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See detailGabriel Data Analysis (GDA): from data analysis to food analysis
Olive, Gilles ULg

in Journée scientifique annuelle de la Société Royale de Chimie: Chimie et alimentation (2011, October 13)

GDA is a software belonging to the Gabriel package and is devoted to data analysis. Year after year some new features have been introduced and the latest introductions are more dedicated to food. GDA is ... [more ▼]

GDA is a software belonging to the Gabriel package and is devoted to data analysis. Year after year some new features have been introduced and the latest introductions are more dedicated to food. GDA is built around modules and we describe here the most widely used in food chemistry. GDA can be obtained free of charge. [less ▲]

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See detailGabriel García Márquez herschrijft Columbus
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Streven. Cultureel Maatschappelijk maandblad (2014), 81/8

In "De herfst van de patriarch" (1975) parodieert Gabriel García Márquez een fragment uit de logboeken van Columbus. In de parodie komen enkele thema's en stijlkenmerken naar voren die het oeuvre van de ... [more ▼]

In "De herfst van de patriarch" (1975) parodieert Gabriel García Márquez een fragment uit de logboeken van Columbus. In de parodie komen enkele thema's en stijlkenmerken naar voren die het oeuvre van de Colombiaanse schrijver ten volle typeren, zoals het idee dat de geschiedenis zich herhaalt, het rechtmatige streven van Latijns-Amerika naar culturele en politieke ontvoogding tegenover Spanje en de VS, en het gevoel voor humor van de auteur - ook wanneer hij het over dergelijke ernstige kwesties heeft. [less ▲]

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See detailGabriel Naudé entre bibliothèque docte et cabinet de curiosités
Decoster, Sara ULg

in Histoire et Civilisation du Livre : Revue Internationale (2010), VI

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See detailGabriel package: software for education and research
Olive, Gilles ULg

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Today, personal computers are part of our life either at home, at work or at school. Even if the computer power increases, the software are more and more complicated, asking more and more time for ... [more ▼]

Today, personal computers are part of our life either at home, at work or at school. Even if the computer power increases, the software are more and more complicated, asking more and more time for learning it or for obtaining a result. It becomes important to have in labs as well as at school small fast software using empirical equations. We report here about the use but more particularly the algorithms, the equations and the data sets of three software belonging to the Gabriel package. The first one, Gabriel Nathalie II, is a calculator with many functionality's. It is possible to calculate the pKa or to simulate the chemical shift in 31P NMR of amino-phosphonate. Moreover it is also able to dertimine the thermodynamics data of bisphosphonate binding to human bones. The second one, Gabriel Calculatrice Savon, is used to calculate the amount of alkali needed for making a soap according to the amount and the nature of fat but also the viscosity of some oils at a desired temperature. And at least Gabriel Data Analysis is a software devoted to data analysis. Today, software for research can be used for educational and educational software can be useful for research. [less ▲]

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See detailGabriel package: software for education and research
Olive, Gilles ULg

in L'analyse chimique, outil des experts (2012, October 11)

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See detailGabriel Tarde, L'Opinion et la Foule
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale (1990), 5

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See detailGabriele, dove sei? Notolette birichine intorno al 150° anniversario della nascita e al 75° della morte di Gabriele d'Annunzio
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in IlCorsaronero. Rivista salgariana di letteratura popolare (2013), 19

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See detailGacek Adam, Arabic Manuscripts. A Vademecum for Readers (Leiden, Brill, 2009)
Franssen, Elise ULg

in Bulletin d'Etudes Orientales (2013)

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See detailGadolinium DOTA Chelates Featuring Alkyne Groups Directly Grafted on the Tetraaza Macrocyclic Ring: Synthesis, Relaxation Properties, "Click" Reaction, and High-Relaxivity Micelles
Vanasschen, Christian; Bouslimani, Nouri ULg; Thonon, David ULg et al

in Inorganic Chemistry (2011), 50(18), 8946-8958

This paper reports on the synthesis and relaxivity properties of tetraacetic DOTA-type chelating agents featuring one or two alkyne groups directly grafted on the tetraaza macrocyclic ring and available ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the synthesis and relaxivity properties of tetraacetic DOTA-type chelating agents featuring one or two alkyne groups directly grafted on the tetraaza macrocyclic ring and available for "click" reactions with azide-bearing substrates. The racemic DOTAma ligand bearing one alkyne group was obtained by a bisaminal template route. The same approach was used to prep. ligand DOTAda substituted by two alkyne groups located on two adjacent carbon atoms. The S,S enantiomer of DOTAda was also prepd. by a "crab-like" condensation. This ligand is the first example of a DOTA deriv. featuring two reactive functions adjacent to each other on the macrocyclic ring. A triacetic monoalkyne ligand (DO3ma) was also synthesized for comparison purposes. NMR studies indicate that the Yb(III) chelates of DOTAma and DOTAda adopt two conformations in solns. in which the tetraaza ring is rigidified. The hydration state of the Eu(III) chelates was detd. by luminescence spectroscopy, and the water exchange time of the Gd(III) complexes was measured by 17O NMR. Ring substitution accelerates the water exchange. These data were used to interpret nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion curves of the Gd(III) chelates. Two long aliph. chains have been added to DOTAda by a "click" procedure to form the (C18)2DOTAda ligand. The corresponding Gd(III) complex forms micelles of unusually high relaxivity presumably because of the close proximity of the aliph. chains on the macrocyclic ring that ensures a rigid double anchoring into the micelles. [less ▲]

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See detailA gadolinium triacetic monoamide DOTA derivative with a methanethiosulfonate anchor group. Relaxivity properties and conjugation with albumin and thiolated particles
Thonon, David ULg; Jacques, Vincent; Desreux, Jean-François ULg

in Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging (2007), 2

The gadolinium(III) complex with a new DOTA-based ligand bearing a methanethiosulfonate group (MTS) was synthesized and its relaxivity properties were investigated. MTS-ADO3A is a triacid DOTA derivative ... [more ▼]

The gadolinium(III) complex with a new DOTA-based ligand bearing a methanethiosulfonate group (MTS) was synthesized and its relaxivity properties were investigated. MTS-ADO3A is a triacid DOTA derivative with an amide arm substituted by an ethylmethanethiosulfonate function. This ligand was obtained in two steps: tri-tert-butyl 2,2′,2″-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triyl)triacetate was reacted with S-(2-aminoethyl)methanesulfonothioate and the tert-butyl groups were removed with trifluoroacetic acid. The Gd(III) MTS–ADO3A complex readily formed disulfide bonds with albumin (BSA) in its native and reduced forms and with thiolated silica particles. Four- to five-fold relaxivity increases at 20 MHz were measured on the isolated adducts. The EuMTS-ADO3A chelate was found to be monohydrated by fluorescence and the relaxivity parameters of the Gd(III) complex were obtained by 17O NMR and by measuring the nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion between 0.01 and 80 MHz. The water exchange time τm is increased upon forming disulfide bonds with macromolecules and particles and the relaxivity gains of all the complexes are limited by the τm factor. Forming covalent or hydrophobic/electrostatic bonds with BSA seems to bring about similar relaxivity changes but the covalent BSA adducts can be isolated and their properties can be directly studied. The addition of dithiothreitol or glutathione leads to the removal of the metal chelates from the macromolecules, as indicated by the relaxation times reverting to their values before binding. It is thus expected that the chelate will stay in the body long enough for imaging but will still be excreted through the kidneys. [less ▲]

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See detailGAIA and the spectroscopic binaries: what to expect in terms of orbit determination?
Pourbaix, D.; Jancart, Sylvie ULg

in GAIA Spectroscopy: Science and Technology (2003)

Not Available

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See detailThe Gaia astrophysical parameters inference system (Apsis). Pre-launch description
Bailer-Jones, C. A. L.; Andrae, R.; Arcay, B. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 559

The Gaia satellite will survey the entire celestial sphere down to 20th magnitude, obtaining astrometry, photometry, and low resolution spectrophotometry on one billion astronomical sources, plus radial ... [more ▼]

The Gaia satellite will survey the entire celestial sphere down to 20th magnitude, obtaining astrometry, photometry, and low resolution spectrophotometry on one billion astronomical sources, plus radial velocities for over one hundred million stars. Its main objective is to take a census of the stellar content of our Galaxy, with the goal of revealing its formation and evolution. Gaia's unique feature is the measurement of parallaxes and proper motions with hitherto unparalleled accuracy for many objects. As a survey, the physical properties of most of these objects are unknown. Here we describe the data analysis system put together by the Gaia consortium to classify these objects and to infer their astrophysical properties using the satellite's data. This system covers single stars, (unresolved) binary stars, quasars, and galaxies, all covering a wide parameter space. Multiple methods are used for many types of stars, producing multiple results for the end user according to different models and assumptions. Prior to its application to real Gaia data the accuracy of these methods cannot be assessed definitively. But as an example of the current performance, we can attain internal accuracies (RMS residuals) on F,G,K,M dwarfs and giants at G=15 (V=15-17) for a wide range of metallicites and interstellar extinctions of around 100K in effective temperature (Teff), 0.1mag in extinction (A0), 0.2dex in metallicity ([Fe/H]), and 0.25dex in surface gravity (logg). The accuracy is a strong function of the parameters themselves, varying by a factor of more than two up or down over this parameter range. After its launch in November 2013, Gaia will nominally observe for five years, during which the system we describe will continue to evolve in light of experience with the real data. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Gaia satellite: a tool for Emission Line Stars and Hot Stars
Martayan, C.; Frémat, Y.; Blomme, R. et al

in SF2A-2008 (2008, November 01)

The Gaia satellite will be launched at the end of 2011. It will observe at least 1 billion stars, and among them several million emission line stars and hot stars. Gaia will provide parallaxes for each ... [more ▼]

The Gaia satellite will be launched at the end of 2011. It will observe at least 1 billion stars, and among them several million emission line stars and hot stars. Gaia will provide parallaxes for each star and spectra for stars till V magnitude equal to 17. After a general description of Gaia, we present the codes and methods, which are currently developed by our team. They will provide automatically the astrophysical parameters and spectral classification for the hot and emission line stars in the Milky Way and other close local group galaxies such as the Magellanic Clouds. [less ▲]

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See detailGaia spectroscopy: processing, performances and scientific returns
Katz, D.; Cropper, M.; Meynadier, F. et al

in EAS Publication Series (2011, February 01)

During the five years of the mission, the Gaia spectrograph, the Radial Velocity Spectrometer (RVS) will repeatedly survey the celestial sphere down to magnitude V ~ 17-18. This talk presents: (i) the ... [more ▼]

During the five years of the mission, the Gaia spectrograph, the Radial Velocity Spectrometer (RVS) will repeatedly survey the celestial sphere down to magnitude V ~ 17-18. This talk presents: (i) the system which is currently developed within the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC) to reduce and calibrate the spectra and to derive the radial and rotational velocities, (ii) the RVS expected performances and (iii) scientific returns. [less ▲]

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See detailGaïa, le stress géoclimatique et la peau.
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Noel, Fanchon; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Dermo'Sphère (2010), 2

Le Soleil est à l’origine de la vie sur Terre. Le grand ensemble d’interactions biogéochimiques entre la vie, le sol, l’atmosphère et l’océan n’est pas sans rappeler la physiologie d’un grand organisme ... [more ▼]

Le Soleil est à l’origine de la vie sur Terre. Le grand ensemble d’interactions biogéochimiques entre la vie, le sol, l’atmosphère et l’océan n’est pas sans rappeler la physiologie d’un grand organisme unique. Ce dernier a reçu le nom de Gaïa. Tout le fonctionnement de la biosphère qui en fait partie est largement dépendant de l’apport énergétique solaire. Celui-ci est diversifié car le spectre des rayonnements électromagnétiques est large et variable en intensité et en nature. Le réchauffement global de la Terre et le « trou d’ozone » sont sous les feux de l’actualité. De tels bouleversements sont-ils la préfiguration d’une apocalypse ? L’écologie et la dérive géoclimatique vont-elles influencer la dermatologie de demain ? [less ▲]

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See detailGaia, lumière et biosphère.
Hermanns, Jean-François ULg; Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60 Suppl 1

Some aspects of life are tightly bound to light exposure. Photosynthesis, chronobiology and various manifestations of the socio-cultural behaviour are typical examples.

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