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See detailFlow-cytometric assessment of damages to Acetobacter senegalensis during freeze-drying process and storage
Shafiei, Rasoul ULg; Delvigne, Frank ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Acetic Acid Bacteria (2013), 2(2(s1)), 10

Downstream processes have great influences on bacterial starter production. Different modifications occur to cellular compounds during freeze-drying process and storage of bacterial starters. Consequently ... [more ▼]

Downstream processes have great influences on bacterial starter production. Different modifications occur to cellular compounds during freeze-drying process and storage of bacterial starters. Consequently, viability and culturability (multiplication capacity) undergo some changes. In this study, the effects of freeze-drying process and storage conditions were examined on cell envelope integrity, respiration and culturability of Acetobacter senegalensis. <br />Freezing of cells protected with mannitol (20% w/w) did not affect cell multiplication and respiration considerably; however, 19% of cells showed compromised cell envelope after freezing. After drying, 1.96×1011 CFU/g were enumerated, indicating that about 34% of the <br />cells could survive and keep their culturability. Drying of the cells induced further leakage in cell envelope and finally 81% of cells appeared as injured ones; however, 87% of the dried cells maintained their respiration capacity. Storage temperature had significant effect on cell multiplication ability; higher storage temperature (35°C),caused 8.59-log reduction in cell culturability after nine-month period of storage. Collapse of cell envelop integrity and respiration wasobserved at 35°C. At lower storage temperature (4°C), the culturability <br />decreased about one-log reduction after nine months. Cell envelope integrity was subjected to minor changes during a period of nine month-storage at 4°C whereas a heterogeneous population of cells with different respiration capacity emerged at 4°C. These results indicate that a major part of cells undergone drying process and storage entered into viable but non-culturable state. In addition, usage of different culture media didn’t improve resuscitation. Besides, it seems that sub-lethal damages to cell envelope caused uptake of propidium iodide, however these kinds of injuries could not impress cell multiplications and respiration. [less ▲]

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See detailFlowering Goes Underground
Bouché, Frédéric ULg; Lobet, Guillaume ULg; D'Aloia, Maria ULg et al

Conference (2014, May 15)

Flowering is a crucial step in plant life cycle and is therefore tightly controlled by both environmental and endogenous cues. The involvement of the aerial organs of the plant in the molecular mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Flowering is a crucial step in plant life cycle and is therefore tightly controlled by both environmental and endogenous cues. The involvement of the aerial organs of the plant in the molecular mechanisms controlling floral transition has been extensively documented while the participation of the roots remains poorly investigated. However, the induction of flowering by photoperiod involves systemic signals that move in the phloem from leaves to sinks, and hence presumably reach the roots. We therefore performed a transcriptomic analysis of the roots during the induction of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana and indeed identified a large number of differentially expressed genes. A reverse genetic approach further confirmed the pleiotropic effects of flowering time genes on root architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailThe flowering process: On the track of controlling factors in Sinapis alba
Bernier, Georges ULg; Corbesier, Laurent; Périlleux, Claire ULg

in Russian Journal of Plant Physiology (2002), 49(4, JUL-AUG), 445-450

The major physiological theories of the control of the flowering process are first presented and their inferences tested in the long-day plant Sinapis alba. Then, the genetic analyses of the control of ... [more ▼]

The major physiological theories of the control of the flowering process are first presented and their inferences tested in the long-day plant Sinapis alba. Then, the genetic analyses of the control of flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana are also summarized with a brief overview of the several pathways, each including several genes, identified. Clearly, both the experimental data of physiological experiments and the multiplicity of interacting genetic pathways best support the theory of the multifactorial control of flowering. This is further shown by the fact that a critical gene expressed in the shoot meristem at floral transition in S. alba, MADS A (orthologous to A. thaliana SOC1), can be upregulated by a single dose of a cytokinin or a gibberellin, without leading to flowering. This indicates that the floral shift requires upregulation of other genes by other factors. [less ▲]

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See detailFlowOS: a Flow-Based Platform for Middleboxes
Abdul, Alim; Bezahaf, Mehdi; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Proceedings of CoNEXT Workshops 2013 (2013)

Middleboxes are heavily used in the Internet to process the network tra c for a speci c purpose. As there is no open standards, these proprietary boxes are expensive and di - cult to upgrade. In this ... [more ▼]

Middleboxes are heavily used in the Internet to process the network tra c for a speci c purpose. As there is no open standards, these proprietary boxes are expensive and di - cult to upgrade. In this paper, we present a programmable platform for middleboxes called FlowOS to run on commod- ity hardware. It provides an elegant programming model for writing ow processing software, which hides the complexi- ties of low-level packet processing, process synchronisation, and inter-process communication. We show that FlowOS itself does not add any signi cant overhead to ows by pre- senting some preliminary test results. [less ▲]

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See detailFlowOS: A Programmable Platform for Commodity Hardware Middleboxes
Abdul, Alim; Bezahaf, Mehdi; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Proceedings of CFI 2013 (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)
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See detailFlowOS: a pure flow-based vision of network traffic
Abdul, Alim; Bezahaf, Mehdi; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Proceedings of ANCS 2012 (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
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See detailFlows and bedload dynamics around spur dike in a compound channel
Baba, Y.; Camenen, B.; Peltier, Yann ULg et al

in 11th Int. Symp. On River Sedimentation (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
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See detailFlowstream Architectures
Greenhalgh, Adam; Handley, Mark; Hoerdt, Mickael et al

in Electronic Communications of the EASST (2009)

The Internet has seen a proliferation of specialized middlebox devices that carry out crucial network functionality such as load balancing, packet inspection or intrusion detection, amongst others ... [more ▼]

The Internet has seen a proliferation of specialized middlebox devices that carry out crucial network functionality such as load balancing, packet inspection or intrusion detection, amongst others. Traditionally, high performance network devices have been built on custom multi-core, specialized memory hierarchies, architectures which are well suited to packet processing. Recently, commodity PC hardware has experienced a move to multiple multi-core chips, as well as the routine inclusion of multiple memory hierarchies in the so-called NUMA architectures. While a PC architecture is obviously not specifically targeted to network applications, it nevertheless provides high performance cheaply. Furthermore, a few commodity switch technologies have recently emerged offering the possibility to control the switching of flows in a rather fine grained manner. Put together, these new technologies offer a new network commodity platform enabling new flow processing and forwarding at an unprecedented flexibility and low cost. [less ▲]

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See detailFlucht und Verfolgung: Die Shoa in Belgien
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Literaturkritik.de (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULg)
See detailDas Fluchtmotiv in Max Frischs Mein Name sei Gantenbein
Letawe, Céline ULg

Master's dissertation (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
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See detailFluctuation of sediment production during the last millennia in the Ardenne Massif (Belgium)
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Notebaert, Bastiaan; Petit, François ULg et al

Poster (2009)

In the Ardenne massif, floodplains have recorded fluctuations in the production of sediment and several periods of increased sediment deposition have been identified. Before the first deforestations ... [more ▼]

In the Ardenne massif, floodplains have recorded fluctuations in the production of sediment and several periods of increased sediment deposition have been identified. Before the first deforestations rivers developed multiple channels in alluvial forests. Floodplains were not well-developed and probably very humid, which explains the presence of peat layers within the alluvial sequences. In the Amblève catchment, the first increased sedimentary deposition of the Holocene occurred during the Bronze Age (3200 BP), in relation to deforestation and the first crop cultures in the area. An organic deposition has occurred around 2700 BP and could correspond with a period of climatic degradation. Several peat layers have also been dated to around 1000 BP and probably indicate very low anthropogenic pressure. From the 11th Century onwards, there was an increase in sedimentation and a greater concentration of charcoal is present in the alluvial deposits. In many catchments there is an important increase in the sedimentation at the end of the 14th century, which can be related to the development of many iron factories. Analyses of slag concentration produced in these former factories allow us to reconstruct the evolution of the floodplain topography since the inception of the iron industries, in relation to the periods of activity. Total sedimentation in the smaller valleys since the initiation of iron industries amounts 0.5 to 1.0 m, which is in most cases about 50% of the total sediment present in the floodplains and corresponds to a mean sedimentation rate ranging between 10 and 20 cm/century. Such values are explained by various former agricultural practices and forest clearings associated with the huge demand for charcoal by the iron industry. About 20 ha of forest were cleared for the yearly consumption of a refining forge or a blast furnace and more than three hundred iron factories existed in the Ardenne Massif between the 14th and the 19th century. [less ▲]

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See detailFluctuations dans la sensibilité à l’enrofloxacine des populations nasales chez le porcelet au cours d’un traitement parentéral
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Janssen, L.; Bimazubute, M. et al

in Proceedings: 3ème Colloque International Francophone de Bactériologie Vétérinaire (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (13 ULg)
See detailLes fluctuations motrices dans le décours de la maladie de Parkinson
DELVAUX, Valérie ULg

Article for general public (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
See detailLa fluence : un indice métacognitif omniprésent pour nos jugements
Willems, Sylvie ULg

Scientific conference (2010, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
See detailFluence conceptuelle : étude à travers la mémoire bilingue et monolingue
Jacquet, Maud ULg

Doctoral thesis (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (10 ULg)
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See detailFluid - structure interaction modeling with a coupled 1D - 2D free surface flow solver
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of Riverflow 2006 (2006)

Wolf software is a set of coupled numerical tools developed for almost ten years for simulating a wide range of free surface flows and transport phenomena. In the scope of new applications in hydraulic ... [more ▼]

Wolf software is a set of coupled numerical tools developed for almost ten years for simulating a wide range of free surface flows and transport phenomena. In the scope of new applications in hydraulic structure design and fluid-structure interaction, additional developments have been implemented in the finite volume 2D model to deal with boundaries not aligned along axis or with moving structures. The cut cell based approach, simpler than other classical methods, is based on the division with a sub-grid of the initial Cartesian meshes. While keeping the advantages of regular grids in terms of simplicity, accuracy and storage capacity, it enables to compute instantaneous effects of a structure movement on the fluid or to deal with complex boundaries inclined compared to mesh axis. Several test cases are presented, as well as an applica-tion of the enhanced model, coupled with a 1D one, to the computation of the hydrodynamic fields induced by a lock-door movement. [less ▲]

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See detailFluid Bearings in LOX
Bozet, Jean-Luc ULg

Conference (2004, December)

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See detailFluid inclusions in charnockites from the Bjerkreim-Sokndal massif (Rogaland, southwestern Norway): fluid origin and in situ evolution
Wilmart, Edith; Clocchiatti, Robert; Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg et al

in Contributions to Mineralogy & Petrology (1991), 108

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See detailFluid instabilities in the birth and death of antibubbles
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Caps, Hervé ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in New Journal of Physics (2003), 5

Antibubbles have been produced and studied with the help of a high-speed camera. An antibubble is defined as a fluid object constituted by a thin air shell surrounding a liquid and surrounded by the same ... [more ▼]

Antibubbles have been produced and studied with the help of a high-speed camera. An antibubble is defined as a fluid object constituted by a thin air shell surrounding a liquid and surrounded by the same liquid. Images reveal some key physical processes and fluid instabilities which take place when an antibubble forms and dies. The collapsing speed of the air film has been measured. Culik's theory does not apply. A new mechanism has been introduced. [less ▲]

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See detailFluid management and plasma renin activity in organ donors
Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg; Hans, Pol ULg et al

in Transplant International : Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation (1989), 2(3), 129-132

Fluid management and assessment of organ perfusion in organ donors with hypotonic polyuria remain poorly investigated problems. In our protocol, urinary losses (565 +/- 202 ml/h) were replaced volume for ... [more ▼]

Fluid management and assessment of organ perfusion in organ donors with hypotonic polyuria remain poorly investigated problems. In our protocol, urinary losses (565 +/- 202 ml/h) were replaced volume for volume by 3.3% dextrose/0.3% natrium chloride solution (Baxter) with 20 mmol/l potassium chloride. Concentrated red blood cells were administered to maintain hematocrit at about 30%, and volume expansion (central venous pressure above 6 mmHg) was obtained by gelatin (haemaccel) infusion. In all donors (n = 9), plasma electrolytes remained within normal limits despite hypotonic polyuria. Suppression of initial plasma renin activity (PRA: 9.7 +/- 3.6 ng/ml per hour) was obtained by subacute volume expansion. In eight donors the hemodynamic status improved, dopamine administration, when used, was discontinued, and PRA decreased (2.3 +/- 0.7 ng/ml per hour; P less than 0.05). The only donor who failed to respond to fluid therapy had increased PRA (24.2 ng/ml per hour). During fluid challenge, an inverse relationship was demonstrated between mean arterial pressure and PRA in all nine donors (r = -0.61; P less than 0.001), while there were no significant changes in blood urea. creatinine, or urine output. It is concluded that in organ donors, proper maintenance of the hemodynamic status and suppression of the renin stress response may be obtained by an adequate fluid management, involving both qualitative restoration and expansion of intravascular volume. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)