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See detailGeneral Method for Labeling siRNA by Click Chemistry with Fluorine-18 for the Purpose of PET Imaging
Mercier, Frédéric; Paris, Jérôme ULg; Kaisin, Geoffroy ULg et al

in Bioconjugate Chemistry (2011), 22(1), 108-114

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See detailA General Method for the Analysis and the Logical Generation of Discrete Mathematical Systems in Programmable Logical Controller
Dubois, Daniel ULg; Mascia, Antonio

in Trappl, Robert (Ed.) CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS 2010 (2010)

This paper deals with a general method for the analysis and the logical generation of discrete systems in Programmable Logical Controller (PLC). The Boolean operators are implemented with a generic and ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with a general method for the analysis and the logical generation of discrete systems in Programmable Logical Controller (PLC). The Boolean operators are implemented with a generic and unique algebraic model as event-dependent discrete equations, which can be executed in a sequential order. With this method, a generator of sequential logical tables can be designed, simulated and executed for implementing discrete dynamical systems. The purpose of this research is to design self-rewrite operating systems in PLC, which automatically checks the logic of the implemented discrete dynamical systems, for simulation and execution of sequential operations. [less ▲]

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See detailA general method for the chemical synthesis of gamma-P-32-labeled or unlabeled nucleoside 5 '-triphosphates and thiamine triphosphate
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Nghiem, Hoang O; Wins, Pierre et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (2003), 322(2), 190-197

Several methods for the chemical synthesis of gamma-P-32-labeled and unlabeled nucleoside 5'-triphosphates and thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) have been described. They often proved unsatisfactory because of ... [more ▼]

Several methods for the chemical synthesis of gamma-P-32-labeled and unlabeled nucleoside 5'-triphosphates and thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) have been described. They often proved unsatisfactory because of low yield, requirement for anhydrous solvents, procedures involving several steps or insufficient specific radioactivity of the labeled triphosphate. In the method described here, all these drawbacks are avoided. The synthesis of [gamma-P-32]TbTP was carried out in one step, using 1,3-dicyclohexyl carbodiimide as condensing agent for thiamine diphosphate and phosphoric acid in a dimethyl sulfoxide/pyridine solvent mixture. Anhydrous solvents were not required and the yield reached 90%. After purification, [gamma-P-32]ThTP had a specific radioactivity of 11 Ci/mmol and was suitable for protein phosphorylation. The method can also be used for the synthesis Of [gamma-P-32]ATP of the desired specific radioactivity. It can easily be applied to the synthesis of unlabeled ThTP or ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates. In the latter case, inexpensive 5'-monophosphate precursors can be used as reactants in a 20-fold excess of phosphoric acid. Deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates were obtained in 6 h with a yield of at least 70%. After purification, the nucleotides were found to be suitable substrates for Taq polymerase during polymerase chain reaction cycling. Our method can easily be scaled up for industrial synthesis of a variety of labeled and unlabeled triphosphoric derivatives from their mono- or diphosphate precursors. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA General Method for the Frequency Domain FE Modelling of Rotating Electromagnetic Devices
Gyselinck, J.; Vandevelde, L.; Dular, Patrick ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2003), 39(3), 1147--1150

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See detailA General Method for the Harmonic Balance Finite Element Modelling of Rotating Electromagnetic Devices
Gyselinck, J.; Vandevelde, L.; Dular, Patrick ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC'2002) (2002)

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See detailA general method to compute source fields without defining cuts nor using Biot-Savart
Henrotte, F.; Dular, Patrick ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Electric and Magnetic Fields, EMF 1998 (1998)

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See detailGeneral MSSM signatures at the LHC with and without R-parity
Dreiner, H. K.; Staub, F.; Vicente, Avelino ULg et al

in Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology (2012), 86

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See detailGeneral NMSSM signatures at the LHC
Dreiner, H. K.; Staub, F.; Vicente, Avelino ULg

in Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology (2013), 87(3), 035009

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See detailGeneral principles for clinical use of repetitive transcraniat magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
Maertens De Noordhout, Alain ULg

in Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology (2006), 36(3, May-Jun), 97-103

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive technique allowing stimulating neurons in the cerebral cortex, is able to modify durably local as well as distant neuronal activity ... [more ▼]

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive technique allowing stimulating neurons in the cerebral cortex, is able to modify durably local as well as distant neuronal activity. Results obtained by stimulation of the primary motor cortex and measurements of induced muscle responses suggest that effects on cortical excitability depend on stimulation frequency and intensity, as welt as of pulse-train duration. Such data, as welt as results of animal studies have brought a physiological basis for the use of rTMS for treatment of various neurological and psychiatric disorders, and particularly depression. Nevertheless, as tong as large randomized studies have not been conducted, rTMS should not replace other existing and validated therapies. (c) 2006 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral productivity: How become waxed and wax became a copula
Petré, Peter ULg

in Cognitive Linguistics (2012), 23(1), 28-65

This article provides an analysis — within the framework of Radical Construction Grammar — of how BECOME developed into a copula ‘become’ out of an original sense ‘arrive’, and WAX, originally ‘grow’ ... [more ▼]

This article provides an analysis — within the framework of Radical Construction Grammar — of how BECOME developed into a copula ‘become’ out of an original sense ‘arrive’, and WAX, originally ‘grow’, also came to be used as a copula ‘become’. Importantly, it explains why these verbs successfully became fully productive copulas in a very short period of time. It is argued that this happened after a pre-copular stage had reached a cognitive threshold value. The occurrence of this threshold is related to the fact that the copular constructions featuring BECOME and WAX were not the end result of a single diachronic lineage of constructions (i.e. one construction developed out of another one, one at a time). Instead, the copularization of these verbs was the result of an interaction between lineages of constructions, belonging to two groups: (i) constructions involving BECOME or WAX, which gradually changed and interacted with each other; (ii) constructions involving already existing copulas, notably WEORÐAN ‘become’, which provided a generally productive analog upon which the newly emerging copulas could graft. Generally, the article calls attention to the importance of multiple source constructions and thresholds in understanding grammaticalization processes and productivity. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral productivity: how become waxed and wax became a copula
Petré, Peter ULg

Report (2010)

This paper shows how general productivity in the schematic Copular Construction for the verbs become (‘become’, developed from an original sense ‘arrive’) and wax (‘become’, from an original sense ‘grow’ ... [more ▼]

This paper shows how general productivity in the schematic Copular Construction for the verbs become (‘become’, developed from an original sense ‘arrive’) and wax (‘become’, from an original sense ‘grow’) abruptly followed when a pre-copular stage had reached a threshold value. It is argued that the presence of such a threshold itself, or the abrupt switch to general productivity rather than a gradual increase in productivity, results from the fact that the Copular Constructions featuring become and wax are not the end result of a single diachronic lineage of constructions, but that this switch has to be seen as the result of an interaction between lineages of constructions, which belong to two groups: (i) constructions involving a certain lexeme, which gradually change and interact with each other; (ii) constructions involving already existing copulas, notably weorðan ‘become’, which provided a template of general productivity upon which the newly emerging copulas could graft. The paper also contributes to the diachronic research on the largely ignored area of copulas denoting change of state, and in effect provides the first analysis of the development of become, which is surprising given its importance in the English language. [less ▲]

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See detailA general recurrence relation between the moments of a scaling function
Bastin, Françoise ULg; Nicolay, Samuel ULg

in Group 24 : Physical and Mathematical Aspects of Symmetries (2003)

Under natural and weak hypotheses, we prove a reproducing formula for polynomials. Then we obtain a new recurrence relation between the moments of a scaling function and a new exact formula for the ... [more ▼]

Under natural and weak hypotheses, we prove a reproducing formula for polynomials. Then we obtain a new recurrence relation between the moments of a scaling function and a new exact formula for the computation of moments of even order. [less ▲]

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See detailA general recurrence relation between the moments of a scaling function
Bastin, Françoise ULg; Nicolay, Samuel ULg

in Group 24 : Physical And Mathematical Aspects Of Symmetries (2003), 173

Under natural and weak hypotheses, we prove a reproducing formula for polynomials. Then we obtain a new recurrence relation between the moments of a scaling function and a new exact formula for the ... [more ▼]

Under natural and weak hypotheses, we prove a reproducing formula for polynomials. Then we obtain a new recurrence relation between the moments of a scaling function and a new exact formula for the computation of moments of even order. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral report - Session on connections
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2000), 55

As a result of a world-wide intensive research activity, a new design concept for structural moment resistant joints has been suggested and implemented in design codes. In the present paper, its ... [more ▼]

As a result of a world-wide intensive research activity, a new design concept for structural moment resistant joints has been suggested and implemented in design codes. In the present paper, its background is first briefly described and the main contributions to its development are presented. As a matter of fact, because of the high number of past and ongoing researches, reports and papers devoted to this topic, an exhaustive list of all these works could not be established in a limited number of pages. The possibilities of extension of the new design concepts, which have been first developed for steel beam-to-column joints under static loading, are particularly pointed out. This aspect appears quite important as in the near future it should provide designers with a unified design approach for structural joints whatever their loading, their configurations and the nature of their constitutive material(s). [less ▲]

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See detailA general review and description of the poultry production in Vietnam
Stéphanie Desvaux; Vu Dinh Ton; Phan Dang, Thang ULg et al

in Stéphanie Desvaux; Vu Dinh Ton (Eds.) A general review and description of the poultry production in Vietnam (2008)

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See detailGeneral summer circulation in the Northern Bering Sea.
Djenidi, Salim ULg; Deleersnijder, Eric; Nihoul, Jacques ULg

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (1987), 68(50), 1719

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See detailA general theory of dual error bounds by finite elements
Debongnie, Jean-François ULg

Report (1983)

This paper presents a general error bound theory for linear elliptic problems, which constitutes an extension of particular results obtained earlier by B. Fraeijs de Veubeke

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See detailGeneral two-order-parameter Ginzburg-Landau model with quadratic and quartic interactions
Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2009), 79

The Ginzburg-Landau model with two-order parameters appears in many condensed-matter problems. However, even for scalar order parameters, the most general U(1)-symmetric Landau potential with all ... [more ▼]

The Ginzburg-Landau model with two-order parameters appears in many condensed-matter problems. However, even for scalar order parameters, the most general U(1)-symmetric Landau potential with all quadratic and quartic terms contains 13 independent coefficients and cannot be minimized with straightforward algebra. Here, we develop a geometric approach that circumvents this computational difficulty and allows one to study properties of the model without knowing the exact position of the minimum. In particular, we find the number of minima of the potential, classify explicit symmetries possible in this model, establish conditions when and how these symmetries are spontaneously broken, and explicitly describe the phase diagram. [less ▲]

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