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See detailExpression Of Interleukin-6 Receptors And Interleukin-6 Messenger-Rna By Bovine Leukemia Virus-Induced Tumor-Cells
Droogmans, L.; Cludts, I.; Cleuter, Y. et al

in Cytokine (1994), 6(6),

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See detailExpression of interstitial collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1) is related to the activity of human endometriotic lesions
Kokorine, Isabelle; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg; Donnez, Jacques et al

in Fertility and Sterility (1997), 68(2), 246-251

Objective: To determine whether interstitial collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1), known to play a pivotal role in the initiation of menstruation, contributes to the pathogenesis of endometriosis ... [more ▼]

Objective: To determine whether interstitial collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1), known to play a pivotal role in the initiation of menstruation, contributes to the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Design: Serial sections of peritoneal red and black endometriotic lesions, ovarian endometriotic cysts, and rectovaginal adenomyotic nodules were analyzed by in situ hybridization for the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 by silver staining for the integrity of the fibrillar extracellular matrix and by immunolabeling for the abundance of sex steroid receptors. Setting: Academic hospital and research laboratory. Patient(s): Premenopausal women undergoing laparoscopy for endometriosis. Intervention(s): Biopsy of endometriotic lesions, combined with endometrium whenever possible. Main Outcome Measure(s): Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 messenger RNA (mRNA). Result(s): Matrix metalloproteinase-1 mRNA was expressed focally in red peritoneal and ovarian endometriosis irrespective of the phase of the menstrual cycle but was not detectable in black peritoneal and rectovaginal lesions. Foci of matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression closely correlated with matrix breakdown and with the absence of P receptors in adjacent epithelial cells. Conclusion(s): Correlation of matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression with activity of endometriotic tissue suggests its involvement in tissue remodeling and bleeding, and possibly in the secondary shedding and reimplantation of endometriotic lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of intron-encoded maturase-like polypeptides in potato chloroplasts.
du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg; Harvengt, Luc et al

in Current Genetics (1994), 25(2), 158-163

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See detailExpression of Laminin by Human Fibroblasts, Ht1080 Fibrosarcoma Cells and Mcf-7 Breast Adenocarcinoma Cells. Lack of Regulation by the Cell Density and Extracellular Matrix
Munaut, Carine ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg; Sobel, M. et al

in Cell Biology International Reports (1991), 15(6), 499-509

We have cultured normal fibroblasts, fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells and breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells on various substrates (plastic, collagen type I, laminin). All cell types used adhered on the three ... [more ▼]

We have cultured normal fibroblasts, fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells and breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells on various substrates (plastic, collagen type I, laminin). All cell types used adhered on the three substrates with, however, a delayed attachment on laminin. On all substrates, cell grew as monolayer with the exception of MCF-7 cells that formed clusters on laminin. The epithelial MCF-7 cells as well as mesenchymal cells (fibroblasts and tumoral HT1080 cells) synthesized laminin and expressed mRNA coding for laminin B1 chain and for the 67 kD laminin binding protein. The levels of these mRNAs were not modulated by culture conditions which affect cell morphology nor by cell density. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of Lamp-1 and Lamp-2 and their interactions with galectin-3 in human tumor cells.
Sarafian, V.; Jadot, Michel ULg; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (1998), 75(1), 105-11

Lysosomal-membrane-associated glycoproteins (Lamps) 1 and 2 are rarely found on the plasma membranes of normal cells. There is evidence suggesting an increase in their cell-surface expression in tumor ... [more ▼]

Lysosomal-membrane-associated glycoproteins (Lamps) 1 and 2 are rarely found on the plasma membranes of normal cells. There is evidence suggesting an increase in their cell-surface expression in tumor cells, with some data indicating that the adhesion of some cancer cells to the extracellular matrix is partly mediated by interactions between Lamps and E-selectin and between Lamps and galectins (endogenous-galactoside-binding lectins). The present study examined the expression of Lamp-1 and Lamp-2 and their interactions with galectin-3 in different human tumor cell lines. Indirect immunofluorescence staining revealed accumulation of Lamp molecules at the edges of A2058 human metastasizing melanoma cells suggesting that these glycoproteins could participate in cell adhesion. Flow cytometry showed the presence of cell-surface Lamps in A2058, HT1080 (human fibrosarcoma) and CaCo-2 (human colon-adenocarcinoma) cells. Treatment with 2 mM sodium butyrate for 24 and 48 hr resulted in a significant increase in Lamps surface expression. A strong binding of A2058 to recombinant galectin-3 was detected by FACS. The application of 2 and 5 mM butyrate for the same incubation period enhanced galectin-3 binding to Lamps-expressing cells. Our results support the idea that Lamps may be considered a new family of adhesive glycoproteins participating in the complex process of tumor invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and mutant p53 is increased in hydatidiform mole as compared with normal placenta
Petignat, P.; Laurini, R.; Goffin, Frédéric ULg et al

in International Journal of Gynecological Cancer : Official Journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society (2006), 16(4, JUL-AUG), 1679-1684

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are group of enzymes thought to play an important role in trophoblastic and tumor invasion. The aim of our study was to investigate the trophoblastic expression of MMPs ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are group of enzymes thought to play an important role in trophoblastic and tumor invasion. The aim of our study was to investigate the trophoblastic expression of MMPs and p53 in normal trophoblast and hydatidiform moles (HM). Paraffin sections of 45 specimens, including 14 complete hydatidiform moles (CM), 15 partial hydatidiform moles (PM), 8 atypical partial hydatidiform moles (aPM), and 8 controls were selected. Classification of HM was established on histologic criteria and supported by the DNA ploidy results. Tissue sections from each case were immunostained with monoclonal antibodies, cytokeratin-7, MMP-2, MMP-9, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, and p53 wild type (p53wt) and mutant types (mutp53). Staining for cytokeratin-7 revealed a positive reaction in 93% of the samples. MMP-2 was mainly expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast of HM and found in 62% of aPM, 60% PM, and 93% CM. The mutp53 was mainly and focally expressed in syncytiotrophoblastic cells and was found in 63% of aPM, 80% PM, and 93% CM. Expression of MMP-2 and mutp53 was both significantly greater in HM vs control group (P < 0.05) and greater in CM vs PM and aPM (P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed for cytokeratin-7, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and p53wt between the HM subgroups and between HM and control group. MMP-2 and mutp53 are overexpressed in HM as compared with normal trophoblast and might participate in the invasive behavior of the HM. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of members of the putative olfactory receptor gene family in mammalian germ cells.
Parmentier, M.; Libert, F.; Schurmans, Stéphane ULg et al

in Nature (1992), 355

A series of genomic and complementary DNA clones encoding new putative members of G protein-coupled receptors were isolated using homology cloning and low-stringency polymerase chain reaction. Among the ... [more ▼]

A series of genomic and complementary DNA clones encoding new putative members of G protein-coupled receptors were isolated using homology cloning and low-stringency polymerase chain reaction. Among the unidentified receptors ('orphan receptors'), a human genomic clone (HGMP07) was characterized by the presence of its transcripts in the testis and by its belonging to a large subfamily of genes sharing extensive sequence similarities. Sequence comparison demonstrated that this gene subfamily is the human counterpart of the putative rat olfactory receptors cloned recently. Another 48 members of the family were cloned. Northern blotting further demonstrated the presence of olfactory receptor transcripts in germ cells. Our finding suggests that a common receptor gene family encodes olfactory receptors and sperm cell receptors that could be involved in chemotaxis during fertilization [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) in A2058 melanoma cells is associated with MMP-2 activation and increased tumor growth and vascularization
Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg; Baramova, Eugénia; Munaut, Carine ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2002), 98(1), 23-28

Membrane-type metalloproteinase-1 (MT1-MMP) is a transmembrane metalloproteinase overexpressed in tumors, which plays a major role in the first step of pro-MMP-2 activation, leading to the generation of ... [more ▼]

Membrane-type metalloproteinase-1 (MT1-MMP) is a transmembrane metalloproteinase overexpressed in tumors, which plays a major role in the first step of pro-MMP-2 activation, leading to the generation of an intermediate 62 kDa species. The second step of MMP-2 activation that yields to the mature form is less understood and could involve an autocatalytic process and/or the activity of the plasminogen/plasmin system. Human melanoma A2058 cells, which express MMP-2 only in its pro-form, were used to determine the role of MT1-MMP during pericellular proteolysis and tumor progression. The induction of MT1-MMP overexpression by MT1-MMP cDNA transfection initiated the first step of MMP-2 activation. We provide evidence that a cooperation between the plasminogen/plasmin system and MT1-MMP endowed the cells with the ability to fully activate MMP-2 and with enhanced invasive properties in vitro. When injected subcutaneously in nude mice, MT1-MMP expressing clones induced rapid tumor growth and high tumor vascularization, while the control clones were poorly or not tumorigenic. Our data provide the first demonstration, in an experimental model, that MT1-MMP expression by tumor cells promotes tumor vascularization. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of Mrna Encoding Alpha1e and Alpha1g Subunit in the Brain of a Rat Model of Absence Epilepsy
de Borman, B.; Lakaye, Bernard ULg; Minet, Arlette ULg et al

in Neuroreport (1999), 10(3), 569-74

Low voltage-activated calcium channels are thought to play a key role in the generation of spike and waves discharges characteristic of absence epilepsy. Therefore, the expression level of mRNA encoding ... [more ▼]

Low voltage-activated calcium channels are thought to play a key role in the generation of spike and waves discharges characteristic of absence epilepsy. Therefore, the expression level of mRNA encoding calcium channel alpha1E and alpha1G subunits was measured in the brain of genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg (GAERS). Using quantitative RT-PCR and in situ hybridization, no difference was found in alpha1G mRNA expression between GAERS and control animals, while a decreased expression of alpha1E was seen in the cerebellum and the brain stem of the GAERS. This phenomenon was not observed in young animals when the epileptic phenotype is not expressed. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of osteopontin and its receptor the alphavbeta3 integrin in the 5TMM myeloma model
CAERS, Jo ULg; De Raeve, Hendrik; Asosingh, Kewal et al

Poster (2004, September 17)

NA

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See detailExpression of peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor alpha in pituitary tumours
Rotondi, S; Modarelli, A; Rostomyan, Liliya ULg et al

in Endocrine Abstracts (2014, May)

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See detailExpression of preprotachykinin-A and neuropeptide-Y messenger RNA in the thymus
Ericsson, Anders; Geenen, Vincent ULg; Robert, François et al

in Molecular Endocrinology (1990), 4

The preprotachykinin-A gene, the common gene of mRNAs encoding both substance-P (SP) and neurokinin- A (NKA), was shown to be expressed in Sprague-Dawley rat thymus by detection of specific mRNA in gel ... [more ▼]

The preprotachykinin-A gene, the common gene of mRNAs encoding both substance-P (SP) and neurokinin- A (NKA), was shown to be expressed in Sprague-Dawley rat thymus by detection of specific mRNA in gel-blot analyses. In situ hybridization revealed dispersed PPT-A-labeled cells in sections from rat thymus, with a concentration of grains over a subpopulation of cells in the thymic medulla. Also, neuropeptide-Y mRNA-expressing cells were found in the rat thymus, primarily in the thymic medulla. Rat thymic extracts contained SP-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI), and the major part of the immunoreactivity coeluted with authentic SP and SP sulfoxide standards. SP-LI was also detected in human thymus, which contained between 0.09-0.88 ng SP-LI/ g wet wt. Evidence for translation of preprotachykinin- A mRNA in the rat thymus was obtained from the demonstration of NKA-LI in thymic cells with an epithelial-like cell morphology. Combined with previous observations on the immunoregulatory roles of tachykinin peptides and the existence of specific receptors on immunocompetent cells, the demonstration of intrathymic synthesis of NKA suggests a role for NKA-LI peptides in T-cell differentiation in the thymus. [less ▲]

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See detailThe expression of prolactin and its cathepsin D-mediated cleavage in the bovine corpus luteum vary with the estrous cycle
Erdmann, S.; Ricken, A.; Merkwitz, C. et al

in American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism (2007), 293(5), 1365-1377

In the corpus luteum (CL), blood vessels develop, stabilize, and regress. This process depends on the ratio of pro-and antiangiogenic factors, which change during the ovarian cycle. The present study ... [more ▼]

In the corpus luteum (CL), blood vessels develop, stabilize, and regress. This process depends on the ratio of pro-and antiangiogenic factors, which change during the ovarian cycle. The present study focuses on the possible roles of 23,000 (23K) prolactin (PRL) in the bovine CL and its antiangiogenic NH2-terminal fragments after extracellular cleavage by cathepsin D (Cath D). PRL RNA and protein were demonstrated in the CL tissue, in luteal endothelial cells, and in steroidogenic cells. Cath D was detected in CL tissue, cell extracts, and corresponding cell supernatants. In the intact CL, 23K PRL levels decreased gradually, whereas Cath D levels concomitantly increased between early and late luteal stages. In vitro, PRL cleavage occurred in the presence of acidified homogenates of CL tissue, cells, and corresponding cell supernatants. Similar fragments were obtained with purified Cath D, and their appearance was inhibited by pepstatin A. The aspartic protease specific substrate MOCAc-GKPILF similar to FRLK(Dnp)-D-R-NH2 was cleaved by CL cell supernatants, providing further evidence for Cath D activity. The 16,000 PRL inhibited proliferation of luteal endothelial cells accompanied by an increase in cleaved caspase-3. In conclusion, 1) the bovine CL is able to produce PRL and to process it into antiangiogenic fragments by Cath D activity and 2) PRL cleavage might mediate angioregression during luteolysis. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of protein encoded by varicella-zoster virus open reading frame 63 in latently infected human ganglionic neurons
Mahalingam, Ravy; Wellish, Mary; Cohrs, Randall et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1996), 93(5), 2122-2124

The ganglionic cell type in which varicellazoster virus (VZV) is latent in humans was analyzed by using antibodies raised against in vitro-expressed VZV open reading frame 63 protein, VZV open reading ... [more ▼]

The ganglionic cell type in which varicellazoster virus (VZV) is latent in humans was analyzed by using antibodies raised against in vitro-expressed VZV open reading frame 63 protein, VZV open reading frame 63 protein was detected exclusively in the cytoplasm of neurons of latently infected human trigeminal and thoracic ganglia. This is, to our knowledge, the first identification of a herpesvirus protein expressed during latency in the human nervous system. [less ▲]

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See detailThe expression of ps2 and c-myc mRNAs are powerful predictors of relapse and death in breast cancers.
Gol-Winkler, R.; Hardy, L.; Autier, P. et al

Conference (1994, September)

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See detailExpression of Psychrophilic Genes in Mesophilic Hosts: Assessment of the Folding State of a Recombinant Alpha-Amylase
Feller, Georges ULg; Le Bussy, O.; Gerday, Charles ULg

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1998), 64(3), 1163-5

Alpha-Amylase from the antarctic psychrophile Altermonas haloplanktis is synthesized at 0 +/- 2 degrees C by the wild strain. This heat-labile alpha-amylase folds correctly when overexpressed in ... [more ▼]

Alpha-Amylase from the antarctic psychrophile Altermonas haloplanktis is synthesized at 0 +/- 2 degrees C by the wild strain. This heat-labile alpha-amylase folds correctly when overexpressed in Escherichia coli, providing the culture temperature is sufficiently low to avoid irreversible denaturation. In the described expression system, a compromise between enzyme stability and E. coli growth rate is reached at 18 degrees C. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of rabbit globin mRNA injected into fused HeLa cells.
Huez, Georges; Bruck, Claudine; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Celis, J. E.; Graessmann, A.; Loyter, A. (Eds.) Transfer of Cell Constituents into Eukaryotic Cells (1980)

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See detailExpression of receptors for insulin-like growth factor-I and transforming growth factor-beta in human follicles.
Qu, Jian Ping; GODIN, Pierre-Arnaud ULg; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg et al

in Molecular Human Reproduction (2000), 6(2), 137-45

The in-vitro growth of immature oocytes in early follicles from cryopreserved human ovarian tissues is a new concept in in-vitro fertilization programmes for the treatment of infertile and cancer patients ... [more ▼]

The in-vitro growth of immature oocytes in early follicles from cryopreserved human ovarian tissues is a new concept in in-vitro fertilization programmes for the treatment of infertile and cancer patients. To better understand the regulatory mechanism of follicular development, immunohistochemistry was used to study the expression of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) type I receptor (IGF-IR) and transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) type I (TβR-I) and type II (TβR-II) receptors in fresh and frozen ovarian tissues from 14 women. Immunoreactivities for IGF-IR and TβR-I were present simultaneously in the oocytes of primordial, pre-antral and antral follicles. Staining for both IGF-IR and TβR-I was also observed in granulosa cells of primordial, pre-antral and antral follicles. IGF-IR and TβR-I also stained in thecal cells of pre-antral and antral follicles. Stromal cells in surrounding ovarian tissue expressed IGF-IR and TβR-I at various follicular stages. Unlike TβR-I, TβR-II was expressed only in the oocytes of primordial and primary follicles, and with weak staining intensity in thecal cells. No significant staining for TβR-II was found in oocytes and granulosa cells of antral follicles. There was no difference in staining patterns for IGF-IR, TβR-I and TβR-II between fresh and frozen ovarian tissues, indicating that cryopreservation might not significantly alter the immunoreactivities of these receptors in frozen ovarian tissue. The results suggest that IGF-I and TGFβ may participate in the regulation of follicular growth by binding to their receptors through an autocrine or paracrine mechanism. IGF-I and TGFβ may be useful in regulating the in-vitro or in-vivo maturation of oocytes not only in later follicles but also very early follicles, from cryopreserved ovarian tissues for clinical use in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of reelin, its receptors and its intracellular signaling protein, Disabled1 in the canary brain: relationships with the song control system.
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Voigt, C.; Boseret, Géraldine ULg et al

in Neuroscience (2008), 153(4), 944-62

Songbirds produce learned vocalizations that are controlled by a specialized network of neural structures, the song control system. Several nuclei in this song control system demonstrate a marked degree ... [more ▼]

Songbirds produce learned vocalizations that are controlled by a specialized network of neural structures, the song control system. Several nuclei in this song control system demonstrate a marked degree of adult seasonal plasticity. Nucleus volume varies seasonally based on changes in cell size or spacing, and in the case of nucleus HVC and area X on the incorporation of new neurons. Reelin, a large glycoprotein defective in reeler mice, is assumed to determine the final location of migrating neurons in the developing brain. In mammals, reelin is also expressed in the adult brain but its functions are less well characterized. We investigated the relationships between the expression of reelin and/or its receptors and the dramatic seasonal plasticity in the canary (Serinus canaria) brain. We detected a broad distribution of the reelin protein, its mRNA and the mRNAs encoding for the reelin receptors (VLDLR and ApoER2) as well as for its intracellular signaling protein, Disabled1. These different mRNAs and proteins did not display the same neuroanatomical distribution and were not clearly associated, in an exclusive manner, with telencephalic brain areas that incorporate new neurons in adulthood. Song control nuclei were associated with a particular specialized expression of reelin and its mRNA, with the reelin signal being either denser or lighter in the song nucleus than in the surrounding tissue. The density of reelin-immunoreactive structures did not seem to be affected by 4 weeks of treatment with exogenous testosterone. These observations do not provide conclusive evidence that reelin plays a prominent role in the positioning of new neurons in the adult canary brain but call for additional work on this protein analyzing its expression comparatively during development and in adulthood with a better temporal resolution at critical points in the reproductive cycle when brain plasticity is known to occur. [less ▲]

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