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See detailExperimental study of the thermo-hydraulic performances of air-cooled radiators
Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg; Trebilcock, Felipe

Report (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailExperimental study of the thermo-hydraulic performances of humid air condensers
Cuevas, Cristian; Trebilcock, Felipe; Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg

Report (2003)

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See detailAn experimental study of the use of acoustic diffusers to reduce noise in urban areas
Picaut, Judicaël; Hossam Eldien, Hany; Billon, Alexis ULg

Conference (2010, June)

The use of acoustic diffusers to reduce noise in urban areas has been recently numerically investigated [Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Vol. 95 (2009), p. 653–668]. It was shown that a significant ... [more ▼]

The use of acoustic diffusers to reduce noise in urban areas has been recently numerically investigated [Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Vol. 95 (2009), p. 653–668]. It was shown that a significant noise reduction can be observed by considering diffusers on the building façades. In the present study, an experimental investigation is proposed to validate last results. Measurements are carried out using a 1:10 urban street scale model, with and without acoustics diffusers, in order to evaluate the “real” effect of such devices, for several configurations. Results, in terms of sound attenuation and reverberation, show that a positive effect can be observed, provided that diffusers are well designed for the reduction of road traffic noise. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study of velocity fields in rectangular shallow reservoirs
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (2012), 50(4), 435-436

The Authors of the discussed paper present the results of an experimental study to improve the flow classification in rectangular shallow reservoirs. Although previous papers have paved the way for this ... [more ▼]

The Authors of the discussed paper present the results of an experimental study to improve the flow classification in rectangular shallow reservoirs. Although previous papers have paved the way for this classification (Dewals et al. 2008, Dufresne et al. 2010), the Authors are complemented for the detailed flow field measurements conducted for a high number of reservoir geometries. For the tested hydraulic conditions, the Authors report a transition zone corresponding to an ‘unstable’ flow pattern. Repeated tests under similar conditions lead alternately to a symmetric or an asymmetric flow field. In this discussion, it is intended below to shed light on this transition zone using 2D numerical simulations. The Authors state that the flow in the transition zone is sensitive to so-called ‘external perturbations’, whereas we argue that the flow is particularly influenced by the initial test conditions. Using a particular post-processing of the computed flow fields, a hysteresis effect is detected. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study of wings undergoing active root flapping and pitching
Abdul Razak, Norizham; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg

in Journal of Fluids & Structures (2014), 49

This paper presents the results of experiments carried out on mechanical wings undergoing active root flapping and pitching in the wind tunnel. The objective of the work is to investigate the effect of ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of experiments carried out on mechanical wings undergoing active root flapping and pitching in the wind tunnel. The objective of the work is to investigate the effect of the pitch angle oscillations and wing profile on the aerodynamic forces generated by the wings. The experiments were repeated for different reduced frequency, airspeed, flapping and pitching kinematics, geometric angle of attack and wing sections (one symmetric and two cambered airfoils). A specially designed mechanical flapper was used, modelled on large migrating birds. It is shown that, under pitch leading conditions, good thrust generation can be obtained at a wide range of Strouhal numbers if the pitch angle oscillation is adjusted accordingly. Consequently, high thrust was measured at both the lowest and the highest tested Strouhal numbers. Furthermore, the work demonstrates that the aerodynamic forces can be sensitive to the Reynolds number, depending on the camber of the wings. Under pitch lagging conditions, where the effective angle of attack amplitude is highest, the symmetric wing was affected by the Reynolds number, generating less thrust at the lowest tested Reynolds value. In contrast, under pure flapping conditions, where the effective angle of attack amplitude was lower but still significant, it was the cambered wings that demonstrated Reynolds sensitivity. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study on an open-drive scroll expander integrated into an ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) system with R245fa as working fluid
Declaye, Sébastien ULg; Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Guillaume, Ludovic ULg et al

in Energy (2013), 15

The present paper focuses on the experimental characterization of an open-drive scroll expander integrated into an Organic Rankine cycle using R245fa as working fluid. The expander is a commercially ... [more ▼]

The present paper focuses on the experimental characterization of an open-drive scroll expander integrated into an Organic Rankine cycle using R245fa as working fluid. The expander is a commercially available air compressor that was modified to operate in expander mode. The ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) system is designed for a nominal heat input of 20 kW and a nominal net power output of 1.8 kW. A total of 74 steady-state operating points are measured to evaluate the expander performance over a wide range of conditions. The operating parameters that are varied include the inlet pressure (from 9 to 12 bar), outlet pressure (from 1.5 to 4 bar) and rotational speed (from 2000 to 3500 rpm). The maximum isentropic efficiency and shaft power are, respectively, 75.7% and 2.1 kW. A maximum cycle efficiency of 8.5% is reached for evaporating and condensing temperatures of 97.5 °C and 26.6 °C respectively. For most of the tests, hot water is produced in the condenser and the system therefore behaves as a CHP (combined heat and power). Depending on the water temperature requirement, a power to heat ratio varying between 1.9% and 11.8% is obtained. Water over 50 °C can be produced with a power to heat ratio higher than 8%. The experimental data points are then used to generate a performance map of the expander. This performance map allows for simulation of the use of such an expander in other ORC system [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study on dehumidification/regeneration of liquid desiccant: LiBr solution
Bouzenada, Smain Nasr Eddine; Kaabi, Abdennacer N; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Procedia Computer Science (2014), 32

The growing demand for air conditioning has caused a significant increase in demand for energy resources. The traditional commercial, non natural working fluids, like CFC, HCFC and HFC result in both ... [more ▼]

The growing demand for air conditioning has caused a significant increase in demand for energy resources. The traditional commercial, non natural working fluids, like CFC, HCFC and HFC result in both ozone depletion and global warming emission of CO2. The use of hygroscopic salts in direct contact with moist air provides an attractive alternative to conventional cooling systems. The liquid desiccant can substitute the dangerous fluids. The main operations in Liquid Desiccant Cooling System (LDCS) are dehumidification and regeneration. This paper presents an experimental study of dehumidification/regeneration processes using LiBr as liquid desiccant in direct contact with the air at different operating conditions. An analysis of the mass transfer is made in order to prove is this material is the best liquid desiccant for LDCS. Experimental results showed the effect of air conditions on mass transfer. It can be seen that LiBr is able to absorb moisture and can be regenerated at low temperature. © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Study on Super-heated Steam Drying of Lignite
Shi, Yongchun; Li, Jie ULg; Li, Xuanyou et al

in Advanced Materials Research (2012), 347-353

This paper applies super-heated steam drying technology to improve the quality of lignite. A unique experimental system was built up. In order to obtain the optimum operation conditions, the drying ... [more ▼]

This paper applies super-heated steam drying technology to improve the quality of lignite. A unique experimental system was built up. In order to obtain the optimum operation conditions, the drying kinetics was measured. The temperature range of super-heated steam was from 120 to 200˚C. The results showed that the drying process of super-heated steam drying of lignite can be well depicted by two stages, as a constant drying rate stage followed by a falling drying rate stage. The comparison of drying process to the hot air drying showed the superior advantages of super-heated steam drying on safety, drying capacity and energy conservation. Analysis shows the huge application potential of lignite in power plants by means of the super-heated steam drying. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Experimental Study on the Mechanical Performance and Damage Evolution of Woven Fabric E-glass Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composite
Wu, Ling ULg; Guo, Yingnan; Li, Yulong

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2010), 417-418

The present study focuses on the mechanical performance and damage evolution of woven fabric E-glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite (7781/F155-glass/epoxy). For the identical behavior in the 0o and the ... [more ▼]

The present study focuses on the mechanical performance and damage evolution of woven fabric E-glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite (7781/F155-glass/epoxy). For the identical behavior in the 0o and the 90o directions of the tested material, the mechanical experiments were performed with 0o and 45o specimens. Three kinds of tests were implemented respectively: tension test with 0o specimen, compression test with 0o specimen, and tension test with 45o specimen which represents the in-plane shear test. Tension, compression and in-plane shear damage, which are defined as the decreasing ratio of modulus, were calculated from the data of quasi-static cyclic tests. The influence of loading rate on material behaviors were investigated under three different loading rates. Although all of the three loading rates are low, it showed that the strain rate has obvious effects on the ultimate strengths and moduli of the glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Experimental System for Recognizing 3-D Objects from Silhouettes
Dudgeon, Dan E.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Van Hove, Patrick L.

Conference (1988)

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See detailAn Experimental System for Recognizing Objects from Silhouettes
Dudgeon, Dan E.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Delanoy, Robert L.

Conference (1989, May)

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See detailAn Experimental System for Recognizing Targets from Laser Radar Imagery
Dudgeon, Dan E.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Delanoy, Richard L.

Conference (1988, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
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See detailAn Experimental Target Recognition System for Airborne Laser Radar Imagery
Dudgeon, Dan E.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Delanoy, Richard L.

Conference (1990, August)

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See detailAn Experimental Target Recognition System for Laser Radar Imagery
Dudgeon, Dan E.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Delanoy, Richard L.

Conference (1989, May)

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See detailAn Experimental Target Recognition System for Laser-Radar Imagery
Williams, Brian D.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Dudgeon, Dan E.

Conference (1987, October 21)

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See detailExperimental techniques for ballistic pressure measurements and recent development in means of calibration
Elkarous, Lamine ULg; Coghe, Frederik; Pirlot, Marc et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2013), 459

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See detailExperimental test simulating a column loss in a composite frame
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Advanced Steel Construction (2010), 6(Number 3), 891-913

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional events. According to Eurocodes and some ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional events. According to Eurocodes and some different other national design codes, the structural integrity of civil engineering structures should be ensured through appropriate measures. Design requirements are proposed in some codes but are nowadays seen generally as not satisfactory. In particular, it is not demonstrated that, even if these requirements are respected, the risk of a progressive collapse of the structure subjected to an exceptional event will really be mitigated. A European RFCS project entitled “Robust structures by joint ductility” has been set up in 2004, for three years, with the aim to provide requirements and practical guidelines allowing to ensure the structural integrity of steel and composite structures under exceptional events through an appropriate robustness. In particular, one substructure test simulating the loss of a column in a composite building was performed at Liège University. The present paper describes in details this substructure test. In particular, the development of membrane forces is illustrated and their effects on the behaviour of the beam-to-column joints are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Testing of an Oil-Flooded Hermetic Scroll Compressor
Bell, Ian ULg; Groll, Eckhard; Braun, James et al

in International Journal of Refrigeration (2013), 36

In this work, a residential air conditioning compressor designed for vapor injection has been modified in order to inject large quantities of oil into the working chamber in order to approach an ... [more ▼]

In this work, a residential air conditioning compressor designed for vapor injection has been modified in order to inject large quantities of oil into the working chamber in order to approach an isothermal compression process. The compressor was tested with oil injection mass flow fractions of up to 45%. At an evaporating temperature of -10C and condensing temperature of 30C, the overall isentropic efficiency was up to 70% at the highest oil injection rate. Overall, over the testing envelope investigated, there are no significantly negative effects experienced for the compressor and the compressor isentropic efficiency and refrigerant mass flow rate improve monotonically as the oil injection rate is increased. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental testing on modern clay masonry structures
Vasseur, Luc; Mordant, Christophe ULg; Degée, Hervé

in Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)