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See detailGas-liquid mass transfer in a circulating jet-loop nitrifying MBR
Kouakou, Edouard; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2005), 60(22 Sp. Iss. SI), 6346-6353

Based on airlift configuration, a novel circulating jet-loop submerged membrane bioreactor (JLMBR) adapted to ammonium partial oxidation has been developed. Membrane technology and combined air and water ... [more ▼]

Based on airlift configuration, a novel circulating jet-loop submerged membrane bioreactor (JLMBR) adapted to ammonium partial oxidation has been developed. Membrane technology and combined air and water forced circulation are adopted to obtain a high biomass retention time and to achieve a separate control of mixing and aeration. This study is intended to determine how gas-liquid mass transfer is affected by operating conditions. In a first approximation, liquid was assumed to be perfectly mixed. A classical non-steady state clean water test, known as the "gas out-gas in" method, was used to determine the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient k(L)a. Air and recirculated liquid superficial velocities were gradually increased from 0.013 to 0.019m s(-1) and 0.0056 to 0.011 m s(-1), respectively. Subsequently, the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient kLa varied from 0.01 to 0.02 s(-1). It appears to be influenced by the combined action of air and recirculated liquid flowrates in the range 0.72-1.03N m(3) h(-1) and 0.30-0.58 m(3) h(-1), respectively, for air and liquid. Correlations are proposed to describe this double influence. Experiments were performed on tap water and a culture medium used for the autotrophic growth of nitrifying bacteria, respectively. Oxygen transfer appeared to be not significantly affected by the mineral salt (0.48 g 1(-1)) encountered in this medium. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailGas-liquid-solid bubble column investigation by electrical resistance tomography
Marchot, Pierre ULg; Fransolet, Emmanuelle; Crine, Michel ULg et al

Conference (2002)

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See detailGaseous and traditional forms of cryotherapy provide similar outcomes following TKA
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Brouwers, M.; Darot, S. et al

in Orthoevidence: ACE-Evidence report (2013)

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See detailGaseous emissions associated to a high-fibre diet fed to gestating sows group-housed on deep litter
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Canart, B.; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Proceeding of the XIV ISAH Congress (2009)

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See detailGaseous emissions during the fattening of pigs kept either on fully slatted floor or on straw flow
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Canart, Bernard et al

in Animal (2007), 1(1), 1515-1523

The aim of this study was to compare the environmental impact of the straw-flow system for fattening pigs with the slatted-floor system by measuring pollutant gas emissions such as ammonia (NH3), nitrous ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to compare the environmental impact of the straw-flow system for fattening pigs with the slatted-floor system by measuring pollutant gas emissions such as ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), manure nitrogen (N) content and emissions of water vapour (H2O). Three successive batches of 32 pigs were fattened. For each batch, pigs were allotted to two groups raised in separated rooms fitted either with a concrete totally slatted-floor system (0.75 m(2) per pig) or with a straw-flow system (0.79 m(2) per pig). With this last system, pigs were kept on a sloped floor, straw being provided daily at the top of the pen. Throughout the fattening period, about 34.4 kg of straw were supplied per pig. The straw, mixed with dung, travelled down the slope by pig motion and went out of the pen to a scraped passage. The solid fraction was scraped every day, stored in a heap in the room and removed every month, 1 week before each period of gaseous emission measurement. The liquid fraction was automatically pumped from the scraped passage into a hermetic tank, which was emptied at the end of each fattening period. Rooms were ventilated mechanically in order to maintain a constant ambient temperature. Once a month, the emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and H2O were measured hourly for 6 consecutive days via infrared photoacoustic detection. Mean daily emissions per pig fattened on the slatted floor or on the sloped floor were, respectively, 4.98 and 13.31 g NH3, 0.67 and 0. 68 g N2O, 15.2 and 8.88 g CH4, 548 g and 406 g CO2 equivalents, 1.61 and 1.77 kg CO2 and 2.33 and 2.95 kg H2O. Except for N2O emissions, all the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.001). From the slatted-floor system, the amount of slurry removed per fattening period was on average 256 kg per pig. From the straw-flow system, solid manure amounted on average to 209 kg per pig and liquid manure to 53 kg per pig. The total N-content of the manure was 2.23 kg N per pig with the straw-flow system (solid and liquid manure) v. 3.26 kg N per pig for slurry from the slatted-floor system. This reduction of 30% observed with the sloped floor was mainly explained by the higher level of NH3-N emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions from deep-litter pens with straw or sawdust for fattening pigs
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Animal Science (2004), 78(Part 1), 99-107

Three successive batches of fattening pigs were raised on a deep litter of straw in one room and of sawdust in another. The quantities of litter used per pig were 40 kg of straw and 81 kg of sawdust. Once ... [more ▼]

Three successive batches of fattening pigs were raised on a deep litter of straw in one room and of sawdust in another. The quantities of litter used per pig were 40 kg of straw and 81 kg of sawdust. Once a month, the emissions of ammonia, nitrous oxide, methane, carbon dioxide and water vapour were measured continuously for 6 days consecutively. Gaseous emissions from pig raising on sawdust-based litter and straw-based litter were respectively 12.16 and 13.61 g per pig per day for ammonia (NH3), 4.96 and 7.39 g per pig per day for methane (CH4), 2.09 and 0.03 g per pig per day for nitrous oxide (N2O), 3.15 and 2.74 kg per pig per day for water (H2O) and 1.32 and 1.30 kg per pig per day for carbon dioxide (CO2). Differences between the emissions of the two litters were significant for N2O and H2O (P < 0.01). The nitrogen content of the manures collected at the end of the experiment was 1.47 kg per pig for the straw-based litter and 1.07 kg per pig for that based on sawdust. Nitrogen emissions were calculated under the assumption that no gases volatilized from the litter or from the animals other than NH3 and N2O. With the two litters, about 50% of nitrogen excreted by the pigs was emitted into the atmosphere in the form of N-2. [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions from fattening pigs offered an ad libitum high-fibre diet and kept on fully slatted floor: preliminary results
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Wavreille, José et al

in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Emissions of Gas and Dust from Livestock (2012)

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See detailGaseous emissions from fattening pigs offered an ad libitum high-fibre diet and kept on fully slatted floor: preliminary results
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; wavreille, José et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Liège – Belgium) (2012)

According to the literature, the diet composition of livestock can influence polluting gas emissions from agriculture. The aim of this preliminary study was to measure gaseous emissions from fattening ... [more ▼]

According to the literature, the diet composition of livestock can influence polluting gas emissions from agriculture. The aim of this preliminary study was to measure gaseous emissions from fattening pigs offered an ad libitum high-fibre diet (HFD) and kept on fully slatted floor. A batch of 24 fattening pigs was divided into two homogeneous groups randomly allocated to a treatment: conventional cereals-based diet or sugar beet pulpbased diet (HFD). With HFD, a significant decrease of animal performance was observed (837 vs. 962 g for the average daily gain). With pigs offered HFD, gaseous emissions per pig were significantly lower for NH3 (-30%, 6.64 vs. 9.47 g/d; P<0.05) and significantly greater for CH4 (+40%, 6.46 vs. 4.60 g/d; P<0.05). The emissions of N2O (0.34 g/d), CO2equivalent (0.27 kg/d), CO2 (1.68 kg/d) were not significantly influenced by the diet. Due to a more important microbial activity with HFD, the lower NH3-emissions could be attributed to the shift of a part of excreted nitrogen from urine (as urea) to faeces (as protein form), and to a lower slurry pH explained by the increase of volatile fatty acid content. The higher CH4-emissions could be explained by a greater production in the digestive tract and in the slurry due to fibre fermentations. In conclusion, HFD allowed decreasing NH3- and increasing CH4-emissions. However, in terms of climate change, this increase was offset by the decrease of indirect N2O-emissions due to NH3-emission decrease, as indicated by the similar CO2equivalent-emissions in the two groups. [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions from group-housed gestating sows kept on deep litter and offered an ad libitum high-fibre diet
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Canart, Bernard; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2009), 132

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part in the global problem of ... [more ▼]

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part in the global problem of climate change. Ammonia (NH3) emissions are responsible of soil and water acidification and eutrophication and contribute also to indirect emissions of N2O. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-fibre diet offered ad libitum to gestating sows on gaseous emissions (NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and water vapour (H2O)). Four successive batches of 10 gestating sows were used for this trial. Each batch was divided into 2 homogeneous groups randomly allocated to a treatment: restricted conventional cereals based diet or high-fibre diet based on sugar beet pulp (42%). The groups were separately kept in two identical rooms equipped with a straw-bedded pen of 12.6 m². For restricted sows, meals were provided once a day in individual feeding stalls available only during the feeding time. In both rooms, ventilation was automatically adapted to maintain a constant ambient temperature. The gas emissions were measured by infrared photoacoustic detection during 6 consecutive days at the 6th, 9th and 12th weeks of gestation. Sows performance (body weight gain, backfat thickness, number and weight of piglets) was not significantly different according to the diet. With sows offered high-fibre diet and compared to sows offered restricted diet, gaseous emissions were significantly greater for NH3 (9.64 g NH3-N d-1 sow-1 vs. 5.37 g NH3-N d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001), CH4 (17.20 g d-1 sow-1 vs. 15.21 g d-1 sow-1; P < 0.01), CO2 (3.00 kg d-1 sow-1 vs. 2.41 kg d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001) and H2O (4.71 kg d-1 sow-1 vs. 3.68 kg d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001) and significantly lower for N2O (0.97 g N2O-N d-1 sow-1 vs. 2.48 g N2O-N d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001) and CO2 equivalents (0.88 kg d-1 sow-1 vs. 1.55 kg d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001). In conclusion, the effects of high-fibre diet offered to gestating sows on deep litter on environment seem ambiguous with an increase of NH3 emissions but a decrease of N2O and CO2 equivalent emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions from weaned pigs raised on different floor systems
Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2009), 130

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part to the global problem of ... [more ▼]

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part to the global problem of climate change. Ammonia (NH3) emissions are responsible of soil acidification and eutrophication and contribute also to indirect emissions of N2O. This work evaluated the influence of the type of floor on the emissions of these gases in the raising of weaned pigs. Two trials were carried out. In the first trial, the animals were kept either on fully slatted floor or on straw-based deep litter and, in the second one, either on fully slatted floor or on sawdust-based deep litter. For each trial and on each type of floor, 2 successive batches of weaned pigs were raised without changing the litter or emptying the slurry pit between the 2 batches. The rooms were automatically ventilated to maintain a constant ambient temperature. The performance of the animals was not significantly different according to the floor type. In trial 1, the nitrogen contents of the straw deep litter (including the substrate) and slurry were respectively 276 and 389 g pig-1. In trial 2, the sawdust deep litter and slurry nitrogen contents were respectively 122 and 318 g pig-1. Raising pigs on straw deep litter produced proportionately around 100% more NH3 than raising pigs on slatted floor (0.61 vs. 0.31 g NH3-N d-1 per pig; P<0.05). Differences in CO2, H2O and CH4 emissions were not significant between systems. Raising pigs on sawdust deep litter produced also proportionately more NH3 (+52%; 0.55 vs. 0.36 g NH3-N d-1 per pig; P<0.01) but also more CO2 (+25%; 427 vs. 341 g d-1 per pig; P<0.001) and H2O (+65%; 981 vs. 593 g d-1 per pig; P<0.001) and less CH4 (-40%; 0.52 vs. 0.86 g d-1 per pig; P<0.001) than raising pigs on slatted floor. Practically no N2O emission was observed from rooms with slatted floor while the N2O emissions were 0.03 and 0.32 g N2O-N d-1 per pig for the straw and sawdust deep litter respectively. The warming potential of the greenhouse gases (N2O + CH4), were about 22, 34 and 168 g CO2 equivalents per day and per pig on fully slatted floor, straw or sawdust deep litter respectively. In conclusion, pollutant gas emissions from rearing of weaned pig seem lower with fully slatted plastic floor system than with deep litter systems [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions in the raising of fattening pigs on fully slatted floor or on straw-based deep litter
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the XIIth international congress of the International Society for animal Hygiene, Animals and the environment (2005)

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See detailGaseous emissions in the raising of weaned pigs on fully slatted floor or on sawdust-based deep litter
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International workshop on Green Pork Production (2005)

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See detailGaseous emissions in the raising of weaned pigs on fully slatted floor or on straw-bases deep litter
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Clement, G.; Madec, F. (Eds.) Proceedings of the in- between congress of the International Society for Animal Hygiene (2004)

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See detailGasification of coal for the generation of electricity in a combined cycle
Paquay, Victor; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg; L'Homme, Guy ULg

in Bulletin Scientifique de l'Association des Ingénieurs Electriciens sortis de l'Institut Electrotechnique Montefiore (1985), 2

The article reviews the historical development of processes for the gasification of coal, and discusses the principal chemical reactions employed, describing four principal types of gasifier. It proposes ... [more ▼]

The article reviews the historical development of processes for the gasification of coal, and discusses the principal chemical reactions employed, describing four principal types of gasifier. It proposes a scheme for combined-cycle generation consisting of a gasifier, gas turbine, heat exchanger/steam generator, and steam turbine. The economics of the scheme are discussed, concluding that although the forecast unit cost of generation is not excessive, the time is not yet ripe for the installation in Belgium of such schemes on a large scale [less ▲]

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See detailLe gaspillage de l'espace wallon. Comment en sommes-nous arrivés-là et pourquoi persistons-nous ?
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Cahiers Nouveaux (Les) (2013), 85

La Belgique et la Wallonie se caractérisent par une très importante consommation d'espace pour l'urbanisation. Dans cet article, nous précisons pourquoi et comment une telle consommation de la ressource ... [more ▼]

La Belgique et la Wallonie se caractérisent par une très importante consommation d'espace pour l'urbanisation. Dans cet article, nous précisons pourquoi et comment une telle consommation de la ressource foncière est indissociable d'un aménagement permissif et de l'inexistence d'une politique foncière digne de ce nom. [less ▲]

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See detailGaston Leroux et la dissociation de la matière romanesque
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Tapis-franc. Revue du roman populaire (1996), (7), 56-66

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See detailGastric collision between a papillotubular adenocarcinoma and a gastrinoma in a patient with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
De Leval, Laurence ULg; Hardy, Noelle; Deprez, Manuel ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv : An International Journal of Pathology (2002), 441(5), 462-5

We report a unique case of a gastric collision tumor composed of an intramural gastrin-secreting tumor and a papillotubular adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type discovered at autopsy in a patient with ... [more ▼]

We report a unique case of a gastric collision tumor composed of an intramural gastrin-secreting tumor and a papillotubular adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type discovered at autopsy in a patient with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. There was extensive metastatic dissemination of the neuroendocrine component to regional lymph nodes and to the liver. The unusual macroscopical, histological, and immunohistochemical features of this case and its specific clinical setting are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe gastric dilatation-volvulus syndrome: the specialist's point of view
Hamaide, Annick ULg

in Proceedings du congrès Canifelis Emergency et Critical Care (2009, January)

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See detailGastric Outlet Obtruction by a Donor Aortic Tube After En Bloc Liver Pancreas Transplantation : A Case Report
DEYLGAT, B; TOPAL, H; MEURISSE, Nicolas ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2012), 44

We present the case of a 30-years-old female suffering from a type five maturity onset diabetes of the young deficiency, resulting in type 1 diabetes and terminal renal inssufficiency. She also had ... [more ▼]

We present the case of a 30-years-old female suffering from a type five maturity onset diabetes of the young deficiency, resulting in type 1 diabetes and terminal renal inssufficiency. She also had chronic and refractory pruritis due to primary sclerosing cholangitis _like fibrosis. She underwent combined en bloc liver and pancreas transplantation and kidney transplantation.The postoperative course was complicated by a gastric outlet obstruction due to compression of the native gastroduodenal junction by the donor aortic tube . This was treated by construction of a roux-en-y gastrojejunostomy at posttransplant day 24. To our knowledge, compression of the gastroduodenal junction by a donor aortic tube after combined liver and pancreas (or multivisceral) transplantation has not been reported previously. [less ▲]

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