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See detailExperimental Results of Hybrid and Refractive Achromatic Doublets Made of PC and PMMA
Languy, Fabian ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Loicq, Jerôme ULg et al

Conference (2012)

To combine achromatic system with cost-effective technology, we propose the use or hybride (refractive/diffractive) and refractive doublets Fresnel lenses. These two technologies have been compared ... [more ▼]

To combine achromatic system with cost-effective technology, we propose the use or hybride (refractive/diffractive) and refractive doublets Fresnel lenses. These two technologies have been compared experimentally from an optical point of view [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (17 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and dynamic modeling of a WHR ORC power system with screw expander
Desideri, Adriano ULg; Van Den Broek, Martijn; Gusev, Sergei et al

Conference (2013, October 07)

In recent years, due to the increasing concern over energy shortage and global warming, the interest in low grade heat recovery from industrial processes has grown dramatically. Several studies have ... [more ▼]

In recent years, due to the increasing concern over energy shortage and global warming, the interest in low grade heat recovery from industrial processes has grown dramatically. Several studies have underlined the potential of small-capacity ORC power plants for waste heat recovery (WHR) applications. For such systems accurate dynamic modeling represents an important tool in particular when control issues are considered. This paper presents a dynamic model of an ORC system, validated both in steady-state and transient conditions via experimental data from a 10 kWe waste heat recovery ORC system with a screw expander. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (6 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and kinetic model of monoethanolamineoxidative and thermal degradation for post-combustion CO2 capture
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

in International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (2014), 30

In the present work, a kinetic model is proposed for the prediction of amine solvent degradation in the post-combustion CO2 capture process. Solvent degradation combined to the emission of degradation ... [more ▼]

In the present work, a kinetic model is proposed for the prediction of amine solvent degradation in the post-combustion CO2 capture process. Solvent degradation combined to the emission of degradation products represents one of the main operational drawbacks of this process. It induces additional costsand it impacts the process efficiency and its environmental balance. In the present work, degradation isstudied under accelerated conditions for the case of monoethanolamine solvent (MEA). The influence of the temperature and of the O2 and CO2 concentrations in the gas feed are studied, and their effect on theMEA loss and the emission of degradation products is quantified. Based on the experimental results, a kinetic model for both oxidative and thermal degradation of MEA is proposed and compared to previous attempts to model MEA degradation. The present kinetic model may be further used to develop a practical tool assessing solvent degradation in large-scale capture plants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (6 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and modeling of a low temperature Rankine Cycle for small scale cogeneration
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg

Master's dissertation (2007)

An experimental study is carried out on an ORC recovering heat from hot air at a temperature ranging from 150 to 200°C. The expander used for this study is a volumetric scroll expander. The working fluid ... [more ▼]

An experimental study is carried out on an ORC recovering heat from hot air at a temperature ranging from 150 to 200°C. The expander used for this study is a volumetric scroll expander. The working fluid selected is R123 because of its high efficiency in ORC applications. A model of each component of the cycle is proposed and validated. The whole cycle is simulated in order to have a good understanding of its behavior under different working conditions. The model is then used to optimize the cycle, starting from a basic case and improving it in a realistic way to evaluate the system potential. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 1368 (17 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and modeling of an Organic Rankine Cycle using scroll expander
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Lemort, Vincent ULg; Lebrun, Jean ULg

in Applied Energy (2010), 87(4), 1260-1268

This paper presents both a numerical model of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) and an experimental study carried out on a prototype working with refrigerant HCFC-123, and whose heat sources consist in two ... [more ▼]

This paper presents both a numerical model of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) and an experimental study carried out on a prototype working with refrigerant HCFC-123, and whose heat sources consist in two hot air flows. The ORC model is built by interconnecting different sub-models: the heat exchanger models, a volumetric pump model and a scroll expander model. Measured performance of the ORC prototype is presented and used to validate the ORC model. This model is finally used to investigate potential improvements of the prototype. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 339 (52 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and modeling of sorption isotherms of Kabar Sid El Cheikh Capparis spinosa L. from Bechar (South west Algeria)
Said, Bennaceur; Belkacem, Draoui; Bennamoun, Lyes ULg et al

in Energy Procedia (2012), 18

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (7 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and modeling of the quasi-static mechanical behavior of Ti6Al4V at room temperature
Gilles, Gaëtan ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

The work aims to characterize the quasi-static mechanical behavior of the Ti6Al4V titanium alloy at room temperature and to describe it by a phenomenological model. The thesis is divided in four parts ... [more ▼]

The work aims to characterize the quasi-static mechanical behavior of the Ti6Al4V titanium alloy at room temperature and to describe it by a phenomenological model. The thesis is divided in four parts. The first one presents a literature review of the basic properties of titanium and its alloys (crystal structure, classification, deformation mechanisms), then it focuses on the specific mechanical features of Ti6Al4V. It also proposes a state of art in the field of the phenomenological constitutive laws used to model the mechanical behaviors of metals. The second part deals with the experimental campaign conducted on a 0.6 mm thick Ti6Al4V sheet. The devices and the tests are first described before giving the test results. The campaign includes experiments with monotonic and complex strain paths (tension, compression, simple shear, plane strain, Bauschinger tests, deep-drawing processes, layer compression tests). The experimental results show that the material displays anisotropy in yield stress, r-ratios and hardening, as well as a strength differential effect between tension and compression. The third part describes the implementation of the yield criteria CPB06exn in the non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE developed in MSM team. These criteria are selected to model the yield locus of Ti6Al4V since they are able to take into account both the anisotropy and the tension-compression asymmetry exhibited by the alloy. Several parameter identifications are performed using the classical simulated annealing algorithm. They determine that CPB06ex2 is required to represent the yield surface. The criterion is next associated to different hardening formulations: (1) Voce isotropic law; (2) mixed Voce isotropic – Armstrong-Frederick kinematic law; (3) model taking into account the evolution of the yield locus shape with the deformation. The identification of the hardening parameters is achieved from the monotonic and Bauschinger tests either by inverse method, or by the simulated annealing method. The last part of the thesis proposed a validation of the different modelings in the case of the layer compression tests and the deep-drawing processes. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study and modeling the behavior of a solar water heater tested at the regions of Adrar, Algeria
Bennaceur, Said; Draoui, Belkacem; Benhamoun, Mohamed et al

in International Journal of Advanced Renewable Energy Research (2012), 1(8), 460-466

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (6 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study and modelling of cooling ceiling systems using steady-state analysis.
Fonseca, N.; Lebrun, J.; Andre, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Refrigeration (2010), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (15 ULg)
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See detailExperimental Study and Statistical Modeling of an Injection Scroll Compressor Operating with R407c.
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg

E-print/Working paper (2014)

This working paper describes an experimental study carried out on a refrigeration scroll compressor with and without vapour injection. The test rig designed for that purposed allows evaluating the ... [more ▼]

This working paper describes an experimental study carried out on a refrigeration scroll compressor with and without vapour injection. The test rig designed for that purposed allows evaluating the performance over a wide range of operating conditions, by varying the supply pressure, the injection pressure, the exhaust pressure, the supply superheating and the injection superheating. 97 Steady-state points are measured, with a maximum isentropic efficiency of 64.1% and a maximum consumed electrical power of 13.1 kW. A critical analysis of the experimental results is then carried out to evaluate the quality of the data using a machine learning method. This method based on Gaussian Processes regression, is used to build a statistical operating map of the compressor as a function of the different inputs. This statistical operating map can then be compared to the experimental data points to evaluate their accuracy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (13 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study of a heat exchanger for an in-flight oxygen collection launcher
Hendrick, Patrick; Bizzarri, Didier; Dardenne, Laurent et al

in 14th AIAA/AHI International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference (2006, November)

In the scope of an ESA-funded theoretical and experimental study (in the GSTP3 program) on heat exchangers intended to provide in-flight oxygen collection capability to a reusable or a semi-reusable TSTO ... [more ▼]

In the scope of an ESA-funded theoretical and experimental study (in the GSTP3 program) on heat exchangers intended to provide in-flight oxygen collection capability to a reusable or a semi-reusable TSTO launcher with an oxygen collection phase in supersonic cruise, two subscale models of an air-hydrogen precooler and a test set-up are currently being developed in Belgium and in Spain. The vehicle we foresee for this application is described in previous conference papers as well as the work on our ESA-funded airborne air separator, which is the other critical element of the oxygen collection plant. This current paper is concentrating only on the theoretical but mainly the technological and experimental aspects of such an air precooler. The experimental and technical aspects include choices and main trade-offs that have had to be made during the design process by the different partners (Techspace Aero, von Karman Institute, Iberespacio, University of Liège, Royal Military Academy of Belgium and University of Brussels). After we fixed the requirements at system level and at the precooler level, a simulation work of generic heat exchangers is presented including the problem of frost formation and its influence on the heat exchanger performance. A few advanced heat exchanger designs are analysed resulting in a more detailed parametric and performance analysis of two advanced configurations. A detailed study of the most advantageous heat exchangers materials is shown resulting in the selection of the alloys for the two breadboards. The manufacturing processes for these two breadboards are defined, based on trials on small scale models inspired from the two technology candidates. Perspectives are also given for the mechanical and thermodynamic testing of the two breadboards. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (1 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study of a randomly agitated 2D granular pile
Lumay, Geoffroy ULg

Conference (2006, June 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study of a river biofilm growth on artificial cobbles in contrasted flow conditions
Moulin, F.; Peltier, Yann ULg; Pen, C. et al

in International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study of a vertical column of grains submitted to a series of impulses
Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Gerasimov, Oleg et al

in European Physical Journal E -- Soft Matter (2013), 36

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (14 ULg)
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See detailExperimental study of air-hydrogen heat exchangers
Hendrick, Patrick; Heintz, N.; Bizzarri, Didier et al

in The 15th AIAA International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference . April 28- May 1 2008 (2008, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
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See detailExperimental Study Of An In-Flight Air Separation Device
Bizzarri, Didier; Hendrick, Patrick; Heyen, Georges ULg et al

in AIAA/CIRA 13th International Space Planes and Hypersonics Systems and Technologies Conference (2005, May)

Intending to provide in-flight Oxygen Collection capability to new launchers, a subscale model of a centrifugally enhanced air distillation unit is under development. The vehicle we foresee for this ... [more ▼]

Intending to provide in-flight Oxygen Collection capability to new launchers, a subscale model of a centrifugally enhanced air distillation unit is under development. The vehicle we foresee for this application is described elsewhere, the present paper concentrating only on the technological and experimental aspects. While the test setup has already been shown to be able to provide the adequate cooling power, the rig is still under construction. The experimental and technical aspects include choices and main trade-offs that had to be made during the design process. Of particular interest are the stainless steel all welded heat exchangers allowing for deep cooling and liquefaction of air from the main compressor and dryers. Specifically, developed hardware is described in details. On the test rig side, design of the rotating cryogenic separator is explained, including mechanical aspects, heat management and sealing. The whole system has modes of operation allowing, among other parameters, to explore various air compositions and mass flows rates on the gaseous and liquid sides. Perspectives are given for the testing of the separator. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (3 ULg)