intervention des Juges européens, on constate aujourd’hui un mouvement inverse, avec un regain des initiatives politiques. Celles-ci peuvent apparaître comme protectrices des intérêts nationaux (lutte contre la fraude et l’évasion fiscales, lutte contre les planifications fiscales agressives, assistance au recouvrement des dettes fiscales, échange de renseignements, etc.), et peuvent être mises en relations avec certaines décisions récentes de la Cour de justice : assiste-t-on à un mouvement protecteur des intérêts étatiques, au détriment des droits des contribuables ? Les stratégies envisagées constituent-elles une réponse adéquate aux défis actuels ? [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
L’Europe face à la montée en puissance de la Chine : miracle ou péril jaune?
in Revue Nouvelle (2013)
Par-delà le volontarisme des discours officiels, la montée en puissance de la Chine n’est pas sans impact sur l’UE ni sur l’évolution des relations sino-européennes. Considérant la place de l’économie ... [more ▼]
Par-delà le volontarisme des discours officiels, la montée en puissance de la Chine n’est pas sans impact sur l’UE ni sur l’évolution des relations sino-européennes. Considérant la place de l’économie dans leurs stratégies respectives pour s’établir comme « puissance » mondiale, cet article tente de comprendre les enjeux clés de la « stratégie » économique chinoise et d’identifier les incitants et contraintes pour l’Europe d’un accroissement de ses échanges avec Pékin. Dans un contexte de crise où la réalité macroéconomique les enjoint à repenser leur « modèle » de développement, la Chine : miracle ou péril jaune pour l’Europe ? [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 162 (47 ULg)
Europe for the Future Officers, Officers for the Future Europe - Compendium of the European Military Officers Basic Education
Book published by Department of Science and Military Education - Ministry of Defence of Poland (2011)Detailed reference viewed: 199 (8 ULg)
Otte, Marcel ; Noiret, Pierre
in Desbrosse, René; Thévenin, André (Eds.) Préhistoire de l'Europe. Des origines à l'âge du Bronze (2003)
The Gravettian tradition appears to develop from local Mousterian and different cultures at the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic (Chatelperronian in the west, foliate points in the north and ... [more ▼]
The Gravettian tradition appears to develop from local Mousterian and different cultures at the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic (Chatelperronian in the west, foliate points in the north and the Streletskaian in the east). New technological characteristics proper to the Gravettian developed in different regions of middle Europe, apparently around the same time: thin, standardised blades, development of small backed armatures. The Gravettian is thus a pan-European phenomenon, extending across middle Europe, but developing locally. Development within the Gravettian is quite complex, with regional areas of expansion of processes varying according to the phase or facies considered. The Moldavian sequence is key to understanding the regional development of the Gravettian. It can be integrated with that of central and eastern Europe. General developmental tendencies appeared here, connecting regional patterns with traditional roots. The Gravettian culture can thus be considered a collection of technological processes probably adopted by diverse ethnic groups which nevertheless were in regular contact. During the Second Pleniglacial, important climatic changes provoked a division between central and western groups, leading to profound differences between south-eastern Europe (Ukraine, the Carpathian region, the Balkans) and western Europe (Solutrean-Magdalenian succession). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 64 (8 ULg)
L'Europe paralysée d'effroi – La crise de l'Union européenne à la lumière d'une constitutionnalisation du droit international public
; ; et al
in Cités : Philosophie, Politique, Histoire (2012), 49Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
L’Europe peut-elle faire le poids face aux puissances émergentes ?
Conference (2012, March 09)
La communication porte sur le défi que représente les puissances émergentes pour l'Europe comme acteur des relations internationales.Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Europe weighs Antitrust Case aigainst Google, urging search changes
Article for general public (2012)
Google may have abused its dominant position in Internet search by promoting its own businesses at the expense of competitors, the European Commission said. It warned the company to propose chnages 'in a ... [more ▼]
Google may have abused its dominant position in Internet search by promoting its own businesses at the expense of competitors, the European Commission said. It warned the company to propose chnages 'in a matter of weeks" to its method of answering user search queries, or possibly face antitrust lawsuit. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 159 (7 ULg)
Europe's antitrust chief urges Google to settle allegations
Article for general public (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (11 ULg)
"Europe-Amérique" - "Europe-Magazine", un vecteur belge de l'extrême-droite française?
Conference (2012, October 24)Detailed reference viewed: 91 (10 ULg)
"Europe-Amérique" / "Europe-Magazine": un hebdomadaire belge, organe de l'extrême-droite française, 1945-1960?
in Dard, Olivier (Ed.) Supports et vecteurs des droites radicales au XXe siècle (Europe-Amériques) (2013)
Issued under various titles between 1944 and the early 1980’s, the Belgian weekly Europe Amérique / Magazine showed itself at first rather eclectic in the choice of its writers and the articles it ... [more ▼]
Issued under various titles between 1944 and the early 1980’s, the Belgian weekly Europe Amérique / Magazine showed itself at first rather eclectic in the choice of its writers and the articles it published. It had soon more and more pronounced leanings towards the far right and specialized itself in a vociferous form of anticommunism, the rehabilitation of Vichy regime and strong criticism of the Republic as the brain child of a biased vision of the Resistance. It opened its columns to avowed rightist French journalists ear-marked for theit conduct during WW2 and / or having their names on the black list of the Comité National des Ecrivains. After describing the inner story of the weekly, the causes and consequences of its two prohibitions in France (1946-1948, 1949-1953), this article deals with its strongly Vichy tainted staff of French writers (Alfred Fabre-Luce, Louis Guitard, Louis Rougier, Pierre Dominique, Albert Paraz, Lucien Rebatet...) and its closeness with the well-known Paroles Françaises, Ecrits de Paris and Rivarol. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 175 (15 ULg)
Europe-Wide Reduction In Primary Productivity Caused By The Heat And Drought In 2003
; ; et al
in Nature (2005), 437(7058),Detailed reference viewed: 56 (3 ULg)
European Approaches of Social Enterprise: Economic Action Shaped by Civil Society and Public Policy
Scientific conference (2015, November 06)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) position paper: multimodality imaging in pericardial disease.
; ; et al
in European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging (2014)
Although pericardial diseases are common in the daily clinical practice and can result in a significant morbidity and mortality, imaging of patients with suspected or known pericardial disorders remain ... [more ▼]
Although pericardial diseases are common in the daily clinical practice and can result in a significant morbidity and mortality, imaging of patients with suspected or known pericardial disorders remain challenging. Multimodality imaging is part of the management of pericardial diseases. Echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance are often used as complementary imaging modalities. The choice of one or multiple imaging modalities is driven by the clinical context or conditions of the patient. The scope of the present document is to highlight the respective role of each technique according to the clinical context in the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 57 (2 ULg)
European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging/Cardiovascular Imaging Department of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology recommendations for the use of cardiac imaging to assess and follow patients after heart transplantation.
; ; et al
in European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging (2015), 16
The cohort of long-term survivors of heart transplant is expanding, and the assessment of these patients requires specific knowledge of the surgical techniques employed to implant the donor heart, the ... [more ▼]
The cohort of long-term survivors of heart transplant is expanding, and the assessment of these patients requires specific knowledge of the surgical techniques employed to implant the donor heart, the physiology of the transplanted heart, complications of invasive tests routinely performed to detect graft rejection (GR), and the specific pathologies that may affect the transplanted heart. A joint EACVI/Brazilian cardiovascular imaging writing group committee has prepared these recommendations to provide a practical guide to echocardiographers involved in the follow-up of heart transplant patients and a framework for standardized and efficient use of cardiovascular imaging after heart transplant. Since the transplanted heart is smaller than the recipient's dilated heart, the former is usually located more medially in the mediastinum and tends to be rotated clockwise. Therefore, standard views with conventional two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography are often difficult to obtain generating a large variability from patient to patient. Therefore, in echocardiography laboratories equipped with three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) scanners and specific expertise with the technique, 3DE may be a suitable alternative to conventional 2D echocardiography to assess the size and the function of cardiac chambers. 3DE measurement of left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) size and function are more accurate and reproducible than conventional 2D calculations. However, clinicians should be aware that cardiac chamber volumes obtained with 3DE cannot be compared with those obtained with 2D echocardiography. To assess cardiac chamber morphology and function during follow-up studies, it is recommended to obtain a comprehensive echocardiographic study at 6 months from the cardiac transplantation as a baseline and make a careful quantitation of cardiac chamber size, RV systolic function, both systolic and diastolic parameters of LV function, and pulmonary artery pressure. Subsequent echocardiographic studies should be interpreted in comparison with the data obtained from the 6-month study. An echocardiographic study, which shows no change from the baseline study, has a high negative predictive value for GR. There is no single systolic or diastolic parameter that can be reliably used to diagnose GR. However, in case several parameters are abnormal, the likelihood of GR increases. When an abnormality is detected, careful revision of images of the present and baseline study (side-by-side) is highly recommended. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a suitable parameter to diagnose subclinical allograft dysfunction, regardless of aetiology, by comparing the changes occurring during serial evaluations. Evaluation of GLS could be used in association with endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) to characterize and monitor an acute GR or global dysfunction episode. RV size and function at baseline should be assessed using several parameters, which do not exclusively evaluate longitudinal function. At follow-up echocardiogram, all these parameters should be compared with the baseline values. 3DE may provide a more accurate and comprehensive assessment of RV size and function. Moreover, due to the unpredictable shape of the atria in transplanted patients, atrial volume should be measured using the discs' summation algorithm (biplane algorithm for the left atrium) or 3DE. Tricuspid regurgitation should be looked for and properly assessed in all echocardiographic studies. In case of significant changes in severity of tricuspid regurgitation during follow-up, a 2D/3D and colour Doppler assessment of its severity and mechanisms should be performed. Aortic and mitral valves should be evaluated according to current recommendations. Pericardial effusion should be serially evaluated regarding extent, location, and haemodynamic impact. In case of newly detected pericardial effusion, GR should be considered taking into account the overall echocardiographic assessment and patient evaluation. Dobutamine stress echocardiography might be a suitable alternative to routine coronary angiography to assess cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) at centres with adequate experience with the methodology. Coronary flow reserve and/or contrast infusion to assess myocardial perfusion might be combined with stress echocardiography to improve the accuracy of the test. In addition to its role in monitoring cardiac chamber function and in diagnosis the occurrence of GR and/or CAV, in experienced centres, echocardiography might be an alternative to fluoroscopy to guide EMB, particularly in children and young women, since echocardiography avoids repeated X-ray exposure, permits visualization of soft tissues and safer performance of biopsies of different RV regions. Finally, in addition to the indications about when and how to use echocardiography, the document also addresses the role of the other cardiovascular imaging modalities during follow-up of heart transplant patients. In patients with inadequate acoustic window and contraindication to contrast agents, pharmacological SPECT is an alternative imaging modality to detect CAV in heart transplant patients. However, in centres with adequate expertise, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in conjunction with coronary angiography with a baseline study at 4-6 weeks and at 1 year after heart transplant should be performed to exclude donor coronary artery disease, to detect rapidly progressive CAV, and to provide prognostic information. Despite the fact that coronary angiography is the current gold-standard method for the detection of CAV, the use of IVUS should also be considered when there is a discrepancy between non-invasive imaging tests and coronary angiography concerning the presence of CAV. In experienced centres, computerized tomography coronary angiography is a good alternative to coronary angiography to detect CAV. In patients with a persistently high heart rate, scanners that provide high temporal resolution, such as dual-source systems, provide better image quality. Finally, in patients with insufficient acoustic window, cardiac magnetic resonance is an alternative to echocardiography to assess cardiac chamber volumes and function and to exclude acute GR and CAV in a surveillance protocol. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 103 (0 ULg)
The European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging/Heart Faiture Association Cardiac Oncology Toxicity Registry : long-term benefits for breast cancer treatment
JERUSALEM, Guy ; MOONEN, Marie ; FRERES, Pierre et al
in Future Oncology (2015), 11(20), 2791-2794Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULg)