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See detailFuture anthropogenic emissions and climate change impact on the carbon cycle; a study with the LOVECLIM model
Mouchet, Anne ULg; Driesschaert, E.; Fichefet, T. et al

Conference (2005, May)

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See detailFuture CCD and CSH variations: Deep-sea impact of ocean acidification
Munhoven, Guy ULg

Poster (2009, June)

The evolutions of atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) and of the carbonate compensation depth and the calcite and aragonite saturation horizons (CSH and ASH, respectively) have been studied with the ... [more ▼]

The evolutions of atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) and of the carbonate compensation depth and the calcite and aragonite saturation horizons (CSH and ASH, respectively) have been studied with the coupled oceansediment model MBM-MEDUSA [1], over the next 50,000 years. MBM-MEDUSA includes a full description of sedimentary exchange processes, taking into account chemical carbonate erosion in a consistent way. The adopted emission scenarios were based upon logistic functions [2], considering total emissions of 500, 1000, 2000 and 4240 GtC); the adopted stabilisation scenarios were the S350, S450, S550, S650 and S750 from the IPCC [3]. While the evolutions of atmospheric pCO2 and pH have got a great deal of attention so far (e.g., [4, 5]), only a few studies have considered the saturation horizons [5, 6], and, to our best knowledge, this is the first study also focusing on compensation depth variations. Simulation experiments were started with a 50,000 year spin-up to 1750 A.D. (at steady state). This state was characterised by an atmospheric pCO2 of 277 ppm, a CSH depth of 3350 m and a CCD of 4300 m (in the Indo-Pacific, which can be considered the most representative reservoir for the global ocean). In all experiments, we found that CCD variations were considerably greater than CSH variations. The 500 GtC emission scenario yielded CSH and CCD maximum shoalings of 450 and 800 m, respectively, in the year 3400 A.D. about; with the 4240 GtC emission scenario, both CSH and CCD became shallower than 500 m in 2650 A.D. With the highly optimistic S350 stabilisation scenario, CSH and CCD become even shallower than with the 500 GtC emission scenario (650 m and 1000 m shoaling, respectively), although in the year 5000 A.D. only. For the close-to-CO2-doubling scenario S550, CSH and CCD shoaled by about 1950 and 2450 m (to depths of 1400 and 1900 m, respectively). As a result, most of the sea-floor environment bathed in water that was highly corrosive to carbonate material. In the S650 and S750 scenarios experiments, the CCD becomes shallower than 500 m, leaving little space for benthic carbonate producers to survive. [1] Munhoven (2007) Deep-Sea Res. II 54, 722-746. [2] Bacastow and Dewey (1996) Energy Convers. Mgmt. 37, 1079-1086. [3] IPCC (1994) Climate Change 1994, Cambridge University Press. [4] Caldeira and Wickett (2003) Nature 425, 325-325. [5] Orr et al. (2005) Nature 437, 681-686. [6] Cao and Caldeira (2008) Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19609. [less ▲]

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See detailThe future European standard to determine odour in ambient air by using field inspection
Guillot, Jean-Michel; Bilsen, Ilse; Both, Ralph et al

in Proceedings of the 4th IWA specialized conference on odours and VOCs, Vitoria, Brazil, 17-21 October, 2011. (2011, October)

This paper presents the methodologies to determine odour in ambient air by field inspection that will be a new European standard. The objective is to characterize the odour in a defined area. Without ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the methodologies to determine odour in ambient air by field inspection that will be a new European standard. The objective is to characterize the odour in a defined area. Without making a link with potential annoyance due to the presence of odours, the described methods propose the way to characterize an exposed environment. Two approaches are defined in the new standard: the grid method and the plume method. The grid method can be used determine the exposure to ambient odours in a defined area of study, using direct observation of recognizable odours in the field by human panel members. This method must be applied over a sufficiently long period of time (6 or 12 months) to be representative for the meteorological conditions of that location. The result is the distribution of the frequency of exposure to odours within the assessment area. The plume method can be used to determine the extent of detectable and recognizable odours from a specific source using direct observation in the field by human panel members under specific meteorological conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe future in the present: "entangled temporalities" and religious life in the Kimbanguist church
Melice, Anne ULg; Sarró, Ramon

Conference (2011, December 09)

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See detailFuture ocean carbon cycle: a study of feedbacks with the LOVECLIM model
Mouchet, Anne ULg; Driesschaert, E.; Brovkin, V. et al

Poster (2006, February)

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See detailThe Future of Belgian Federalism through the Eyes of the Citizens
Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2009, September 12)

The Future of Belgian Federalism is definitely a hot topic in Belgian politics but also in citizens’ daily life. Indeed, citizens do talk about it and wonder – and sometimes try to predict – how the ... [more ▼]

The Future of Belgian Federalism is definitely a hot topic in Belgian politics but also in citizens’ daily life. Indeed, citizens do talk about it and wonder – and sometimes try to predict – how the future of Belgium will be. Yet, we only know their attitudes on this important topic through surveys either undertaken by the media or by social scientists. Thus far, no endeavour has been done to study thoroughly and qualitatively citizens’ preferences for the future of their country. In this paper, I propose to offer a first attempt of such an analysis relying on data collected in two small citizens’ panels about the future of Belgian federalism. These two deliberative events were held in Liege (French-speaking Belgium) in September 2007 and in Antwerp (Dutch-speaking Belgium) in October 2008 and gathered respectively 64 and 23 citizens from a variety of backgrounds. During one day, the participants talked about the future of Belgian federalism with fellow citizens in focus groups as well as with politicians and experts; in addition, they answered a pre- and a post-questionnaire. Following Max Weber’s advice to construct ideal type as a way to apprehend the reality and to foster comparisons, types of citizens are constructed on the basis of the data collected in Liège and in Antwerp. While four types of French-speaking are drawn from the former – the unitarist, the unionist, the federalist, and the regionalist –, five emerge from the latter – the unitarist, the unionist, the federalist, the regionalist, and the separatist/independentist. These different types are defined in terms of the citizens’ perceptions and preferences as well as the congruence that followed the learning and deliberative process that occurred throughout the panel. Above all, the types can be compared within the panel and between the panels. In this fashion the future of Belgian federalism can be explored through the eyes of the citizens. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future of Belgium
Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2011, April 14)

Issues for discussion: 1) Two peoples claiming the same real estate? A Brussels which is 90% Francophone and cradle of the Flemish cultural heritage. The ‘droit du sol’ vs ‘droit des gens’. 2) A conflict ... [more ▼]

Issues for discussion: 1) Two peoples claiming the same real estate? A Brussels which is 90% Francophone and cradle of the Flemish cultural heritage. The ‘droit du sol’ vs ‘droit des gens’. 2) A conflict between linguistic communities? or a cultural divide between Neo-liberal Anglo-Saxon culture in the North and Continental dirigisme in the South? 3) Has Romantic nationalism of the Flemish separatist movement truly been supplanted by ‘Nationalists with Calculators’? 4) The position of the monarchy and the traditional elites in the growing social and political crisis. 5) The EU as unwitting facilitator of the Continent’s cascading self-determinations: the alignment of Bart de Wever’s most populous party in Flanders with an EU identity [less ▲]

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See detailThe future of glycaemic control in critically ill patients requires a close collaboration between bio-engineers and clinicians
Preiser, JC; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Chase, JG

in Proceedings of CONTROL 2010 (2010)

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See detailThe Future of Identity
Burkitt, Katharine ULg

Book published by University of Sallford (2005)

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See detailThe future of microbiology
MELIN, Pierrette ULg

Scientific conference (2011, October 15)

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See detailThe future of obesity: new drugs versus lifestyle interventions.
Scheen, André ULg

in Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs (2008), 17(3), 263-7

BACKGROUND: Obesity causes serious medical complications and impairs quality of life. However, its management remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To assist health professionals who counsel patients who are ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Obesity causes serious medical complications and impairs quality of life. However, its management remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To assist health professionals who counsel patients who are overweight or obese by discussing the possible add-on value of new drugs over lifestyle interventions. METHODS: A critical analysis is made of the available evidence of the long-term efficacy of diet and exercise and/or anti-obesity agents such as orlistat, sibutramine and rimonabant. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: Lifestyle interventions remain the cornerstone of the treatment of obesity, but adherence is poor and long-term success is modest. Pharmacological agents may be useful adjuncts for improving weight loss and maintenance, and health outcomes, and should be continued in good responders. Drug therapy and lifestyle intervention are not opponent strategies, but should probably be combined to tackle obesity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-516

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-373

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See detailThe Future of Space-Based Interferometry
Carpenter, K. G.; Allen, R.; Benson, J. et al

in “Future Directions for Interferometry” (2006)

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See detailThe Future of the Court of Justice in EU Competition Law - New Role and Responsibilities
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in , in Court of Justice of the EU (Ed.), The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law (2013)

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See detailFuture perspectives in neurological recovery.
Martin, Didier ULg

Conference (1996, March 30)

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See detailFuture preventive therapy: are there promising drug targets
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Headache Currents (2006), 3

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See detailFuture projections of the Greenland ice sheet climate simulated by the regional climate model MAR forced by 2 CMIP5 global models.
Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Franco, Bruno ULg

Conference (2012, February 14)

As part of the ICE2SEA project, the regional climate model MAR was forced by the global models HadCM3 and ECHAM5 for making future projections of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB ... [more ▼]

As part of the ICE2SEA project, the regional climate model MAR was forced by the global models HadCM3 and ECHAM5 for making future projections of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB) over 1980-2099 at a resolution of 25km. However, the comparison with MAR forced by the ERA-40 reanalysis over 1980-1999 shows that MAR forced by these GCMs is not able to represent reliably the current SMB due to biases in the general circulation and in the free atmosphere summer temperature modelled by these GCMs around the GrIS. <br /> <br /> That is why, we present here first results of MAR forced by the next generation of GCMs from the CMIP5 data base (CanESM2 and NorESM1 here). The comparison with the ERA-40 forced MAR simulations over current climate is a lot of better, which increases the reliability and the interest of these new MAR projections. In addition, the new scenarios (RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5) of the next IPCC Assessment Report (AR5) are used here. These new simulations show notably that the response of SMB to rising temperature is not a linear function of the temperature anomalies due to the positive albedo feedback which accelerates the surface melt. For 2100, in case of extreme rising temperature (RCP 8.5 scenario), MAR simulates a surface GrIS mass loss corresponding to a cumulated sea level rise of about 15 cm since 2000! Mainly the changes in SMB and in surface energy balance will be discussed here. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture projections of the Greenland ice sheet energy balance driving the surface melt
Franco, Bruno ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg

in Cryosphere (The) (2013), 7

In this study, simulations at 25 km resolution are performed over the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, using the regional climate model MAR forced by four RCP scenarios ... [more ▼]

In this study, simulations at 25 km resolution are performed over the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, using the regional climate model MAR forced by four RCP scenarios from three CMIP5 global circulation models (GCMs), in order to investigate the projected changes of the surface energy balance (SEB) components driving the surface melt. Analysis of 2000–2100 melt anomalies compared to melt results over 1980–1999 reveals an exponential relationship of the GrIS surface melt rate simulated by MAR to the near-surface air temperature (TAS) anomalies, mainly due to the surface albedo positive feedback associated with the extension of bare ice areas in summer. On the GrIS margins, the future melt anomalies are preferentially driven by stronger sensible heat fluxes, induced by enhanced warm air advection over the ice sheet. Over the central dry snow zone, the surface albedo positive feedback induced by the increase in summer melt exceeds the negative feedback of heavier snowfall for TAS anomalies higher than 4 °C. In addition to the incoming longwave flux increase associated with the atmosphere warming, GCM-forced MAR simulations project an increase of the cloud cover decreasing the ratio of the incoming shortwave versus longwave radiation and dampening the albedo feedback. However, it should be noted that this trend in the cloud cover is contrary to that simulated by ERA-Interim–forced MAR for recent climate conditions, where the observed melt increase since the 1990s seems mainly to be a consequence of more anticyclonic atmospheric conditions. Finally, no significant change is projected in the length of the melt season, which highlights the importance of solar radiation absorbed by the ice sheet surface in the melt SEB. [less ▲]

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