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See detailEurope weighs Antitrust Case aigainst Google, urging search changes
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2012)

Google may have abused its dominant position in Internet search by promoting its own businesses at the expense of competitors, the European Commission said. It warned the company to propose chnages 'in a ... [more ▼]

Google may have abused its dominant position in Internet search by promoting its own businesses at the expense of competitors, the European Commission said. It warned the company to propose chnages 'in a matter of weeks" to its method of answering user search queries, or possibly face antitrust lawsuit. [less ▲]

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See detailEurope's antitrust chief urges Google to settle allegations
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailEurope, Europe, ne vois-tu rien venir?
Defossez, Alexandre ULg; Munoz, Rodolphe ULg

Article for general public (2007)

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See detail"Europe-Amérique" / "Europe-Magazine": un hebdomadaire belge, organe de l'extrême-droite française, 1945-1960?
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Dard, Olivier (Ed.) Supports et vecteurs des droites radicales au XXe siècle (Europe-Amériques) (2013)

Issued under various titles between 1944 and the early 1980’s, the Belgian weekly Europe Amérique / Magazine showed itself at first rather eclectic in the choice of its writers and the articles it ... [more ▼]

Issued under various titles between 1944 and the early 1980’s, the Belgian weekly Europe Amérique / Magazine showed itself at first rather eclectic in the choice of its writers and the articles it published. It had soon more and more pronounced leanings towards the far right and specialized itself in a vociferous form of anticommunism, the rehabilitation of Vichy regime and strong criticism of the Republic as the brain child of a biased vision of the Resistance. It opened its columns to avowed rightist French journalists ear-marked for theit conduct during WW2 and / or having their names on the black list of the Comité National des Ecrivains. After describing the inner story of the weekly, the causes and consequences of its two prohibitions in France (1946-1948, 1949-1953), this article deals with its strongly Vichy tainted staff of French writers (Alfred Fabre-Luce, Louis Guitard, Louis Rougier, Pierre Dominique, Albert Paraz, Lucien Rebatet...) and its closeness with the well-known Paroles Françaises, Ecrits de Paris and Rivarol. [less ▲]

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See detailEurope-Wide Reduction In Primary Productivity Caused By The Heat And Drought In 2003
Ciais, P.; Reichstein, M.; Viovy, N. et al

in Nature (2005), 437(7058),

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See detailEuropean Approaches of Social Enterprise: Economic Action Shaped by Civil Society and Public Policy
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2015, November 06)

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See detailEuropean Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) position paper: multimodality imaging in pericardial disease.
Cosyns, Bernard; Plein, Sven; Nihoyanopoulos, Petros et al

in European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging (2014)

Although pericardial diseases are common in the daily clinical practice and can result in a significant morbidity and mortality, imaging of patients with suspected or known pericardial disorders remain ... [more ▼]

Although pericardial diseases are common in the daily clinical practice and can result in a significant morbidity and mortality, imaging of patients with suspected or known pericardial disorders remain challenging. Multimodality imaging is part of the management of pericardial diseases. Echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance are often used as complementary imaging modalities. The choice of one or multiple imaging modalities is driven by the clinical context or conditions of the patient. The scope of the present document is to highlight the respective role of each technique according to the clinical context in the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Association of Cardiovascular Imaging/Cardiovascular Imaging Department of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology recommendations for the use of cardiac imaging to assess and follow patients after heart transplantation.
Badano, Luigi P.; Miglioranza, Marcelo H.; Edvardsen, Thor et al

in European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging (2015), 16

The cohort of long-term survivors of heart transplant is expanding, and the assessment of these patients requires specific knowledge of the surgical techniques employed to implant the donor heart, the ... [more ▼]

The cohort of long-term survivors of heart transplant is expanding, and the assessment of these patients requires specific knowledge of the surgical techniques employed to implant the donor heart, the physiology of the transplanted heart, complications of invasive tests routinely performed to detect graft rejection (GR), and the specific pathologies that may affect the transplanted heart. A joint EACVI/Brazilian cardiovascular imaging writing group committee has prepared these recommendations to provide a practical guide to echocardiographers involved in the follow-up of heart transplant patients and a framework for standardized and efficient use of cardiovascular imaging after heart transplant. Since the transplanted heart is smaller than the recipient's dilated heart, the former is usually located more medially in the mediastinum and tends to be rotated clockwise. Therefore, standard views with conventional two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography are often difficult to obtain generating a large variability from patient to patient. Therefore, in echocardiography laboratories equipped with three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) scanners and specific expertise with the technique, 3DE may be a suitable alternative to conventional 2D echocardiography to assess the size and the function of cardiac chambers. 3DE measurement of left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) size and function are more accurate and reproducible than conventional 2D calculations. However, clinicians should be aware that cardiac chamber volumes obtained with 3DE cannot be compared with those obtained with 2D echocardiography. To assess cardiac chamber morphology and function during follow-up studies, it is recommended to obtain a comprehensive echocardiographic study at 6 months from the cardiac transplantation as a baseline and make a careful quantitation of cardiac chamber size, RV systolic function, both systolic and diastolic parameters of LV function, and pulmonary artery pressure. Subsequent echocardiographic studies should be interpreted in comparison with the data obtained from the 6-month study. An echocardiographic study, which shows no change from the baseline study, has a high negative predictive value for GR. There is no single systolic or diastolic parameter that can be reliably used to diagnose GR. However, in case several parameters are abnormal, the likelihood of GR increases. When an abnormality is detected, careful revision of images of the present and baseline study (side-by-side) is highly recommended. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a suitable parameter to diagnose subclinical allograft dysfunction, regardless of aetiology, by comparing the changes occurring during serial evaluations. Evaluation of GLS could be used in association with endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) to characterize and monitor an acute GR or global dysfunction episode. RV size and function at baseline should be assessed using several parameters, which do not exclusively evaluate longitudinal function. At follow-up echocardiogram, all these parameters should be compared with the baseline values. 3DE may provide a more accurate and comprehensive assessment of RV size and function. Moreover, due to the unpredictable shape of the atria in transplanted patients, atrial volume should be measured using the discs' summation algorithm (biplane algorithm for the left atrium) or 3DE. Tricuspid regurgitation should be looked for and properly assessed in all echocardiographic studies. In case of significant changes in severity of tricuspid regurgitation during follow-up, a 2D/3D and colour Doppler assessment of its severity and mechanisms should be performed. Aortic and mitral valves should be evaluated according to current recommendations. Pericardial effusion should be serially evaluated regarding extent, location, and haemodynamic impact. In case of newly detected pericardial effusion, GR should be considered taking into account the overall echocardiographic assessment and patient evaluation. Dobutamine stress echocardiography might be a suitable alternative to routine coronary angiography to assess cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) at centres with adequate experience with the methodology. Coronary flow reserve and/or contrast infusion to assess myocardial perfusion might be combined with stress echocardiography to improve the accuracy of the test. In addition to its role in monitoring cardiac chamber function and in diagnosis the occurrence of GR and/or CAV, in experienced centres, echocardiography might be an alternative to fluoroscopy to guide EMB, particularly in children and young women, since echocardiography avoids repeated X-ray exposure, permits visualization of soft tissues and safer performance of biopsies of different RV regions. Finally, in addition to the indications about when and how to use echocardiography, the document also addresses the role of the other cardiovascular imaging modalities during follow-up of heart transplant patients. In patients with inadequate acoustic window and contraindication to contrast agents, pharmacological SPECT is an alternative imaging modality to detect CAV in heart transplant patients. However, in centres with adequate expertise, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in conjunction with coronary angiography with a baseline study at 4-6 weeks and at 1 year after heart transplant should be performed to exclude donor coronary artery disease, to detect rapidly progressive CAV, and to provide prognostic information. Despite the fact that coronary angiography is the current gold-standard method for the detection of CAV, the use of IVUS should also be considered when there is a discrepancy between non-invasive imaging tests and coronary angiography concerning the presence of CAV. In experienced centres, computerized tomography coronary angiography is a good alternative to coronary angiography to detect CAV. In patients with a persistently high heart rate, scanners that provide high temporal resolution, such as dual-source systems, provide better image quality. Finally, in patients with insufficient acoustic window, cardiac magnetic resonance is an alternative to echocardiography to assess cardiac chamber volumes and function and to exclude acute GR and CAV in a surveillance protocol. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean association of echocardiography recommandations for standardization of performance, digital staorage and reporting of echocardiographic studies
Evangelista, A.; Flachskampf, F.; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg et al

in European Journal of Echocardiography (2008), 9(4), 438-48

In view of the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) mission statement “To promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular ultrasound in ... [more ▼]

In view of the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) mission statement “To promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular ultrasound in Europe” and the increasing demand for standardization and quality control, the EAE have established recommendations and guidelines for standardization of echocardiography performance, data acquisition (images, measurements and morphologic descriptors), digital storage and reporting of echocardiographic studies. The aim of these recommendations is to provide a European consensus document on the minimum acceptable requirements for the clinical practice of echocardiography today and thus improve the quality and consistency of echocardiographic practice in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Association of Echocardiography recommendations for the assessment of valvular regurgitation. Part 1: aortic and pulmonary regurgitation (native valve disease).
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Tribouilloy, Christophe; Hagendorff, Andreas et al

in European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology (2010), 11(3), 223-44

Valvular regurgitation represents an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Echocardiography has become the primary non-invasive imaging method for the evaluation of valvular ... [more ▼]

Valvular regurgitation represents an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Echocardiography has become the primary non-invasive imaging method for the evaluation of valvular regurgitation. The echocardiographic assessment of valvular regurgitation should integrate quantification of the regurgitation, assessment of the valve anatomy, and function as well as the consequences of valvular disease on cardiac chambers. In clinical practice, the management of patients with valvular regurgitation thus largely integrates the results of echocardiography. It is crucial to provide standards that aim at establishing a baseline list of measurements to be performed when assessing regurgitation. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Association of Echocardiography recommendations for the assessment of valvular regurgitation. Part 2: mitral and tricuspid regurgitation (native valve disease).
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Moura, Luis; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

in European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology (2010), 11(4), 307-32

Mitral and tricuspid are increasingly prevalent. Doppler echocardiography not only detects the presence of regurgitation but also permits to understand mechanisms of regurgitation, quantification of its ... [more ▼]

Mitral and tricuspid are increasingly prevalent. Doppler echocardiography not only detects the presence of regurgitation but also permits to understand mechanisms of regurgitation, quantification of its severity and repercussions. The present document aims to provide standards for the assessment of mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Association of Echocardiography recommendations for training, competence, and quality improvement in echocardiography
Popescu, Bogdan A.; Andrade, Maria J.; Badano, Luigi et al

in European Journal of Echocardiography (2009), 10(8), 893-905

The main mission statement of the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) is ‘to promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular ... [more ▼]

The main mission statement of the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) is ‘to promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular ultrasound in Europe’. As competence and quality control issues are increasingly recognized by patients, physicians, and payers, the EAE has established recommendations for training, competence, and quality improvement in echocardiography. The purpose of this document is to provide the requirements for training and competence in echocardiography, to outline the principles of quality measurement, and to recommend a set of measures for improvement, with the ultimate goal of raising the standards of echocardiographic practice in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean association of echocardiography: research grant programme
Gargani, L.; Muraru, D.; Badano, L. et al

in European Journal of Echocardiography (2011)

The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) offers a variety of grants/fellowships to help young professionals in the field of cardiological training or research activities throughout Europe. The number of ... [more ▼]

The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) offers a variety of grants/fellowships to help young professionals in the field of cardiological training or research activities throughout Europe. The number of grants has significantly increased in recent years with contributions from the Associations, Working Groups and Councils of the ESC. The European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) is a registered branch of the ESC and actively takes part in this initiative. One of the aims of EAE is to promote excellence in research in cardiovascular ultrasound and other imaging modalities in Europe. Therefore, since 2008, the EAE offers a Research Grant Programme to help young doctors to obtain research experience in a high standard academic centre (or similar institution oriented to clinical or pre-clinical research) in an ESC member country other than their own. This programme can be considered as a valorization of the geographical mobility as well as cultural exchanges and professional practice in the field of cardiovascular imaging. The programme has been very successful so far, therefore in 2012 the EAE has increased its offer to two grants of 25 000 euros per annum each. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean bioclimatic affinity groups: Data-model comparisons
Laurent, Jeanne-Marine; François, Louis ULg; Bar-Hen, Avner et al

in Global and Planetary Change (2008), 61(1-2), 28-40

Global vegetation models are remarkably effective when considering large areas such as Europe. However, their accuracy at finer scales remains to be tested. In this paper, we validate the simulation of ... [more ▼]

Global vegetation models are remarkably effective when considering large areas such as Europe. However, their accuracy at finer scales remains to be tested. In this paper, we validate the simulation of modem potential vegetation by the CARbon Assimilation In the Biosphere (CARAIB) model in Europe. Then, in order to evaluate the simulation of tree group distributions at a finer scale, in France, we present a comparison between observed distributions, distributions reconstructed from palynological data, and model simulated ranges. The results will help to validate past vegetation simulations. For this analysis, we use Bioclimatic Affinity Groups (BAGs), based on vegetation groups' climatic tolerances and requirements. The CARAIB model was adapted to simulate the net primary productivity (NPP), biomass and range of the arboreal BAGs. In Europe, at a 30' latitude/longitude grid scale, simulated NPP of BAGs are used to define classes of vegetation as being present or absent, with a classification rule, based on Kappa statistics. In France, at a 10' lat./long. scale, a second discriminant analysis, based on Classification And Regression Tree (CART), allows for a similar classification with BAG pollen percentages. At each palynological sampling site, we then compared the simulation to the reconstruction from pollen data. With 30' lat./long. resolution, most thresholds that discriminate NPP into absence or presence classes are low, ranging from 1 to 77 g/m(2). Agreement indices between observed and simulated distributions range from 0.4 to 0.83, with broad scale BAG potential patterns and boundaries being accurately simulated by CARAIB. In France, on the 10' lat./long. scale, pollen percentages correctly account for BAG presence/absence despite non-linear pollen-vegetation relationships. Agreement ratios between observed and reconstructed patterns range from 0.53 to 0.95. At the 10' lat./long. scale, the validation of simulated ranges with pollen data is reliable for 9 of 13 arboreal BAGs and acceptable for three more BAGs. The discrepancies highlight the gap between potential and actual distribution areas. The filling of simulated potential ranges, such as the Atlantic coast and near Mediterranean border, are uncompleted as actual ranges are limited by a number of climate and dispersal constraints related to competition as well as historical, geographical and anthropogenic factors. Our results suggest that the simulation of these constraints would be a major improvement for the CARAIB model. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Case-law on Asylum Matters: Interrelation and Interdependence of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union
Mazur Kumric, Nives ULg; Župan, Mirela

in Sander, Gerald G.; Rodin, Siniša; Bodiroga-Vukobrat, Nada (Eds.) New Europe - Old Values?: Reform and Perseverance (Europeanization and Globalization) (2015)

The Council of Europe and the European Union are major players and partners in the domain of policy-shaping strategies on the European continent, with significant and ever-growing impact on international ... [more ▼]

The Council of Europe and the European Union are major players and partners in the domain of policy-shaping strategies on the European continent, with significant and ever-growing impact on international community as a whole. Although the ratio and ideas behind their establishment were not the same (economic versus humanistic), they have, over the time, acquired a similar attitude towards a number of legal issues, including protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Unlike the Council of Europe, which perceived human rights as a cornerstone of its founding pillars, the EU took a longer way to incorporate them in its priority areas. The latter shift was, however, rapid, and these days one is witnessing a large-scale cooperation instituted between respective regional organisations with the aim of creating a human-rights-friendly environment. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on one particular segment of their cooperation in the field of human rights protection—asylum law. For the fact that Europe attracts a large contingency of people looking for better life and new beginnings, asylum matters have moved swiftly to the forefront of the Council of Europe and EU standard-setting policies. Nevertheless, the existence of two parallel legal regimes has not led to an inconsistent asylum policy. In order to illustrate the Council of Europe and EU distinctive approaches to asylum, as well as their manifold interplay in the respective arena, the paper summarises the most notable pieces of their legal and regulatory framework and offers an insight into some of the leading asylum cases brought before the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Certificate of Succession
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December)

Cette présentation offre un aperçu des principes généraux qui gouvernent l'octroi et l'utilisation du certificat successoral européen tel que mis en place par le Règlement 650/2012 relatif aux successions.

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See detailEuropean Cities for Local Integration Policies - Luxembourg
Perrin, Nathalie ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailEuropean Cities, Insight on Outskirts. Dynamics
Franzen, M.; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Book published by European Science Foundation (2002)

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