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See detailFrench pragmatic sociology, German phenomenology and British pragmatic philosophy : convergences, differences, and cross-fertilization »,
Frère, Bruno ULg

Conference (2007)

For about fifteen years a new paradigm called pragmatic approach has been increasingly successful among francophone sociologists. The aim of the present paper is to locate it in the context of the ... [more ▼]

For about fifteen years a new paradigm called pragmatic approach has been increasingly successful among francophone sociologists. The aim of the present paper is to locate it in the context of the philosophy presiding over the development of social sciences today. I first intend to consider the phenomenological origin of the pragmatic approach using some founding texts by its major theoreticians namely L. Boltanski and L. Thévenot (all available in English). Drawing on this school of thought, these authors aim to comprehend the “states of mind” and moral reasoning that accompany people’s actions. To this end, various “regimes of action” have been defined. Among them, the regime of “justice,” composed of “universes” (polities) of conventions upon which people argue for their action, is currently the most developed. (Frère, 2003) After a short discussion of these “universes,” I will discuss the reason for which Francophone pragmatics is in reality at least as inspired by Anglophone pragmatics as it is by phenomenology. Finally, to conclude, I will investigate the strengths and weaknesses of this “new pragmatic paradigm” in relation to cited movements as well as to the “traditional” philosophies of the social sciences that it critiques: ethnomethodology, Bourdieu’s structuralist school and the school of rational choice (also known as the positive political theory). [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Pragmatic Sociology: A Materialist Renewal of Critical Theory
Frère, Bruno ULg

Conference (2014)

From Lukács to Bourdieu, many significant intellectual developments have taken place and, in fact, one may gain the impression that the critical tradition continues to be based on one key assumption ... [more ▼]

From Lukács to Bourdieu, many significant intellectual developments have taken place and, in fact, one may gain the impression that the critical tradition continues to be based on one key assumption: individuals (workers, social actors, etc.) unconsciously reproduce the social structures of capitalism whilst being alienated by them. They accept the conditions enforced on them and no longer seek to rebel against a system which impoverishes not only their work and culture, but also their [soul]problematic? and creativity. The situation may be even more diree: they ensure the reproduction of the system by seeking to engage in mass consumption at any cost, or by glorifying the dominant values. In this chapter I would like to show that toay, no critical perspective has emerged out of a negative representation of the world such is likely to introduce ‘man’ living here and now as something other than a deeply bastardized being, corrupted, denatured, perverted, inflected, soiled by a civilizing process which owes its perversion to modernity (Rousseau) on the one hand, and to capitalism on the other. As we shall see, without making an exception, Honneth has rightly noted that all the authors of the tradition of what he calls ‘social philosophy’ have remained dependent on a form of disgust regarding the world as it is. Yet for me as a sociologist of social movements, it seems difficult to deal with such a [software]? of the new forms of social resistance to domination (Indignados, anonymous, alternative economy, movements of the ‘-less’ – see Frère and Jacquemain, 2013), even though it is precisely the same kind of diagnosis adopted by a significant number of theories dealing with cooperation and association. Some amongst them leave me sceptical, notably when it comes to the shared desire to [locate,]posit? for instance, an alternative and [solidary]? economy in the field of utopia, as opposed to a succinct and time-honoured representation of Marxism (Pessin, 2001; Pradès, 2012; Hély and Moulévrier, 2013), or to subscribe to the 'natural' reciprocity of human beings as they lived before the arrival of capitalist modernity, , thus before the ideology of growth perverted human imagination (Godbout, 2000). is this right? In my opinion, in order to be able to talk about contemporary reactions of resistance against diverse forms of alienation and domination authorized by contemporary [connectionist]? capitalism, a philosophical representation of the passive, unconscious human reified by this very same domination, which only a few holy utopian thinkers would avoid, remains ineffective. This is because, in the case of such a representation, the modern subject will be likely to react when criticism will have taken away that layer of impurity specific to the condition of alienated man in order to allow him to renew his deep nature, the one which was his in the context of the ‘good life’ , as Habermas and Honneth would say . Yet abolishing the very possibility of transcendentalism and idealism which lies implicit in contemporary critical theories, whether French or German, opens the door to the possibility, in the incertitude of the social model that they may create, of an actual – but profane – criticism of capitalisme. Here, it is a matter of human relationships in the world that gives criticism its content, in all their insurmountable impurity, in all their contingency. Aiming at abolishing the transcendental anthropological foundations that criticism has always allowed itself, this gesture is currently silhouetted not in philosophy but, rather, in a sociology, that is, ‘pragmatic sociology’. Parallel to the classical Marxist tradition traversing Bourdieu’s critical sociology and the intellectual tradition of the Frankfurt School, it is a form of ‘critical materialism’ that I would like to exhume in this chapter, a notion inspired by the libertarian Marxism of Lefort and Castoriadis (see Frère, 2009), which is able to make the profane capacities of people’s emancipation emerge . I would like to do so on the basis of a reflection revolving around the pragmatic perspective which has recently been reinforced in France by Boltanski in his book De la critique (2009), but which stands – in my view – as the backdrop of all his works. [less ▲]

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See detailThe french speaking society of transplantation and "transplantation sans frontières"
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg; BARROU, Benoit; GLOTZ, Denis et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43

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See detailA French Translation of the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI): Factor Structure, Reliability and Validity of This Scale in a Nonclinical Sample of Children
Stassart, Céline ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2014)

Introduction: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) refers to the fear of anxiety-related sensations due to beliefs that these sensations will lead to catastrophic outcomes. AS plays a central role in the etiology and ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) refers to the fear of anxiety-related sensations due to beliefs that these sensations will lead to catastrophic outcomes. AS plays a central role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders. From a clinical perspective, it therefore seems important to possess a valid scale to assess AS in children. Objective, Method: This study examines the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the French translation of the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI) in 353 Belgian children (9 to 13 years). Result: Results show that AS can be adequately measured using the French version of the CASI and conceptualized as a hierarchical factor structure with four lower-order factors – Physical Concerns, Mental Incapacity Concerns, Social Concerns, and Losing Control Concerns – loading on a single higher-order factor, Anxiety Sensitivity. The reliability was acceptable for the total scale. Hierarchical multiple regressions show that the CASI makes a significant contribution in predicting anxiety. conclusion: The data support the relevance of the French CASI in the assessment of AS in nonclinical children. [less ▲]

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See detailA French Translation of the Revised Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI-R): Its Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity in a Nonclinical Sample of Children Aged 12 and 13 Years Old.
Stassart, Céline ULg; Hansez, Isabelle ULg; Delvaux, Muriel ULg et al

in Psychologica Belgica (2013), 53(1), 57-74

This study (n = 237 Belgian children; mean age = 12.3 years; SD = 0.41) examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the French translation of the Revised Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity ... [more ▼]

This study (n = 237 Belgian children; mean age = 12.3 years; SD = 0.41) examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the French translation of the Revised Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI-R). We obtained a hierarchical factor structure with four lower-order factors – “fear of cognitive dyscontrol,” “fear of publicly observable anxiety reactions,” “fear of respiratory symptoms,” and “fear of cardiovascular symptoms” – loading on a single higher-order factor (“anxiety sensitivity”). The French translation revealed acceptable internal consistency and a good interitem structure. Anxiety sensitivity was connected with the anxiety and depression scales but the correlation between the CASI-R and the depression score was more modest than that between the CASI-R and the trait anxiety score, indicating that the CASI-R is an anxiety scale. Girls reported more fear of anxious feelings than boys. This revised version allows for a more fine-grained assessment of the anxiety sensitivity concept. [less ▲]

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See detailA french validation study of the Coma Recovery Scaled-Revised (CRS-R)
Schnakers, Caroline ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg; Giacino, Joseph et al

in Brain Injury (2008), 22(10), 786-792

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See detailLe frêne en Condroz : stations et productivité potentielles
Claessens, Hugues ULg; Thibaut, André; Lecomte, Hugues et al

Book published by IRSIA (1994)

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See detailLe frêne, un bois noble et précieux
Claessens, Hugues ULg

in Forêt Wallonne (1996), 28

Avec le bouleau, l'aulne glutineux, les tilleuls, les érables, le merisier et d'autres feuillus relativement marginaux dans le marché du bois, le frêne fait partie des espèces secondaires de la forêt ... [more ▼]

Avec le bouleau, l'aulne glutineux, les tilleuls, les érables, le merisier et d'autres feuillus relativement marginaux dans le marché du bois, le frêne fait partie des espèces secondaires de la forêt wallonne, qui, ensemble ne représentent que 7% du volume sur pied, alors qu'à eux seuls, le hêtre, les chênes et l'épicéa en totalisent 85% (données IFW). Certaines, comme le frêne, sont qualifiées de "nobles" ou encore de "précieuses" en raison de leur valeur marchande (frêne, érable et merisier). Une des causes de ce phénomène est le choix délibéré des propriétaires forestiers, qui, pour des raisons que nous connaissons, à la fois historiques et liées aux marchés du bois passé et actuel, ont préféré le hêtre, le chêne et l'épicéa, souvent sous forme de monoculture, réduisant ainsi l'espace qui revenait naturellement aux espèces secondaires, naturellement disséminées dans nos forêts. [less ▲]

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See detail"Frenzy" d'Alfred Hitchcock
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

Présentation du contexte de création et de production du film "Frenzy"

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See detailFréquence de l’hyperméthylation du promoteur du gène BLU dans le cancer du sein en Tunisie
Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia; Hachana, Mohamed Ridha ULg et al

in Bulletin du Cancer (2007)

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See detailLa fréquence des élections
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg

in Bouhon, Frédéric; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Les systèmes électoraux de la Belgique (2012)

Ce chapitre vise à présenter les règles juridiques qui déterminent le rythme électoral. Il commence par une courte discussion sur la question de savoir quel laps de temps peut être considéré comme une ... [more ▼]

Ce chapitre vise à présenter les règles juridiques qui déterminent le rythme électoral. Il commence par une courte discussion sur la question de savoir quel laps de temps peut être considéré comme une durée raisonnable pour une législature. Il se poursuit par le passage en revue les normes qui établissent, pour chacune des assemblées élues du pays, la durée qui sépare en principe deux élections , et par l'examen des cas où la législature est écourtée par l’organisation d’élections anticipées. Enfin, le chapitre s'achève par une brève réflexion sur l’opportunité d’une synchronisation des différentes échéances électorales. [less ▲]

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See detailFréquence des observations et précision de la mesure du comportement de repos des bovins
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Dechamps, P.; Canart, Bernard et al

in Cahiers d'Ethologie Appliquée (1988), 8(3), 419-427

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See detailFréquence en Belgique de l'infection à Parvovirus chez le chien, avant et après l'observation des premiers cas cliniques
Schwers, A.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Burthonboy, G. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1979)

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See detailFréquence et caractères des Escherichia coli 987P et F41 isolées chez les porcelets en Belgique.
Pohl, P.; Lintermans, P.; Van Muylem, K. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1989), 133

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See detailFréquence et importance du charriage dans des rivières à charge de fond graveleuse
Petit, François ULg; Pauquet, A.; Pissart, Albert ULg

in Géomorphologie : Relief, Processus, Environnement (1996)

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See detailFréquence et importance du charriage dans les rivières à charge de fond caillouteuse
Petit, François ULg; Pauquet, Anne; Pissart, Albert ULg

in Colloque international "Crues, versants et lits fluviaux : Processus naturels et impacts des activités humaines" (1987)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)