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See detailGlycosyltransferases encoded by viruses.
Markine-Goriaynoff, Nicolas; Gillet, Laurent ULg; Van Etten, James L et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (2004), 85(Pt 10), 2741-54

Studies of cellular biology in recent decades have highlighted the crucial roles of glycans in numerous important biological processes, raising the concept of glycomics that is now considered as important ... [more ▼]

Studies of cellular biology in recent decades have highlighted the crucial roles of glycans in numerous important biological processes, raising the concept of glycomics that is now considered as important as genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. For millions of years, viruses have been co-evolving with their hosts. Consequently, during this co-evolution process, viruses have acquired mechanisms to mimic, hijack or sabotage host processes that favour their replication, including mechanisms to modify the glycome. The importance of the glycome in the regulation of host-virus interactions has recently led to a new concept called 'glycovirology'. One fascinating aspect of glycovirology is the study of how viruses affect the glycome. Viruses reach that goal either by regulating expression of host glycosyltransferases or by expressing their own glycosyltransferases. This review describes all virally encoded glycosyltransferases and discusses their established or putative functions. The description of these enzymes illustrates several intriguing aspects of virology and provides further support for the importance of glycomics in biological processes. [less ▲]

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See detailGMFS Final report Stage 1 and Stage 2
Gilliams, Sven; Bydekerke, Lieven; Delrue, Josefien et al

Report (2009)

Global Monitoring for Food Security (GMFS) is a Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) Service Element (GSE) project, part of the European Space Agency (ESA) contribution to the European ... [more ▼]

Global Monitoring for Food Security (GMFS) is a Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) Service Element (GSE) project, part of the European Space Agency (ESA) contribution to the European Union (EU) /ESA GMES Programme. GMFS aims to establish an operational service for crop monitoring in support of Food Security Monitoring to serve policy makers and operational users. The GMFS project started in March 2003 as part of Stage 1 of the ESA Earthwatch GMES services Element “Service Consolidation Actions”, and was continued in October 2005 as part of the Stage 2 of the ESA Earth watch GMES services Element – “Scaling Up Consolidated GMES Services”. In this document an overview is given of the work done throughout the previous six years. GMFS aimed at monitoring crop state /vegetation condition at continental and national scale. Low resolution Earth Observation (EO) data was used for monitoring purposes at continental scale, while at national scale products were based upon medium and high resolution data, field work and agro-meteorological models. The project was guided by a project strategy group with members from the United States Agency for International Development - Famine Early Warning System Network (USAID-FEWSNET), Directorate General for Development (DG-DEV), Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research - International Wheat Improvement Center (CGIAR-CIMMYT), European Commission Joint Research Center (EC-JRC), United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). The goal of the project in Stage 1 (March 2003 –November 2004) was to consolidate an early warning system for food security. This started off by an intensive literature review and setting up an initial service for the Centre de Suivi Ecologique (CSE) in Dakar Senegal. In the second Phase of Stage 1 activities focussed more on the actual service delivery and setting up activities with users. Those activities included the monitoring agricultural production for Senegal, monitoring agriculture in Malawi and giving support to the Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) of FAO /WFP. Additionally, services were set up for the centre Agro-Hydro-Météorologique (AGRHYMET) as a result of a meeting between AGHRYMET and Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO). During 2005 the early warning service was continued to support GMFS users although there was at that time no formal contract to do so. At the start of the Second Stage, in October 2005, a GMFS user executive board, consisting of one representative from: EC-JRC, FAO, WFP, Southern Africa Development Community Regional Remote Sensing Unit (SADC-RRSU), Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD) and AGRHYMET, was set up to support the consortium in defining the correct services and to review the work. Since the focus for the Second Stage was on up scaling the consolidated services, it was decided that the early warning service and support to the CFSAM were to be continued, the agricultural mapping service was to be expanded to more countries - namely, Senegal, Sudan, Ethiopia, Malawi and Zimbabwe - and extra services on yield modeling using remote sensing and agro-meteorological models were to be provided. During the second year of this stage, the services were even more extended with, support to the Ministry of Agriculture and Meteorological Department in Mozambique, extra activities in Ethiopia and Sudan and support to the regional centers on operational use of the ESA Data Dissemination System (DDS). [less ▲]

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See detailGmsh
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Remacle, J.-F.

Scientific conference (2009, June 09)

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See detailGmsh: a finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Remacle, J.-F.

Software (1997)

Gmsh is a 3D finite element grid generator with a build-in CAD engine and post-processor. Its design goal is to provide a fast, light and user-friendly meshing tool with parametric input and advanced ... [more ▼]

Gmsh is a 3D finite element grid generator with a build-in CAD engine and post-processor. Its design goal is to provide a fast, light and user-friendly meshing tool with parametric input and advanced visualization capabilities. Gmsh is built around four modules: geometry, mesh, solver and post-processing. The specification of any input to these modules is done either interactively using the graphical user interface or in ASCII text files using Gmsh's own scripting language. See http://geuz.org/gmsh/ for more information. [less ▲]

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See detailGmsh: a three-dimensional finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Remacle, J.-F.

in Proceedings of the fourth international conference on advanced computational methods in engineering, ACOMEN 2008 (2008)

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See detailGmsh: a three-dimensional finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Remacle, J.-F.

in Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Finite Elements for Microwave Engineering (2008)

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See detailGmsh: a three-dimensional finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
Remacle, J.-F.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the 11th International Society of Grid Generation Conference (ISSG 2009) (2009)

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See detailGmsh: a three-dimensional finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Remacle, Jean-François

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2009), 79(11), 1309-1331

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See detailGmsh: a three-dimensional finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Remacle, J.-F.

in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Grid Generation for Numerical Computations, Tetrahedron II (2007, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
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See detailGnawing induced by dopaminergic mobilzation : differential effects of direct and indirect dopamine agonists in mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1995), 273

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See detailGnRH and bovine reproduction
Hanzen, Christian ULg

Scientific conference (2006, March 14)

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See detailGnRH application in FSH superovulated goats: effect on the number of corpora lutea and embryo yield
Calero, P; Gonzalez, F; Cabrera, F et al

in Proceeding of GnRH application in FSH superovulated goats: effect on the number of corpora lutea and embryo yield (2002, September 06)

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See detailLes GNSS et l’ionosphère
Warnant, René ULg; Lejeune, Sandrine; Wautelet, Gilles ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailGoal Programming et décisions financières
Corhay, Albert ULg

E-print/Working paper (1982)

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See detailGoal-directed Intraoperative therapy reduces morbidity and length of hospital stay in high-risk surgical patients
Donati, A.; Loggi, S.; Preiser, Jean-Charles ULg et al

in Chest (2007), 132(6), 1817-1824

Background: Postoperative organ failures commonly occur after major abdominal surgery, increasing the utilization of resources and costs of care. Tissue hypoxia is a key trigger of organ dysfunction. A ... [more ▼]

Background: Postoperative organ failures commonly occur after major abdominal surgery, increasing the utilization of resources and costs of care. Tissue hypoxia is a key trigger of organ dysfunction. A therapeutic strategy designed to detect and reverse tissue hypoxia, as diagnosed by an increase of oxygen extraction (0,ER) over a predefined threshold, could decrease the incidence of organ failures. The primary aim of this study was to compare the number of patients with postoperative organ failure and length of hospital stay between those randomized to conventional vs a protocolized strategy designed to maintain O2ER < 27%. Methods: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was performed in nine hospitals in Italy. One hundred thirty-five high-risk patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery were randomized in two groups. All patients were managed to achieve standard goals: mean arterial pressure > 80 mm Hg and urinary output > 0.5 mL/kg/h. The patients of the "protocol group" (group A) were also managed to keep O2ER < 27%. Measurements and main results: In group A, fewer patients had at least one organ failure (n = 8, 11.8%) than in group B (n = 20, 29.8%) [p < 0.05], and the total number of organ failures was lower in group A than in group B (27 failures vs 9 failures, p < 0.001). Length of hospital stay was significantly lower in the protocol group than in the control group (11.3 +/- 3.8 days vs 13.4 +/- 6.1 days, p < 0.05). Hospital mortality was similar in both groups. Conclusions: Early treatment directed to maintain O2ER at < 27% reduces organ failures and hospital stay of high-risk surgical patients. Clinical trials.gov reference No. NCT00254150. [less ▲]

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See detailGoal-directed treatment of osteoporosis in Europe.
Kanis, J. A.; McCloskey, E.; Branco, J. et al

in Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA (in press)

Despite the proven predictive ability of bone mineral density, Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX(R)), bone turnover markers, and fracture for osteoporotic fracture, their use as targets for treatment of ... [more ▼]

Despite the proven predictive ability of bone mineral density, Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX(R)), bone turnover markers, and fracture for osteoporotic fracture, their use as targets for treatment of osteoporosis is limited. INTRODUCTION: Treat-to-target is a strategy applied in several fields of medicine and has recently become an area of interest in the management of osteoporosis. Its role in this setting remains controversial. This article was prepared following a European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) working group meeting convened under the auspices of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) to discuss the feasibility of applying such a strategy in osteoporosis in Europe. METHODS: Potential targets range from the absence of an incident fracture to fixed levels of bone mineral density (BMD), a desired FRAX(R) score, a specified level of bone turnover markers or indeed changes in any one or a combination of these parameters. RESULTS: Despite the proven predictive ability of all of these variables for fracture (particularly BMD and FRAX), their use as targets remains limited due to low sensitivity, the influence of confounders and current lack of evidence that targets can be consistently reached. CONCLUSION: ESCEO considers that it is not currently feasible to apply a treat-to-target strategy in osteoporosis, though it did identify a need to continue to improve the targeting of treatment to those at higher risk (target-to-treat strategy) and a number of issues for the research agenda. These include international consensus on intervention thresholds and definition of treatment failure, further exploration of the relationship between fracture and BMD, and FRAX and treatment efficacy and investigation of the potential of short-term targets to improve adherence. [less ▲]

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See detailGobernabilidad desde las agrupaciones usuarias del agua con fines agrícolas en 8 municipios del territorio de la Mancomunidad de Municipios de la cuenca del río Naranjo (MANCUERNA)
Estrada Orozco, Nick Kenner ULg; Mux, Victor

in Tikalia (2011), XXIX(1-2), 37-46

En Guatemala, para alcanzar los Objetivos de desarrollo del Milenio se implemen- tan Programas Conjuntos con el apoyo del Sistema de Naciones Unidas. Existen en la actualidad cinco Programas Conjuntos ... [more ▼]

En Guatemala, para alcanzar los Objetivos de desarrollo del Milenio se implemen- tan Programas Conjuntos con el apoyo del Sistema de Naciones Unidas. Existen en la actualidad cinco Programas Conjuntos apoyando temas de seguridad alimen- taria, construcción de la paz, cambio climático, género y gobernabilidad económi- ca del agua. En el marco del programa conjunto: “Gobernabilidad económica en agua y sanea- miento” se decidió realizar un estudio que permitiera conocer la gobernabilidad en el sector a partir de hacer un inventario de las agrupaciones usuarias de agua con fines agrícolas y conocer algunas de sus características, este estudio contó con la asesoría técnica de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación –FAO– y el apoyo en campo de las comunidades asociadas por el agua y el medio ambiente de la cuenca del río Naranjo –CADISNA– en coordina- ción con el Ministerio de Agricultura Ganadería y Alimentación –MAGA– y go- biernos locales. El estudio se realizó en 8 municipios, 3 del departamento de Quetzaltenango y 5 de San Marcos, se identificaron 126 grupos de riego, de ellos, 73 pudieron ser carac- terizados. Se conoció que el 92% de los 73 grupos tiene una junta directiva que vela por el funcionamiento del sistema y la producción se ve diversificada en al menos 14 diferentes hortalizas siendo la principal el cultivo de la Papa. Sin embar- go sólo el 45% paga una tarifa a su grupo y el 60% de los usuarios necesita crédito para poder producir, haciendo uso de al menos 271.99 Lts/seg de agua para fines agrícolas. [less ▲]

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